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Tannigen

Maker:
Winthrop Chemical Company  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 3 1/8 in x 1 1/2 in; 7.9375 cm x 3.81 cm
Object Name:
Acetannin
pharmaceutical
Date made:
ca 1926
Credit Line:
Gift of The Bayer Company; Accession number 93252 (1926)
ID Number:
MG.M-02173
Catalog number:
M-02173
Accession number:
93252
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_724787

Sterling Drug, Inc. Records

Creator:
Sterling Drug, Inc.  Search this
Winthrop Chemical Company  Search this
Bayer Company  Search this
Donor:
History Factory (Chantilly, Virginia)  Search this
History Factory (Chantilly, Virginia)  Search this
Names:
Eastman Kodak Co.  Search this
Extent:
120 Cubic feet (261 boxes, 16 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Brochures
Advertisements
Manuals
Catalogs
Price lists
Financial records
Photographs
Press releases
Newsletters
Clippings
Date:
1867-1993
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains domestic and foreign advertising for both pharmaceutical and consumer health care products; sales and marketing materials for pharmaceuticals aimed at physicians, such as brochures, package inserts, reports, catalogs, price lists, manuals; the company's business and administrative papers, including annual reports, news releases, clippings, newsletters and publications, financial and corporate files, histories, and photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into four series. In most instances, original folder titles were retained. In circumstances where there was no folder title, the processing archivist created one derived from the nature of the materials. The contents of some folders were combined.

Series 1: Products, 1946-1948

Series 2: Advertising, 1902-1984

Series 3: Sales and Marketing, 1881-1979

Series 4: Corporate, 1896-1993
Historical:
Sterling Drug was founded in Wheeling, West Virginia in 1901 by two childhood friends, William E. Weiss and Albert H. Diebold, to manufacture and sell a pain-relieving preparation called "Neuralgine." The company's original name was Neuralgyline. Within a few years, Weiss and Diebold realized that expansion required more product lines and that this would be best obtained by acquisition. This policy continued throughout the life of the organization. At least 130 companies were acquired directly or indirectly between 1902 and 1986. In 1913, Weiss and Diebold established intangible assets (trademarks, patents, and copyrights) and tangible assets (offices and plants). By 1914, the company set-up proprietary agencies for overseas trading. Weiss and Diebold changed the name of the company in 1917 from Neuralgyline, which was difficult to say, to Sterling Products.

Sterling Products benefited from World War I. Because supplies of drugs from Germany were cutoff by the Allied blockade, they established the Winthrop Company to manufacture the active ingredients. After the war, Sterling acquired the American Bayer Company in December 1918. They established a separate subsidiary, the Bayer Company, to market Bayer Aspirin. During the 1930s, Winthrop made Sterling a leader in the pharmaceutical field with such renowned products as Luminal, the original phenobarbitol; Salvarsan and Neo-Salvarsan, the first effective drugs in the treatment of syphilis; Prontosil, the first of the sulfa drugs; and Atabrine, the synthetic antimalarial that replaced quinine during World War II. The company expanded overseas in 1938, and eventually operated about seventy plants in about forty countries. Sterling was especially profitable in Latin America. By 1942, the use of Sterling Products as a name was confusing and could not be licensed to conduct business in some states. Therefore, the company namechanged to Sterling Drug, Inc.

In 1988, in order to avoid a hostile takeover by Hofmann-LaRoche, Sterling became a division of Eastman Kodak and remained one until 1994 when Kodak disposed of its health-related businesses. This left Sterling broken up with Sanofi purchasing Sterling's ethical business; Nycomed of Norway purchasing the diagnostic imaging; and SmithKline Beecham purchasing the worldwide over-the counter pharmaceutical business.

Source

Collins, Joseph C. and John R. Gwilt. "The Life Cycle of Sterling Drug, Inc." Bulletin for the History of Chemistry, Volume 25, Number 1, 2000.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

NW Ayer and Sons Incorporated Advertising Agency Records (AC0059)

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series: Patent Medicines (NMAH.AC.0060)

Parke-Davis Company Records (NMAH.AC.0001)

Norwich Eaton Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Records (NMAH.AC.0329)

Syntex Collection of Pharmaceutical Advertisements (NMAH.AC.0821)

Garfield & Company Records (NMAH.AC.0820)

Materials at the National Museum of American History

Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collection

Division of Medicine and Science holds artifacts related to Sterling Drug, Inc. that include a banner, flag, product packaging, memorabilia, a colander, and a soap dispenser. See accessions 2001.0314, 2004.0129, and 2018.5001.
Provenance:
Collection donated to the Archives Center by the History Factory through Bruce Weindruch (President and CEO), in 2001.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research, but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Antibiotics  Search this
Anesthesia  Search this
advertising  Search this
Analgesics  Search this
Barbiturates  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Pharmaceutical industry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records -- 20th century
Brochures
Advertisements -- 20th century
Manuals
Catalogs
Price lists
Financial records
Photographs -- 20th century
Press releases
Newsletters -- 20th century
Clippings
Citation:
Sterling Drug, Inc. Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0772
See more items in:
Sterling Drug, Inc. Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0772
Additional Online Media:

pHisoHex

Collection Creator:
Sterling Drug, Inc.  Search this
Winthrop Chemical Company  Search this
Bayer Company  Search this
Collection Donor:
History Factory (Chantilly, Virginia)  Search this
Container:
Box 95, Folder 17-19
Box 96, Folder 1-3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Includes images of doctors, teenagers (with acne), nurses, infants, and people washing their hands and face.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research, but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Sterling Drug, Inc. Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Sterling Drug, Inc. Records
Sterling Drug, Inc. Records / Series 3: Sales and Marketing / 3.1: Physician Sales Materials (product information)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0772-ref2733

Bayer Aspirin

Maker:
Bayer Company, Inc.  Search this
Glenbrook Laboratories, Division of Sterling Drug Inc.  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 3/8 in x 1 7/8 in x 1 1/2 in; .9525 cm x 4.7625 cm x 3.81 cm
Object Name:
otc preparation
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
c. 1990
Subject:
Pain & Neuralgia Drugs  Search this
ID Number:
2004.0129.83
Patent number:
3,888,350
Accession number:
2004.0129
Catalog number:
2004.0129.83
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1278799

Thyresol

Maker:
Friedr Bayer and Co.  Search this
Bayer Company, Inc.  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 7.5 cm x 4.7 cm x 2.5 cm; 2 15/16 in x 1 7/8 in x in
box: 3 1/8 in x 2 1/4 in x 1 1/8 in; 7.9375 cm x 5.715 cm x 2.8575 cm
bottle: 2 7/8 in x 1 5/8 in x 7/8 in; 7.3025 cm x 4.1275 cm x 2.2225 cm
Object Name:
Pharmaceutical
pharmaceutical
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
ca. 1920
Subject:
Sterling Drug Collection  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of The History Factory
ID Number:
2001.0314.527
Accession number:
2001.0314
Catalog number:
2001.0314.527q
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1218342

Sajodin

Maker:
Bayer Company, Inc.  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 7 cm x 2 cm; 2 3/4 in x 13/16 in
overall: 2 3/4 in x 7/8 in; 6.985 cm x 2.2225 cm
Object Name:
otc preparation
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
c. 1917
Subject:
Sterling Drug Collection  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of The History Factory
ID Number:
2001.0314.574
Accession number:
2001.0314
Catalog number:
2001.0314.574
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1218723

Guaiacose

Maker:
Bayer Company  Search this
Winthrop Chemical Company  Search this
Physical Description:
liquid guaiacol somatose (drug active ingredients)
Measurements:
overall: 14.3 cm x 6.4 cm x 3.4 cm; 5 5/8 in x 2 1/2 in x 1 5/16 in
Object Name:
otc preparation
Place Made:
United States: New York, New York City
United States: New York, Rensselaer
Date made:
after 1927
Subject:
Respiratory & Asthma Drugs  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. Edward Mogull
ID Number:
MG.M-12151.20
Accession number:
271464
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Health & Medicine
Balm of America
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_715567

Adalin

Associated Name:
Winthrop Chemical Company  Search this
Bayer  Search this
Maker:
Winthrop Chemical Company  Search this
Physical Description:
carbromal (drug ingredients)
glass (bottle material)
white, red, blue (label color)
Measurements:
overall: 8 cm x 3.5 cm; 3 1/8 in x 1 3/8 in
overall: 3 1/4 in x 1 3/8 in; 8.255 cm x 3.4925 cm
Object Name:
Pharmaceutical
pharmaceutical
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
ca 1926
Subject:
Psychiatric Drug  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of The Bayer Company; Accession number 93252 (1926)
ID Number:
MG.M-02174
Catalog number:
M-02174
Accession number:
93252
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_715045
Additional Online Media:

Luminal

Maker:
Winthrop Chemical Company  Search this
Physical Description:
phenobarbital (drug ingredient)
glass (bottle material)
Measurements:
overall: 7.8 cm x 3.5 cm; 3 1/16 in x 1 3/8 in
overall: 3 1/8 in x 1 1/2 in; 7.9375 cm x 3.81 cm
Object Name:
Pharmaceutical
pharmaceutical
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
ca 1926
Subject:
Psychiatric Drug  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of The Bayer Company; Accession number 93252 (1926)
ID Number:
MG.M-02177
Catalog number:
M-02177
Accession number:
93252
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_716248
Additional Online Media:

Chaulmestrol

Maker:
Winthrop Chemical Company  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 3 1/4 in x 1 1/2 in; 8.255 cm x 3.81 cm
Object Name:
Ethyl Esters of Chaulmoogra Oil
pharmaceutical
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
ca 1926
Credit Line:
Gift of The Bayer Company; Accession number 93252 (1926)
ID Number:
MG.M-02176
Catalog number:
M-02176
Accession number:
93252
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_718461

Bayer Aspirin Tablets

Maker:
Bayer Company, Inc.  Search this
Physical Description:
metal (container material)
aspirin (monoaceticacidester of salicylicacid), 5 gr (drug active ingredients)
Measurements:
overall: 3/8 in x 1 7/8 in x 1 3/8 in; .9525 cm x 4.7625 cm x 3.4925 cm
Object Name:
otc preparation
Place made:
United States: New York, Rensselaer
Date made:
ca 1917
ID Number:
MG.314637.12600
Catalog number:
314637.12600
Accession number:
314637
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Health & Medicine
American Enterprise
Exhibition:
American Enterprise
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1422653
Additional Online Media:

Bayer-Tablets of Aspirin

Maker:
Bayer Company, Inc.  Search this
Physical Description:
acetylsalicylic acid, 5 grains per tablet (drug active ingredient)
Measurements:
overall: 3/8 in x 13 7/8 in x 1 3/8 in; .9525 cm x 35.2425 cm x 3.4925 cm
Object Name:
otc preparation
Place made:
United States: New York, Rensselaer
Date made:
ca 1930
Credit Line:
Gift of Doris H. Bratten (Mrs. Roscoe C. Bratten, D.D.S.)
ID Number:
MG.312608.342
Catalog number:
312608.342
Accession number:
312608
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Health & Medicine
American Enterprise
Exhibition:
American Enterprise
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_730633
Additional Online Media:

Bayer Tablets of Aspirin

Maker:
Bayer Company  Search this
Physical Description:
acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) 5 grs. per tablet (drug active ingredients)
Measurements:
overall: 2 3/4 in x 1 5/8 in x 7/8 in; 6.985 cm x 4.1275 cm x 2.2225 cm
Object Name:
otc preparation
Place Made:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
ca 1925
Subject:
Pain & Neuralgia Drugs  Search this
ID Number:
MG.293320.0712
Accession number:
293320
Catalog number:
293320.0712
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Health & Medicine
Balm of America
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1301319
Additional Online Media:

Blues on Cheviot, The Bayer Company, Inc.

Maker:
Bayer Company, Inc.  Search this
Manufacturer:
Bayer  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
wool fabric (overall material)
cardboard, fabric covered (overall material)
Object Name:
sample book, dyestuffs
sample book, dyestuffs
sample book
Manufacturer:
United States: Massachusetts, Boston
Date made:
1900-1914
ID Number:
2017.0234.03
Catalog number:
2017.0234.03
Accession number:
2017.0234
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1847548

Phenacetin

Maker:
Winthrop Chemical Company  Search this
Bayer Company, Inc.  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 7.5 cm x 4.5 cm x 2.5 cm; 2 15/16 in x 1 3/4 in x in
box: 3 in x 1 3/4 in x 1 in; 7.62 cm x 4.445 cm x 2.54 cm
bottle: 2 1/2 in x 1 5/8 in x 3/4 in; 6.35 cm x 4.1275 cm x 1.905 cm
Object Name:
Pharmaceutical
pharmaceutical
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Canada: Ontarian, Windsor
United States: New York, Rensselaer
Date made:
ca. 1920
Subject:
Sterling Drug Collection  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of The History Factory
ID Number:
2001.0314.028
Accession number:
2001.0314
Catalog number:
2001.0314.028
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1216430

Betaxin ampules; Betaxina

Maker:
I.G. Farbenindustrie AG  Search this
Bayer Company, Inc.  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 4 cm x 5 cm x 2 cm; 1 9/16 in x 1 15/16 in x 13/16 in
Object Name:
Pharmaceutical
Date made:
ca. 1920s
Subject:
Sterling Drug Collection  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of The History Factory
ID Number:
2001.0314.190
Accession number:
2001.0314
Catalog number:
2001.0314.190
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1217009

Alypin

Maker:
Winthrop Chemical Company  Search this
Bayer Company, Inc.  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 6 cm x 3 cm; 2 3/8 in x 1 3/16 in
Object Name:
Pharmaceutical
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Canada: Ontarian, Windsor
United States: New York, Rensselaer
Date made:
ca. 1930
Subject:
Sterling Drug Collection  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of The History Factory
ID Number:
2001.0314.336
Accession number:
2001.0314
Catalog number:
2001.0314.336
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1217507

Alypin

Maker:
Winthrop Chemical Company  Search this
Bayer Company, Inc.  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 10 cm x 1.3 cm; 3 15/16 in x 1/2 in
Object Name:
Pharmaceutical
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Canada: Ontarian, Windsor
United States: New York, Rensselaer
Date made:
ca. 1930
Subject:
Sterling Drug Collection  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of The History Factory
ID Number:
2001.0314.337
Accession number:
2001.0314
Catalog number:
2001.0314.337
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1217509

Hydrastinin-hydrochloride "Bayer"

Maker:
Bayer Company, Inc.  Search this
Friedr Bayer and Co.  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 18 cm x 1.5 cm x 1.5 cm; 7 1/16 in x 9/16 in x 9/16 in
Object Name:
Pharmaceutical
Date made:
ca. 1917
Subject:
Sterling Drug Collection  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of The History Factory
ID Number:
2001.0314.380
Accession number:
2001.0314
Catalog number:
2001.0314.380
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1217774

Hydrastinin-hydrochloride "Bayer"

Maker:
Bayer Company, Inc.  Search this
Friedr Bayer and Co.  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 8 cm x 1 cm; 3 1/8 in x 3/8 in
Object Name:
Pharmaceutical
Date made:
ca. 1917
Subject:
Sterling Drug Collection  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of The History Factory
ID Number:
2001.0314.381
Accession number:
2001.0314
Catalog number:
2001.0314.381
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1217776

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