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Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers

Creator:
Lipman, Howard, 1905-1992  Search this
Names:
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Gaylor, Wood, 1883-1957  Search this
Huge, Jurgan Frederick, 1809-1878  Search this
Lipman, Jean, 1909-1998  Search this
Porter, Rufus, 1792-1884  Search this
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Extent:
46.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1848, 1916-2000
Summary:
The Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers measure 46.6 linear feet and span the years 1916 to 2000, with one brochure maintained in a research file dating to 1848. The bulk dates for the collection are 1932 to 1992. The papers primarily concern the art collecting activities and interests of the Lipmans which included modern American sculpture, American folk art, and other contemporary American paintings. Found within the papers are correspondence files, notes and printed material that served as research and reference material, along with financial material. The collection also contains writings, notes, and editorial material used by Jean Lipman in her dual roles as an editor for Art in America magazine and as a respected art critic and author.
Scope and Content Note:
The Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers measure 46.6 linear feet and span the years 1916 to 2000. A copy of an 1848 brochure, retained by Jean Lipman in her research and writings files accounts for the early span date listed in the title of the collection. The bulk dates for the collection are 1932 to 1992. The records include correspondence, notes and printed material that served as research and reference material, along with some financial material that documents the art collecting activities and interests of the Lipmans. The collection also contains writing and editorial material used by Jean Lipman in her dual roles as an editor for Art in America magazine and as a respected author.

The Personal Files describe the social activities and associations of the Lipmans and include biographical information, personal and family correspondence, gift giving activities, the art career of Jean Lipman, and relationships maintained by the Lipmans with various art organizations.

The Howard and Jean Lipman Art Collection Files describe the art collecting activities and interests of the Lipmans throughout their lifetime. The General Files section consists of reference files on art organizations and galleries with whom the Lipmans maintained relationships. Also included are particular topics or exhibitions of interest to the Lipmans. The Sculptors and Painters of Interest section served as reference files about the activities of artists in whom the Lipmans were interested and whose works they owned, or considered owning. The Folk Art Collection section documents the collecting and purchasing activities of the Lipmans as they amassed and then subsequently sold their two significant folk art collections.

The Artists Files document the friendship and projects that developed between the Lipmans and three major American artists: Alexander Calder, Louise Nevelson, and David Smith. Of special interest to researchers will be some original Calder artwork mixed into the correspondence between the Lipmans and Calder, as well as drawings, sketches, prints, and posters found in the associated oversize folder. Also found in the Calder subseries are some proofs from Calder's Circus, edited by Jean Lipman.

The Research and Writing Files is divided into five sections dealing with research and writing projects undertaken by Jean Lipman. The first three sections deal with biographical projects that resulted in books or articles about three significant American primitive artists: Jurgan Frederick Huge, Rufus Porter, and Samuel Wood Gaylor. The fourth section deals with writing projects that resulted in the publication of several generalized books on the topic of American folk art. The final section consists of materials associated with the published articles and other authored works of Jean Lipman on a variety of American art topics.

The Art in America Editorial Files consists of editorial material maintained by Jean Lipman during her tenure (1941-1971) as editor of Art in America. The Financial Files reflect the early financial activities of the magazine during the brief period when the Lipmans owned it.

During the period that Jean Lipman served as editor, a variety of distinguished art historians, artists, architects, novelists, and poets contributed articles, columns, or artwork to the magazine. A sampling of correspondents that can be found in the general correspondence of this series include: Joseph Albers, Marcel DuChamp, John Dos Passos, Nelson Rockefeller, Charles Sheeler, and Andrew Wyeth. The General Correspondence Files also document the two subsequent changes of ownership and the growth of subscribers that occurred during the period of Lipman's editorship.

Editorial material related to individual magazine issues is found within this series, as well as information pertaining to the innovative advertising and special projects undertaken by the magazine as it sought to expand its readership and prestige. The Art in America series also chronicles the changes at the magazine that led to Lipman's resignation as editor in 1971.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as five series. Arrangement is generally alphabetical by subject heading or type of material. Items within folders are arranged chronologically by year.

Series 1: Personal Files (Boxes 1-3; 3 linear ft.)

Series 2: Howard and Jean Lipman Art Collection (Boxes 3-15; 12 linear ft.)

Series 3: Artists Files (Boxes 15-18, 46-47, OV 50-52; 3.6 linear ft.)

Series 4: Research and Writings Files (Boxes 18-28, 48; OV 50, 53; 10.3 linear ft.)

Series 5: -- Art in America -- Editorial Files (Boxes 28-45; 49, OV 50; 17.3 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Howard W. and Jean Lipman shared a lifetime sponsorship of art. The Lipmans' personal art collection, acquired throughout their marriage, was eventually divided into three separate parts: The Howard W. Lipman Foundation collection that was donated and merged into the modern sculpture holdings of the Whitney Museum of American Art; an American folk art collection that was later sold through two separate auctions in 1950 and 1981 and is now part of the holdings of the New York Historical Association and the Museum of American Folk Art; and a personal collection that was retained and displayed in the Lipmans' various residences in Connecticut, New York, and Arizona.

Married in 1933, the Lipmans began jointly collecting American folk art at a time when few art museums or institutions recognized the historical and artistic value of early primitive, self-taught artists. By the late 1940s, the Lipmans had amassed a large, significant collection that was highly regarded for its quality and scope.

During the early 1950s, the Lipmans also began actively collecting sculpture, focusing upon American contemporary sculptors. In the late 1950s they created the Howard W. Lipman Foundation, with an initial inventory of forty sculptures and three paintings by contemporary American artists. The purpose of the foundation was to acquire significant works by emerging American sculptors and to make them available through loans or donations to various art institutions.

In 1965 the Howard W. Lipman Foundation approached the Whitney Museum of American Art with a proposal to coordinate the foundation's efforts and goals with the museum's contemporary sculpture program. The foundation offered a majority of its growing collection of sculpture and acquisition funds towards the development of the evolving permanent collection of the Whitney Museum of American Art. Thereafter, the Howard W. Lipman Foundation served in an advisory role to the museum's acquisitions, and the foundation supplied the necessary funds to acquire works of sculpture desired by the Whitney for its permanent collection.

In addition to their folk art and foundation collections, the Lipmans also acquired important works by Alexander Calder, Louise Nevelson, and David Smith, through their lifelong association and friendship with these artists. Many of these pieces were retained in the Lipmans' personal collection throughout their lives.

Individually the Lipmans also expressed their interest in art through various means. Jean Lipman served as editor of Art in America magazine from 1940 to 1970, which provided her with continuous exposure to emerging artists and trends in American art. Jean Lipman's abiding interest in folk and contemporary art was also expressed through her voluminous writings. Throughout her life she wrote and edited highly acclaimed books and articles about major themes and artists in American art, and she was a recognized folk art authority and connoisseur. Some of her best known works include: The Flowering of American Folk Art; Rufus Porter, Yankee Wall Painter; and Calder's Universe.

Jean Lipman, born in 1909, was also an amateur artist in her later years, creating paintings and assemblages that often dealt with the theme of "art about art." She was represented by a gallery in New York City, as well as one in Arizona, and she had several solo exhibitions.

Howard W. Lipman, born in 1905, showed an early interest in art. By the mid 1920s he had gone to Paris to study painting, but Lipman found himself more attracted to sculpture and he began studying with a German wood carver. In the late 1930s, after returning to the New York City area, Lipman began stone carving with the Clay Club on Eighth Street, adjacent to the Whitney Museum of American Art. He was represented by a New York City gallery and participated in local exhibitions.

Deciding that his sculptural talent was not sufficient for professional pursuit, Lipman began his business career as a stockbroker in Neuberger and Berman, a prominent New York investment management firm that he helped to establish in 1939. Lipman subsequently channeled his artistic endeavors toward collecting and supporting the work of established and emerging American sculptors. He also served on the boards of both the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Archives of American Art.

Howard and Jean Lipman maintained long and close relationships with three prominent American artists: Alexander Calder, Louise Nevelson, and David Smith. Jean Lipman, in particular, was involved in promoting and documenting Calder and his works through numerous articles, books, and exhibitions that she helped produce as editor of the magazine Art in America and publications director for the Whitney Museum of American Art. Calder's Universe, which she edited to accompany a major Whitney Museum of American Art retrospective exhibition of his works in 1976, was considered by Calder to be his "official" biography. The book went to fourteen printings, one of the largest ever, in the history of art books.

The Lipmans were also great admirers of Louise Nevelson and her work. They purchased her artwork for their own collection, as well as donating pieces to various art museums and institutions. Jean Lipman wrote articles about Nevelson and edited the book, Nevelson's World.

David Smith and the Lipmans established a friendship in the late 1950s that lasted until Smith's untimely death in May 1965. The Lipmans purchased several Smith sculptures, which they placed on the grounds of their Wilton, Connecticut, home. They also purchased Smith works for donation to public institutions, such as the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.

The Lipmans retired to Carefree, Arizona, a private residential community renowned for its sensitivity to ecologically-based, architectural design. Howard Lipman died in 1992. Jean Lipman remained active in art and community affairs until her death in 1998.
Provenance:
The papers of Howard and Jean Lipman were initially donated to the Archives of American Art by Howard and Jean Lipman from 1965-1989. Subsequent additions to the original gift were made by Jean Lipman in 1998 and by Peter and Beverly Lipman in 2001. Several small portions of these early accessions were microfilmed.

An associated gift that was originally accessioned as the Art in America Magazine Records was made by Howard and Jean Lipman from 1970-1973. This group, which largely consisted of Jean Lipman's editorial files from her years as editor of the magazine, was subsequently merged with the Howard W. and Jean Lipman records in 2004.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Primitive  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Folk art -- United States  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Citation:
Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers, 1848, 1916-2000. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.lipmhowa
See more items in:
Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lipmhowa
Additional Online Media:

Jurgan Frederick Huge: artist file, [photographs]

Artist:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Artist files
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Image number:
VFM VF001481
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_139980

Rediscovery: Jurgan Frederick Huge (1809-1878) by Jean Lipman

Author:
Lipman, Jean 1909-  Search this
Subject:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Physical description:
32 p. illus. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1973
[1973]
Call number:
ND1839.H76 L56X
N40.1.H88 L7
ND1839.H76L56X
N40.1.H88L7
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_31875

The Flower Basket, (painting)

Painter:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor on paper
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
University of California, Berkeley Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive 2626 Bancroft Way Berkeley California 94720 Accession Number: 1996.8.7
Date:
1856
Topic:
Still Life--Flower  Search this
Still Life--Other--Basket  Search this
Control number:
IAP 02080142
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_411155

New York Ballance Drydock, (painting)

Painter:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor, gouache, and pencil on paper
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1877
Topic:
Cityscape--New York--New York City  Search this
Waterscape--Harbor  Search this
Architecture exterior--Commercial--Dock  Search this
Architecture exterior--Industry--Shipyard  Search this
Architecture--Boat--Sailing Ship  Search this
Figure group  Search this
Animal--Horse  Search this
Architecture--Vehicle--Cart  Search this
Architecture--Vehicle--Bus  Search this
Control number:
IAP 8F070012
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_461844

The Bay of Naples, (painting)

Painter:
Huge, Sarah Elizabeth d. 1902 (attributed to)  Search this
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878 (copy after)  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings-Copy
Paintings
Date:
Ca. 1877-1878
Topic:
Cityscape--Italy--Naples  Search this
Waterscape--Bay--Bay of Naples  Search this
Landscape--Mountain--Mt. Vesuvius  Search this
Figure group  Search this
Control number:
IAP 73262273
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_350954

Composite Harbor Scene with Castle, (painting)

Painter:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
National Gallery of Art Fourth Street & Constitution Avenue, N.W Washington District of Columbia 20565 Accession Number: 1969.11.2 (2362)
Date:
Ca. 1875
Topic:
Waterscape--Harbor  Search this
Cityscape  Search this
Architecture exterior--Castle  Search this
Architecture exterior--Industry--Mill  Search this
Waterscape--Boat  Search this
Architecture--Vehicle--Train  Search this
Animal--Horse  Search this
Figure group  Search this
Control number:
IAP 08600982
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_360593

Composite Harbor Scene with Volcano, (painting)

Painter:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco M. H. de Young Memorial Museum Golden Gate Park San Francisco California 94118 Accession Number: 69.32.1
Date:
Ca. 1875
Topic:
Waterscape--Harbor  Search this
Landscape--Phenomenon--Volcano  Search this
Architecture--Boat--Steamer  Search this
Travel--Land--Carriage  Search this
Architecture--Vehicle--Carriage  Search this
Animal--Horse  Search this
Architecture exterior  Search this
Control number:
IAP 04150177
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_393024

Burroughs, (painting)

Painter:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Bridgeport Public Library Bridgeport Connecticut
Date:
1876
Topic:
Primitive  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Control number:
IAP 82520019
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_200132

Schooner, "Bunkerhill", (painting)

Painter:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Mariners' Museum 100 Museum Drive Newport News Virginia 23606
Date:
1838
Topic:
Primitive  Search this
Waterscape--Boat  Search this
Control number:
IAP 82520022
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_200135

The Steamboat "Bunkerhill", (painting)

Painter:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Mariners' Museum 100 Museum Drive Newport News Virginia 23606
Date:
1838
Topic:
Waterscape--Boat  Search this
Primitive  Search this
Control number:
IAP 82540001
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_200156

The Packet Ship "Baltimore", (painting)

Painter:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
India House New York New York
Date:
1838
Topic:
Waterscape--Boat  Search this
Primitive  Search this
Control number:
IAP 82540002
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_200157

Steamer "Nimrod", (painting)

Painter:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
City of Bridgeport P. T. Barnum Museum Bridgeport Connecticut 06604
Date:
1839
Topic:
Waterscape--Boat  Search this
Primitive  Search this
Control number:
IAP 82540003
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_200158

Steamer "Nimrod", (painting)

Painter:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Mariners' Museum 100 Museum Drive Newport News Virginia 23606
Date:
1843
Topic:
Waterscape--Boat  Search this
Primitive  Search this
Control number:
IAP 82540004
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_200159

Steam Packet "Neptune", (painting)

Painter:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Maryland Historical Society 201 West Monument Street Baltimore Maryland 21201
Date:
1842
Topic:
Primitive  Search this
Control number:
IAP 82540005
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_200160

La Duchesse d'Orleans, (painting)

Painter:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Old Dartmouth Historical Society New Bedford Whaling Museum 18 Johnny Cake Hill New Bedford Massachusetts 02740
Date:
1845
Topic:
Waterscape--Boat  Search this
Primitive  Search this
Control number:
IAP 82540006
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_200161

Residence of Nathaniel S. Worden, Bridgeport, (painting)

Painter:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1845
Topic:
Architecture--Domestic  Search this
Cityscape--Connecticut--Bridgeport  Search this
Control number:
IAP 82540007
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_200162

Residence of Orlando B. Hall, Bridgeport, (painting)

Painter:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Bridgeport Public Library Bridgeport Connecticut
Date:
1846
Topic:
Architecture--Domestic  Search this
Cityscape--Connecticut--Bridgeport  Search this
Control number:
IAP 82540008
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_200163

Residence of Legrand Sterling, (painting)

Painter:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1846
Topic:
Architecture--Domestic  Search this
Control number:
IAP 82540009
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_200164

The Steamer "Connecticut", (painting)

Painter:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick 1809-1878  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Mariners' Museum 100 Museum Drive Newport News Virginia 23606
Date:
1850
Topic:
Waterscape--Boat  Search this
Primitive  Search this
Control number:
IAP 82540010
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_200165

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