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Ideal Head, (painting)

Painter:
Gray, Henry Peters 1819-1877  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Unlocated
Date:
Before 1866
Topic:
Figure--Head  Search this
Control number:
IAP 72180158
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_160177

The Judgment of Paris, (painting)

Title:
Apple of Discord, (painting)
Painter:
Gray, Henry Peters 1819-1877  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Corcoran Gallery of Art 500 17th Street, N.W Washington District of Columbia 20006 Accession Number: 77.10
Date:
1861
Topic:
Mythology--Classical--Paris  Search this
Control number:
IAP 08260155
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_40227

The Pride of the Village, (painting)

Painter:
Gray, Henry Peters 1819-1877  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Metropolitan Museum of Art 5th Avenue at 82nd Street New York New York 10028 Accession Number: 49.166
Date:
1858-1859
Topic:
Literature--Irving--Pride of the Village  Search this
Figure group--Family  Search this
Architecture interior--Domestic--House  Search this
State of Being--Illness  Search this
Control number:
IAP 36120408
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_42184

Isaac Carow, (painting)

Painter:
Gray, Henry Peters 1819-1877  Search this
Subject:
Carow, Isaac  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Chamber of Commerce of the State of New York New York New York
Date:
1865
Topic:
Portrait male--Waist length  Search this
Control number:
IAP 61580013
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_103385

Alice Jones (1837-1895), (painting)

Painter:
Gray, Henry Peters 1819-1877  Search this
Subject:
Jones, Alice  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Newark Museum 49 Washington Street Newark New Jersey 07101 Accession Number: 24.2326
Date:
Ca. 1850
Topic:
Portrait female  Search this
Control number:
IAP 31820424
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_278140

Fanny Davenport (1850-1898) as Jessica (?), (painting)

Painter:
Gray, Henry Peters 1819-1877  Search this
Subject:
Davenport, Fanny  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Museum of the City of New York 1220 Fifth Avenue New York New York 10029 Accession Number: 56.16.1
Topic:
Portrait female  Search this
Performing Arts--Theater--Performer  Search this
Control number:
IAP 36180266
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_43246

Richard Delafield, Bvt. Maj. Gen. (1798-1873), (painting)

Painter:
Gray, Henry Peters 1819-1877  Search this
Subject:
Delafield, Richard  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
United States Department of the Army West Point Museum West Point New York 10996
Date:
Ca. 1873-1877
Topic:
Portrait male--Waist length  Search this
Occupation--Military--Major General  Search this
Control number:
IAP 38470038
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_50746

George T. Hope, (painting)

Painter:
Gray, Henry Peters 1819-1877  Search this
Subject:
Hope, George T  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Chamber of Commerce of the State of New York New York New York
Date:
1870
Topic:
Portrait male--Bust  Search this
Control number:
IAP 61580091
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_103463

Francis Robert Schell (After 1850-1928), (painting)

Painter:
Gray, Henry Peters 1819-1877  Search this
Subject:
Schell, Francis Robert  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
New-York Historical Society 170 Central Park West New York New York 10024
Date:
Ca. 1855-1860
Topic:
Portrait male--Child  Search this
Control number:
IAP 36361131
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_45750

Mrs. John Howard Abeel (Catherine Emeline Strobel) (ca. 1818- 1890), (painting)

Painter:
Gray, Henry Peters 1819-1877  Search this
Subject:
Abeel, John Howard, Mrs. (Catherine Emeline Strobel)  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
New-York Historical Society 170 Central Park West New York New York 10024 Accession Number: 1918.19
Date:
1858
Topic:
Portrait female--Waist length  Search this
Control number:
IAP 36360013
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_44639

Unidentified Woman

Title:
Jenny Lind
Artist:
Henry Peters Gray, 23 Jun 1819 - 12 Nov 1877  Search this
Formerly alleged:
Jenny Lind, 6 Oct 1821 - 2 Nov 1887  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Painting
Date:
1860s
Topic:
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Printed Material\Papers  Search this
Jenny Lind: Female  Search this
Jenny Lind: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Jenny Lind: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Jenny Lind: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Soprano  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Object number:
TX990156
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_TX990156

William Evans Burton

Artist:
Henry Peters Gray, 23 Jun 1819 - 12 Nov 1877  Search this
Sitter:
William Evans Burton, 25 Sep 1804 - 10 Feb 1860  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
55.9 x 43.8cm (22 x 17 1/4")
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1850 - 1855
Topic:
William Evans Burton: Male  Search this
William Evans Burton: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
William Evans Burton: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
William Evans Burton: Performing Arts\Theater Manager  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: New-York Historical Society
Website: www.nyhistory.org/
Object number:
1925.7 NYHS
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1925.7_NYHS

Hiram Powers papers

Creator:
Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873  Search this
Names:
Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848  Search this
Astor, William B. (William Backhouse), 1792-1875  Search this
Atlee, Samuel Yorke, b. 1808  Search this
Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, 1806-1861  Search this
Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878  Search this
Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850  Search this
Crawford, Thomas, 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Everett, Edward, 1794-1865  Search this
Fuller, Charles Francis  Search this
Gray, Henry Peters, 1819-1877  Search this
Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872  Search this
Healy, G.P.A. (George Peter Alexander), 1813-1894  Search this
Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845  Search this
Kinney, E. Clementine  Search this
Kinney, William  Search this
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882  Search this
Marsh, George Perkins, 1801-1882  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Peabody, George, 1795-1869  Search this
Powers, Longworth, 1835-1904  Search this
Powers, Preston, 1842 or 1843-1904  Search this
Sartain, John, 1808-1897  Search this
Story, William Wetmore, 1819-1895  Search this
Taylor, Bayard, 1825-1878  Search this
Trollope, Francis  Search this
Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852  Search this
Extent:
12.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Writings
Drawings
Poetry
Date:
1819-1953
bulk 1835-1883
Summary:
The papers of sculptor Hiram Powers measure 12.4 linear feet and date from 1819 to 1953, with the bulk of the material dating from 1835 to 1883. Over two-thirds of the collection consists of Powers' correspondence with business associates, purchasers of his artwork, and numerous friends in the United States and Florence, Italy. Of note is Powers' "Studio Memorandum," from 1841 to 1845, which contains dated notations of letters written, receipts and expenditures, business contacts, works in progress, commissions and price quotations for work, comments on problems encountered during studio work, and other notes. Additional papers include scattered biographical material, financial and legal records, printed materials, photographs of Powers, his family, artwork, as well as an extensive collection of carte de visite and cabinet card portraits of many notable figures. Also found is a small amount of artwork by Powers and others, a scrapbook, and two autograph and memorabilia albums.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of sculptor Hiram Powers measure 12.4 linear feet and date from 1819 to 1953, with the bulk of the material dating from 1835 to 1883. Over two-thirds of the collection consists of Powers' correspondence, which is particularly rich in documenting his artwork, methodology, and his interaction with business associates, purchasers of his artwork, and his numerous friends in the United States and Florence, Italy. Other papers include scattered biographical material, writings by Powers and others, financial and legal records, news clippings and printed items, photographs of Powers, his family, artwork, as well as an extensive collection of carte de visite and cabinet card portraits of many notable figures. Also found is a small amount of artwork by Powers and others, a scrapbook, and two autograph and memorabilia albums.

Biographical material consists of documents for honors conferred on Powers, price lists and inventories of his artwork, papers regarding his death, including a translation of his will, and ephemera, such as his studio cap.

The bulk of the collection consists of Powers' correspondence with family, friends, business associates, and others, documenting his career as an artist and his personal life after he and his family moved to Florence, Italy, in 1837. Almost all of the letters have typed unconfirmed transcriptions completed by volunteers at the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Besides details of his studio work and business dealings, his letters often discuss his views on aesthetics, American politics, slavery and the Civil War, and Spiritualism. Notable correspondence is with William B. Astor, Edward Everett, Samuel York Atlee, William and E. Clementine Kinney, George P. Marsh, George Peabody, Presidents Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams, William Cullen Bryant, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, John C. Calhoun, Thomas Crawford, John A. Dix, Asher Durand, Charles Francis Fuller, Henry Peters Gray, Horace Greeley, George P. A. Healy, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Samuel F. B. Morse, W. W. Story, John Sartain, Frances Trollope, and Daniel Webster.

Writings by Powers include his "Studio Memorandum," a journal-type notebook he kept from 1841 to 1845, which contains dated notations of letters written, receipts and expenditures, business contacts, works in progress, commissions and price quotations for work, comments on problems encountered during studio work, and other notes. Additional writings include poetry and autobiographical essays and instructions for handling his sculptures. Writings by others include poetry, most of which was written in praise of Powers' artwork. Of note are handwritten transcripts of poems by Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Bayard Taylor, and John Quincy Adams. Also found here are short writings about Powers and his artwork.

Scattered financial and legal records in this collection include patent documents for tools invented by Powers, legal agreements, account statements, and bills and receipts. Printed material consists of news clippings, two booklets, an art association brochure, and an exhibition catalog for works by Powers.

This collection contains photographs of Hiram Powers, his family, friends, notable public figures, and artwork. Many of the photographs were taken by his son, Longworth Powers, who had a private photography studio in Florence. Included are portraits of Powers and his family, as well as a collection of 267 carte de visite and cabinet card portraits of artists, performers, politicians, writers, scientists, and other public figures, many of whom were friends with the Powers family. Other photographs depict Woodstock, Vermont, the marble quarry at Carrara, Italy, and artwork by Hiram and Preston Powers. Also found here is a photograph album kept by Louisa Powers.

Artwork consists of three drawings by Hiram Powers, including a caricature of Miner Kellogg. Also found in this collection is a scrapbook containing news clippings regarding the American tour of the sculpture Greek Slave, an autograph album belonging to Louisa Powers, and an album containing pencil drawings by Preston Powers and dried flowers collected on travels.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 8 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1841-1927 (Box 1, 15; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1819-1883 (Box 1-10; 9.0 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1827-1887 (Box 10; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 4: Financial and Legal Records, circa 1840s-1892, 1915 (Box 10, OV 17; 8 folders)

Series 5: Printed Material, circa 1845-1953 (Box 10; 5 folders)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1860s-1900, 1927, 1932, early 1950s (Box 10-13, 16, OV 17; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, 1860, mid-1800s (Box 11; 4 folders)

Series 8: Scrapbooks and Albums, 1847-1876 (Box 14; 3 folders)
Biographical Note:
American sculptor Hiram Powers (1805-1873) was born in Woodstock, Vermont, and lived and worked briefly in Washington, D.C. and Boston, before settling permanently in Florence, Italy. Powers is known for portrait busts of prominent American politicians and his idealized neo-classical sculptures, most notably the Greek Slave.

The second youngest of nine children, Powers moved with his family to Cincinnati, Ohio in 1817. When he was 18 he began working in a factory that repaired watches and organs, and he later worked in the mechanical department of Dorfeuille's Western Museum. There, he developed his interest in sculpture and received a commission to create wax figures for a tableau of Dante's Inferno. In 1825 he studied with the Prussian sculptor Frederick Eckstein, who taught him how to model clay and make plaster casts. His early commissions for portrait busts caught the attention of Nicholas Longworth, who became his first patron and funded his travel to Washington, DC, in 1834. While in Washington, Powers completed portrait busts of several prominent politicians, including President Andrew Jackson. He also briefly worked on several commissions in Boston. In 1837, thanks to the patronage of Colonel John S. Preston, he and his family moved to Florence, Italy. He intended to live there for only a few years, but remained there for the rest of his life.

Powers set up a studio in Florence with several assistants, and continued to work on portrait bust commissions. He and his family were active members of the intellectual community of American and English émigrés, such as Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Horatio Greenough, the Trollope family, and many others. His studio was also a frequent stop on tourists' visits to Florence. In 1839 Powers began working on idealized sculptures in the Neo-classical style, based on history, mythology, and religion. Perhaps most famous of these are Greek Slave and Fisher Boy. Completed in 1845, Greek Slave was exhibited in London and toured the United States. The sculpture received wide attention from the press for its depiction of female nudity and its philosophical significance, and established Powers' international success as a sculptor.

During his career Powers received private and government commissions for portrait busts and ideal sculptures, and sold many replicas of his work. He also invented improved tools for use in his studio, which were patented in the United States, and he developed a special finishing process for marble from the Carrara quarry. He maintained friendships with many Americans through extensive correspondence, and openly expressed his views on the Civil War and the abolition of slavery. Powers' son Longworth had a photography and sculpture studio nearby, and his son Preston, also a sculptor, took over many of Hiram Powers' remaining projects at the time of his death in 1873.
Related Material:
Additional Hiram Powers papers are available at the Winterthur Museum.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds materials lent for microfilming. Reel D117 contains "The Sculpture of Hiram Powers," by Paul B. Metzler. Reels 815-818 includes a "Collection of Letters from Old Residents of Cincinnati to Hiram Powers," compiled by Clara Louise Dentler. Reels 1102-1103 are comprised of an unpublished manuscript entitled "White Marble: The Life and Letters of Hiram Powers, Sculptor," by Clara Louise Dentler. Lent materials were returned to the lenders and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Hiram Powers papers were purchased by the Smithsonian American Art Museum in 1967 from Christina Seeber, great-granddaughter of Hiram Powers which was subsequenlty transferred to the Archives of American Art in 1984. The Cincinnati Historical Society and Ohio State University also lent the Archives omaterials for microfilming in 1974.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Hiram Powers papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Sculptors -- Italy -- Florence  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Writings
Drawings
Poetry
Citation:
Hiram Powers papers, 1819-1953, bulk 1835-1883. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.powehira
See more items in:
Hiram Powers papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-powehira
Additional Online Media:

Gray, Henry Peters

Collection Creator:
Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 55
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1850-1859
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Hiram Powers papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Hiram Powers papers, 1819-1953, bulk 1835-1883. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Hiram Powers papers
Hiram Powers papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-powehira-ref197

Eas-Gra

Collection Creator:
Hart, Charles Henry, 1847-1918  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1807-1897
Scope and Contents:
Eastman, S.

Eicholtz, Jacob

Edmunds, Francis William

Elliott, Charles Loring

Falconer, John M.

Ferris, J.L.G.

Fisher, Alvan

Flagg, George Whiting

Flagg, Jared Bradley

Fraser, Charles

Fuller, George

Fulton, Robert

Furness, William Henry Jr.

Gerry, Samuel Lancaster

Gifford, Sanford Robinson

Glass, James W.

Grafly, Charles Allen

Gray, Henry Peters

Grayson, Clifford Prevost
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Charles Henry Hart autograph collection is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1918. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles Henry Hart autograph collection
Charles Henry Hart autograph collection / Series 1: Charles Henry Hart autograph collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-hartchar-ref11

Photograph album of nineteenth century artists

Creator:
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Subject:
Baker, George Augustus  Search this
Beard, W. H. (William Holbrook)  Search this
Bellows, Albert Fitch  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert  Search this
Brown, John George  Search this
Browne, John C.  Search this
Cheney, Seth Wells  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin  Search this
Cropsey, J.F.  Search this
Cropsey, Jasper Francis  Search this
Cummings, Thomas Seir  Search this
De Haas, Mauritz Frederik H  Search this
Duveen, Albert  Search this
Gignoux, Régis François  Search this
Gray, Henry Peters  Search this
Guy, Seymour J.  Search this
Hall, George Henry  Search this
Hart, William McDougal  Search this
Hennessy, William John  Search this
Hubbard, Richard William  Search this
Huntington, Daniel  Search this
Loop, Henry Augustus  Search this
McEntee, Jervis  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese  Search this
Robbins, Horace Wolcott Jr.  Search this
Shattuck, Aaron Draper  Search this
Suydam, James A.  Search this
Suydam, James Augustus  Search this
Weir, Robert Walter  Search this
Wenzler, Anthon Henry  Search this
White, Edwin  Search this
White, Edwin D.  Search this
Yewell, George Henry  Search this
Type:
Albums
Date:
185-?
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5443
See more items in:
Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1840s-1965, bulk 1849-1908
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5443

Henry Peters Gray

Photographer:
Rockwood, George Gardner, 1832-1911  Search this
Sarony, Napoleon, 1821-1896  Search this
Subject:
Gray, Henry Peters  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
ca. 1865-1867
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9749
See more items in:
[Artists' portraits from Henry Tuckerman's Book of the Artists...] [graphic] / [George Rockwood and Napoleon Sarony], [ca. 1865]-1867
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9749

Henry Peters Gray

Subject:
Gray, Henry Peters  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
ca. 1850
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)2130
See more items in:
Macbeth Gallery records, 1838-1968, bulk 1892-1953
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_2130
Additional Online Media:

Henry Peters Gray, New York, N.Y. letter to unidentified recipient

Creator:
Gray, Henry Peters, 1819-1877  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1866 Nov. 16
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)6894
See more items in:
Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1918
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_6894

Henry K. Brown, Henry Peters Gray and Asher B. Durand

Subject:
Brown, Henry Kirke  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown  Search this
Gray, Henry Peters  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
ca. 1850
Topic:
Artists in groups  Search this
Portraits  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)3309
See more items in:
Theodore Bolton papers, 1917-1958
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_3309
Additional Online Media:

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