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Lee Ya-Ching Papers

Creator:
Ya-Ching, Lee  Search this
Extent:
11.9 Cubic feet (22 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scripts (documents)
Photographs
Maps
Scrapbooks
Date:
1938-1970
Summary:
This collection consists of 9.3 cubic feet of material chronicling Lee Ya-Ching's role as a pilot trying to raise funds for China during World War II. The collection contains the following types of material: correspondence, both official and personal; maps; 8 mm films; publications; newspapers; invitation; programs from events; lecture notes; scripts from radio shows; photographs, both official and snapshots; trip schedules and agendas; address books; scrapbooks; and official paperwork and licenses.
Scope and Content note:
This collection of materials listed in the finding aid is arranged into two series, Ms Lee's personal papers and her professional papers. Her personal papers consist mainly of correspondence and memorabilia from the 1930's through the 1960's. The primary focus of the professional papers is the years 1937 to 1945, the time which Ya-Ching was conducting her Good Will tour of the United States. The information in this section is in the form or correspondence, newspaper clippings, event pamphlets and flyers, publications, itineraries, and corporate papers. These items are arranged by material type then chronologically. No attempt was made to translate foreign language material in the collection.

There are various conservation concerns in this collection. Most of the papers were buried for a number of years prior to being donated. There are many photographs which have adhered to each other, many papers are torn with information missing and there is significant mildew damage to both paper and photographs. These items have been removed from the collection until they receive conservation treatment.
Biographical/Historical note:
Lee Ya-Ching was born in Canton, China in 1912. As an only child who lost her mother at a young age, Ya-Ching was raised by her father and grandmother. Under her father's guidance she learned many skills, including martial arts, some previously restricted to male children. Ya-Ching attended English schools in Hong Kong and Shanghai and at the age of 16 was sent to London to attend finishing school.

In 1929 at the age of 17, Ya-Ching went to Geneva, Switzerland. It is there that she took her first ride in an airplane and vowed to learn how to fly. She enrolled in Ecole Aero Club de Suisse and, in 1934, became the first woman to receive a pilot's license from the school. Determined to continue her education, Ya-Ching went to the United States and attended the Boeing School of Aeronautics in Oakland, California in 1935. In November of that year she became the first woman licensed through the Boeing School. Upon completion of her training at the Boeing school Ya-Ching returned to China and began campaigning for a Chinese pilot's license, eventually obtaining the license in 1936. Seeing a need to train new pilots, Ya-Ching and some fellow pilots opened a civilian flying school in Shanghai in 1936.

When Japan invaded China in 1937, Ya-Ching volunteered to fly for her country, but was refused. Undeterred, she served her country by establishing hospitals. Leaving Shanghai for Hong Kong just before the city fell, she was finally given the opportunity to fly for China by piloting Red Cross planes ferrying supplies from Hong Kong to Canton. Realizing that China needed aid and supplies, Ya-Ching embarked on a Goodwill Tour of the United States and Canada in 1938. When the war prevented her return to China, Ya-Ching continued the tour expanding her appearances into South America.

Not much is known of Ya-Ching's life after the war. She returned to Hong Kong for a number of years. In the 1960's she returned to California, where she died in 1998 at the age of 86.

Time Line of Lee Ya-Ching

xxxx -- The following timeline covers key events in Ya-Ching's life, as well world events. Events involving Ya-Ching are shown in normal type world events are shown in italics.

1909 -- M. Vallon flies first plane in China

1911 -- China ousts the 2000 year old Imperial System for a Republic

April 16, 1912 -- Lee Ya-Ching is born in Canton, China

1916 -- Ya-Ching's mother dies of tuberculosis

1917 -- China enters World War 1 on the side of the Allies

1926 -- Begins career as a movie actress

1928 -- Leaves the film industry and goes to school in England

1929 -- The CCP (Chinese Communist Party) is ousted from China Goes to Switzerland

September 1931 -- Japan seizes control of Manchuria

November 1931 -- CCP resurfaces in China and forms the Chinese Soviet Republic in Jiangxi Province

May 1932 -- Amelia Earhart becomes first woman to solo across the Atlantic

1933 -- Begins flying lessons at Geneva's Cointrin-Ecole d'Aviation

1934 -- Receives her pilot's license from Ecole Aéro Club de Suisse

1935 -- Attends and receives license from the Boeing School of Aeronautics in Oakland, California

1935 -- Falls out of an aerobatic plane, earning her membership in the Caterpillar Club

1936 -- Receives her pilot's license from the Chinese Government First domestic airline established in China Opens a civilian flying school in Shanghai

1937 -- Flies for the Red Cross ferrying supplies from Hong Kong to Canton Japan invades China Earns Hong Kong commercial pilot's license Helps establish hospitals in Shanghai

1938 -- Begins goodwill tour of United States and Canada

1939 -- Appears in US film Disputed Passage with Dorothy Lamour

1940 -- Flies "Estrella China" to Caribbean, Central and South America Aids Ruth Nichols in raising money for Relief Wings

1941 -- Begins working for United China Relief

December 7, 1941 -- Bombing of Pearl Harbor forces American entry into World War II

1944 -- Begins Goodwill and Fund Raising tour of South America and Caribbean

August 1945 -- Atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, followed by Japanese surrender and end of World War II

1946 -- Returns to China and retires

1946 -- Fighting between CCP and KMT (Nationalist party) resumes

October 1949 -- KMT retreats to Taiwan Mao Zedong establishes the People's Republic of China

1950 -- Receives Hong Kong private pilot's license

1963 -- Receives Hong Kong Special Purpose Pilot's license

1971 -- Permanently moves to the United States

1997 -- British rule ends in Hong Kong

January 28, 1998 -- Dies at the age of 86
Provenance:
Pax Cheng and Mary Wolfson, Gift, 2007
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Civilian relief  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- China  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scripts (documents)
Photographs
Maps
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Lee Ya-Ching Papers, Accession 2008-0009, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2008.0009
See more items in:
Lee Ya-Ching Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2008-0009
Additional Online Media:

Liocerithium judithae

Collector:
C. E. Dawson  Search this
C. A. Child  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean, Gulf of California  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Los Algondones, N Of Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico, North Pacific Ocean
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Liocerithium judithae Keen, 1971
USNM Number:
710130
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_450656

Nodilittorina riisei complex

Collector:
C. A. Child  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
St. Thomas Island, Charlotte Amalie, Blackbeards Hotel Hill, Virgin Islands of the United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
28 May 1967
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Nodilittorina riisei complex
USNM Number:
714124
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_451169

Nodilittorina aspera

Collector:
Raymond B. Manning  Search this
Dr. Meredith L. Jones  Search this
Dr. Joseph R. Rosewater  Search this
C. A. Child  Search this
Expedition:
Smithsonian STRI Panama Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean, Gulf of Panama  Search this
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
SEM Stub
Place:
Panama Bay, Panama City, Paitilla Beach, east side of Paitilla Point, Off Union Club, Canal Zone, Panama, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
26 Apr 1971
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Nodilittorina aspera (Philippi, 1846)
USNM Number:
733196
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_458527

Nodilittorina aspera

Collector:
Raymond B. Manning  Search this
Dr. Meredith L. Jones  Search this
Dr. Joseph R. Rosewater  Search this
C. A. Child  Search this
Expedition:
Smithsonian STRI Panama Survey  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Fine sand beach + rocks  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean, Gulf of Panama  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Perlas Archipelago, Pedro Gonzales Island, west side shore, rocky intertidal, Panama, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
30 Apr 1971
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Nodilittorina aspera (Philippi, 1846)
USNM Number:
733363
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_458553

Conus gladiator

Collector:
Raymond B. Manning  Search this
Dr. Meredith L. Jones  Search this
Dr. Joseph R. Rosewater  Search this
C. A. Child  Search this
Expedition:
Smithsonian STRI Panama Survey  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Rocky intertidal with pools + sand gutters  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean, Gulf of Panama  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Panama Bay, Panama City, Paitilla Beach, east side of Paitilla Point, Off Union Club, Canal Zone, Panama, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
26 Apr 1971
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Conus gladiator Broderip, 1833
USNM Number:
733214
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_458531

Vasum caestus

Collector:
P. Glynn  Search this
A. Velarde  Search this
A. Dahl  Search this
C. A. Child  Search this
Expedition:
Smithsonian STRI Panama Survey  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Rocky with sand and coral  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean, Gulf of Panama  Search this
Depth (m):
2 - 5
Preparation:
Dry
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Perlas Archipelago, Pedro Gonzales Island, west side shore, Panama, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
30 Apr 1971
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Vasum caestus (Broderip, 1833)
USNM Number:
733327
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_458545

Conus nux

Collector:
Raymond B. Manning  Search this
Dr. Meredith L. Jones  Search this
Dr. Joseph R. Rosewater  Search this
C. A. Child  Search this
Expedition:
Smithsonian STRI Panama Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean, Gulf of Panama  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Perlas Archipelago, Pedro Gonzales Island, west side shore, rocky intertidal, Panama, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
30 Apr 1971
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Conus nux Broderip, 1833
USNM Number:
733342
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_458549

Conus brunneus

Collector:
Raymond B. Manning  Search this
Dr. Meredith L. Jones  Search this
Dr. Joseph R. Rosewater  Search this
C. A. Child  Search this
Expedition:
Smithsonian STRI Panama Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean, Gulf of Panama  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Perlas Archipelago, Pedro Gonzales Island, west side shore, rocky intertidal, Panama, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
30 Apr 1971
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Conus brunneus Wood, 1828
USNM Number:
733368
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_458555

Placopecten magellanicus

Collector:
C. A. Child  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean  Search this
Vessel:
Rockaway R/V  Search this
Depth (m):
80 - 88
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Wilmington Canyon, Delaware, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
7 May 1968
Common name:
Bivalves
Published Name:
Placopecten magellanicus (Gmelin, 1791)
USNM Number:
709851
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_450597

Placopecten magellanicus

Collector:
C. A. Child  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean  Search this
Vessel:
Rockaway R/V  Search this
Depth (m):
80 - 88
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Wilmington Canyon, Delaware, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
7 May 1968
Common name:
Bivalves
Published Name:
Placopecten magellanicus (Gmelin, 1791)
USNM Number:
709852
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_450598

Littoraria angulifera

Collector:
Raymond B. Manning  Search this
Dr. Meredith L. Jones  Search this
J. Rosewater  Search this
C. A. Child  Search this
Shrmiento  Search this
Expedition:
Smithsonian STRI Panama Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Buenaventura Bay, Third Cove W Of Buenaventura, Cove Below Portobello, Panama, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
19 Apr 1971
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Littoraria angulifera (Linnaeus, 1758)
USNM Number:
732822
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_458475

Cypraea carneola

Collector:
C. A. Child  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
South Pacific Ocean  Search this
Depth (m):
1 - 2
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Viti Levu Island, Shallow Reef E Of Suva City, W Of University, Fiji, South Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
27 Jul 1978
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Cypraea carneola Linnaeus, 1758
USNM Number:
791388
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_472876

Conus ebraeus

Collector:
C. A. Child  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
South Pacific Ocean  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Mangaia, Oneroa Village, Cook Islands, South Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
3 Aug 1978
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Conus ebraeus Linnaeus, 1767
USNM Number:
791399
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_472880

Conus sp.

Collector:
C. A. Child  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
South Pacific Ocean  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Mangaia, Oneroa Village, Cook Islands, South Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
3 Aug 1978
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Conus sp.
USNM Number:
791406
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_472883

Rhinoclavis sinensis

Collector:
C. A. Child  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Reef flat  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
South Pacific Ocean  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Mangaia, Oneroa Village, Reef Flats, Near Landing, Cook Islands, South Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
3 Aug 1978
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Rhinoclavis sinensis (Gmelin, 1791)
USNM Number:
796283
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_473433

Cerithium nodulosum

Collector:
C. A. Child  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
South Pacific Ocean  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Rarotonga, SW Point Of Rarotonga Hotel, Cook Islands, South Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
1 Aug 1978
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Cerithium nodulosum Bruguière, 1792
USNM Number:
791398
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_472879

Conus ebraeus

Collector:
C. A. Child  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
South Pacific Ocean  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Rarotonga, Off SW Point, Cook Islands, South Pacific Ocean
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Conus ebraeus Linnaeus, 1767
USNM Number:
791396
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_472878

Ischnochiton hartmeyeri

Collector:
C. A. Child  Search this
Expedition:
CCRE - Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems, Belize  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea  Search this
Depth (m):
27 - 27
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Carrie Bow Cay, Trough Behind Outer Reef Ridge, Belize, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
6 Feb 1978
Common name:
Mollusks
Polyplacophorans
Published Name:
Ischnochiton hartmeyeri Thiele, 1910
USNM Number:
790659
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_472759

Conus purpurascens

Collector:
C. E. Dawson  Search this
C. A. Child  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Rock outcrops  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean, Gulf of Nicoya  Search this
Depth (m):
0 - 1
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Puntarenas, Tolinga Island, Costa Rica, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
12 Aug 1972
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Conus purpurascens Sowerby, 1833
USNM Number:
710161
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_450664

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