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Charles Lang Freer's letters to Frank Hecker during foreign travels, 1894-1895

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang 1856-1919  Search this
Subject:
Whistler, James McNeill 1834-1903  Search this
Physical description:
60 pages
Type:
Letters (correspondence)
Place:
Japan
Sri Lanka
Paris (France)
Date:
1894
1894-1895
Topic:
Travel  Search this
Local number:
FSA A.01 02.1Hecker.travel2
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers, Correspondence
Charles Lang Freer Papers 1856-1919
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_381335
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Charles Lang Freer's letters to Frank Hecker during foreign travels, 1904-1908

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang 1856-1919  Search this
Subject:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Physical description:
283 pages
Type:
Letters (correspondence)
Place:
Sri Lanka
Singapore
Indonesia
Egypt
Syria
Japan
Paris (France)
London (England)
Date:
1904
1904-1908
Topic:
Travel  Search this
Local number:
FSA A.01 02.1Hecker.travel4
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers, Correspondence
Charles Lang Freer Papers 1856-1919
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_381510
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  • View Charles Lang Freer's letters to Frank Hecker during foreign travels, 1904-1908 digital asset number 1
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  • View Charles Lang Freer's letters to Frank Hecker during foreign travels, 1904-1908 digital asset number 3
  • View Charles Lang Freer's letters to Frank Hecker during foreign travels, 1904-1908 digital asset number 4
  • View Charles Lang Freer's letters to Frank Hecker during foreign travels, 1904-1908 digital asset number 5
  • View Charles Lang Freer's letters to Frank Hecker during foreign travels, 1904-1908 digital asset number 6

Charles Lang Freer's letters to Frank Hecker during foreign travels, 1910-1911

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang 1856-1919  Search this
Subject:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Physical description:
283 pages
Type:
Letters (correspondence)
Place:
Japan
China
Date:
1910
1910-1911
Topic:
Travel  Search this
Local number:
FSA A.01 02.1Hecker.travel6
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers, Correspondence
Charles Lang Freer Papers 1856-1919
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_381943
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Letters between Charles Lang Freer and Horace Newton Allen 1907

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang 1856-1919  Search this
Allen, Horace Newton 1858-1932  Search this
Physical description:
12 letters, telegrams and documents
Type:
Letters (correspondence)
Date:
1907
Topic:
Ceramics--Korean  Search this
Local number:
FSA A.01 02.1AllenH
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers, Correspondence
Charles Lang Freer Papers 1856-1919
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_382997

Letters between Charles Lang Freer and Seaouke Yue (You Xiaoxi), 1917-1919

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang 1856-1919  Search this
Yue, Seaouke  Search this
Subject:
Pang Yuanji 1864-1949  Search this
Physical description:
6 folders of correspondence
Type:
Letters (correspondence)
Date:
1917
1917-1919
Topic:
Art, Chinese  Search this
Local number:
FSA A.01 02.1Yue
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers, Correspondence
Charles Lang Freer Papers 1856-1919
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_381753
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  • View Letters between Charles Lang Freer and Seaouke Yue (You Xiaoxi), 1917-1919 digital asset number 3
  • View Letters between Charles Lang Freer and Seaouke Yue (You Xiaoxi), 1917-1919 digital asset number 4

Correspondence, Harrington - Moser 1848-1924

Creator:
McEvoy, Ambrose 1878-1927  Search this
Healy, G. P. A (George Peter Alexander) 1813-1894  Search this
Johnson, Eastman 1824-1906  Search this
Maynard, George W (George Willoughby) 1843-1923  Search this
McEvoy, Ambrose 1878-1927  Search this
Moser, James Henry 1854-1913  Search this
Subject:
Washington, George Corbin 1789-1854  Search this
Mercer, Edward  Search this
Physical description:
9 Letters : written in ink, ball point, graphite
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1848
1848-1924
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Local number:
FSA A2009.06 5
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
See more items in:
The Brumbaugh Collection of Artist Letters
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_289807
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Correspondence, Andrews, Ambrose - Harding, Chester 1779-1981

Creator:
Beal, Gifford 1879-1956  Search this
Andrews, Ambrose 1805-1859  Search this
Bates, Edward 1793-1869  Search this
Beal, Gifford 1879-1956  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Cloar, Carroll  Search this
Colman, Samuel 1832-1920  Search this
Bacon, Josephine Daskam 1876-1961  Search this
Rogers, Daniel Denison 1751-1825  Search this
Elliot, William Parker  Search this
Brush, George de Forest 1855-1941  Search this
Harding, Chester 1792-1866  Search this
Subject:
Thayer, Abbott Handerson 1849-1921  Search this
Town, Ithiel 1784-1844  Search this
Watson, Forbes 1880-1960  Search this
Beach, Ella  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
14 Letters : written in ink, ball point, graphite, typewritter
Type:
Lithographs
Correspondence
Place:
New York (N.Y.)
Date:
1779
1779-1981
1950-2000
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Real property  Search this
Drawing  Search this
Local number:
FSA A2009.06 4
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
See more items in:
The Brumbaugh Collection of Artist Letters
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_289806
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  • View Correspondence, Andrews, Ambrose - Harding, Chester 1779-1981 digital asset number 4
  • View Correspondence, Andrews, Ambrose - Harding, Chester 1779-1981 digital asset number 5
  • View Correspondence, Andrews, Ambrose - Harding, Chester 1779-1981 digital asset number 6

Correspondence to and from Brumbaugh, Thomas B. 1941-1970

Creator:
Brumbaugh, Thomas B (Thomas Brendle) 1921-  Search this
Gibbs, Wolcott 1902-1958  Search this
Brumbaugh, Thomas B (Thomas Brendle) 1921-  Search this
Faulkner, Barry 1881-1966  Search this
Hardin, Louis  Search this
Lassaw, Ibram 1913-2003  Search this
Rosin, Harry  Search this
Soyer, Isaac 1902-1981  Search this
Subject:
Thayer, Abbott Handerson 1849-1921  Search this
Greenough, Horatio 1805-1852  Search this
White, Nelson C  Search this
Rox, Henry  Search this
Barnes Foundation  Search this
Physical description:
10 Letters : written in ink, ball point, graphite, typewritter
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1941
1941-1970
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Busts  Search this
Runes  Search this
Local number:
FSA A2009.06 3
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
See more items in:
The Brumbaugh Collection of Artist Letters
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_289805
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  • View Correspondence to and from Brumbaugh, Thomas B. 1941-1970 digital asset number 3
  • View Correspondence to and from Brumbaugh, Thomas B. 1941-1970 digital asset number 4
  • View Correspondence to and from Brumbaugh, Thomas B. 1941-1970 digital asset number 5

Correspondence, Palmer, Erastus - Widener, P.A.B. 1818-1847

Creator:
Speicher, Eugene Edward 1883-1962  Search this
Palmer, Erastus Dow 1817-1904  Search this
Reid, Robert 1862-1929  Search this
Robus, Hugo 1885-1964  Search this
Rossiter, Thomas Prichard 1818-1871  Search this
Speicher, Eugene Edward 1883-1962  Search this
Weber, Max 1881-1961  Search this
Whittier, John Greenleaf 1807-1892  Search this
Widener, P. A. B (Peter Arrell Brown) 1834-1915  Search this
Subject:
Kensett, John Frederick 1816-1872  Search this
Hayne, Paul Hamilton 1830-1886  Search this
United States National Park Service  Search this
Houghton, Mifflin and Company  Search this
Physical description:
11 Letters : written in ink, ball point, graphite
1 Photograph
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1818
1818-1847
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Local number:
FSA A2009.06 6
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
See more items in:
The Brumbaugh Collection of Artist Letters
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_289808
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  • View Correspondence, Palmer, Erastus - Widener, P.A.B. 1818-1847 digital asset number 3
  • View Correspondence, Palmer, Erastus - Widener, P.A.B. 1818-1847 digital asset number 4
Additional Online Media:

Charles Lang Freer's letters to Frank Hecker during foreign travels, 1899-1903

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang 1856-1919  Search this
Subject:
Brooks, Romaine  Search this
Whistler, James McNeill 1834-1903  Search this
Physical description:
219 pages
Type:
Letters (correspondence)
Place:
Paris (France)
Naples (Italy)
London (England)
Date:
1899
1899-1903
Topic:
Travel  Search this
Local number:
FSA A.01 02.1Hecker.travel3
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers, Correspondence
Charles Lang Freer Papers 1856-1919
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_381441
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  • View Charles Lang Freer's letters to Frank Hecker during foreign travels, 1899-1903 digital asset number 1
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Correspondence, Abbott H. Thayer to the Beaches, Dewing, Endicott, the Kings 1891-1915

Creator:
Thayer, Abbott Handerson 1849-1921  Search this
Subject:
Thayer, Abbott Handerson 1849-1921  Search this
Bloede, Gertrude  Search this
Thayer, Emma B. 1850-1924  Search this
Beach, Moses Sperry 1822-1892  Search this
Beach, Violet  Search this
Beach, Ella  Search this
Dewing, M. O (Maria Oakey) 1855-1927  Search this
King, Dr. Samuel T  Search this
Endicott, William Crowninshield 1826-1900  Search this
Physical description:
10 Letters : written in ink
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1891
1891-1915
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Local number:
FSA A2009.06 1
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
See more items in:
The Brumbaugh Collection of Artist Letters
Correspondence, Abbott H. Thayer to the Beaches, Dewing, Endicott, the Kings
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_289809
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  • View Correspondence, Abbott H. Thayer to the Beaches, Dewing, Endicott, the Kings 1891-1915 digital asset number 3
  • View Correspondence, Abbott H. Thayer to the Beaches, Dewing, Endicott, the Kings 1891-1915 digital asset number 4
  • View Correspondence, Abbott H. Thayer to the Beaches, Dewing, Endicott, the Kings 1891-1915 digital asset number 5

Letter from Anacostia Museum to Norma Merrick Sklarek

Issued by:
Anacostia Community Museum, American, founded 1967  Search this
Written by:
Louise D. Hutchinson, American, 1928 - 2014  Search this
Received by:
Norma Merrick Sklarek, American, 1926 - 2012  Search this
Subject of:
Welton Becket and Associates, American, 1949 - 1987  Search this
Owned by:
Norma Merrick Sklarek, American, 1926 - 2012  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 10 1/2 × 8 in. (26.7 × 20.3 cm)
Type:
letters (correspondence)
Place made:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Place used:
Santa Monica, Los Angeles County, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
August 1982
Topic:
African American  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Correspondence  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Museums  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of David Merrick Fairweather and Yvonne Goff
Object number:
TA2018.23.3.1.11.18
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Archival Collections
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_TA2018.23.3.1.11.18
Additional Online Media:

Charles Lang Freer's letters to Frank Hecker during foreign travels, 1909

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang 1856-1919  Search this
Subject:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Physical description:
283 pages
Type:
Letters (correspondence)
Place:
Egypt
Japan
Paris (France)
London (England)
Berlin (Germany)
Cairo (Egypt)
Beijing (China)
Kyoto (Japan)
Shanghai (China)
Date:
1909
Topic:
Travel  Search this
Local number:
FSA A.01 02.1Hecker.travel5
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers, Correspondence
Charles Lang Freer Papers 1856-1919
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_381942

Correspondence, Abbott H. Thayer to Clara A. May 1890-1899

Creator:
Thayer, Abbott Handerson 1849-1921  Search this
Thayer, Gerald Handerson 1883-1939  Search this
Subject:
Thayer, Abbott Handerson 1849-1921  Search this
Thayer, Gerald Handerson 1883-1939  Search this
Thayer, Gladys 1886 or 7-1945  Search this
May, Clara Adelaide 1872-1946  Search this
Dublin  Search this
Physical description:
6 Letters : written in ink, graphite
4 Envelopes
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1890
1890-1899
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Local number:
FSA A2009.06 2
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
See more items in:
The Brumbaugh Collection of Artist Letters
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_289810
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Letter from DL Chandler to Norma Merrick Sklarek

Written by:
D. L. Chandler, American  Search this
Received by:
Norma Merrick Sklarek, American, 1926 - 2012  Search this
Subject of:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, American, founded 1861  Search this
Owned by:
Norma Merrick Sklarek, American, 1926 - 2012  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 11 × 8 1/2 in. (27.9 × 21.6 cm)
Type:
letters (correspondence)
Place made:
Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
September 29, 1976
Topic:
African American  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Correspondence  Search this
Education  Search this
United States--History  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of David Merrick Fairweather and Yvonne Goff
Object number:
TA2018.23.3.1.11.10
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Archival Collections
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_TA2018.23.3.1.11.10
Additional Online Media:

Letter and envelope from Paul Williams to Harold Williams

Written by:
Paul R. Williams, American, 1894 - 1980  Search this
Received by:
Harold Louis Williams, American, 1924 - 2015  Search this
Owned by:
Harold Louis Williams, American, 1924 - 2015  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Letter, unfolded): 10 1/2 × 7 1/4 in. (26.7 × 18.4 cm)
H x W (Envelope): 3 3/4 × 7 1/2 in. (9.5 × 19.1 cm)
Type:
envelopes
letters (correspondence)
Place used:
Los Angeles, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
May 8,1973
Topic:
African American  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Correspondence  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Betty Smith Williams in memory of Harold Louis Williams
Object number:
TA2017.53.5.1.2.1ab
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Archival Collections
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_TA2017.53.5.1.2.1ab
Additional Online Media:

Letter to Oscar W. Price from Colonel Charles Young

Written by:
Col. Charles Young, American, 1864 - 1922  Search this
Received by:
Oscar W. Price, American, born 1894  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
unfolded: 8 3/8 x 10 3/4
folded: 8 3/8 x 5 3/8
Type:
letters (correspondence)
Place made:
Wilberforce, Greene County, Ohio, United States, North and Central America
Date:
July 14, 1918
Topic:
African American  Search this
Correspondence  Search this
Men  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2010.39.4
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.39.4
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Additional Online Media:

Charles Lang Freer's correspondence with Cameron Currie, 1901-1919

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang 1856-1919  Search this
Physical description:
72 pages
Type:
Letters (correspondence)
Place:
Japan
China
Egypt
Detroit (Mich.)
Paris (France)
Date:
1901
1901-1919
Topic:
Travel  Search this
Local number:
FSA A.01 02.1Currie
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers, Correspondence
Charles Lang Freer Papers 1856-1919
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_385442
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  • View Charles Lang Freer's correspondence with Cameron Currie, 1901-1919 digital asset number 3
  • View Charles Lang Freer's correspondence with Cameron Currie, 1901-1919 digital asset number 4
  • View Charles Lang Freer's correspondence with Cameron Currie, 1901-1919 digital asset number 5
  • View Charles Lang Freer's correspondence with Cameron Currie, 1901-1919 digital asset number 6
  • View Charles Lang Freer's correspondence with Cameron Currie, 1901-1919 digital asset number 7
  • View Charles Lang Freer's correspondence with Cameron Currie, 1901-1919 digital asset number 8
  • View Charles Lang Freer's correspondence with Cameron Currie, 1901-1919 digital asset number 9
  • View Charles Lang Freer's correspondence with Cameron Currie, 1901-1919 digital asset number 10

Correspondence, US Capitol 1837-1853

Creator:
Meigs, Montgomery C. 1816-1892  Search this
Vanderlyn, John 1775-1852  Search this
Jarvis, Leonard 1781-1854  Search this
Chapman, John  Search this
Physical description:
3 Letters : written in ink
Type:
Correspondence
Place:
U. S. Capitol
Date:
1837
1837-1853
19th century
Local number:
FSA A2009.06 7
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
See more items in:
The Brumbaugh Collection of Artist Letters
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_289811
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Frederick Douglass Patterson papers

Creator:
Patterson, Frederick D. (Frederick Douglass), 1901-1988  Search this
Names:
Phelps-Stokes Fund  Search this
Tuskegee Institute  Search this
United Negro College Fund  Search this
Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943  Search this
Moton, Robert Russa, 1867-1940  Search this
Patterson, Frederick D. (Frederick Douglass), 1901-1988  Search this
Extent:
18.66 Linear feet (21 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Diplomas
Notebooks
Articles
Manuscripts
Photographic prints
Ephemera
Scrapbooks
Newsletters
Awards
Photographs
Invitations
Legal documents
Programs
Correspondence
Clippings
Date:
1882 - 1988
Summary:
President of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (later Tukegee Institute; now Tuskegee University) from 1935 - 1953 and founder of the United Negro College Fund (1944). Patterson was born on October 10, 1901. Orphaned at age two, he was raised by his eldest sister, Wilhelmina (Bess), a school teacher in Texas. He studied at Iowa State College, where he received a doctorate in veterinary medicine in 1923 and a master of science degree in 1927. Five years later, he was awarded a second doctorate degree from Cornell University. Patterson taught veterinary science for four years at Virginia State College, where he was also Director of Agriculture. His tenure at Tuskegee University started in 1928 and spanned almost 25 years, first as head of the veterinary division, then as the director of the School of Agriculture and finally as Tuskegee's third president. He married Catherine Elizabeth Moton, daughter of Tuskegee University's second president, Dr. Robert R. Moton. Patterson also founded the School of Veterinary Medicine at Tuskegee in 1944, the same year he founded the United Negro College Fund (UNCF). The UNCF continues today as a critical source of annual income for a consortium of Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Tuskegee University among them.
Scope and Content note:
The Frederick Douglass Patterson Collection comprises 18.66 linear feet of correspondence, manuscripts, research material, published writings, photographs, audiovisual material, scrapbooks, diplomas, awards, and other materials chronicling the personal life and professional career of Frederick D. Patterson.

The collection is comprised of glimpses into the life of Dr. Patterson. The little correspondece that survived is located in Series 2: Career, Series 3: Correspondence, and Series 4: Organizations. Some of the correspondence takes the form of congratulatory notes from 1953 during Patterson's transfer from Tuskegee Institute to the Phelps-Stokes Fund, located in Series 2. There is also a personal note sent to Patterson's wife, Catherine Patterson, from George Washington Carver in which he describes peanut oil as a good massage oil.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged by series and chronologically therein:

1. Biography: This series provides insight into Patterson's family life through primary documents. It is comprised of family wills, insurance policies, and his autobiography. Sub-series are arranged alphabetically by title.

2. Career: This series contains materials from Patterson's long professional career in the field of higher education, including his tenure as present of both the Tuskegee Institute and the Phelps-Stokes Fund. Sub-series are arranged chronologically.

3. Correspondence: This series contains letters sent to Patterson (and his wife) of a personal and professional nature. Several letters relate to Patterson's personal business "Signs and Services," which was a small billboard advertising company. There are also letters from George Washington Carver. The series is arranged chronologically. 4. Organizations: This series contains material from the various foundations Patterson founded and to which he belonged, including the R.R. Moton Fund and the College Endowment Funding Plan. He is especially noted for developing the United Negro College Fund. The series is organized alphabetically by sub-series title.

5. Honors: This series contains the awards, citations, and resolutions Patterson received during his lifetime. Folders are organized chronologically. 6. Subject Files: This series comprises articles, employee vitas, and other documents collected and organized by Patterson. Among the subjects in the files are higher education, Negroes, segregation, civil rights, and employee records. There is no key to this system.

7. Photographs: The Photograph series mostly documents Patterson's tenure at Tuskegee University. The series includes images of Patterson and various other notable figures during formal functions at the university. Noteworthy personalities include George Washington Carver, Eleanor and Franklin D. Roosevelt, and President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana.

8. Printed Materials: This series contains books, programs, and other documents from Patterson's personal collection. The series is organized alphabetically by author's last name.
Biographical note:
Frederick Douglass Patterson was born on October 10, 1901 to parents William and Mamie Brooks Patterson, in the Buena Vista Heights area of Anacostia in Washington, D.C. The youngest of six children, Patterson's parents died of tuberculosis before he reached the age of two years, his mother when he was eleven months old and his father a year later. Following his parents' death, the Patterson children were split up and sent to live in the homes of family and friends as stipulated in his father's last will and testament until he was seven years old, Patterson lived in the Anacostia area with a family friend he called "Aunt Julia."

When he was seven years old, Patterson's older sister Bess (a recent graduate of the Washington Conservatory of Music) decided to seek employment in Texas and took him with her. Many of their parents' family still lived in the state, which allowed Patterson the opportunity to spend months with various aunts and uncles, while his sister taught music throughout the South. After completing eighth grade, Patterson joined his sister at the Prairie View Normal School, where she taught music and directed the choir. Patterson attended the school for four years, during which time he developed an interest in veterinary medicine.

In 1920, Patterson enrolled at Iowa State College as a veterinary student. He graduated in 1923 and moved to Columbus, Ohio, to join his brother John. While there, he took the Ohio State Board exam for Veterinary Medicine. Although he became certified, a lack of money prevented him from practicing. Four years later he received a teaching offer from Virginia State College (VSC) in Petersburg, Virginia, which afforded him the opportunity to work within his profession. While at VSC Patterson took a leave of absence and returned to Iowa, in 1926, to pursue a Master's degree in veterinary medicine.

After five years at VSC, the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute offered Patterson a position running the veterinarian hospital and teaching veterinary science. He moved to Tuskegee, Alabama in 1928. While at Tuskegee, Patterson decided to pursue a Ph.D. in bacteriology at Cornell University. During his year and a half leave from Tuskegee, Patterson completed his coursework and wrote his dissertation. After he returned to Tuskegee, a serial killer murdered three people, including the head of the Department of Agriculture. Confronted with this tragedy, school officials quickly offered Patterson the vacant position, which he accepted in 1934.

Robert R. Moton, second president of Tuskegee, retired in 1935 and a search was soon commenced to find the next president for the school. Patterson, in the meantime, pursued more personal matters when he met and married Catherine Moton (with whom he would have a son) in June 1935. By then he was already hired to take his now, father-in-law's, position as President of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute.

As president of Tuskegee, Patterson made several changes and many additions to the institution. He increased faculty housing for professors; integrated the Board of Trustees' meeting meals and eventually arranged for both balck and white members to eat at one table; shortened the name to Tuskegee Institute; and established the Department of Commercial Dietetics in 1935, the veterinary medicine program in 1942, and the engineering program in 1948. While many considered Patterson's changes important achievements, it was his development of the Commercial/Military Aviation Program that would bring the school distinction and fame.

Patterson first attempted to develop the aviation program in 1939. The government fostered the development of such programs by subsiding the expenses. All a university had to do was present able-bodied instructors and willing pupils. Tuskegee had both. By 1940 the United States Air Force was interested in integrating its forces. In order to do this they needed trained black pilots. Tuskegee was the perfect place to provide the needed pilots since the school was situated in an all-black environment where students could concentrate on learning to fly without having to worry about racist reactions from their fellow classmates. To accommodate this program, the Tuskegee Army Air Base was created. Tuskegee pilots flew missions throughout World War II and would later be recognized for their bravery.

An important part of Patterson's duties as president was fund-raising. By 1943 he found it increasingly difficult to find ample sources of funds to run the Institute. He came to realize Tuskegee and similar black colleges would benefit if they pooled their funding resources and asked for larger amounts of money from philanthropic individuals and organizations as a collective. Working together would cut fund-raising expenses; this in turn would leave more money for the colleges to use as they wished. Patterson named his new creation the United Negro College Fund (UNCF); it would go on to raise millions of dollars for the nation's historically black colleges. He served as the first president of the organization.

During the fifteen years Patterson served as president of Tuskegee, he hosted many famous personalities, including W.E.B. DuBois, Mary McLeod Bethune, Eleanor Roosevelt, Duke Ellington, Paul Robeson, Pearl Buck, and Andre Segovia. He developed a lasting relationship with George Washington Carver, who had been a professor with Tuskegee since the days of Booker T. Washington.

Patterson served on many organizational boards in addition to his educational work. His involvement with the Phelps-Stokes Fund would ultimately lead Patterson to leave his beloved Tuskegee Institute to apply his educational philosophies on a broader scale. In 1953 the Fund approached Patterson and offered him the presidency of the organization. Patterson, feeling he needed a change, accepted the offer. He resigned from Tuskegee that same year and moved to New York to begin a new life.

Organized in 1911, the Phelps-Stokes Fund supported African, African American, and Native American education and worked on solving housing problems in New York City. Patterson's interest in African education began before he joined Phelps-Stokes. In 1950 the World Bank/International Bank Commission to Nigeria hired him to "evaluate the resources of Nigeria and…to study the educational programs and the organizational structure of advanced education." Through his work with the Fund he continued his efforts to improve the educational opportunities for Africans and help them move beyond colonialism. Patterson traveled extensively throughout the west coast of Africa in support of these goals.

In addition to forming the UNCF, Patterson created two other organizations (the Robert R. Moton Institute and the College Endowment Funding Plan), during the mid 1960s and 1970s. Each was designed to improve funding efforts for historically black colleges. The Robert R. Moton institute began as an off-shoot of the Phelps-Stokes as a site for conferences to address the Fund's primary concerns. Patterson's idea for the Institute came from a desire to put to use a piece of property inherited after Moton's death. Empathy with the frustrations of college presidents regarding the restricted funding for institutional expenses led Patterson to create the College Endowment Funding Plan. The Endowment was designed to alleviate this situation by providing matching funds to eligible colleges. The Endowment made its first payment in 1978. Unfortunately, by the 1980s, the Moton Institute lost most of its government funding due to federal cutbacks. This resulted in reductions to the Institute's programming.

It was not until Patterson was well into his eighties that he began to retire from his life of public service. On June 23, 1987, President Ronald Reagan presented Dr. Patterson with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest possible honor that can be bestowed upon a civilian, for his service in higher education and his role in creating funding sources for the nation's historically black colleges. A year later Frederick Douglass Patterson died at the age of eighty-seven.

Honorary Degrees

undated -- Xavier University

1941 -- Virginia State College

1941 -- Wilberforce University

1953 -- Morehouse College

1956 -- Tuskegee Institute

1961 -- New York University

1966 -- Edward Waters College

1967 -- Atlanta University

1969 -- Franklin and Marshall College

1970 -- Virginia Union University

1975 -- Bishop College

1977 -- St. Augustine's College

1982 -- Brooklyn College of the City University of New York

1984 -- Stillman College

1985 -- Payne College

Distinctions

undated -- Association for the Study of Negro Life and History Carter

undated -- The Southern Education Foundation, Inc. Distinguished Service Citation

undated -- The United Negro College Fund (UNCF) and Texas Association of Developing Colleges Annual Leadership Awards

1950 -- Christian Education department, African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, Inc. Citation for Distinguished Service

1953 -- Bethune-Cookman College, the Mary McLeod Bethune Medallion

1953 -- John A. Andrew Clinical Society at Tuskegee Institute, Citation for Distinguished Service in the Cause of Humanity

1953 -- Tuskegee Institute, Certificate of Appreciation for 25 Years of Service

1957 -- Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. Beta Lamda Sigma Chapter, Bigger and Better Business Award

1960 -- National Alumni Council of the UNCF, Inc. Award

1963 -- National Business League, Booker T. Washington Award

1965 -- Booker T. Washington Business Association, Certificate of Acknowledgement

1970 -- Moton Conference Center Award

1970 -- Tuskegee National Alumni Association, R.R. Moton Award

1972 -- American College Public Relations Association, 1972 Award for Distinguished Service to Higher Education

1972 -- UNCF F.D. Patterson 71st Birthday Award

1975 -- National Business League, Booker T. Washington Symbol of Service Award

1976 -- Phelps-Stokes Fund, Continuous Creative and Courageous Leadership in the Cause of Higher Education for Blacks

1977 -- Yale Alumni Associates of Afro-America, Distinguished Service Award

1979 -- Alpha Phi Alpha Education Foundation Inc., Distinguished Educator Award

1979 -- Tuskegee Institute Alumni Association Philadelphia Charter Award

1980 -- The Iowa State University Alumni Association, Distinguished Achievement Citation

1980 -- Gary Branch NAACP Life Membership Fight for Freedom Dinner 1980, Roy Wilkins Award

1980 -- State of Alabama Certificate of Appreciation

1982 -- St. Luke's United Methodist Church Achievement Award

1983 -- Tuskegee Airmen, Inc., Distinguished Service Award

1984 -- Booker T. Washington Foundation, Booker T. Washington Distinguished Service Award

1984 -- The Ohio State University Office of Minority Affairs, Distinguished Humanitarian and Service Award

1985 -- Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc, Eta Zeta Lamda Chapter Civic Award

1985 -- United States, Private Sector Initiative Commendation

1987 -- Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc of New York State, Founders Day Award

1987 -- Presidential Medal of Freedom

1987 -- Brag Business Achievement Award

1987 -- Phelps-Stokes Fund, Aggrey Medal

Public Service

1941-1971 -- Southern Educational Foundation, Inc., Board Member

1943-1988 -- United Negro College Fund, Founder, President, and Member

1960s-1988 -- Robert R. Moton Memorial Institute, Founder

1970s-1988 -- The College Endowment Funding Plan, Founder

undated -- American National Red Cross, Board of Governors Member

undated -- Boys Scouts of America, National Council Member

undated -- Citizens Committee for the Hoover Report on Reorganization of Federal Government, Board Member

undated -- Institute of International Education, Advisory committee Member

undated -- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Life Member

undated -- National Business League, President and Board Member

undated -- National Urban League, National Committee Member

undated -- Phelps-Stokes Fund, Board of Trustees Member

undated -- President's Commission on Higher Education for Negroes

undated -- Southern Regional Education, Board of Control Member
Related Materials:
Additional biographical materials in the Dale/Patterson Collection of the Anacostia Community Museum Archives.

This collection contains artifacts catalogued in the ACM Objects Collection.
Provenance:
The Frederick Douglass Patterson papers were donated to the Anacostia Community Museum in 2001 by Frederick Douglass Patterson, Jr.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Rights:
The Frederick Douglass Patterson papers are the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
Universities and colleges -- Administration  Search this
African Americans -- Education (Higher)  Search this
African American universities and colleges  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diplomas
Notebooks
Articles
Manuscripts
Photographic prints
Ephemera
Scrapbooks
Newsletters
Awards
Photographs
Invitations
Legal documents
Programs
Correspondence
Clippings
Citation:
Frederick Douglass Patterson papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Frederick Douglass Patterson, Jr.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-010
See more items in:
Frederick Douglass Patterson papers
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-010
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