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Verville Sport Trainer

view Verville Sport Trainer digital asset number 1
Manufacturer:
Verville Airplane Co.
Materials:
Chrome-moly tubing and fabric cover
Dimensions:
Wing span: 9.5 m (31 ft.)
Length: 7.4 m (24 ft. 3 in.)
Height: 2.7 m (8 ft. 9 in.)
Weight, Empty: 709 kg (1,562 lbs.)
Weight, Gross: 1,018 kg (2,243 lbs.)
Top Speed: 184 km/h (115 mph)
Engine: Continental A070 radial, 165 hp
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1930
Physical Description:
1926; sport biplane; red & silver
Summary:
The Museum's eye-catching Verville Sportsman AT open-cockpit biplane is the sole survivor of the ten aircraft of the type built in the early 1930s. It was the last of the production airplane designs to come from the fertile mind of the inventive genius Albert Victor Verville, whose lifetime service in many government aviation roles earned him the citation "Elder Statesman of Aviation." Assessing the airplane market of the late 1920s, Verville saw the need for a rugged training biplane for both military and civilian markets, as well as for affluent sportsmen pilots. Unfortunately, like so many airplanes of the depression era, its high price forced the end of production before the aircraft could establish a market foothold.
In 1958, Alfred Verville initiated a search for the Sportsman aircraft in his desire to see it donated to the Smithsonian's National Air Museum. After locating one from William Champlin, Jr., president of Skyhaven Inc. in Rochester, New Hampshire, Champlin responded favorably to Verville's request and it arrived at the Museum in 1963.
Long Description:
The Museum's eye-catching Verville Sportsman AT open-cockpit biplane is the sole survivor of the ten aircraft of that type built in the early 1930s. It was the last of the production airplane designs to come from the fertile mind of the inventive genius Alfred Victor Verville.
The Sportsman AT was derived from a long line of Verville designs that started with his first airplane while working for Glenn Curtiss in 1915. He then became Chief of Design in the U.S. Air Service Engineering Division at McCook Field in Dayton, Ohio, and made many contributions to aircraft design, including the welded steel tube fuselage. In the early 1920s, his Verville-Packard and Verville-Sperry racing airplanes each won the coveted Pulitzer Race. After leaving the Air Service in 1925 he teamed with Lawrence Buhl to form the Buhl-Verville Aircraft Company of Detroit, Michigan and the Buhl-Verville J-4 Airster, a commercially oriented open-cockpit biplane that was granted the first Approved Type Certificate (ATC No. 1) to be issued for a civilian airplane by the newly formed Bureau of Air Commerce. Verville then sold his share of Buhl-Verville and formed the Verville Aircraft Company in 1928 to manufacture the Verville Air Coach, a high-wing cabin monoplane. The sleek lines of this attractive four-place cabin airplane had considerable influence on the design of the Sportsman AT airplane. Unfortunately, as with many aircraft companies at that time, the Depression of the early 1930s forced the closure of Verville's factory in 1932 after having built only 10 Sportsman AT airplanes. He then joined the Bureau of Air Commerce as chief of the civil aircraft certification branch. His lifetime service in many government aviation roles earned him the citation "Elder Statesman of Aviation."
In assessing the airplane market of the late 1920s, Verville saw the need for a rugged training biplane for both military and civilian markets as well as for use by the more affluent sportsmen pilots of the day. The resulting design was the Sportsman AT and its companion YPT-10A military trainer, introduced in May 1930. The AT was a tandem two-place, open-cockpit biplane, strong but with the excellent flight and stability characteristics that were necessary for its role as a trainer. In its sports version, the roomy well-equipped cockpit was upholstered in leather and the airplane had a battery, self-starter and navigation lights. A seven-cylinder 165 hp Continental A-70 radial engine, equipped with a ground adjustable metal propeller along with its aerodynamic design, gave the Sportsman excellent short-field and climb performance but a modest top speed of only 120 mph. It sold for about $5,500 in 1931, a rather expensive airplane in Depression days when a Ford automobile sold for less than $500. Unfortunately, like so many airplanes of that era, the high price forced closure of the company before it could establish a market foothold.
The fabric-covered fuselage was of welded chrome-moly tubing with wood formers and fairing strips to provide the pleasing shape. The wings had spruce spars and built-up spruce and plywood ribs. The leading edges were faired with sheet aluminum with Friese ailerons located on the lower wing panels. The fuel tank was located in the upper wing center section and the entire wing assembly was fabric covered. The tail assembly was of welded chrome-moly tubing and was fabric-covered. The main landing was split-axle type with hydraulic shock struts and was equipped with balloon wheels and brakes. It had a full-caster tail wheel that incorporated a shock strut for better control during ground operation.
The Sportsman AT NC-457M was the eighth production aircraft and is the only remaining one of the 10 built. Samuel Adams, Jr. of Shields, Pennsylvania bought the aircraft on September 15, 1930. W. Rhodes McCaskey of Pittsburgh bought it in 1934 and sold it to Ronald Chappell of Dearborn, Michigan, in 1935. Chappell flew it until February 1948, when Robert Baxter agreed to purchase the aircraft; however Baxter defaulted on the payment and Chappell repossessed the aircraft. Chappell then sold the Verville to Richard McPherson of Michigan in 1953 and then he sold it to Robert Francis Gillis, Lynn, Massachusetts, in October of that year. By March 1955, William Champlin, Jr., President of Skyhaven Inc. of Rochester, New Hampshire, acquired the aircraft.
In 1958, Alfred Verville initiated a search for Sportsman aircraft and, in January 1960, received a letter from Champlin confirming that he had Sportsman NC-457M in storage at Skyhaven Airport. Champlin responded favorably to Verville's desire to see the aircraft donated to the Smithsonian's National Air Museum and NC-457M arrived on April 18, 1963.
Credit Line:
Gift of William H. Champlin
Inventory Number:
A19630406000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

(Untitled) (Perspective Study Of Baseball Players)

view (Untitled) (Perspective Study Of Baseball Players) digital asset number 1
Artist:
Thomas Eakins, American, b. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1844–1916
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
13 15/16 X 17 1/16 IN. (35.3 X 43.3 CM.)
Type:
Drawing
Date:
(c. 1875)
Provenance:
Jh Purchased From Knoedler & Co., Inc., M., New York 1961
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
Accession Number:
66.1546
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden

[Ronald Gabriel with Babe Ruth : black-and-white photoprint, ca. 1948.]

view [Ronald Gabriel with Babe Ruth : black-and-white photoprint, ca. 1948.] digital asset number 1
Collector:
Gabriel, Ronald L. 1941-2009
Subject:
Ruth, Babe 1895-1948
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper
1 item, approx. 4" x 2-3/8"
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1948
ca 1948
Ca. 1948
1940-1950
Notes:
In Box 1, Folder 10.
Summary:
Photographer unidentified.
Cite as:
Ronald Gabriel Baseball Memorabilia Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Topic:
Baseball
Local number:
AC1178-0000001.tif (AC Scan)
See more items in:
Ronald Gabriel Baseball Memorabilia Collection, ca. 1912-2009
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Carlisle Field Club/South Atlantic Champions 1924-25 [men's basketball team : nitrate film photonegative.]

view Carlisle Field Club/South Atlantic Champions 1924-25 [men's basketball team : nitrate film photonegative.] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Scurlock, Addison N. 1883-1964
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on cellulose nitrate film sheet, 10" x 8"
1 item
Culture:
African Americans Washington (D.C.)
Type:
Photographs
Nitrate negatives
Date:
1920
1930
1930-1940
Summary:
Men's basketball team, group photo.
Cite as:
Photograph by Addison N. Scurlock. Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Local number:
618ns0240379pg.tif (AC Scan No.)
Freezer box 52
See more items in:
Black-and-white film negatives (Series 4), Scurlock Studio Records 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

[Unidentified baseball team] [cellulose acetate photonegative]

view [Unidentified baseball team] [cellulose acetate photonegative] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Scurlock, Addison N. 1883-1964
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on cellulose acetate film sheet, 10" x 20"
1 item
Type:
Photographs
Panoramas
Banquet camera photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1930
1960
N.d
1930-1950
1930-1940
Summary:
No ink on negative. An unidentified baseball team posing in front of a house. Two men holding two bats and a ball in center of front row.
Cite as:
Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Topic:
Baseball teams
Portraits, Group--African Americans
Local number:
618ns0242034pg.tif (AC Scan)
Freezer box 11, Envelope 3
See more items in:
Black-and-white film negatives (Series 4), Scurlock Studio Records 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

H[oward].U[niversity]. Basketball individuals [acetate film photonegative,] December, 1950

view H[oward].U[niversity]. Basketball individuals [acetate film photonegative,] December, 1950 digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Scurlock, Addison N. 1883-1964
Subject:
Howard University
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on cellulose acetate film sheet, 4" x 5"
1 item
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1950
December, 1950
1930-1950
1940-1950
Summary:
No ink on negative. Action photo of student making a jump shot. "KODAK-SAFETY 38" edge imprint.
Cite as:
Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Local number:
618ns0242382hu.tif (AC Scan)
Box 618.04.58
No Scurlock number
See more items in:
Black-and-white film negatives (Series 4), Scurlock Studio Records 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

H[oward].U[niversity]. Basketball individuals [acetate film photonegative,] December, 1950

view H[oward].U[niversity]. Basketball individuals [acetate film photonegative,] December, 1950 digital asset number 1
Photographers:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)
Manufacturer:
Eastman Kodak Company
Subject:
Howard University
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on cellulose acetate film sheet, 5" x 4"
1 item
Culture:
African Americans Washington (D.C.)
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1950
December, 1950
1940-1950
1930-1950
Summary:
No ink on negative, no Scurlock number. Action photo of a student making a jump shot from the side of the basket. "KODAK-SAFETY 38" edge imprint.
Cite as:
Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Topic:
Sports
Basketball
African American athletes
Local number:
618ns0242383hu.tif (AC Scan)
Box 618.04.58
See more items in:
Black-and-white film negatives (Series 4), Scurlock Studio Records 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Jackie Robinson [from envelope] [acetate film photonegative,] October 1947

view Jackie Robinson [from envelope] [acetate film photonegative,] October 1947 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)
Film manufacturer:
Ansco
Subject:
Robinson, Jackie
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on cellulose acetate film sheet, 4" x 5"
1 item
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1947
October 1947
1940-1960
1930-1950
1940-1950
Notes:
From NUS carton 63.
Summary:
No caption on negative. "ANSCO" Safety Film manufacturer's imprint. Jackie Robinson, in a suit,seated casually a small table or desk.
Cite as:
Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Topic:
African American baseball players
Baseball players
Local number:
Freezer box 56
618ns0242732pm.tif (AC Scan)
See more items in:
Black-and-white film negatives (Series 4), Scurlock Studio Records 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

[Negro League baseball team Brooklyn Eagles : photoprint.]

view [Negro League baseball team Brooklyn Eagles : photoprint.] digital asset number 1
Photographers:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)
Subject:
Griffith Stadium (Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper, 8 x 10 in
1 item
Culture:
African Americans Washington (D.C.)
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1935
1935?
1930-1940
Notes:
Box 1.1.31, folder 21.
Summary:
Team photograph of the Brooklyn Eagles Negro League baseball team taken in Griffith Stadium, Washington, DC.
Topic:
African American baseball players
Baseball
African American athletes
Negro leagues
African Americans
Local number:
AC0618.001.0000001.tif (AC Scan)
See more items in:
Black-and-white photoprints (Series 1), Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

[Batter; from a contact sheet of Negro League baseball team N.Y. Cubans photos. Photoprint.]

view [Batter; from a contact sheet of Negro League baseball team N.Y. Cubans photos. Photoprint.] digital asset number 1
Photographers:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)
Subject:
New York Cubans (baseball team)
Cubans (New York baseball team)
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper
1 item
Culture:
African Americans Washington (D.C.)
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1930
1940
1930-1940
Summary:
Box 1.1.A21 Folder 13.
Topic:
Baseball
Negro leagues
African American baseball players
African Americans
Local number:
AC0618.001.0000002.tif (AC scan no.)
See more items in:
Black-and-white photoprints (Series 1), Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

[Baseball player; from a contact sheet of New York Cubans. Black-and-white photoprint.]

view [Baseball player; from a contact sheet of New York Cubans. Black-and-white photoprint.] digital asset number 1
Photographers:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)
Subject:
New York Cubans (baseball team)
Cubans (New York baseball team)
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper
1 item
Culture:
African Americans 1930-1940
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1930
1940
1930-1940
Notes:
Box 1.1.A21, Folder 13.
Topic:
Baseball
Negro leagues
African American baseball players
African Americans
Local number:
AC0618.001.0000004.tif (AC Scan)
See more items in:
Black-and-white photoprints (Series 1), Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

[Baseball player; from contact sheet of the Philadelphia Stars. Photoprint.]

view [Baseball player; from contact sheet of the Philadelphia Stars. Photoprint.] digital asset number 1
Photographers:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)
Subject:
Philadelphia Stars (baseball team)
Stars (Philadelphia baseball team)
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper
1 item
Culture:
African Americans 1930-1940
African Americans Washington (D.C.)
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1930
1940
1930-1940
Summary:
In Box 1.1.A21 Folder 13.
Topic:
Baseball
Negro leagues
African American baseball players
African Americans
Local number:
AC0618.001.0000005.tif (AC Scan No.)
See more items in:
Black-and-white photoprints (Series 1), Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

[Baseball team players; from a contact sheet of Negro League baseball team N.Y. Cubans images. Photoprint.]

view [Baseball team players; from a contact sheet of Negro League baseball team N.Y. Cubans images. Photoprint.] digital asset number 1
Photographers:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)
Subject:
Cubans (New York baseball team)
New York Cubans (baseball team)
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper
1 item
Culture:
African Americans 1930-1940
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1930
1940
1930-1940
Summary:
In Box 1.1.A21, Folder 13. Group includes Johnie Coinan (far right), Sam Hill (far left), and Willie Washington (seated).
Topic:
Baseball
African American baseball players
Negro leagues
African Americans
Local number:
AC0618.001.0000003.tif (AC scan no.)
See more items in:
Black-and-white photoprints (Series 1), Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

[Baseball player, from contact sheet of Negro League baseball team Philadelphia Stars. Photoprint.]

view [Baseball player, from contact sheet of Negro League baseball team Philadelphia Stars. Photoprint.] digital asset number 1
Photographers:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)
Subject:
Philadelphia Stars (Negro Leagues baseball team)
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper, 8" x 10"
1 item
Culture:
African Americans Washington (D.C.)
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1930
1940
1930-1940
Summary:
In Box 1.1.A21, Folder 13.
Topic:
Negro leagues
Baseball
African Americans
Local number:
AC0618.001.0000006.tif (AC scan no.)
See more items in:
Black-and-white photoprints (Series 1), Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

[Negro League baseball player Buck Leonard, first baseman of the Homestead Grays, catching ball. Photoprint.]

view [Negro League baseball player Buck Leonard, first baseman of the Homestead Grays, catching ball. Photoprint.] digital asset number 1
Photographers:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)
Subject:
Leonard, Buck
Homestead Grays (Negro League baseball team)
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper, 8" x 10"
1 item
Culture:
African Americans Washington (D.C.)
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1930
1940
1930-1940
Summary:
In Box 1.1.A21, Folder 13.
Topic:
Baseball
Negro leagues
African Americans
Local number:
AC0618.001.0000007.tif (AC Scan)
See more items in:
Black-and-white photoprints (Series 1), Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

[Negro League baseball players Luke Easter of the Homestead Grays and Josh Gibson. Photoprint.]

view [Negro League baseball players Luke Easter of the Homestead Grays and Josh Gibson. Photoprint.] digital asset number 1
Photographers:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)
Subject:
Gibson, Josh
Easter, Luke
Homestead Grays (Negro League baseball team)
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper, 8" x 10"
1 item
Culture:
African Americans Washington (D.C.)
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1930
1940
1930-1940
Summary:
In Box 1.1.A21, Folder 13.
Topic:
Negro leagues
Baseball
African Americans
Local number:
AC0618.001.0000008.tif (AC Scan)
See more items in:
Black-and-white photoprints (Series 1), Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

[Newark Negro League baseball team, Griffith Stadium, mid-1930s. Photoprint.]

view [Newark Negro League baseball team, Griffith Stadium, mid-1930s. Photoprint.] digital asset number 1
Photographers:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)
Subject:
Griffith Stadium (Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper
1 item
Culture:
African Americans Washington (D.C.)
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1930
1940
mid-1930s
1930-1940
Summary:
In Box 1.1.A21, Folder 13.
Topic:
Negro leagues
Baseball
African Americans
Local number:
AC0618.001.0000009.tif (AC Scan)
See more items in:
Black-and-white photoprints (Series 1), Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

[Negro League baseball player Jerry Benjiman, outfielder for the Homestead Grays. Photoprint.]

view [Negro League baseball player Jerry Benjiman, outfielder for the Homestead Grays. Photoprint.] digital asset number 1
Photographers:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)
Subject:
Homestead Grays (Negro League baseball team)
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper, 8" x 10"
1 item
Culture:
African Americans Washington (D.C.)
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1930
1940
1930-1940
Summary:
In Box 1.1.A21, Folder 13.
Topic:
Negro leagues
Baseball
African Americans
Local number:
AC0618.001.00000010.tif (AC Scan)
See more items in:
Black-and-white photoprints (Series 1), Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

[Negro Leagues team (Grays) player preparing to throw. Black-and-white photoprint.]

view [Negro Leagues team (Grays) player preparing to throw. Black-and-white photoprint.] digital asset number 1
Photographers:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)
Subject:
Homestead Grays (Negro League baseball team)
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper, 8" x 10"
1 item
Culture:
African Americans Washington (D.C.)
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1930
1940
Topic:
Negro leagues
Baseball
African Americans
Local number:
AC0618.001.0000010.tif (AC Scan)
See more items in:
Black-and-white photoprints (Series 1), Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

H[oward] U[niversity] Basketball Team 1937-38 [cellulose acetate photonegative]

view H[oward] U[niversity] Basketball Team 1937-38 [cellulose acetate photonegative] digital asset number 1
Photographers:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)
Subject:
Howard University Basketball
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on cellulose acetate film sheet, 4" x 5"
1 item
Culture:
African Americans Washington (D.C.)
Type:
Photographs
Copy negatives
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1938
1930-1940
Summary:
Later copy negative of mounted photograph of basketball team in uniform, with basketball hoop on wall behind. Three men in suits stand with them. No ink on negative. No edge imprint.
Cite as:
Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Topic:
African American basketball players
African American universities and colleges
African Americans
Local number:
Box 618.04.91
AC0618.004.0000867.tif (scan number)
No Scurlock number
See more items in:
Black-and-white film negatives (Series 4), Scurlock Studio Records 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

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