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John White Alexander papers

Creator:
Alexander, John White, 1856-1915  Search this
Names:
MacDowell Club of New York  Search this
Abbey, Edwin Austin, 1852-1911  Search this
Alexander, Elizabeth A., d. 1947  Search this
Carnegie, Andrew, 1835-1919  Search this
Chase, William Merritt, 1849-1916  Search this
Gibson, Charles Dana, 1867-1944  Search this
James McNeill Whistler, 1834-1903  Search this
James, Henry, 1843-1916  Search this
La Farge, John, 1835-1910  Search this
Levy, Florence N. (Florence Nightingale), 1870-1947  Search this
Millet, Francis Davis, 1846-1912  Search this
Remington, Frederic, 1861-1909  Search this
Stevenson, Robert Louis, 1850-1894  Search this
Extent:
11.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Awards
Interviews
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Medals
Date:
1775-1968
bulk 1870-1915
Summary:
The papers of the painter, muralist, and illustrator John White Alexander measure 11.9 linear feet and date from 1775 to 1968, with the bulk of materials dating from 1870 to 1915. Papers document Alexander's artistic career and many connections to figures in the art world through biographical documentation, correspondence (some illustrated), writings, 14 sketchbooks, additonal artwork and loose sketches, scrapbooks, photographs, awards and medals, artifacts, and other records. Also found is a souvenir engraving of a Mark Twain self-portrait.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of the painter, muralist, and illustrator John White Alexander measure 11.9 linear feet and date from 1775 to 1968, with the bulk of materials dating from 1870 to 1915. Papers document Alexander's artistic career and many connections to figures in the art world through biographical documentation, correspondence (some illustrated), writings, 14 sketchbooks, additonal artwork and loose sketches, scrapbooks, photographs, awards and medals, artifacts, and other records. Also found is a souvenir engraving of a Mark Twain self-portrait.

Biographical Information includes multiple essays related to Alexander, his family, and others in his circle. Also found is an extensive oral history of Alexander's wife Elizabeth conducted in 1928. Correspondence includes letters written by Alexander to his family from New York and Europe at the start of his career, and later letters from fellow artists, art world leaders, and portrait sitters of Alexander's. Significant correspondents include Charles Dana Gibson, Florence Levy, Frederick Remington, Robert Louis Stevenson, Henry James, John La Farge, Francis Davis Millet, and Andrew Carnegie. Correspondence includes some small sketches as enclosures and illustrated letters.

Certificates and records related to Alexander's career are found in Associations and Memberships, Legal and Financial Records, and Notes and Writings, which contain documentation of Alexander's paintings and exhibitions. Scattered documentation of Alexander's memberships in various arts association exists for the American Academy of Arts and Letters, the American Academy in Rome, the National Academy of Design, the Onteora Club in New York, the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Munich, Germany, the Ministère de L'Instruction Publique et des Beaux-Arts, the Union Internationale des Beaux Arts et des Lettres, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Notes and Writings include speeches written by Alexander, short stories and essays written by his wife, and articles by various authors about Alexander. Extensive documentation of the planning and construction of the Alexander Memorial Studio by the MacDowell Club is found, along with other awards, medals, and memorial resolutions adopted by arts organizations after Alexander's death.

Artwork includes fourteen sketchbooks with sketches related to Alexander's commercial illustration and cartooning, murals, paintings, and travels. Dozens of loose drawings and sketches are also found, along with two volumes and several dozen loose reproductions of artwork, among which are found fine prints by named printmakers. Many sketches are also interspersed throughout the correspondence. Eight Scrapbooks contain mostly clippings, but also scattered letters, exhbition catalogs, announcements, invitations, and photographs related to Alexander's career between 1877 and 1915. Additional Exhibition Catalogs and later clippings, as well as clippings related to the career of his wife and other subjects, are found in Printed Materials.

Photographs include many portraits of Alexander taken by accomplished photographers such as Zaida Ben-Yusuf, Aimé Dupont, Curtis Bell, Elizabeth Buehrmann, and several signed Miss Huggins, who may have been Estelle Huntington Huggins, a New York painter and photographer. Portraits of others include Alexander's friends William Merritt Chase and Edward Austin Abbey. Also found are photographs of groups, juries, family, friends, and studios in New York, Paris, and New Jersey, and a handful of scenic photographs of Polling, Bavaria, where Alexander had an early studio. A large number of photographs of works of art are found, many with annotations. Among the photographs of murals are a small collection of snapshots of the Carnegie Institute murals in progress. Miscellaneous artifacts include a palette, several printing plates, and an inscribed souvenir engraving of a self-portrait caricature of Mark Twain.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 11 series. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.

Series 1: Biographical Information, circa 1887-1968 (Box 1, OV 23; 0.1 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1870-1942 (Box 1; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Associations and Memberships, circa 1897-1918 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 4: Legal and Financial Records, 1775, 1896-1923 (Box 1; 5 folders)

Series 5: Notes and Writings, circa 1875-1943 (Boxes 1-2; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 6: Awards and Memorials, circa 1870-1944 (Box 2, OV 24; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1875-1915 (Boxes 2-3, 6, 14-16, OV 23; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 8: Scrapbooks, circa 1877-1915 (Boxes 17-22; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 9: Printed Materials, circa 1891-1945 (Boxes 3-4, OV 23; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 10: Photographs, circa 1870-1915 (Boxes 4-8, MGP 1-2, OV 25-43, RD 44-45; 4.2 linear feet)

Series 11: Artifacts, circa 1899-1915 (Box 6, artifact cabinet; 0.4 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
John White Alexander was born in 1856 in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania. He was orphaned at age five and taken in by relatives of limited means. When Alexander left school and began working at a telegraph company, the company's vice-president, former civil war Colonel Edward Jay Allen, took an interest in his welfare. Allen became his legal guardian, brought him into the Allen household, and saw that he finished Pittsburgh High School. At eighteen, he moved to New York City and was hired by Harper and Brothers as an office boy in the art department. He was soon promoted to apprentice illustrator under staff artists such as Edwin A. Abbey and Charles Reinhart. During his time at Harpers, Alexander was sent out on assignment to illustrate events such as the Philadelphia Centennial celebration in 1876 and the Pittsburgh Railroad Strike in 1877, which erupted in violence.

Alexander carefully saved money from his illustration work and traveled to Europe in 1877 for further art training. He first enrolled in the Royal Art Academy of Munich, Germany, but soon moved to the village of Polling, where a colony of American artists was at its peak in the late 1870s. Alexander established a painting studio there and stayed for about a year. Despite his absence from the Munich Academy, he won the medal of the drawing class for 1878, the first of many honors. While in Polling, he became acquainted with J. Frank Currier, Frank Duveneck, William Merritt Chase, and other regular visitors to the colony. He later shared a studio and taught a painting class in Florence with Duveneck and traveled to Venice, where he met James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Alexander returned to New York in 1881 and resumed his commercial artwork for Harpers and Century. Harpers sent him down the Mississippi river to complete a series of sketches. He also began to receive commissions for portraits, and in the 1880s painted Charles Dewitt Bridgman, a daughter of one of the Harper brothers, Parke Godwin, Thurlow Weed, Walt Whitman, and Oliver Wendell Holmes. Alexander met his wife Elizabeth, whose maiden name was also Alexander, through her father, James W. Alexander, who was sometimes mistaken for the artist. Elizabeth and John White Alexander married in 1887 and had a son, James, in 1888.

Alexander and his family sailed for France in 1890, where they became a part of the lively literary and artistic scene in Paris at the time. Among their many contacts there were Puvis de Chavannes, Auguste Rodin, and Whistler, who arrived in Paris shortly thereafter. Alexander absorbed the new aesthetic ideas around him such as those of the symbolists and the decorative style of art nouveau. Critics often note how such ideas are reflected in his boldly composed paintings of women from this period, who titles drew attention to the sensual and natural elements of the paintings. His first exhibition in Paris was three paintings at the Société Nationale des Beaux Arts in 1893, and by 1895 he has become a full member of the Société.

Independent and secession artist societies emerged throughout Europe during this period, and Alexander exhibited with several of them, including the Société Nouvelle in Paris, the Munich Secession, and the Vienna Secession. He was also elected an honorary member of the Royal Society of Belgian Artists and the Royal Society of British Painters in London. His exhibited works sold well, and his influence began to be felt back in the United States. Andrew Carnegie and John Beatty of the Carnegie Institute consulted closely with Alexander in the planning and execution of the first Carnegie International Exhibitions. Alexander also became active in supporting younger American artists who wanted to exhibit in Europe, a stance which resulted in his resignation from the Society of American Artists in Paris, which he felt had become a barrier to younger artists. His promotion of American art became an central aspect of his career for the remainder of his life, most visibly through his presidency of the National Academy of Design from 1909 until shortly before his death in 1915. He also served frequently on juries for high-profile exhibitions, and was a trustee at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the New York Public Library, and the national Institute of Arts and Letters. Around 1912, he helped to form the School Art League in New York, which provided art instruction to high school students.

Alexander returned to the United States nearly every summer while based in Paris, and among his commissioned paintings were murals for the newly-constructed Library of Congress, completed around 1896. In 1901, the Alexanders returned to New York permanently. The demand for portraits continued, and he had his first solo exhibition at the Durand-Ruel Galleries in 1902. Around 1905 he received a commission for murals at the new Carnegie Institute building in Pittsburgh for the astounding sum of $175,000. He created 48 panels there through 1908. During this period, the Alexanders spent summers in Onteora, New York, where Alexander painted his well-known "Sunlight" paintings. There they became friends and collaborators with the actress Maude Adams, with Alexander designing lighting and stage sets, and Elizabeth Alexander designing costumes for Adams' productions such as Peter Pan, the Maid of Orleans, and Chanticleer. The couple became known for their "theatricals" or tableaux, staged at the MacDowell Club and elsewhere, and Elizabeth Alexander continued her design career when her husband died in 1915.

Alexander left several commissions unfinished upon his death at age 59, including murals in Wisconsin, Ohio, and Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Elizabeth Alexander held a memorial exhibition at Arden Galleries a few months after his death, and a larger memorial exhibition was held by the Carnegie Institute in 1916. Alexander won dozens of awards for artwork in his lifetime, including the Lippincott Prize at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1899, the Gold Medal of Honor at the Paris Exposition Universelle in 1900, the Gold Medal at the Panama Pacific Exposition of 1901, and the Medal of the First Class at the Carnegie Institute International Exhibition in 1911. In 1923, the Alexander Memorial Studio was built at the MacDowell colony in New Hampshire to honor his memory.
Provenance:
Papers were donated in 1978 and 1981 by Irina Reed, Alexander's granddaughter and in 2017 by Elizabeth Reed, Alexander's great grandaughter.
Restrictions:
Use of the original papers requires an appointment. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.
Rights:
The John White Alexander papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Portrait painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Portrait painting -- 20th century  Search this
Portrait painting -- 19th century  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Portrait painting, American  Search this
Genre/Form:
Awards
Interviews
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Medals
Citation:
John White Alexander papers, 1775-1968, bulk 1870-1915. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.alexjohn
See more items in:
John White Alexander papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-alexjohn
Additional Online Media:

Chauve-Souris (program)

Artist:
Ralph Barton, 1891 - 1931  Search this
Sitter:
Nikita Balieff, 1877 - 3 Sep 1936  Search this
Al Jolson, 26 May 1886 - 23 Oct 1950  Search this
John Emerson, 1874 - 1956  Search this
Anita Loos, 26 Apr 1888 - 18 Aug 1981  Search this
Irving Berlin, 11 May 1888 - 22 Sep 1989  Search this
David Belasco, 25 Jul 1853 - 14 May 1931  Search this
Lenore Ulric, 21 Jul 1892 - 30 Dec 1970  Search this
John Barrymore, 15 Feb 1882 - 29 May 1942  Search this
Michael Strange, 1890 - 1950  Search this
Anna Pavlova, 1881 - 1931  Search this
Josef Hofmann, 20 Jan 1876 - 16 Feb 1957  Search this
Reina Belasco Gest, ? - 1948  Search this
John Drew, 13 Nov 1853 - 9 Jul 1927  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., 13 Sep 1887 - 12 Jul 1944  Search this
Maria Jeritza, 6 Oct 1887 - 10 Jul 1982  Search this
Giulio Gatti-Casazza, 3 Feb 1869 - 2 Sep 1940  Search this
Geraldine Farrar, 28 Feb 1882 - 11 Mar 1967  Search this
Mary Garden, 20 Feb 1874 - 3 Jan 1967  Search this
Elsie de Wolfe, 20 Dec 1865 - 12 Jul 1950  Search this
Arthur Brisbane, 12 Dec 1864 - 25 Dec 1936  Search this
Millicent Willson Hearst, 1882 - 1974  Search this
Henry Blackman Sell, 1889 - 1974  Search this
Condé Montrose Nast, 26 Mar 1873 - 19 Sep 1942  Search this
Irene Foote Castle, 7 Apr 1893 - 26 Jan 1969  Search this
Francis Welch Crowninshield, 24 Jun 1872 - 28 Dec 1947  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, 9 Jan 1875 - 18 Apr 1942  Search this
Kenneth MacGowan, 1888 - 1963  Search this
Alan Dale, 1861 - 1928  Search this
Ray Long, 1878 - 1935  Search this
Sam Bernard, 1863 - 1927  Search this
Marilyn Miller, 1 Sep 1898 - 7 Apr 1936  Search this
Ed Wynn, 9 Nov 1886 - 19 Jun 1966  Search this
Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman, 1870 - 1967  Search this
Charles Dana Gibson, 14 Sep 1867 - 29 Dec 1944  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott, 19 Jan 1887 - 23 Jan 1943  Search this
Mrs. Lydig Hoyt, 1890? - 1930?  Search this
Franklin Pierce Adams, 15 Nov 1881 - 23 Mar 1960  Search this
Neysa McMein, c. 1880 - 1949  Search this
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Percy Hunter Hammond, 1873 - 1936  Search this
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Ann Haven Morgan, 1882 - 1966  Search this
Robert Burns Mantle, 1873 - 1948  Search this
Anne Harriman Sands Rutherfurd Vanderbilt, ? - 1940  Search this
Willard Huntington Wright, 1888 - 11 Apr 1939  Search this
S. Jay Kaufman, 1886 - 1957  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope, 5 Jan 1882 - 20 Jun 1958  Search this
Walter Catlett, 1889 - 1960  Search this
Sophie Braslau, 1882 - 1935  Search this
Dorothy Gish, 1898 - 1968  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith, 22 Jan 1875 - 23 Jul 1948  Search this
Lillian Gish, 14 Oct 1893 - 27 Feb 1993  Search this
Elizabeth Marbury, 1856 - 1933  Search this
Leon Errol, 1881 - 1951  Search this
Zoe Akins, 1886 - 1958  Search this
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Lucrezia Bori, 1887 - 1960  Search this
Frances Alda, 1883 - 1952  Search this
Maude Adams, 11 Nov 1872 - 17 Jul 1953  Search this
John Francis McCormack, 14 Jun 1884 - 16 Sep 1945  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, 16 Apr 1889 - 25 Dec 1977  Search this
Marechal Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre, 1852 - 1931  Search this
Laurette Taylor, 1884 - 1946  Search this
Frances Starr, 1881 - 1973  Search this
Clare Consuelo Frewen Sheridan, 1885 - 1970  Search this
John Hartley Manners, 1870 - 1928  Search this
Albert Davis Lasker, 1880 - 1952  Search this
Samuel Lionel Rothafel, 9 Jul 1881 - 13 Jan 1936  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler, 2 Apr 1862 - 7 Dec 1947  Search this
Ralph Barton, 1891 - 1931  Search this
Jesse Louis Lasky, 1880 - 1958  Search this
Edward Ziegler, 1870 - 1966  Search this
William J. Guard, ? - 1932  Search this
Louis Untermeyer, 1885 - 1977  Search this
Jacob J. Shubert, 1880 - 1963  Search this
Levi Lee Shubert, c. 1872 - 1953  Search this
F. Ray Comstock, 1880 - 1949  Search this
Morris Gest, 1881 - 1942  Search this
Oliver Martin Sayler, 1887 - 1958  Search this
Boris Israelevich Anisfeld, 1879 - 1973  Search this
Robert Edmond Jones, 12 Dec 1887 - 26 Nov 1954  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner, 6 Mar 1885 - 25 Sep 1933  Search this
Stephen Rathbun, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Armand Veszy, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Andrés de Segurola, c. 1873 - 1953  Search this
Gennare Papi, 1886 - 1941  Search this
Raymond Hitchcock, 1865 - 1929  Search this
Adolph Zukor, 7 Jan 1873 - 10 Jun 1976  Search this
Robert Gilbert Welsh, 1869 - 1924  Search this
Fay Okell Bainter, 1893 - 1968  Search this
Lawrence Reamer, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Gertrude Hoffman, 1898 - 1955  Search this
Walter Johannes Damrosch, 30 Jan 1862 - 22 Dec 1950  Search this
Mary Nash, 1885 - 1976  Search this
Josef Willem Mengelberg, 1871 - 1951  Search this
Charles Darnton, 1870 - 1950  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn, 21 Feb 1867 - 20 Mar 1934  Search this
Frank Andrew Munsey, 1854 - 1925  Search this
Florenz Ziegfeld, 21 Mar 1867 - 22 Jul 1932  Search this
Artur Bodanzky, 1877 - 1939  Search this
Adolph Simon Ochs, 1858 - 1935  Search this
John Rumsey, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn, 30 May 1883 - 31 Dec 1955  Search this
George Simon Kaufman, 16 Nov 1889 - 2 Jun 1961  Search this
Lynn Fontanne, 6 Dec 1887 - 30 Jul 1983  Search this
Marcus Cook Connelly, 1890 - 1980  Search this
George Michael Cohan, 3 Jul 1878 - 5 Nov 1942  Search this
John MacMahon, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Henry Edward Krehbiel, 1854 - 1923  Search this
Dorothy Benjamin Caruso, ? - 1955  Search this
Jacob Ben-Ami, 1890 - 1977  Search this
Dorothy Dalton, 1893 - 1972  Search this
David Warfield, 28 Nov 1866 - 27 Jun 1951  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley, 15 Sep 1889 - 21 Nov 1945  Search this
Karl Kitchen, 1885 - 1935  Search this
Antonio Scotti, 1866 - 1936  Search this
Fannie Hurst, 19 Oct 1885 - 23 Feb 1968  Search this
Hugo Reisenfeld, c. 1883 - 1939?  Search this
Vera Fokina, 1886 - 1958  Search this
Michel Fokine, 1880 - 1942  Search this
Avery Hopwood, 28 May 1882 - 1 Jul 1946  Search this
Constance Talmadge, c. 1899 - 1973  Search this
Anna Fitziu, c. 1886 - 1967  Search this
Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt, 1880 - 1925  Search this
Frank Crane, 1861 - 1928  Search this
Jascha Heifetz, 2 Feb 1901 - 12 Dec 1987  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill, 16 Oct 1888 - 27 Nov 1953  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich, 10 Oct 1874 - 12 Dec 1947  Search this
Joseph Urban, 1872 - 1933  Search this
Arthur Hornblow, 1865 - 1942  Search this
Paul Meyer, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Elsie Janis, 1889 - 1956  Search this
Paul Block, 1877 - 1941  Search this
John Chipman Farrar, 1896 - 1974  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff, 2 Apr 1873 - 28 Mar 1943  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover, 10 Aug 1874 - 20 Oct 1964  Search this
John Golden, 1874 - 1955  Search this
Winchell Smith, 1871 - 1933  Search this
George Jay Gould, 1864 - 1923  Search this
Medium:
Color halftone on paper
Dimensions:
Image (Centerfold): 28.5cm x 44cm (11 1/4" x 17 5/16")
Sheet (Centerfold): 30.8cm x 46cm (12 1/8" x 18 1/8")
Cover: 30.8cm x 23.1cm (12 1/8" x 9 1/8")
Type:
Print
Date:
c. 1922
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Pince-nez  Search this
Caricature  Search this
Interior\Performing Arts\Theatrical  Search this
Architecture\Door  Search this
Architecture\Balcony  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Male  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Financier  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Performing Arts\Patron\Opera  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Visual Arts\Art Collector  Search this
Franklin Pierce Adams: Male  Search this
Franklin Pierce Adams: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Franklin Pierce Adams: Literature\Writer\Humorist  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Male  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Science and Technology\Engineer  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Commerce  Search this
Mary Nash: Female  Search this
Mary Nash: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope: Male  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope: Literature\Writer  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
Lillian Gish: Female  Search this
Lillian Gish: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Lillian Gish: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Lillian Gish: Oscar  Search this
Levi Lee Shubert: Male  Search this
Levi Lee Shubert: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Levi Lee Shubert: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Jacob J. Shubert: Male  Search this
Jacob J. Shubert: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Jacob J. Shubert: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Avery Hopwood: Male  Search this
Avery Hopwood: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Michel Fokine: Male  Search this
Michel Fokine: Performing Arts\Director  Search this
Michel Fokine: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
Michel Fokine: Performing Arts\Choreographer  Search this
Michel Fokine: Performing Arts\Dance Instructor  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith: Male  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith: Oscar  Search this
Florenz Ziegfeld: Male  Search this
Florenz Ziegfeld: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Florenz Ziegfeld: Performing Arts\Producer\Impresario  Search this
Willard Huntington Wright: Male  Search this
Willard Huntington Wright: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Art  Search this
Willard Huntington Wright: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Literary  Search this
Willard Huntington Wright: Literature\Writer\Detective  Search this
Oliver Martin Sayler: Male  Search this
Oliver Martin Sayler: Literature\Writer  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Male  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Literature\Writer  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Communications\Journalist  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer\Radio  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Cultural  Search this
Raymond Hitchcock: Male  Search this
Raymond Hitchcock: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Raymond Hitchcock: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Arthur Brisbane: Male  Search this
Arthur Brisbane: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Arthur Brisbane: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Arthur Brisbane: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
Marcus Cook Connelly: Male  Search this
Marcus Cook Connelly: Education\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
Marcus Cook Connelly: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Marcus Cook Connelly: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
John Drew: Male  Search this
John Drew: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
John Drew: Performing Arts\Theater Manager  Search this
John Emerson: Male  Search this
John Emerson: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
John Emerson: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Feodor Ivanovich Chaliapin: Male  Search this
Feodor Ivanovich Chaliapin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Fannie Hurst: Female  Search this
Fannie Hurst: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Fannie Hurst: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Fannie Hurst: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Male  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Literature\Writer  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Communications\Journalist\Editor  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Sports and Recreation  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Literature\Writer\Magazine article  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Literature\Writer\Humorist  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Frances Starr: Female  Search this
Frances Starr: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Frank Crane: Male  Search this
Frank Crane: Communications\Journalist  Search this
Frank Crane: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Male  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Dorothy Gish: Female  Search this
Dorothy Gish: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Male  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Oscar  Search this
John Francis McCormack: Male  Search this
John Francis McCormack: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Giulio Gatti-Casazza: Male  Search this
Giulio Gatti-Casazza: Performing Arts\Director\Opera  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Male  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Literature\Writer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Politics and Government\Public Official  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Magazine  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Politics and Government\Governor\Puerto Rico  Search this
Irene Foote Castle: Female  Search this
Irene Foote Castle: Performing Arts\Costume Designer  Search this
Irene Foote Castle: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
John Barrymore: Male  Search this
John Barrymore: Visual Arts\Artist\Sculptor  Search this
John Barrymore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
John Barrymore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
John Barrymore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
David Belasco: Male  Search this
David Belasco: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
David Belasco: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
David Belasco: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
David Belasco: Performing Arts\Theater Manager  Search this
David Belasco: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Male  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Ralph Barton: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Ralph Barton: Male  Search this
Ralph Barton: Visual Arts\Artist\Caricaturist  Search this
John Chipman Farrar: Male  Search this
John Chipman Farrar: Literature\Writer  Search this
John Chipman Farrar: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
John Chipman Farrar: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
John Chipman Farrar: Literature\Editor\Book  Search this
Leon Errol: Male  Search this
Leon Errol: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Robert Edmond Jones: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Robert Edmond Jones: Male  Search this
Robert Edmond Jones: Visual Arts\Designer  Search this
Robert Edmond Jones: Performing Arts\Scenographer  Search this
S. Jay Kaufman: Male  Search this
S. Jay Kaufman: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Boris Israelevich Anisfeld: Male  Search this
Boris Israelevich Anisfeld: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter  Search this
Boris Israelevich Anisfeld: Performing Arts\Scenographer  Search this
Jascha Heifetz: Male  Search this
Jascha Heifetz: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Violinist  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney: Female  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney: Visual Arts\Artist\Sculptor  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney: Visual Arts\Founder\Art Museum  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney: Visual Arts\Art Patron  Search this
Morris Gest: Male  Search this
Morris Gest: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Male  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Literature\Writer  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Communications\Journalist\Humorist  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Communications\Broadcast Journalist\Radio  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill: Male  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill: Nobel Prize  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
Anna Pavlova: Female  Search this
Anna Pavlova: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer\Ballet  Search this
Charles Darnton: Male  Search this
Charles Darnton: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Male  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Military\Army\Officer  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Education\Founder\School  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Visual Arts\Founder\Art Museum  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Humanities and Social Sciences\Archaeologist  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Military\Officer  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Visual Arts\Administrator\Art Museum\President  Search this
Maude Adams: Female  Search this
Maude Adams: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Maude Adams: Education\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
Adolph Simon Ochs: Male  Search this
Adolph Simon Ochs: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Adolph Simon Ochs: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Ed Wynn: Male  Search this
Ed Wynn: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Ed Wynn: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Ed Wynn: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Ed Wynn: Performing Arts\Performer\Television Personality  Search this
Ed Wynn: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer\Radio  Search this
Lynn Fontanne: Female  Search this
Lynn Fontanne: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Lynn Fontanne: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Lynn Fontanne: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Television  Search this
Lynn Fontanne: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Charles Dana Gibson: Male  Search this
Charles Dana Gibson: Literature\Writer  Search this
Charles Dana Gibson: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter  Search this
Charles Dana Gibson: Visual Arts\Artist\Illustrator  Search this
Mary Garden: Female  Search this
Mary Garden: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Maria Jeritza: Female  Search this
Maria Jeritza: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Adolph Zukor: Male  Search this
Adolph Zukor: Performing Arts\Producer  Search this
Adolph Zukor: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Adolph Zukor: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
George Simon Kaufman: Male  Search this
George Simon Kaufman: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
George Simon Kaufman: Performing Arts\Director\Theater  Search this
George Simon Kaufman: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
George Simon Kaufman: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Male  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Literature\Writer  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Education\Administrator  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Education\Administrator\University\President  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Politics and Government\Government Official\Presidential Advisor  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Humanities and Social Sciences\Philosopher  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Nobel Prize  Search this
Jacob Ben-Ami: Male  Search this
Jacob Ben-Ami: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
David Warfield: Male  Search this
David Warfield: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Male  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Nikita Balieff: Male  Search this
Nikita Balieff: Performing Arts\Director  Search this
Nikita Balieff: Visual Arts\Designer  Search this
Nikita Balieff: Performing Arts\Performer  Search this
Nikita Balieff: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Jesse Louis Lasky: Male  Search this
Jesse Louis Lasky: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Marilyn Miller: Female  Search this
Marilyn Miller: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Marilyn Miller: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer  Search this
Marilyn Miller: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Marilyn Miller: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
Samuel Lionel Rothafel: Male  Search this
Samuel Lionel Rothafel: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer\Radio  Search this
Samuel Lionel Rothafel: Performing Arts\Theater Manager  Search this
Samuel Lionel Rothafel: Performing Arts\Producer\Impresario  Search this
Sam Bernard: Male  Search this
Sam Bernard: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
Gertrude Hoffman: Female  Search this
Gertrude Hoffman: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
George Jay Gould: Male  Search this
George Jay Gould: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Financier  Search this
George Jay Gould: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
Walter Johannes Damrosch: Male  Search this
Walter Johannes Damrosch: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Walter Johannes Damrosch: Performing Arts\Director\Opera  Search this
Walter Johannes Damrosch: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Geraldine Farrar: Female  Search this
Geraldine Farrar: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Anita Loos: Female  Search this
Anita Loos: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Anita Loos: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Anita Loos: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Lenore Ulric: Female  Search this
Lenore Ulric: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Michael Strange: Female  Search this
Michael Strange: Literature\Writer  Search this
Michael Strange: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Reina Belasco Gest: Female  Search this
Reina Belasco Gest: Society and Social Change\Wife  Search this
Elsie de Wolfe: Female  Search this
Elsie de Wolfe: Society and Social Change\Hostess  Search this
Elsie de Wolfe: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Elsie de Wolfe: Visual Arts\Designer\Interior Designer  Search this
Millicent Willson Hearst: Female  Search this
Millicent Willson Hearst: Society and Social Change\Wife  Search this
Millicent Willson Hearst: Society and Social Change\Socialite  Search this
Henry Blackman Sell: Male  Search this
Henry Blackman Sell: Communications\Journalist\Editor  Search this
Condé Montrose Nast: Male  Search this
Condé Montrose Nast: Communications\Publisher\Magazine  Search this
Kenneth MacGowan: Male  Search this
Kenneth MacGowan: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Kenneth MacGowan: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Kenneth MacGowan: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Alan Dale: Male  Search this
Alan Dale: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Ray Long: Male  Search this
Ray Long: Communications\Journalist\Editor  Search this
Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman: Female  Search this
Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman: Literature\Writer  Search this
Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Suffragist  Search this
Mrs. Lydig Hoyt: Female  Search this
Neysa McMein: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Neysa McMein: Female  Search this
Doris Keane: Female  Search this
Doris Keane: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Percy Hunter Hammond: Male  Search this
Percy Hunter Hammond: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Moranzoni: Male  Search this
Ann Haven Morgan: Female  Search this
Ann Haven Morgan: Education\Educator  Search this
Robert Burns Mantle: Male  Search this
Robert Burns Mantle: Literature\Writer  Search this
Robert Burns Mantle: Literature\Editor\Book  Search this
Robert Burns Mantle: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Anne Harriman Sands Rutherfurd Vanderbilt: Female  Search this
Anne Harriman Sands Rutherfurd Vanderbilt: Society and Social Change\Wife  Search this
Walter Catlett: Male  Search this
Walter Catlett: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Sophie Braslau: Female  Search this
Sophie Braslau: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Elizabeth Marbury: Female  Search this
Elizabeth Marbury: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Elizabeth Marbury: Performing Arts\Agent\Theatrical  Search this
Zoe Akins: Female  Search this
Zoe Akins: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Zoe Akins: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Zoe Akins: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Zoe Akins: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
Lucrezia Bori: Female  Search this
Lucrezia Bori: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Lucrezia Bori: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Soprano  Search this
Frances Alda: Female  Search this
Frances Alda: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Marechal Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre: Male  Search this
Marechal Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre: Military\Army\Officer  Search this
Marechal Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre: Politics and Government\Statesman\French  Search this
Laurette Taylor: Female  Search this
Laurette Taylor: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Clare Consuelo Frewen Sheridan: Female  Search this
Clare Consuelo Frewen Sheridan: Visual Arts\Artist\Sculptor  Search this
Clare Consuelo Frewen Sheridan: Literature\Writer  Search this
John Hartley Manners: Male  Search this
John Hartley Manners: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
John Hartley Manners: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Albert Davis Lasker: Male  Search this
Albert Davis Lasker: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Albert Davis Lasker: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Advertising  Search this
Edward Ziegler: Male  Search this
Edward Ziegler: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Music  Search this
William J. Guard: Male  Search this
William J. Guard: Communications\Journalist  Search this
Louis Untermeyer: Male  Search this
Louis Untermeyer: Literature\Writer  Search this
Louis Untermeyer: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Louis Untermeyer: Literature\Editor\Book  Search this
F. Ray Comstock: Male  Search this
F. Ray Comstock: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Stephen Rathbun: Male  Search this
Armand Veszy: Male  Search this
Andrés de Segurola: Male  Search this
Andrés de Segurola: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician  Search this
Gennare Papi: Male  Search this
Gennare Papi: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Robert Gilbert Welsh: Male  Search this
Robert Gilbert Welsh: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Fay Okell Bainter: Female  Search this
Fay Okell Bainter: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Fay Okell Bainter: Oscar  Search this
Lawrence Reamer: Male  Search this
Josef Willem Mengelberg: Male  Search this
Josef Willem Mengelberg: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Frank Andrew Munsey: Male  Search this
Frank Andrew Munsey: Communications\Publisher\Magazine  Search this
Frank Andrew Munsey: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Artur Bodanzky: Male  Search this
Artur Bodanzky: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Artur Bodanzky: Performing Arts\Director\Opera  Search this
Artur Bodanzky: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
John Rumsey: Male  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn: Male  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Magazine  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn: Communications\Translator  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Literary  Search this
John MacMahon: Male  Search this
Henry Edward Krehbiel: Male  Search this
Henry Edward Krehbiel: Literature\Writer  Search this
Henry Edward Krehbiel: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Music  Search this
Dorothy Benjamin Caruso: Female  Search this
Dorothy Benjamin Caruso: Society and Social Change\Wife  Search this
Dorothy Dalton: Female  Search this
Dorothy Dalton: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Karl Kitchen: Male  Search this
Karl Kitchen: Literature\Writer  Search this
Antonio Scotti: Male  Search this
Antonio Scotti: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt: Male  Search this
Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt: Sports and Recreation\Athlete\Equestrian  Search this
Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt: Sports and Recreation\Promoter  Search this
Hugo Reisenfeld: Male  Search this
Hugo Reisenfeld: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Hugo Reisenfeld: Performing Arts\Theater Manager  Search this
Vera Fokina: Female  Search this
Vera Fokina: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
Vera Fokina: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer\Ballet  Search this
Constance Talmadge: Female  Search this
Constance Talmadge: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Anna Fitziu: Female  Search this
Anna Fitziu: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Anna Fitziu: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Soprano  Search this
Joseph Urban: Male  Search this
Joseph Urban: Visual Arts\Architect  Search this
Joseph Urban: Performing Arts\Director\Opera  Search this
Joseph Urban: Performing Arts\Scenographer  Search this
Arthur Hornblow: Male  Search this
Arthur Hornblow: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
Arthur Hornblow: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Paul Meyer: Male  Search this
Elsie Janis: Female  Search this
Elsie Janis: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Elsie Janis: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
Paul Block: Male  Search this
Paul Block: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Paul Block: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive  Search this
John Golden: Male  Search this
John Golden: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter  Search this
John Golden: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
John Golden: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Winchell Smith: Male  Search this
Winchell Smith: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Winchell Smith: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Irving Berlin: Male  Search this
Irving Berlin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter  Search this
Irving Berlin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist  Search this
Irving Berlin: Military\Army  Search this
Irving Berlin: Oscar  Search this
Irving Berlin: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Irving Berlin: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Francis Welch Crowninshield: Male  Search this
Francis Welch Crowninshield: Communications\Publisher\Magazine  Search this
Francis Welch Crowninshield: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Magazine  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff: Male  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff: Education\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Al Jolson: Male  Search this
Al Jolson: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Al Jolson: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer  Search this
Al Jolson: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Bruce Kellner
Object number:
S/NPG.92.12
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.92.12

Everett Shinn collection

Creator:
Shinn, Everett, 1876-1953  Search this
Names:
Washington Park Studio  Search this
Bigelow, Poultney, b. 1855  Search this
Calder, Alexander Stirling, 1870-1945  Search this
De Wolfe, Elsie, 1865-1950  Search this
Dreiser, Theodore, 1871-1945  Search this
Eddy, H. B.  Search this
Fitch, Clyde, 1865-1909  Search this
Gibson, Charles Dana, 1867-1944  Search this
Glackens, William J., 1870-1938  Search this
Haggin, Ben Ali, 1882-1951  Search this
Hegan, Colonel  Search this
Henfold, Oliver  Search this
Henri, Robert, 1865-1929  Search this
Lawson, Ernest, 1873-1939  Search this
Luks, George Benjamin, 1867-1933  Search this
Marlowe, Julia, 1865-1950  Search this
Nolan, Philip  Search this
Rains, Claude, 1889-1967  Search this
Sale, Chic  Search this
Scovel, Florence  Search this
Sloan, John, 1871-1951  Search this
Warrick, Ruth  Search this
Wollcott, Alexander  Search this
Young, Mahonri Mackintosh, 1877-1957  Search this
Photographer:
Grove, William  Search this
Extent:
3.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Notes
Illustrated letters
Poems
Date:
1877-1958
Summary:
The collected papers of Everett Shinn measure 3.1 linear feet and date from 1877 to 1958. Found within the papers are biographical material; correspondence with friends and colleagues; personal business records; art work, including two sketchbooks of designs for Belasco's Stuyvesant Theatre; notes and writings; eight scrapbooks; printed material; and numerous photographs of Shinn, his colleagues, and his work.
Scope and Contents note:
The collected papers of Everett Shinn measure 3.1 linear feet and date from 1877 to 1958. Found within the papers are biographical material; correspondence with friends and colleagues; personal business records; art work, including two sketchbooks of designs for Belasco's Stuyvesant Theatre; notes and writings; eight scrapbooks; printed material; and numerous photographs of Shinn, his colleagues, and his work.

Biographical material includes miscellaneous biographical accounts and a membership certificate from the American Watercolor Society.

Correspondence consists of letters from Shinn's friends and colleagues, primarily from author Poultney Bigelow. There are also letters from decorator Elsie De Wolfe, dramatist Clyde Fitch, and artists Charles Dana Gibson, William Glackens, and George Luks, whose letters are illustrated. There are scattered letters from A. Stirling Calder, Theodore Dreiser, Robert Henri, Ernest Lawson, Julia Marlowe, Claude Rains, Ruth Warrick, Alexander Woollcott, and Mahonri Young.

Personal business records consist of two account books recording art work used in publications and loaned for exhibitions, and miscellaneous invoices.

Artwork consists of two sketchbooks of designs for the Stuyvesant Theatre murals and miscellaneous drawings by Shinn. Artwork by others, including H. B. Eddy, James Ben Ali Haggin, Colonel Hegan, Oliver Henfold, George Luks, and Philip Nolan, consist primarily of caricatures.

Notes and writings include a handwritten draft of Shinn's play Hazel Weston or More Sinned Against Than Usual, notes for a book on art, poems, and typescripts by Shinn including "Plush and Cut Glass," a book about George Luks.

Eight scrapbooks primarily contain clippings. Scrapbook 2 contains clippings, exhibition catalogs, a note from Stuart Benson, an illustrated postcard from Ed, and scattered photographs.

Additional printed material is primarily comprised of clippings, but there are also exhibition announcements and catalogs for Shinn, reproductions of art work, booklets, and miscellaneous printed material. Rare programs for plays written by Shinn list cast members, including Wilfred Buckland, Edith Glackens, William J. Glackens, James Ben Ali Haggin, Robert Henri, J. E. Laub, Thomas Newell Metcalf, James M. Preston, Florence Scovel Shinn, and John Sloan.

Numerous photographs are found within the collection and depict Shinn as a boy, in various Philadelphia newspaper offices, in costume for stage performances, at the easel, and with colleagues, including Robert Henri and John Sloan. Photographs of colleagues also include author Poultney Bigelow, decorator Elsie De Wolfe, portrait painter James Ben Ali Haggin, actress Julia Marlowe, and Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts classmates William Glackens and Florence Scovel. There are also photographs of Shinn's residences, exhibition installations, set designs and stagings of plays, murals, and other art work.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged as 8 series:

Series 1: Biographical material, 1953 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1899-1952 (Box 1, 4; 61 folders)

Series 3: Personal business records, 1898-1928 (Box 1; 3 folders)

Series 4: Artwork, 1893-1928 (Box 1, 4, OV 6; 10 folders)

Series 5: Notes and writings, 1922-1951 (Box 1; 9 folders)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, 1898-1952 (Box 1, 2, 4, BV 5; 21 folders)

Series 7: Printed material, 1894-1958 (Box 2, 4; 21 folders)

Series 8: Photographs, 1877-1950 (Box 2-4, OV 7; 1.3 linear feet)
Biographical/Historical note:
Everett Shinn (1876-1953) was a painter, muralist, illustrator, and theatrical scene designer who worked primarily in New York City. Shinn was a member of "The Eight," a group of painters known for their realistic portrayal of American urban life.

Everett Shinn was born on November 6, 1876 in Woodstown, New Jersey, the son of Isaiah and Josephine Ransley Shinn. He attended Quaker schools until 1890 when he went to the Spring Garden Institute in Philadelphia, studying engineering and industrial design until 1893.

Shinn enrolled at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts between 1893 and 1897. During this time he was hired as an artist-reporter for the Philadelphia Press, the Inquirer, and the Ledger. He also forged his friendships with painters George Luks, John Sloan, William J. Glackens, and Robert Henri, all future members of "The Eight."

Shinn moved to New York City in 1897 and quickly found employment as an illustrator for the newspaper The World. In 1898, he married Florence Scovel, the first of his four wives. In 1900, he traveled to England and France, and was later employed by Harper's Weekly. Shinn befriended decorator Elsie De Wolf and architect Stanford White, and designed and executed murals for the homes of their clients. Shinn created eighteen mural panels for David Belasco's Stuyvesant Theatre that opened in 1907, and murals for the Council Room of the Trenton, New Jersey City Hall in 1911. His most notable murals were created for the Oak Room of New York's Plaza Hotel in the 1940s.

In 1908, Shinn participated in the seminal group exhibition of "The Eight" at Macbeth Gallery. In 1911, he was included in the Exhibition of Independent Artists, and was invited to send works to the International Exhibition of Modern Art, better known as the Armory Show, in 1913, but for an unknown reason, declined. Shinn exhibited regularly and his works are in the collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Delaware Art Museum, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the Whitney Museum of American Art, among others.

Throughout his career Shinn was fascinated by the theater and the act of performance, which he made the subject of many of his works. He also wrote, directed, and performed in his own plays. Between 1917 and 1920, Shinn worked as an art director for Sam Goldwin at Goldwyn Pictures. He also worked for Inspiration Pictures from 1920 to 1923, and for William Randolph Hearst at Cosmopolitan Pictures in 1923. He divorced Florence Scovel in 1912, and married Corinne Baldwin in 1913, with whom he had two children, Janet and Davidson. He divorced again in 1921, married Gertrude Chase in 1924, and divorced again in 1932. In 1933, Shinn married his fourth wife, Paula Downing; they divorced in 1942.

From 1935 to 1939, he covered a murder trial for the Boston Traveler, exhibited his work at the Whitney Museum of American Art, and won a prize for watercolor at an exhibition at the Chicago Art Institute. In the 1940s Shinn participated in exhibitions at the Brooklyn Museum, Carnegie Institute in Pittsburgh, Philadelphia Museum of Art, and at the American-British Art Center. In 1949, Shinn was made an Academician of the National Academy of Design, and in 1951, he was inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

Everett Shinn died on May 1, 1953 in New York City.
Related Archival Materials note:
Additional Everett Shinn papers are available at the Helen Farr Sloan Library, Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, Delaware.
Provenance:
The bulk of the Everett Shinn collection was acquired via purchase from art dealer Thurston Thatcher between 1958-1964. Art collector Howard Lipman donated additional material in 1962. Five negatives of Shinn's work were donated in 1969 by Dr. Milton Luria, an acquaintance of Shinn's son, Davidson. The photograph of Everett Shinn, John Sloan, and Robert Henri was donated on an unknown date by an unidentified donor. The handwritten draft of Shinn's play Hazel Weston or More Sinned Against Than Usual was acquired via auction purchase in 2011.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Everett Shinn collection is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Theaters -- Stage-setting and scenery  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Stage designers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Notes
Illustrated letters
Poems
Citation:
Everett Shinn collection, 1877-1958. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.shinever
See more items in:
Everett Shinn collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-shinever
Additional Online Media:

Americans / drawn by Charles Dana Gibson

Illustrator:
Gibson, Charles Dana 1867-1944  Search this
Signer:
Gibson, Charles Dana 1867-1944 DSI  Search this
Russell, Robert Howard DSI  Search this
Publisher:
R.H. Russell (Firm)  Search this
Printer:
J.W. Pratt Co.  Search this
Subject:
Gibson, Charles Dana 1867-1944  Search this
Physical description:
[88] pages : all illustrations ; 30 x 46 cm
Type:
Books
Pictorial works
Humor
Place:
United States
Date:
1900
1865-1918
Topic:
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
American wit and humor, Pictorial  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.G448x R9a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_371748

James Montgomery Flagg

Artist:
Charles Dana Gibson, 14 Sep 1867 - 29 Dec 1944  Search this
Sitter:
James Montgomery Flagg, 18 Jun 1877 - 27 May 1960  Search this
Medium:
Pen and ink on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 25.4 × 20cm (10 × 7 7/8")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1944
Topic:
Caricature  Search this
James Montgomery Flagg: Male  Search this
James Montgomery Flagg: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter  Search this
James Montgomery Flagg: Visual Arts\Artist\Illustrator  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Everett Raymond Kinstler
Object number:
NPG.90.108
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.90.108

Welcome home, a dinner to Theodore Roosevelt, June twenty second, nineteen hundred and ten, at Sherry's New York

Title:
June 22, 1910 Tribute to Teddy Roosevelt DSI
Former owner:
Guggenheim, Henry DSI  Search this
Illustrator:
Parrish, Maxfield 1870-1966  Search this
Kemble, E. W (Edward Windsor) 1861-1933  Search this
Gibson, Charles Dana 1867-1944  Search this
McCutcheon, John T (John Tinney) 1870-1949  Search this
Cooper, Fred G (Frederic Gross) 1883-1962  Search this
Richards, F. T (Frederick Thompson) 1864-1921  Search this
Wright, George Hand 1872-1951  Search this
Penfield, Edward 1866-1925  Search this
Author:
Russell E. Train Africana Collection (Smithsonian Libraries) DSI  Search this
Subject:
Roosevelt, Theodore 1858-1919  Search this
Physical description:
[31] p. : ill., map, ports. ; 28 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Date:
1910
C1910
Call number:
E757 .W44 1910
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_786301

The social ladder / drawings by Charles Dana Gibson

Author:
Gibson, Charles Dana 1867-1944  Search this
Bookseller:
Smith, Ray  Search this
Subject:
Gibson, Charles Dana 1867-1944  Search this
Physical description:
[79] p. ; all ill. ; 30 x 45 cm
Type:
Caricatures and cartoons
Place:
United States
Date:
1902
Topic:
Drawing, American  Search this
Social status  Search this
Call number:
NC1075.G6X 1902
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_412000

Eighty drawings : including The weaker sex, the story of a susceptible bachelor / by Charles Dana Gibson

Author:
Gibson, Charles Dana 1867-1944  Search this
Physical description:
[76] p. : chiefly ill. ; 29 x 46 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1903
Topic:
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.G448x S4
N40.1.G448xS4
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_336593

Drawings, by Charles Dana Gibson

Author:
Gibson, Charles Dana 1867-1944  Search this
Bookseller:
Smith, Ray  Search this
Subject:
Gibson, Charles Dana 1867-1944  Search this
Physical description:
[88] p. illus. 30 x 46 cm
Type:
Caricatures and cartoons
Place:
United States
Date:
1894
[c1894]
Topic:
Drawing, American  Search this
Social status  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.G448x R9
N40.1.G448xR9
NC1075.G4X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_336660

Pictures of people / by Charles Dana Gibson

Author:
Gibson, Charles Dana 1867-1944  Search this
Subject:
Gibson, Charles Dana 1867-1944  Search this
Physical description:
[84] p. : all ill. ; 30 x 45 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1898
Topic:
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.G448x R9p
N40.1.G448xR9p
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_339841

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