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Timothy Cole papers

Topic:
Century illustrated monthly magazine
Creator:
Cole, Timothy, 1852-1931  Search this
Names:
Beal, Gifford, 1879-1956  Search this
Brown, Alice, 1857-1948  Search this
Brush, George de Forest, 1855-1941  Search this
Cox, Kenyon, 1856-1919  Search this
Drake, Alexander, 1843-1916  Search this
Fraser, William Lewis, 1841-1905  Search this
Frick, Helen Clay, 1888-1984  Search this
Gilder, Richard Watson, 1844-1909  Search this
Guiney, Louise Imogen, 1861-1920  Search this
Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937  Search this
Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926  Search this
Powell, Caroline Amelia, 1852-1934  Search this
Sargent, John Singer, 1856-1925  Search this
Turner, Helen Maria, 1858-1958  Search this
Whittle, George Howes  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Poems
Essays
Wood engravings
Date:
1883-1936
Summary:
The papers of wood engraver Timothy Cole date from 1883-1936, and measure 0.5 linear feet. Found within the papers are letters primarily written by Timothy Cole to the editors of Century Magazine, and letters to Cole from colleagues Gifford Beal, Alice Brown, George de Forest Brush, Kenyon Cox, David Finney, Helen C. Frick, Joseph Pennell, Caroline Powell, John Singer Sargent, and Helen M. Turner. Also found are miscellaneous writings, artwork including wood engravings and printing plates, miscellaneous clippings and a photograph of Cole and his wife.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Timothy Cole measure 0.5 linear feet and date from 1883 to 1936. Found within the papers are letters primarily written by Timothy Cole to the editors of Century Magazine including A. W. Drake, W. Lewis Fraser, Richard Watson Gilder, Robert Underwood Johnson, and George Howes Whittle, discussing Cole's production of wood engraved copies of European master paintings for the magazine, and details of the wood engraving process. There are scattered letters to Cole from Century Magazine editors and colleagues Gifford Beal, Alice Brown (discussing Cole's wood engraved portrait of Louise Imogen Guiney for Brown's biography of her), George de Forest Brush, Kenyon Cox, David Finney, Helen C. Frick (concerning a bookplate), Joseph Pennell, Caroline Powell, John Singer Sargent, and Helen M. Turner.

Also found are miscellaneous writings including a notebook of poems by Cole, essays about Louise Imogen Guiney and Joseph Pennell, and an autobiographical essay, artwork consisting of wood engravings executed by Cole of works by the master painters of Europe and America, and two printing plates used by Century Magazine to reproduce Cole's wood engravings. Several clippings concern Cole, his work, and the publication of the book Timothy Cole: Wood Engraver by Alphaeus P. Cole and Margaret Ward Cole in 1936. There is also a photograph of Cole cutting a wood engraving block as his wife reads nearby.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 5 series:

Series 1: Letters, 1883-1930 (Box 1; 32 folders)

Series 2: Writings, 1920 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 3: Artwork, 1907-1921 (Box 1, OV 2; 4 folders)

Series 4: Clippings, 1927-1936 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 5: Photograph, 1910 (Box 1; 1 folder)
Biographical Note:
Timothy Cole was a wood engraver working primarily in the New York City area. Cole worked for several notable magazines, Scribner's Magazine.

Timothy Cole was born in 1852 in London, England, the seventh of the twelve sons of Skinner Cole, a milliner. In 1857, the family immigrated to New York City. Following his mother's death, the family suffered financial hardship and Cole earned money as a delivery boy, newspaper seller, and lamplighter.

In 1868, the family moved to Chicago where Cole was apprenticed to a wood engraving firm and made rapid progress in learning this skill that was the most widely used method of magazine illustration at the time. When the Chicago Fire destroyed his place of employment in 1871, Cole returned New York City where his talents as a wood engraver were soon recognized by various artists and publishers. Cole began his career working for the magazines Hearth and Home, the Christian Weekly, and the Aldine Press.

After the Aldine Press went out of business in 1875, Cole was employed by Scribner's Magazine (later renamed Century Magazine.) During the same year, he married Annie Elizabeth Carter of Jersey City Heights, New Jersey. In 1883, Cole was commissioned by Century Magazine to travel in Europe and make wood engravings of the works of the old masters. He finished a series of Italian masters in 1892, a Dutch and Flemish series in 1896, an English series in 1900, a Spanish series in 1907, and a French series in 1910. In the course of his travels, Cole befriended many artists, including Joseph Pennell and James Abbott MacNeill Whistler. In 1910, Cole returned to the United States where he began work on a series of engravings of American master paintings in public and private collections.

Cole's work received a diploma of honor at the Chicago Exposition in 1893, the gold medal at the Paris Exposition of 1900, and the Grand Prix at the St. Louis Exposition in 1904. He was an honorary member of the Society of Sculptors, Painters, and Engravers of London, a member of the American Academy of Arts and letters, and was elected a National Academician in 1908. In 1903, Cole received an honorary M.A. degree from Princeton University.

Timothy Cole died on May 17, 1931 in Poughkeepsie, New York.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reel D30) including 181 letters. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The collection was acquired by the Archives of American Art in a series of accessions from several different donors between 1959 and 1973. Charles E. Feinberg donated letters in 1959. The artist's sons Percy J. Cole and Lucius Cole loaned 181 letters and gave the Archives materials in 1962. Alphaeus Cole, another son, donated papers in 1973.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Timothy Cole papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Wood-engraving  Search this
Magazine illustration  Search this
Wood-engravers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Poems
Essays
Wood engravings
Citation:
Timothy Cole papers, 1883-1936. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.coletimo
See more items in:
Timothy Cole papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-coletimo

Edwin Coupland Shaw papers, 1864-1937

Creator:
Shaw, Edwin Coupland, 1863-1941  Search this
Subject:
Hawthorne, Charles Webster  Search this
Barrie, Erwin S.  Search this
Konti, Isidore  Search this
Fuller, George  Search this
Metcalf, Willard Leroy  Search this
Vonnoh, Bessie Potter  Search this
Beckwith, J. Carroll (James Carroll)  Search this
Sherman, Frederic Fairchild  Search this
Vonnoh, Robert William  Search this
Ritschel, William  Search this
Dewing, Thomas Wilmer  Search this
Hunt, William Morris  Search this
Daingerfield, Elliott  Search this
MacMonnies, Frederick William  Search this
Twachtman, John Henry  Search this
Dallin, Cyrus E. (Cyrus Edwin)  Search this
Batts, J. E.  Search this
Walker, Horatio  Search this
Chase, William Merritt  Search this
Murphy, Hermann Dudley  Search this
Turner, Helen Maria  Search this
Lathrop, William Langson  Search this
Weir, Julian Alden  Search this
Russman, Felix  Search this
Price, F. Newlin (Frederic Newlin)  Search this
Inness, George  Search this
Proctor, Alexander Phimister  Search this
Cole, Timothy  Search this
Frieseke, Frederick C. (Frederick Carl)  Search this
Hatfield, D. H.  Search this
Gerrity, Thomas F.  Search this
Young, J. W.  Search this
Murphy, John Francis  Search this
Ranger, Henry Ward  Search this
Genth, Lillian Mathilde  Search this
Milch, Albert  Search this
Davis, Charles H. (Charles Harold)  Search this
Wolf, Henry  Search this
Minns, Hervey W.  Search this
Dunbar, Thomas Whipple  Search this
Dewey, Charles M.  Search this
Carlsen, Emil  Search this
La Farge, John  Search this
Shonnard, Eugenie Frederica  Search this
Dougherty, Paul  Search this
Williams, Frederick Ballard  Search this
Purdy, W. Frank  Search this
Blakelock, Ralph Albert  Search this
Duveneck, Frank  Search this
Eaton, Charles Warren  Search this
Derujinsky, Gleb W.  Search this
Hassam, Childe  Search this
Montross, N. E. (Newman E.),  Search this
Benson, Frank Weston  Search this
Sellstedt, Lars Gustaf  Search this
Davis, Warren  Search this
Russell, T. H. Thomas H.  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham  Search this
MacNeil, Hermon Atkins  Search this
Torrey, Elliot  Search this
Johansen, John C. (John Christen)  Search this
Tryon, Dwight William  Search this
Vedder, Elihu  Search this
M. Knoedler & Co.  Search this
Montross Gallery  Search this
Grand Central Art Galleries  Search this
Robert C. Vose Galleries  Search this
Carrig-Rohane Shop (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Howard Young Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Ferargil Galleries  Search this
Macbeth Gallery  Search this
Akron Art Institute  Search this
E.& A. Milch, Inc  Search this
Gorham Company.Dept. of Sculpture (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Hatfield & Clark (Firm: Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
J.W. Young (Gallery)  Search this
R.C. & N.M. Vose (Firm)  Search this
Thomas Whipple Dunbar Art Galleries (Milwaukee, Wis.)  Search this
Thurber Art Galleries (Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Topic:
Art  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Ten American Painters (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8467
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210643
AAA_collcode_shawedwi
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210643

Timothy Cole papers, 1883-1936

Creator:
Cole, Timothy, 1852-1931  Search this
Subject:
Sargent, John Singer  Search this
Cox, Kenyon  Search this
Brown, Alice  Search this
Pennell, Joseph  Search this
Gilder, Richard Watson  Search this
Whittle, George Howes  Search this
Frick, Helen Clay  Search this
Beal, Gifford  Search this
Turner, Helen Maria  Search this
Johnson, Robert Underwood  Search this
Guiney, Louise Imogen  Search this
Fraser, William Lewis  Search this
Drake, Alexander  Search this
Powell, Caroline Amelia  Search this
Brush, George de Forest  Search this
Topic:
Essays  Search this
Wood-engravers  Search this
Wood-engraving  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Wood engravings  Search this
Magazine illustration  Search this
Poems  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9366
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211562
AAA_collcode_coletimo
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211562
Additional Online Media:

Helen Maria Turner, 1858-1958 [Folder]

Contents:
Folder(s) may include exhibition announcements, newspaper and/or magazine clippings, press releases, brochures, reviews, invitations, illustrations, resumes, artist's statements, exhibition catalogs.
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Location:
Art & Artist files at the Smithsonian American Art Museum/ National Portrait Gallery Library
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILAF_75615

Miss Babian in Black

Artist:
Helen Maria Turner, 1858 - 1958  Search this
Sitter:
Miss Babian  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
102.2 × 76.2cm (40 1/4 × 30")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1924-1925
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Interior  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Flower\Bouquet  Search this
Home Furnishings\Clock  Search this
Miss Babian: Gender  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Montclair Art Museum
Website: https://www.montclairartmuseum.org/
Object number:
33.120 MAM
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_33.120_MAM

The Young Mother No. 1

Artist:
Helen Maria Turner, 1858 - 1958  Search this
Sitter:
Unidentified Woman  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
61.4 × 46.5 cm (24 3/16 × 18 5/16")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1923
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Artwork\Needlework\Embroidery  Search this
Unidentified Woman: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: High Museum of Art
Object number:
70.2
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_70.2

Mrs. Lewis Palmer Skidmore

Artist:
Helen Maria Turner, 1858 - 1958  Search this
Sitter:
Mrs. Lewis Palmer Skidmore, 1875* - 1975*  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor on ivory
Dimensions:
4 1/2 x 3 1/8 in.
Type:
Painting
Date:
1911
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Brooch  Search this
Costume\Outerwear\Shawl  Search this
Miniature  Search this
Mrs. Lewis Palmer Skidmore: Female  Search this
Mrs. Lewis Palmer Skidmore: Society and Social Change\Wife  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Website: https://www.metmuseum.org/
Object number:
14.57.4 MMA
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_14.57.4_MMA

Helen Maria Turner

Attribution:
Charles M. Shean, 1850 - 1925?  Search this
Sitter:
Helen Maria Turner, 1858 - 1958  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
76.5cm x 64.1cm (30 1/8" x 25 1/4"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1913
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Brooch  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Pince-nez  Search this
Helen Maria Turner: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Helen Maria Turner: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: National Academy of Design
Website: www.nationalacademy.org/
Object number:
1158-P-1135
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1158-P-1135

James Brander Matthews

Artist:
Helen Maria Turner, 1858 - 1958  Search this
Sitter:
James Brander Matthews, 1852 - 1929  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
101.6 x 76.2cm (40 x 30")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1926
Topic:
James Brander Matthews: Male  Search this
James Brander Matthews: Education\Educator  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: New-York Historical Society
Website: www.nyhistory.org/
Object number:
1944.13 NYHS
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1944.13_NYHS

A Debutante

Artist:
Helen Maria Turner, 1858 - 1958  Search this
Sitter:
Unidentified Woman  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
60.9cm x 40.6cm (24" x 16")
Type:
Painting
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
1916
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Fan  Search this
Unidentified Woman: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Phillips Collection
Website: www.phillipscollection.org
Object number:
1978 Phillips
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1978_Phillips

On a Rainy Day

Artist:
Helen Maria Turner, 1858 - 1958  Search this
Probably:
Lettie Turner, 1875 - 1975  Search this
Sitter:
Unidentified Woman  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
40.9cm x 30.8cm (16 1/8" x 12 1/8")
Type:
Painting
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
1918-1919
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Unidentified Woman: Female  Search this
Lettie Turner: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Phillips Collection
Website: www.phillipscollection.org
Object number:
1979 Phillips
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1979_Phillips

Portrait of Nancy Adams

Artist:
Helen Maria Turner, 1858 - 1958  Search this
Sitter:
Nancy Adams  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
66.1cm x 55.9cm (26" x 22"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Place:
United States\New York\Ulster\Cragsmoor
Date:
1917
Topic:
None  Search this
Nancy Adams: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Mrs. Cecilia de Mille Harper
Object number:
CA990046
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_CA990046

The Dreamer

Artist:
Helen Maria Turner, 1858 - 1958  Search this
Sitter:
Unidentified Woman  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
63.8 x 76.2cm (25 1/8 x 30")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1919
Topic:
Nature & Environment\Plant\Foliage  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Flower\Rose  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Bow  Search this
Unidentified Woman: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Neal Auction Company
Website: www.nealauction.com
Object number:
DLR00730
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_DLR00730

Miss Augusta Brown

Artist:
Helen Maria Turner, 1858 - 1958  Search this
Sitter:
Miss Augusta Brown  Search this
Medium:
Pastel drawing on paper
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1889
Topic:
Miss Augusta Brown: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: New-York Historical Society
Website: www.nyhistory.org/
Object number:
NYHS.1987.2
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NYHS.1987.2

Lillies, Lanterns, and Sunshine [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Turner, Helen Maria 1858-1958  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0037021
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_37022

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Turner, Helen Maria 1858-1958  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1926
Image number:
JUL J0037022
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_37023

Helen Maria Turner: artist file, [photographs]

Artist:
Turner, Helen Maria 1858-1958  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Artist files
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Image number:
VFM VF002993
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_141728

Eight Southern women : Blanche Lazzell, Josephine Marien Crawford, Nell Choate Jones, Clara Weaver Parrish, Alice Ravenel Huger Smith, Helen M. Turner, Mary Harvey Tannahill, Anne Goldthwaite

Author:
Greenville County Museum of Art  Search this
Gibbes Art Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Crawford, Josephine Marien 1878-1952  Search this
Goldthwaite, Anne 1869-1944  Search this
Jones, Nell Choate 1879-1981  Search this
Lazzell, Blanche 1878-1956  Search this
Parrish, Clara Weaver 1861-1925  Search this
Smith, Alice R. Huger (Alice Ravenel Huger) 1876-  Search this
Tannahill, Mary Harvey 1863-1951  Search this
Turner, Helen Maria 1858-1958  Search this
Physical description:
58 p. : ill. (some col.), ports. ; 26 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Southern States
Date:
1986
C1986
20th century
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Call number:
ND212 .E45 1986
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_648190

Helen M. Turner, NA (1858-1958) : a retrospective exhibition / presented by the Cragsmoor Free Library ; Lewis Hoyer Rabbage, guest curator ; Maureen Radl, exhibition director

Author:
Turner, Helen Maria 1858-1958  Search this
Rabbage, Lewis Hoyer  Search this
Radl, Maureen  Search this
Cragsmoor Free Library  Search this
Subject:
Turner, Helen Maria 1858-1958 Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
40 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1983
C1983
Call number:
N40.1.T938 C8
N40.1.T938C8
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_189141

Helen M. Turner : the woman's point of view / Jane Ward Faquin ; essay by Maia Jalenak

Title:
Woman's point of view
Author:
Turner, Helen Maria 1858-1958  Search this
Faquin, Jane Ward  Search this
Jalenak, Maia  Search this
Dixon Gallery and Gardens  Search this
Morris Museum of Art (Augusta, Ga.)  Search this
Huntsville Museum of Art  Search this
Subject:
Turner, Helen Maria 1858-1958  Search this
Physical description:
82 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
2010
C2010
Call number:
ND237.T845 A4 2010
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_969095

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