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Jean Crotti papers

Creator:
Crotti, Jean, 1878-1958  Search this
Names:
Blancpain, Paul  Search this
Braque, Georges, 1882-1963  Search this
Christian, 1895-1969  Search this
Cocteau, Jean, 1889-1963  Search this
Coudour, Henri  Search this
Crotti, Andre  Search this
Duchamp, Marcel, 1887-1968  Search this
Duchamp, Suzanne, 1889-1963  Search this
Dufy, Raoul, 1877-1953  Search this
Everling, Germaine  Search this
Gleizes, Albert, 1881-1953  Search this
Guillaume, Paul, 1891-1934  Search this
Matisse, Henri, 1869-1954  Search this
Nokache, Armand  Search this
Ozenfant, Amédée, 1886-1966  Search this
Pach, Walter, 1883-1958  Search this
Picabia, Francis, 1879-1953  Search this
Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973 -- Photographs  Search this
Renoir, Pierre, 1885-1952  Search this
Reynolds, Mary, 1891-1950  Search this
Salmon, André, 1881-1969  Search this
Seuphor, Michel, 1901-1999  Search this
Severini, Gino, 1883-1966  Search this
Varese, Louise  Search this
Varèse, Edgard, 1883-1965  Search this
Villon, Jacques, 1875-1963  Search this
Waldemar George, 1893-  Search this
Extent:
1.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Poems
Essays
Sound recordings
Photographs
Interviews
Date:
1913-1973
bulk 1913-1961
Summary:
The scattered papers of French Dada painter Jean Crotti measure 1.7 linear feet and date from 1913-1973, with the bulk of the material dated 1913-1961. Found within the papers are autobiographical notes and essays; correspondence with family and colleagues, among them Jean Cocteau, Andre Crotti, Suzanne Duchamp, Marcel Duchamp, Albert Gleizes, Christian a.k.a. Georges Herbiet, Henri Matisse, Francis Picabia, and Jacques Villon; notes and writings by Crotti and others; art work by Crotti and Paul Guillaume; a scrapbook; and additional printed material. Photographs are of Crotti, Suzanne Duchamp, Georges Braque, Pablo Picasso, and other family and friends; and of Crotti's art work. There are audio recordings on phonograph records of three interviews with Crotti and one with Mr. and Mrs. Paul Blancpain.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of French Dada painter Jean Crotti measure 1.7 linear feet and date from 1913 to 1973, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1913-1961. Among the papers are autobiographical essays, correspondence with friends and family, including many letters from Marcel Duchamp, notes and writings by and about Crotti, printed materials, one scrapbook, drawings by Crotti and others, photographs of Crotti and his family and friends, photographs of artwork, and three audio recordings of interviews with Crotti.

Biographical material consists of autobiographical notes and an autobiographical manuscript Ma Vie.

Correspondence is with family members and colleagues. Correspondents include his brother Andr?©, wife Suzanne Duchamp, and other family members. There are eleven folders of correspondence between Suzanne's brother Marcel Duchamp and the Crotti family. A 1918 letter from Duchamp to Crotti is illustrated by Duchamp. Additional letters to Jean Crotti are from Jean Cocteau, Albert Gleizes, Georges Herbiet a.k.a. "Christian", Henri Matisse, Francis Picabia, and Jacques Villon. Three folders of letters from Georges Herbiet a.k.a. "Christian" include references to Francis Picabia and Germaine Everling and discussions of art criticism and Picabia's role in avant-garde art movements. Herbiet also describes a new painting procedure that he claims to have invented using a product that is impervious to acids, water, oil, or alcohol. There is a single letter from Jean Crotti to Pablo Picasso following their meeting in Cannes in which Crotti discusses a design with spheres and includes a sketch of his idea. There are also single letters to Crotti from Raoul Dufy, Walter Pach, and actor Pierre Renoir.

Notes and writings include poems, a script, and miscellaneous writings by Crotti concerning his art theories including "Tabu" and gemmail. Writings about Crotti are by miscellaneous authors including writers Waldemar George, Andr?© Salmon, and artists Armand Nakache, Am?©d?© Ozenfant, and Michel Seuphor.

Art work includes seven folders of drawings and an etching plate by Crotti, 83 drawings by Paul Guillaume, and portrait drawings of Crotti by Henri Coudour and Francis Picabia.

A scrapbook contains clippings, a letter from Paul Guillaume and a letter to Elizabeth Crotti from a friend describing a 1932 Jean Crotti exhibition in the Balzac Galleries in New York City, and a typescript "Una Collezione a Parigi" by Gino Severini.

Additional printed material includes clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs for Crotti and others, reproductions of art work, and books Jean Crotti (1930) and Jean Crotti et la Primaut?© du Spirituel (1959) by Waldemar George.

Photographs are of Crotti, his family, friends, colleagues, and art work by Crotti and by Suzanne Duchamp. Of particular interest are photographs of composer Edgard Var?¨se and his wife Louise with Suzanne Duchamp, Jean Crotti, and art advocate Mary Reynolds in 1924, photographs of Crotti and Georges Braque examining a gemmail art work, and photographs of Crotti and Suzanne Duchamp talking with Pablo Picasso at Cannes and at the home of Bertrande Blancpain in 1957.

Sound recordings include two phonograph records of interviews with Jean Crotti, including topics "Assignment Switzerland" and "Assignment World." A third phonograph record contains an instantatneous disk recording of correspondence between Mr. and Mrs. Paul Blancpain as well as an additional interview with Crotti.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1954-1955 (Box 1; 3 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1916-1961 (Box 1; 43 folders)

Series 3: Notes and Writings, 1924-1958 (Box 1; 27 folders)

Series 4: Art Work, 1913-1925 (Box 1, 3; 12 folders)

Series 5: Scrapbook, 1931-1935 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1921-1973 (Box 1, 2, 3; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Photographs, 1920-1957 (Box 2; 25 folders)

Series 8: Sound Recordings, 1955 (Box 3; 1 folder)
Biographical Note:
Jean Crotti (1870-1958) was a Dadist painter who worked primarily in Paris, France and New York. He was married to Suzanne Duchamp, Marcel Duchamp's sister, and friends with notable avant-garde and Dada European and American painters of the period. He is also known for creating the "Gemmail" technique of layering colored glass that produced unique color combinations when illuminated.

Jean Crotti was born April 24, 1878 in Bulle, near Fribourg, Switzerland, the son of a painting contractor. The family moved to Fribourg in 1887.

Beginning in 1898, Crotti struggled with questions of a religious and spiritual nature while at the School of Decorative Arts in Munich. Dissatisfied there, he moved to Paris in 1901, where he spent a year studying at the Acad?©mie Julian under Tony-Robert Fleury and Jules Lefebvre. Still dissatisfied in 1902, he established a small independent studio in the Rue Fontaine.

Crotti exhibited a canvas at the Salon des Ind?©pendants in 1907, and was accepted as a member of the Salon d'Automne in 1909. From 1910 to 1912, he was influenced by Cubism and its offshoot, Orphism.

To escape from wartime Paris in 1914, Crotti and his first wife, Yvonne Chastel, moved to New York City where Crotti had his first solo exhibition at the Bourgeois Gallery. In 1915, Crotti met Francis Picabia and also shared a studio with Marcel Duchamp who was a major influence. Crotti began his Dada period and was included in an exhibition of French paintings at the Montross Gallery in New York, with Duchamp, Albert Gleizes, and Jean Metzinger.

Crotti separated from his first wife, Yvonne Chastel, in 1916 and returned to Paris alone. By 1917, Crotti's marriage had dissolved and he married Suzanne Duchamp in 1919. Crotti met Suzanne Duchamp, also a painter, through his friendship with her brother Marcel Duchamp. During this time, Crotti completed and exhibited paintings associated with the Dada movement. One of his more notable works was entitled Explacatif, bearing the word "Tabu" that expressed Crotti's concepts of mystery and infinity with spiritual overtones.

In 1935 Crotti began to research a new technique using layers of colored glass, referred to as "gemmail." The term is a contraction of "gem" referring to the colored glass and "enamel" referring to the method of affixing the pieces of glass to each other. After much experimentation, an "enamel" fixative was found that would permanently hold the glass pieces in place while still allowing light to shine through all the layers. Several prominent artists including Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso became interested in using this medium. Crotti had the process patented, but in 1955 ceded the rights to Roger Malherbe who adapted it to commercial uses.

Jean Crotti died on January 30, 1958 in Paris, France.
Separated Material:
Two sketches and a print were also lent by Andr?© Buckles in 1981 for microfilming on reels 2394-2395 and returned. This material is not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
The Jean Crotti papers were donated in two installments in 1981 by Andr?© Buckles and Alice Buckles Brown, Crotti's great-nephew and great-niece.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Jean Crotti papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painting -- Technique  Search this
Art criticism  Search this
Dadaism  Search this
Avant-garde (Aesthetics)  Search this
Painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painters -- France -- Paris -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Poems
Essays
Sound recordings
Photographs
Interviews
Citation:
Jean Crotti papers, 1913-1973, bulk 1913-1961. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.crotjean
See more items in:
Jean Crotti papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-crotjean
Online Media:

Sounds of new music [sound recording]

Editor:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Composer:
Mosolov, A. (Aleksandr) 1900-1973  Search this
Callahan, Harry M  Search this
Varèse, Edgard 1883-1965  Search this
Cowell, Henry 1897-1965  Search this
Ussachevsky, Vladimir 1911-1990  Search this
Luening, Otto 1900-1996  Search this
El-Dabh, Halim 1921-  Search this
Composer.:
Meyfuss, Julius  Search this
Recorder:
Marin, Roger  Search this
Ramsey, Frederic 1915-1995  Search this
Creator:
Bartok, Peter 1924-  Search this
Clyne, Ronald 1925-2006  Search this
Jacobs, Henry  Search this
Physical description:
1 phonograph record : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 12 in
Type:
Phonograph records
Date:
1957
20th century
Topic:
Music  Search this
Instrumental music  Search this
Local number:
FW06160
Folkways 6160
Restrictions & Rights:
Access by appointment
See more items in:
Folkways Records Collection 1948-1986
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_232490
Online Media:

The Varerse record [sound recording]

Performer:
Varèse, Edgard 1883-1965  Search this
Physical description:
1 phonograph record : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 12 in
Type:
Musical sound recordings
Date:
1977
Topic:
Contemporary music  Search this
Local number:
FW-ASCH-LP-3030
Finnadar 9018
Restrictions & Rights:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, 1939-1986 228428
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_316197

Complete Works of Edgar Varese [sound recording]

Composer:
Varèse, Edgard 1883-1965  Search this
Performer:
Waldman, Frederic  Search this
Physical description:
1 phonograph record : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 12 in
Type:
Musical sound recordings
Date:
1950
Topic:
Contemporary music  Search this
Local number:
FW-ASCH-LP-3595
EMS 401
Restrictions & Rights:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, 1939-1986 228428
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_316503

Music of Edgard Varese [sound recording]

Composer:
Varèse, Edgard 1883-1965  Search this
Physical description:
1 phonograph record : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 12 in
Type:
Musical sound recordings
Topic:
Contemporary music  Search this
Local number:
FP-RINZ-LP-1247
Columbia 5478
Restrictions & Rights:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only
See more items in:
Ralph Rinzler papers and audiorecordings, 1950-1994 292071
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_335949

Varese: Ameriques [sound recording]

Composer:
Milhaud, Darius 1892-1974  Search this
Varèse, Edgard 1883-1965  Search this
Honegger, Arthur 1892-1955  Search this
Performer:
Utah Symphony Orchestra  Search this
Physical description:
1 phonograph record : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 12 in
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Type:
Musical sound recordings
Place:
United States
Utah
Topic:
Contemporary music  Search this
Music  Search this
Local number:
Vanguard 274
Restrictions & Rights:
Restrictions on access. Listening only. No Duplication Allowed
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_356686

Varese: Nocturnal; Ecuatorial [sound recording]

Composer:
Varèse, Edgard 1883-1965  Search this
Artist:
Utah Symphony Orchestra  Search this
Physical description:
1 phonograph record : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 12 in
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Type:
Musical sound recordings
Place:
Utah
United States
Date:
1969
Topic:
Music  Search this
Contemporary music  Search this
Local number:
Vanguard 10047
Restrictions & Rights:
Restrictions on access. Listening only. No Duplication Allowed
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_356690

Music of Edgar Varese [sound recording]

Composer:
Varèse, Edgard 1883-1965  Search this
Physical description:
1 phonograph record : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 12 in
Type:
Musical sound recordings
Topic:
Music  Search this
Contemporary music  Search this
Electronic music  Search this
Local number:
Columbia 6146
Restrictions & Rights:
Restrictions on access. rrr
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_358357

Music of Edgar Varese, Vol. 2 [sound recording]

Performer:
Columbia Symphony Orchestra  Search this
Composer:
Varèse, Edgard 1883-1965  Search this
Physical description:
1 phonograph record : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 12 in
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Type:
Musical sound recordings
Place:
United States
Topic:
Music  Search this
Contemporary music  Search this
Local number:
Columbia 6362
Restrictions & Rights:
Restrictions on access. rrr
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_358361

Varese: Deserts [sound recording]

Composer:
Varèse, Edgard 1883-1965  Search this
Performer:
Simonov, Konstantin Mikhailovich 1915-1979  Search this
Debost, Michel  Search this
Ensemble instrumental de musique contemporaine de Paris  Search this
Physical description:
1 phonograph record : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 12 in
Culture:
French  Search this
Type:
Musical sound recordings
Place:
France
Topic:
Music  Search this
Contemporary music  Search this
Flute  Search this
Local number:
Angel 36786
Restrictions & Rights:
Restrictions on access. rrr
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_358600

Percussion Music [sound recording]

Performer:
DesRoches, Raymond  Search this
New Jersey Percussion Ensemble  Search this
Composer:
Varèse, Edgard 1883-1965  Search this
Colgrass, Michael  Search this
Cowell, Henry 1897-1965  Search this
Saperstein, David 1948-  Search this
Oak, Kil-Sung 1945-  Search this
Physical description:
1 phonograph record : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 12 in
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Type:
Musical sound recordings
Date:
1974
Topic:
Music  Search this
Contemporary music  Search this
Percussion instruments  Search this
Local number:
Nonesuch 71291
Restrictions & Rights:
Restrictions on access. rrr
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_358877

Varese/Martin [sound recording]

Performer:
Chicago Symphony Orchestra  Search this
Composer:
Varèse, Edgard 1883-1965  Search this
Martin, Frank 1890-1974  Search this
Physical description:
1 phonograph record : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 12 in
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Type:
Musical sound recordings
Place:
United States
Topic:
Contemporary music  Search this
Music  Search this
Local number:
RCA 2914
Restrictions & Rights:
Restrictions on access. rrr
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_359137

American pioneers : Ives to Cage and beyond / by Alan Rich

Author:
Rich, Alan  Search this
Subject:
Ives, Charles 1874-1954  Search this
Varèse, Edgard 1883-1965  Search this
Cowell, Henry 1897-1965  Search this
Cage, John  Search this
Physical description:
240 p. : ill., facsims., music, ports. ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1995
20th century
Topic:
Composers  Search this
Music--History and criticism  Search this
Call number:
ML390 .R53 1995
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_527751

Space calculated in seconds : The Philips Pavilion, Le Corbusier, Edgard Varese / Marc Treib ; music analysis, Richard Felciano

Author:
Treib, Marc  Search this
Subject:
Le Corbusier 1887-1965 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Varèse, Edgard 1883-1965 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Philips Pavilion (Exposition universelle et internationale, 1958, Brussels, Belgium)  Search this
Physical description:
xix, 282 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Belgium
Brussels
Brussels (Belgium)
Date:
1996
C1996
Topic:
Group work in architecture  Search this
Precast concrete construction  Search this
Architecture--Technological innovations  Search this
Music and architecture  Search this
Buildings, structures, etc  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_553924

Varese; a looking-glass diary [by] Louise Varese

Author:
Varèse, Louise 1890-1989  Search this
Subject:
Varèse, Edgard 1883-1965  Search this
Physical description:
v. illus. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1972
[1972-
Call number:
CT275.V296 V2
CT275.V296V2
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_350960

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