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William E. G. Taylor Collection

Creator:
Taylor, William E. G., 1905-1991  Search this
Names:
Enterprise (Aircraft carrier : CV-6)  Search this
Great Britain. Royal Air Force  Search this
Great Britain. Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve  Search this
Great Britain. Royal Air Force. 71 Squadron (Eagle Squadron)  Search this
Great Britain. Royal Naval Air Service  Search this
Lexington (Aircraft carrier : 1927-1942)  Search this
Ranger (Aircraft carrier : CV-4)  Search this
Saratoga (Aircraft carrier : CV-3)  Search this
Scandinavian Airlines System  Search this
United States. Marine Corps  Search this
United States. Navy  Search this
United States. Navy -- Aviation  Search this
United States. Navy. Night Attack and Training Unit, Atlantic  Search this
Wasp (Aircraft carrier : CVS-18)  Search this
Yorktown (Aircraft carrier, CV-10)  Search this
Extent:
1.14 Cubic feet ((1 slim legal document box) (1 flatbox))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Ephemera
Clippings
Articles
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Place:
Russia -- Politics and government -- 1894-1917
Date:
[ca. 1920s-1970s]
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following types of material documenting Taylor's remarkable aviation career: two scrapbooks, photographs, invitations, correspondence, identification cards, newspaper articles, Eagle Squadron Association material, Armed Forces memoranda, and biographical information. The scrapbooks contain material mostly highlighting Taylor's aviation career and the countries where he served; however, there are also photographs of Russia before the 1917 Revolution.
Biographical / Historical:
William E. G. Taylor (1905-1991) was an aviator for the United States Navy, the United States Marine Corps, the Royal Navy and the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. Taylor enrolled at the Guggenheim College of Aeronautical Engineering at New York University, but left to join the Naval Reserves in 1925. He received his Naval pilot's license in 1927 and was assigned to Fighting Squadron Five, Scouting Fleet. He resigned in 1928 when his squadron was ordered to inactive status and he then joined the US Marine Corps Reserve, where he was an aviator from 1928-1933. In 1933, he was again ordered to inactive status. At this point Taylor left the Armed Services and became a pilot for United Airlines. In 1939, however, he joined the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy, where he was in combat operations aboard the HMS Furious and HMS Glorious. Taylor then joined the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve and became the first Squadron leader for the Eagle Squadron (71 Squadron, RAF), January - June 1941. In June, Taylor left the Eagle Squadron and rejoined the United States Naval Reserve, 1941-1951 where he served on the following vessels: Lexington, Yorktown, Wasp, Enterprise, Saratoga, and Ranger. After the war, Taylor was, among other posts, the commanding officer of Project Afirm and the commanding officer for the Night Attack and Training Unit, Atlantic (NACTU). In 1951 Taylor resigned from the Navy Reserves and worked first for Braniff Airlines in Panama, and then as a Vice President for Scandinavian Airlines System.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Connie J. Ford-Miller, Gift, 1998, 1999-0033, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aircraft carriers  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Fighter pilots  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Ephemera
Clippings
Articles
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
NASM.1999.0033
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1999-0033

Admiral Alfred M. Pride Papers

Creator:
Pride, Alfred Melville, 1897-1988  Search this
Names:
Lexington (Aircraft carrier : 1927-1942)  Search this
Saratoga (Aircraft carrier : CV-3)  Search this
USS Langley (warship)  Search this
United States. Navy -- Aviation  Search this
United States. Navy -- Reserve fleets  Search this
United States. Navy -- Reserve fleets -- Flying Corps  Search this
United States. Navy. Anacostia Naval Air Station  Search this
United States. Navy. Bureau of Aeronautics [BuAer]  Search this
Extent:
6.54 Cubic Feet ((6 records center boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Photographs
Clippings
Date:
[ca. 1910s-1970s]
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following types of material relating to Pride's illustrious naval aviation career: correspondence, photographs: official documents, such as Naval orders newsclippings; and certificates.
Biographical / Historical:
Admiral Alfred Melville Pride (1897-1988) was a retired four-star admiral who was a pioneer in Navy aviation. Born in Somerville, Massachusetts, Pride attended the Engineering School at Tuft's College before enlisting in the US Naval Reserve Force in 1917. In September 1917, Pride was appointed Ensign in the Naval Reserve Flying Corp where he served in England and France during World War I. Pride was designated a naval aviator in 1918 and was transferred to the regular Navy in November of 1921 and was commissioned a Lieutenant. In September 1921 Pride reported for duty with the aviation detachment of the USS Langley, where he developed the arresting gear to be installed on the Langley and where he carried out experimental take-offs and landings on the aircraft carrier. The Navy sent him to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to study aeronautical engineering. He later served with the original crews on the Navy's next two carriers --the Saratoga and the Lexington, Pride made the first landing of a helicopter on an aircraft carrier in 1931 and from 1934-1936 he was commander of the flight test section at the Anacostia Naval Air Station in Washington, D.C. During World War II, Pride commanded the aircraft carrier Belleau Wood in the South Pacific, conducting air strikes against the Japanese in the following campaigns: Tarawa, Wake and Makin Islands, Kwajalein, Truk, Sampan and Tinian. Pride also commanded the Naval Air Center at Pearl Harbor, directing air support for amphibious landings and played a major role in planning for the invasion of Okinawa and the Japanese home islands. After World War II Pride headed the Navy's Bureau of Aeronautics in Washington, DC, and in 1953 he was selected to command the Seventh Fleet. He retired in 1959.
General:
Additional materials: Uniform and flight were transferred to the National Air and Space Museum Aeronautics Division.
NASMrev
Provenance:
Carol P. Lemeshewsky, Gift, 1989, 1997-0010, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Campaigns -- Pacific Ocean  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Aircraft carriers  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Naval operations, American  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Clippings
Identifier:
NASM.1997.0010
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1997-0010

Queen of the flat-tops; the U.S.S. Lexington and the Coral Sea battle, by Stanley Johnston

Author:
Johnston, Stanley  Search this
Subject:
Lexington (Aircraft carrier : 1927-1942)  Search this
Physical description:
280 p. front., plates, group port. 22 cm
Type:
Personal narratives
Date:
1942
Topic:
Coral Sea, Battle of the, 1942  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Call number:
D774.L4J6X 1942
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_271732

The "Lady Lex" and the "Blue Ghost" : a pictorial history of the USS Lexingtons CV-2 and CV-16 / Steve Ewing

Author:
Ewing, Steve  Search this
Subject:
Lexington (Aircraft carrier : 1927-1942) History  Search this
Lexington (Aircraft carrier : 1943- ) History  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 41 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 22 x 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1983
[1983]
Call number:
VA65.L4E95 1983X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_284867

Admiral Wags / by Fanny Jessop Sherman ; illustrated by Paul Brown

Author:
Sherman, Fanny Jessop  Search this
Illustrator:
Brown, Paul 1893-1958  Search this
Subject:
Lexington (Aircraft carrier : 1927-1942)  Search this
Physical description:
84 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
Type:
Biography
Juvenile literature
Date:
1943
©1943
Topic:
Admiral Wags (Dog)  Search this
Cocker spaniels  Search this
Call number:
PZ7 .S5456AdX
PZ7.S5456AdX
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_82212

Stay the rising sun : the true story of USS Lexington, her valiant crew, and changing the course of World War II / Phil Keith

Author:
Keith, Philip A  Search this
Subject:
Lexington (Aircraft carrier : 1927-1942)  Search this
Physical description:
xviii, 234 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Pacific Area
Date:
2015
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Naval operations, American  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns  Search this
Coral Sea, Battle of the, 1942  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1050107

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