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The Hudson River school : congenial observations

Author:
Alexander Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
[102] p. : ill. (some col.), ports. ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1987
C1987
19th century
Topic:
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Landscape painting, American  Search this
Call number:
ND1351.5 .H88 1987
ND1351.5.H88 1987
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_368616

Painters of faith : the spiritual landscape in nineteenth-century America / Gene Edward Veith

Author:
Veith, Gene Edward 1951-  Search this
Physical description:
168 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2001
C2001
19th century
Topic:
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Landscape painting, American  Search this
Spirituality in art  Search this
Protestantism in art  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_674427

Cole and Durand : criticism and patronage : a study of American taste in landscape, 1825-65 / by Barbara Novak Deutsch

Author:
Novak, Barbara  Search this
Subject:
Cole, Thomas 1801-1848  Search this
Durand, A. B (Asher Brown) 1796-1886  Search this
Physical description:
v, 202 leaves, [38] leaves of plates : ill
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1984
1957
19th century
Topic:
Landscape painting, American--Philosophy  Search this
Landscape painting, American  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Art patronage  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.C68 N9 1957a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_229167

The Hudson River School / Trewin Copplestone

Author:
Copplestone, Trewin  Search this
Physical description:
76 p. : col. ill. ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
In art
Place:
Hudson River Valley (N.Y. and N.J.)
Date:
1999
19th century
Topic:
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Landscape painting, American  Search this
Landscape painting  Search this
Call number:
ND1351.5 .C69 1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_593930

Albert Bierstadt letter collection, 1880-1893

Creator:
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Topic:
Landscape painters  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5939
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208780
AAA_collcode_bieralbe
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208780
Additional Online Media:

Esther Isabel Seaver Burno research material relating to Thomas Cole, 1940-1956

Creator:
Burno, Esther Isabel Seaver, 1903-1965  Search this
Subject:
Ciarrocchi, Raymond  Search this
Cole, Thomas  Search this
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Landscape painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6861
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208989
AAA_collcode_burnesth
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208989

Thomas Cole papers, 1821-1863

Creator:
Cole, Thomas, 1801-1848  Search this
Subject:
Weir, Robert Walter  Search this
Ridner, John P.  Search this
Carey, Edward L.  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese  Search this
Reed, Luman  Search this
Ashton, Thomas B.  Search this
Trego, Charles B.  Search this
Allen, Theodore  Search this
Van Rensselaer, William P.  Search this
Ingham, Charles Cromwell  Search this
Bryant, William Cullen  Search this
Adams, William Althorpe  Search this
Cummings, Thomas Seir  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown  Search this
Leslie, Charles Robert  Search this
Bloodgood, S. DeWitt (Simeon DeWitt),  Search this
Allston, Washington  Search this
Morton, John Ludlow  Search this
Townsend, Isaiah  Search this
Alexander, Francis  Search this
Greene, George Washington  Search this
Wadsworth, Daniel  Search this
Pratt, Henry Cheever  Search this
Wright, Ambrose  Search this
Gilmor, Robert  Search this
Ver Bryck, Cornelius  Search this
Childs, Cephas Grier  Search this
Clark, Lewis Gaylord  Search this
Town, Ithiel  Search this
Ainsley, Samuel James  Search this
Bennet, Edwin Thomas  Search this
Spencer, Mark  Search this
Mason, Jonathan  Search this
Dunlap, William  Search this
Sturges, Jonathan  Search this
Ward, Samuel Gray  Search this
Dexter, Franklin  Search this
Topic:
Landscape painting  Search this
Painters  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7004
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209137
AAA_collcode_colethom
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Art Movements and Schools
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209137

Joseph Tubby papers, 1851-1888

Creator:
Tubby, Joseph, 1821-1896  Search this
Subject:
Hopkins, Lillie R.  Search this
McEntee, Jervis  Search this
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Landscape painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7124
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209258
AAA_collcode_tubbjose
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209258

Parton family papers, 1840-1977

Creator:
Parton, Parton family  Search this
Subject:
Parton, Henry Woodbridge  Search this
Parton, Arthur  Search this
Parton, Ernest  Search this
Parton, George  Search this
Topic:
Marine painters  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Painters  Search this
Landscape painting  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Landscape painters  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Marine painting  Search this
Diaries  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13488
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209339
AAA_collcode_partpart
Theme:
Diaries
Art Movements and Schools
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209339

Jervis McEntee papers, 1796, 1848-1905

Creator:
McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891  Search this
Subject:
Palmer, Erastus Dow  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin  Search this
Church, Isabel  Search this
Chapin, E. H. (Edwin Hubbell),  Search this
Stribling, C. K.  Search this
Wickes, E. T.  Search this
Johnson, Eastman  Search this
Lang, Louis  Search this
Thompson, Launt  Search this
Booth, Edwin Thomas  Search this
Vaux, Calvert  Search this
Hicks, Thomas  Search this
Anthony, A. V. S. (Andrew Varick Stout),  Search this
Zarnnhus, E. L.  Search this
Bellows, Henry W. (Henry Whitney),  Search this
Cropsey, Jasper Francis  Search this
Shumway, Henry Colton  Search this
Youmans, Kate  Search this
Sawyer, C. M.  Search this
DeForest, H. G.  Search this
Gray, Henry Peters  Search this
Sykes, Charles W.  Search this
Jourmans, E. L.  Search this
McEntee, James S.  Search this
Donoho, J. R.  Search this
Meeks, Louisa B.  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington  Search this
Kensett, John Frederick  Search this
Inness, George  Search this
Boughton, George Henry  Search this
Casilear, John William  Search this
Derrenbacher, John  Search this
Weir, John F. (John Ferguson)  Search this
Gifford, Sanford Robinson  Search this
Von Glumer, Francisca  Search this
Hubbard, Richard William  Search this
Butler, Benjamin F.  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams  Search this
Baker, George Augustus  Search this
Boardman, Andrew  Search this
Stone, William O. (William Oliver)  Search this
Stoddard, Richard Henry  Search this
Huntington, Daniel  Search this
Husted, James W.  Search this
Hart, William McDougal  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Century Association (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Topic:
Sketches  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Painters  Search this
Landscape painters  Search this
Artists  Search this
Bull Run (Va.), 1st Battle, 1861  Search this
Diaries  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7251
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209401
AAA_collcode_mcenjerv
Theme:
Diaries
Art Movements and Schools
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209401
Additional Online Media:

Sanford Robinson Gifford papers, 1840s-1900, circa 1960s-1970s, bulk 1855-1881

Creator:
Gifford, Sanford Robinson, 1823-1880  Search this
Subject:
Whittredge, Worthington  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert  Search this
Topic:
Diaries  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Landscape painting  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Landscape painters  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8974
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211161
AAA_collcode_giffsanf
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211161
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Ira Spanierman, 2007 June 6-12

Interviewee:
Spanierman, Ira, 1928-  Search this
Interviewer:
McElhinney, James, 1952-  Search this
Subject:
Woodner, Ian  Search this
Novak, Barbara  Search this
Hirsch, Norman  Search this
Halles, Bruce  Search this
Poskas, Peter  Search this
Fraad, Daniel  Search this
Leroy, Roy  Search this
Halles, Diane  Search this
Fraad, Rita R. (Rita Rich)  Search this
Warner, Jack  Search this
Heinrich, Hans  Search this
Adler, A. M. (Abraham M.)  Search this
Gerds, Abigail  Search this
Wilson, Peter  Search this
Thaw, Eugene Victor  Search this
Terra, Daniel J.  Search this
Goodrich, Lloyd  Search this
Noortman, Rob  Search this
Newington, Barbara  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Museum  Search this
Syracuse University  Search this
Savoy Gallery  Search this
Spanierman Gallery  Search this
Widgeon Point Charitable Foundation  Search this
Topic:
Interviews  Search this
Ashcan school of art  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Gallery owners  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Art  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13617
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)270857
AAA_collcode_spanie07
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_270857

Jervis McEntee papers

Creator:
McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891  Search this
Names:
Century Association (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Anthony, A. V. S. (Andrew Varick Stout), 1835-1906  Search this
Baker, George Augustus, 1821-1880  Search this
Bellows, Henry W. (Henry Whitney), 1814-1882  Search this
Boardman, Andrew  Search this
Booth, Edwin, 1833-1893  Search this
Boughton, George Henry, 1834-1905  Search this
Butler, Benjamin F., 1830-1884  Search this
Casilear, John William, 1811-1893  Search this
Chapin, E. H. (Edwin Hubbell), 1814-1880  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Church, Isabel  Search this
Cropsey, Jasper Francis, 1823-1900  Search this
DeForest, H. G.  Search this
Derrenbacher, John  Search this
Donoho, J. R., Mrs  Search this
Gifford, Sanford Robinson, 1823-1880  Search this
Gray, Henry Peters, 1819-1877  Search this
Hart, William McDougal, 1823-1894  Search this
Hicks, Thomas, 1823-1890  Search this
Hubbard, Richard William, 1816-1888  Search this
Huntington, Daniel, 1816-1906  Search this
Husted, James W.  Search this
Inness, George, 1825-1894  Search this
Johnson, Eastman, 1824-1906  Search this
Jourmans, E. L., Mrs  Search this
Kensett, John Frederick, 1816-1872  Search this
Lang, Louis, 1814-1893  Search this
McEntee, James S.  Search this
Meeks, Louisa B.  Search this
Palmer, Erastus Dow, 1817-1904  Search this
Sawyer, C. M.  Search this
Shumway, Henry Colton, 1807-1884  Search this
Stoddard, Richard Henry, 1825-1903  Search this
Stone, William O. (William Oliver), 1830-1875  Search this
Stribling, C. K.  Search this
Sykes, Charles W.  Search this
Thompson, Launt, 1833-1894  Search this
Vaux, Calvert, 1824-1895  Search this
Von Glumer, Francisca  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Weir, John F. (John Ferguson), 1841-1926  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Wickes, E. T.  Search this
Youmans, Kate  Search this
Zarnnhus, E. L.  Search this
Extent:
1.6 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Diaries
Sketches
Place:
Lake George (N.Y.) -- Pictorial works
Lake Champlain (N.Y.) -- Pictorial works
Adirondack Mountains (N.Y.)
Date:
1796, 1848-1905
Summary:
The papers of Hudson River School painter Jervis McEntee measure 1.6 linear feet and date from 1796 and 1848 to 1905. Letters from close friends and family members to McEntee include many from his mentor Frederic Edwin Church, and fellow artists Samuel Putnam Avery, George Henry Boughton, Sanford Gifford, Richard Henry, Eastman Johnson, Elizabeth B. Stoddard, John Ferguson Weir, Worthington Whittredge, and others. Papers relating to the McEntee family include obituaries, a family genealogy, and letters from and regarding family members. There are also papers relating to the Vaux family (McEntee's brother-in-law's family) and American architect and landscape artist Calvert Vaux, who designed a studio for McEntee. Of special significance are five volumes of diaries dating from 1872 through 1890 which provide a detailed depiction of the American art world in the 1870s and 1880s.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Hudson River School painter Jervis McEntee measure 1.6 linear feet and date from 1796 and 1850 to 1905. Letters from close friends and family members to McEntee include many from his mentor Frederic Edwin Church, and fellow artists Samuel Putnam Avery, George Henry Boughton, Sanford Gifford, Richard Henry, Eastman Johnson, Elizabeth B. Stoddard, John Ferguson Weir, Worthington Whittredge, and others. Papers relating to the McEntee family include obituaries, a family genealogy, and letters from and regarding family members. There are also papers relating to the Vaux family (McEntee's brother-in-law's family) and American architect and landscape artist Calvert Vaux, who designed a studio for McEntee. Of special significance are five volumes of diaries dating from 1872 through 1890 which provide a detailed depiction of the American art world in the 1870s and 1880s.
Arrangement:
The Jervis McEntee papers have been arranged into five series, based on material type.

Series 1: Letters, 1850-1905, undated (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 2: Vaux Family Letters and Correspondence, 1850-1890, undated (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Third Party Letters, 1861-1873, undated (Box 2; 0.1 linear feet)

Series 4: Miscellany, 1796, 1848-1895, undated (Box 2; 0.1 linear feet)

Series 5: Diaries, 1872-1890 (Box 3-4; 0.6 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Jervis McEntee was born in Rondout, New York, July 14, 1828. He had early literary and artistic aspirations and studied under Frederic E. Church, who had himself studied under the Hudson River School master, Thomas Cole. McEntee was to maintain a close relationship with Church for the rest of his life. After an unsuccessful stint as a businessman, McEntee settled in New York in 1857 as one of the charter residents of Richard Morris Hunt's Tenth Street Studio Building. Since many of the other occupants were either bachelors or commuters, and since Mrs. McEntee was a lively, sympathetic hostess, the couple became the center of a spontaneous salon frequented by some of the best-known artists, writers, and actors of the time. After his wife died in 1878, McEntee stayed on, an increasingly neglected widower until his death in 1891.

McEntee was identified with the Hudson River School and an accomplished and sensitive painter of autumnal landscapes. He wrote in 1874, "Perhaps what would mark my work among that of my brother artists is a preference for the soberer phases Nature, the gray days of November and its leafless trees." McEntee stood at the center of the interlocking directorate formed by the National Academy of Design, the Century Club, and the Tenth Street Studio Building. In the latter part of the 19th century, these formed a supreme art establishment whose membership was composed of the old guard American artists, such as McEntee's close friends Eastman Johnson, Sanford Gifford, John Ferguson Weir, Worthington Whittredge, and Church, who were fighting an ultimately futile battle against the encroachment of European influences among both artists and collectors.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reel D9) including a diary dated June 12, 1851-August 17, 1851. This material was returned to the Adirondack Museum in Blue Mountain Lake, New York and is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Adirondack Museum lent one diary for microfilming in 1964. The rest of the collection was acquired from several donors between 1959 and 1997. The noted collector Charles E. Feinberg donated letters in 1959 and, Mrs. Helen S. McEntee, who married the nephew of Jervis McEntee, donated the five volumes of diaries in 1964. William Gaffken, director of the insurance company that acquired the McEntee family insurance business, donated the remaining papers in 1997.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires and appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Rights:
The Jervis McEntee papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Landscape painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Modern -- 19th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Bull Run (Va.), 1st Battle, 1861  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Sketches
Citation:
Jervis McEntee papers, 1796, 1848-1905. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.mcenjerv
See more items in:
Jervis McEntee papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-mcenjerv
Additional Online Media:

Thomas Cole letters, [undated] and 1840-1842

Creator:
Cole, Thomas, 1801-1848  Search this
Subject:
Durand, Asher Brown  Search this
Greene, George Washington  Search this
Topic:
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10205
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213280
AAA_collcode_coletlet
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213280

Hudson River from Irvington, (painting)

Title:
Looking North from Ossining, (painting)
Painter:
Colman, Samuel 1832-1920  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Hudson River Museum 511 Warburton Avenue Yonkers New York 10701
Date:
1867
Topic:
Landscape--River--Hudson River  Search this
Landscape--New Jersey--Irvington  Search this
Animal--Cattle  Search this
Control number:
IAP 38570033
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_50961

James Suydam

Artist:
John Carlin, born Philadelphia, PA 1813-died New York City 1891  Search this
Sitter:
James Suydam  Search this
Medium:
watercolor on ivory
Dimensions:
4 3/8 x 3 5/8 in. (11.1 x 9.2 cm) oval
Type:
Painting-Miniature
Date:
1859
Topic:
Occupation\art\painter  Search this
Portrait male\bust  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase
Object number:
1974.13.1
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1974.13.1

Albert Bierstadt letter collection

Creator:
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Yosemite National Park (Calif.)
Date:
1860-1900
Summary:
This small collection measures 0.2 linear feet and comprises 13 letters written by renowned Hudson River School landscape painter Albert Bierstadt between 1860 and 1900. The majority of the letters were penned in the last two decades of his life and discuss his painting, the inspiration he found in nature, his studio, and concerns relating to commissions and finances.
Scope and Content Note:
This small collection measures 0.2 linear feet and comprises 13 letters written by renowned Hudson River School landscape painter Albert Bierstadt between 1860 and 1900. The majority of the letters were penned in the last two decades of his life.

Bierstadt writes specifically of his work in several of the letters and refers to two paintings, Laramie Peak and The Jungfrau. In one letter he writes of the inspiration he finds in nature through his love of the mountains. Bierstadt invites friends to his studio in New York City, mentions a trip to Yosemite in the 1870s and writes letters of introduction on behalf of friends. Two of the letters concern commissions and discuss financial matters.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection, items are arranged as one chronological series.

Series 1: Albert Bierstadt Letters, 1860-1900 (Box 1; 13 items)
Biographical Note:
Albert Bierstadt was born in Solingen, Germany, in January 1830. His family emigrated to the United States when he was two years of age and settled in Bedford, Massachusetts.

In 1853 Bierstadt traveled to Germany to study painting at the Düsseldorf Art Academy. In 1858, following his return to the United States, he gained national attention for organizing a large exhibition of paintings including fifteen of his own works. Bierstadt drew inspiration from the painters of the Hudson River School, and regularly visited the White Mountains of New Hampshire to make sketches for his landscape paintings.

In 1859 Bierstadt traveled to the Colorado and Wyoming territories sketching landscapes in the company of a United States government survey expedition. On his return he took studio space at the new Tenth Street Studio Building in New York City and began a series of large-scale western landscape paintings, including Yosemite Valley and Thunderstorm in the Rocky Mountains. These paintings, known for their theatrical and romantic depiction of the grandeur and drama of the American West, brought Bierstadt great popularity during the 1860s.

Bierstadt's paintings were widely exhibited in the United States and abroad and commanded some of the highest prices in American art at the time, although his reputation began to decline somewhat in the 1880s in the face of changing public tastes.

Bierstadt was a member of the Century Association from 1862-1902 and a member of the National Academy of Design from 1860 until his death in 1902.
Related Material:
Also found at the Archives of American Art are the Robert Neuhaus papers concerning Clyfford Still and Albert Bierstadt, 1884-1984 (bulk 1941-1984). A circa 1875 photograph of Bierstadt by Bierstadt Brothers given to the Archives by an unknown donor is available in the Archives of American Art's Photographs of Artists Collection I and online.
Provenance:
The collection was acquired by the Archives of American Art in a series of accessions between 1955 and 2001. Six letters were donated by Charles Feinberg in 1955-1957; one letter was donated by Letitia Howe in 1976; one letter was donated by Mrs. Miles Reber, grandaughter-in-law of General Nelson in 1976; two letters were purchased from Charles Hamilton Autographs in 1956; one letter was purchased from Steele in 1956; and one letter was purchased from Scott J. Winslow Associates in 2001.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via the Archives of American Art website.
Rights:
The Albert Bierstadt letter collecton is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Landscape painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists' studios -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Citation:
Albert Bierstadt letter collection, 1860-1900. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bieralbe
See more items in:
Albert Bierstadt letter collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bieralbe
Additional Online Media:

Sanford Robinson Gifford papers

Creator:
Gifford, Sanford Robinson, 1823-1880  Search this
Names:
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Extent:
0.9 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Place:
Europe -- description and travel
Egypt -- description and travel
Date:
1840s-1900, circa 1960s-1970s
Summary:
The papers of landscape painter Sanford Robinson Gifford, date from the 1840s through 1900, and circa 1960s-1970s. The bulk of the papers fall between 1855-1881; material from the circa 1960s-1970s consists of photographic copy prints for which the Archives does not have the originals. The small collection measures 0.9 linear feet of scattered documentation of Gifford's life, primarily extensive biographical accounts of his travels in the mid 1850s and late 1860s in the form of bound letters to his father. These serve as detailed journals of his impressions of Europe and the Middle East, the development of his painting, and his relationships with other artists such as Albert Bierstadt and Worthington Whittredge. The collection also contains sketches by Gifford, printed material including catalogs of Gifford's paintings, and photographs of Gifford and others.
Scope and Content Note:
The collection dates from the 1840s through 1900, and circa 1960s-1970s with the bulk of the material falling between 1855-1881. Material from circa 1960s-1970s consists of photographic copy prints of original photographs from the mid to late 1800s for which the Archives does not own the originals. The papers measure 0.9 linear feet and provide detailed documentation of the life of Hudson River School landscape painter, Sanford Robinson Gifford, during the mid 1850s and late 1860s. The papers contain extensive accounts of Gifford's travels in 3 bound volumes of typewritten letters from Gifford to his father. These letters serve as travel journals and provide extensive and vivid descriptions of Gifford's work and experiences in Europe and the Middle East, and document his relationships with a variety of other artists, including Alfred Bierstadt and Worthington Whittredge, during this period.

Additional records provide scattered documenation of other periods of Gifford's life. Letters refer to his travels in the American west and his Civil War service and its effect on his painting. Printed material includes clippings and exhibition catalogs, and includes a catalogue of his paintings published by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1881. Artwork by Gifford includes sketches by the artist and prints, engravings and paintings by various others. Original photographs date from 1856-1900 and include images of Gifford during the Civil War. Copyprints for which the Archives does not own the originals date from the circa 1960s-1970s and include two images of a family home in Hudson, New York, where Gifford had a studio in the mid 1860s, a portrait photograph of Gifford, and an image of Gifford on the Hayden expedition.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 4 series:

Series 1: Letters, 1855-1874 (Box 1; 3 volumes, 1 folder)

Series 2: Printed Material, circa 1850s-1881 (Box 2; 4 folders)

Series 3: Artwork, circa 1840s-circa 1870s (Box 2, OV 3; 4 folders)

Series 4: Photographs and Copy Prints, 1856-circa 1900, circa 1960s-1970s (Box 2, 5, OV 4; 11 folders)
Biographical Note:
Sanford Robinson Gifford was born in Greenfield, New York, in 1823. He attended Brown University from 1842-1844 and moved to New York City in 1845 where he studied drawing, perspective and anatomy under the direction of the British watercolorist and drawing-master, John R. Smith. He also studied the human figure in anatomy classes at the Crosby Street Medical college and took drawing classes at the National Academy of Design. In 1846 he visited the Berkshire Hills and the Catskill Mountains, sketching from nature. "These studies," he wrote to O. B. Frothingham in 1874, "together with the great admiration I felt for the works of Cole developed a strong interest in landscape art, and opened my eyes to a keener perception and more intelligent enjoyment of nature. Having once enjoyed the absolute freedom of the landscape painters life I was unable to return to portrait painting."

The American Art Union bought and showed some of Gifford's first pictures in 1847. In 1851 he was elected an associate, and in 1854 an academician, of the National Academy of Design.

Gifford traveled widely to sketch landscapes for future paintings, recording his experiences in letters to his father which he intended would "serve the double purpose of letter and journal, and be an economy of time." He requested that his father number the letters sequentially and keep them together.

In the summer of 1855 Gifford visited England, Scotland and Paris, where he spent the winter of 1855 transforming his English and Scottish sketches into paintings. In the fall of 1856 he rented a studio in Rome and, over the course of the winter, painted pictures that reportedly pleased him "pretty well," including Lake Nemi. During the spring of 1857, Gifford spent time with fellow artists Worthington Whittredge, William H. Beard and Albert Bierstadt before leaving Rome in May with Bierstadt for a walking tour of southern Italy, where they planned to reconnect with Whittredge and Beard. Gifford ended his European tour with a visits to Innsbruck, Munich, Vienna, Prague, Dresden, Berlin and Paris, before returning to the United States at the end of the summer.

On his return Gifford rented studio Number 19 in the Tenth Street Studio Building in New York City, which he retained until his death. Over the next few years he also made frequent summer trips to various northeastern locales including the Catskills, the Adirondacks, the Green Mountains in Vermont, the White Mountains in New Hampshire, Maine and Nova Scotia.

Gifford served in New York's Seventh Regiment when it marched to the defense of Washington in April 1861, and again in 1862 and 1863. Several paintings resulted from this experience, including Sunday Morning at Camp Cameron (1861), Bivouac of the Seventh Regiment at Arlington Heights, Virginia (1861) and Camp of the Seventh Regiment, near Frederick, Maryland, in July 1863 (1864).

In 1868 Gifford returned to Europe, again visiting London and Paris, where he met with friends Jervis McEntee and his wife. He then spent the summer visiting the Alps and Sicily before wintering in Rome. In 1869 he traveled to Egypt where he and a small party hired a boat to take them on a two-month voyage from Cairo down the Nile River. Subsequently, Gifford traveled to the Middle East with Alfred Craven via the Suez Canal, where his itinerary included Syria, Jerusalem, Samaria, Damascus, Greece and Turkey. Gifford arrived in Venice in June 1869 and sailed for the United States at the beginning of September.

In 1870 Gifford visited Colorado with Worthington Whittredge and John Frederick Kensett, and accompanied a United States Geological party under Dr. Hayden in the exploration of Wyoming, Utah, and the Colorado Territories. In the summer of 1873 he visited California, Oregon, British Columbia and Alaska.

Gifford married in 1877 but in 1880 became ill and died of malarial fever and pneumonia at the age of 58. That same year he was honored with the Metropolitan Museum of Art's first monographic retrospective and a memorial catalogue of his known pictures.
Related Material:
Five sketchbooks were loaned by Vassar College in 1966 and the originals were returned to the donor after microfilming on reel D254.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels D254 and 688) including twenty-one sketchbooks, photographs, passports and certificates, an 1888 European travel diary of Mary Louise Willard, wife of Gifford's nephew, Harold, and a 1966 letter. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Edith Wilkinson first donated the Sanford Robinson Gifford papers in 1955 and 1957. James C. Gifford donated copy prints of photographs in 1964. Five sketchbooks were lent for microfilming by the Vassar College Art Library in 1966 and George and Frances Gifford Cummings donated additional material in 1973. In 1974, sixteen sketchbooks, photographs, and other materials were lent for microfilming by Dr. Sanford Gifford, Gifford's great-nephew.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Sanford Robinson Gifford papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865  Search this
Landscape painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Landscape painting -- 19th century -- New York (State)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Sanford Robinson Gifford papers, 1840s-1900, circa 1960s-1970s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.giffsanf
See more items in:
Sanford Robinson Gifford papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-giffsanf
Additional Online Media:

New world : creating an American art / exhibition and catalogue, Elizabeth Mankin Kornhauser ; in collaboration with Ortrud Westheider and Karsten Müller ; with contributions by Winfried Fluck [and others]

Title:
Creating an American art
Author:
Kornhauser, Elizabeth Mankin 1950-  Search this
Westheider, Ortrud  Search this
Müller, Karsten 1967-  Search this
Fluck, Winfried  Search this
Staatsgalerie Stuttgart  Search this
Bucerius Kunst Forum  Search this
Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art  Search this
Subject:
Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art  Search this
Physical description:
239 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 29 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Place:
Connecticut
Hartford
Date:
2007
19th century
Topic:
Landscape painting, American  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Painting  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1103022

Alle radici dell' etica ambientale : pensiero sulla natura, wilderness e creatività artistica negli State Uniti del XIX secolo / Fabienne-Charlotte Oraezie Vallino

Title:
Pensiero sulla natura, wilderness e creatività artistica negli State Uniti del XIX secolo
Author:
Vallino, Fabienne O  Search this
Physical description:
2 volumes, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1993
[1993?]
Topic:
Landscape painting, American  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Environmental ethics  Search this
Wilderness areas  Search this
Nature--Effect of human beings on--Moral and ethical aspects  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_688184

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