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Barkcloth, "Rambo"

Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
24.1cm
Width:
38cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Akokoro, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
Mar 1998
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432245-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945864

Bongo horn trumpet

Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
62.5cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Trumpet
Place:
Akokoro, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
1993
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2036145
USNM Number:
E432254-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945873

Drum

Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
46.5cm
Culture:
Lese  Search this
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Drum
Place:
Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
1993
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2036145
USNM Number:
E432385-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8946004

Barkcloth, "Viva"

Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
46cm
Width:
52.1cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Akokoro, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
Mar 1998
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432244-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945863

Barkcloth, "Viva"

Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
43cm
Width:
76cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Akokoro, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
Mar 1998
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432247-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945866

William F. Wheeler Efe Pygmy Papers

Creator:
Wheeler, William F. (William Felix), 1943-2008  Search this
Extent:
1 item (document box (5 inches); 5 oversized boxes (12x17.5 inches); and 1 oversized box (16 x 20 inches)
Culture:
Efe (African people)  Search this
Pygmies  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Field notes
Photographs
Place:
Ituri Rainforest, Belgian Congo (Zaire)
Date:
bulk 1990-2004
Scope and Contents:
William F. Wheeler papers and photographs of Efe Pygmies. A large part, if not all, of these materials are associated with the 2004 exhibit of Wheeler's Efe Pygmies photographs and artifacts at the San Diego Museum of Man titled "Efe: Archers of the Congo." This collection consists of mounted photographs (20 x 30 inches and 11 x 17 inches); text panels; "Safari Diary of William Wheeler" (3 volumes of typed diary transcripts from 1990, 1993, 1994, 1996, and 1998); photocopies of the original handwritten diaires; bound sample pages of drawings from diaries; enlarged and laminated copies of field journal pages used for the exhibit; a photocopy of Efe collection provenance book (relates to artifact collection donated to NMNH Department of Anthropology Collections Management ); and list of those artifacts and items listed herein.
Biographical / Historical:
William F. Wheeler was born in Blackville, S.C. in 1943 and received an M.D. degree from Duke University after completing his internship at UC San Diego and a specialty degree in anesthesiology at Massachusetts General in Boston. After years of practicing medicine, he bought a Land Rover and began traveling Africa on his own, chalking up 40,000 miles over a five year period. To gain a more intimate experience, he returned to the most remote places and began to explore them on foot. His detailed safari journals, written in the style of 19th century explorers, describe camel journeys in the Sahara, foot safaris with Maasai in Kenya and Tanzania, and hundred of miles of treks with Efe through the rainforest of the Ituri river basin, a tributary of the Congo River. He passed away at the age of 65 of bone-marrow cancer in 2008.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2005-14
Other Archival Materials:
See Photo Lot 2005-19 for William F. Wheeler's color slides of Efe Pygmies.
A DVD video of Efee culture edited from video material was transferred to HSFA.
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Photographs
Citation:
Manuscript 2005-14 William Wheeler Efe Pygmy Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2005-14
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2005-14

William F. Wheeler photographs of Africa and Efe people

Creator:
Wheeler, William F. (William Felix), 1943-2008  Search this
Extent:
8 color slides (circa)
Culture:
Masai (African people)  Search this
Mbuti (African people)  Search this
Tuaregs  Search this
Pygmies  Search this
Efe (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
color slides
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Ituri Forest (Congo)
Algeria
Kenya
Ngorongoro Crater (Tanzania)
Niger
Mali
Date:
1986-1998
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by William F. Wheeler during his expeditions to Africa in July 1986, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1993, 1994, 1996, and 1998, mostly documenting the Efe of Akokora in the Ituri forest. Photographs relating to the Efe people of Akokora in the Ituri forest include images of Efe people, camps, musical instruments, dances, archery and poison arrows, hunting, barkcloth making and use, body marking, food, animals and plants of the rainforest, forest treks, villages (including Anduli, Dui, and Akokora). Other photographs include images of ceremonies (including an Olngesherr ceremony in the Loita Hills), Mbuti at Epulu, a Masai village in Kenya, William Wheeler's wedding to Linda Penn in a Masai village (1987), Berber nomads and scenic views in Algeria, markets and Tuaregs during a camel trip through Niger, and aerial views.
Biographical/Historical note:
William F. Wheeler (1943-2008) was born in Blackville, South Carolina, and earned a medical degree from Duke University and a specialty degree in anesthesiology at Massachusetts General in Boston. In 1978, after years of practicing medicine, he began traveling Africa by car, making over twenty-four trips during the next three decades. To gain a more intimate experience, he returned to explore the most remote places on foot. His detailed safari journals, written in the style of 19th century explorers, describe camel journeys in the Sahara, foot safaris with Maasai in Kenya and Tanzania, and hundreds of miles of treks with Efe through the rainforest of the Ituri river basin, a tributary of the Congo River. Wheeler's collection of artifacts and photographs formed the basis of a 2004 exhibit at the San Diego Museum of Man.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2005-19, NAA ACC 2010-21
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs previously filed in Photo Lot 2005-19 have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 2010-21. These photographs were also made by William F. Wheeler in Africa and form part of this collection.
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the William F. Wheeler Efe Pgymy Papers, 1999-2004 (MS 2005-14).
Artifacts collected by Wheeler held in the Department of Anthropology collections in accessions 2036145, 2034089, and 2033754.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Hunting  Search this
Camps  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Photo Lot 2005-19, William F. Wheeler photographs of Africa and Efe people, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2005-19
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2005-19

The Efe : people of the Ituri Rain Forest / by Alexandra Siy

Author:
Siy, Alexandra  Search this
Physical description:
72 p. : col. ill., col. map ; 25 cm
Type:
Juvenile literature
Place:
Ituri Forest (Congo)
Date:
1993
C1993
Topic:
Social life and customs  Search this
Pygmies  Search this
Rain forests--Congo (Democratic Republic)  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_825437

Efe pygmies : archers of the African rain forest / text and photographs by William F. Wheeler

Author:
Wheeler, William F (William Felix) 1943-  Search this
Subject:
Wheeler, William F (William Felix) 1943- Diaries  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : chiefly col. ill. ; 36 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Ituri Forest
Ituri Forest (Congo)
Date:
2000
Topic:
Social life and customs  Search this
Hunting and gathering societies  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_739452

A comparative ethnobotany of the Mbuti and Efe Hunter-gatherers in the Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of Congo / Hideaki Terashima and Mitsuo Ichikawa

Author:
Terashima, Hideaki  Search this
Ichikawa, Mitsuo  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Ituri Forest
Date:
2003
Topic:
Ethnobotany  Search this
Call number:
DT1 .A2589
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_756945

The Efe : fathers of the forest / Hank Luria

Author:
Luria, Hank  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Books
Date:
1992
Call number:
G1 .E93X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_664540

A reporter at large : the Ituri forest

Title:
Ituri forest
Author:
Shoumatoff, Alex  Search this
Physical description:
p. 107-117
Type:
Books
Place:
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Ituri Forest
Ituri Forest (Congo)
Date:
1984
Topic:
Pygmies  Search this
Call number:
VF-- Pygmies
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_664699

The Pygmies are being saved

Author:
Hallet, Jean Pierre 1927-  Search this
Physical description:
p. 10-12, 29 : col. ill
Type:
Books
Date:
1980
Call number:
VF-- Pygmies
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_664700

Rethinking methods and concepts of anthropological studies on African Pygmies' world view : the creator-God and the dead

Author:
Sawada, Masato  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Date:
2001
Topic:
Religion  Search this
Cosmology, Efe  Search this
Cosmology, Mbuti  Search this
Cosmology, Baka  Search this
Cosmology, Aka  Search this
Cosmology, Pygmy  Search this
Call number:
DT1 .A2589s
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_664911

The Efe : archers of the African rain forest

Author:
Bailey, Robert Converse  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1989
Topic:
Hunting  Search this
Bowhunting  Search this
Bow and arrow  Search this
Call number:
G1 .N27
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_519416

Ethnoarchaeology among the Efe pygmies, Zaïre : spatial organization of campsites

Author:
Fisher, John W  Search this
Strickland, Helen C  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1989
Topic:
Pygmy camps (Temporary settlements)  Search this
Dwellings  Search this
Social archaeology  Search this
Call number:
GN1 .A514
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_524365

Houses, clans, and cloth : modeling an inter-ethnic economy in Zaire

Author:
Grinker, Roy Richard 1961-  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Date:
1992
Topic:
Material culture  Search this
Pygmy bark cloth  Search this
Cultural assimilation  Search this
Call number:
GN2 .C855
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_528395

Two patterns of chorus among the Efe : forest hunter-gatherers in northeastern Zaïre--Why do they love to sing?

Author:
Sawada, Masato  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Date:
1990
Topic:
Music  Search this
Songs, Efe  Search this
Songs, Lese  Search this
Call number:
DT1 .A2589
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_537909

Houses in the rainforest : gender and ethnicity among the Lese and Efe in Zaire

Author:
Grinker, Roy Richard 1961-  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Date:
1997
Call number:
GN645 .P47 1997X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_550227

Efe barkcloth painting (photo essay)

Author:
Wheeler, William F (William Felix) 1943-  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Date:
1996
Topic:
Efe (Mbuti) painted bark cloth  Search this
Textile fabrics, Efe  Search this
Call number:
N1 .A258
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_559307

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