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Edward H. Dwight Papers

Creator:
Dwight, Edward H., 1919-1981  Search this
Names:
American Museum of Natural History  Search this
Cincinnati Historical Society  Search this
Louisiana State Museum  Search this
Mohammed Center for Restricted Communications  Search this
National Audubon Society  Search this
R. Havell & Son  Search this
Peale family  Search this
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851  Search this
Audubon, Maria R. (Maria Rebecca), 1843-1925  Search this
Audubon, Victor Gifford, 1809-1860  Search this
Bachman, John  Search this
Bakewell, Benjamin  Search this
Bell, John G.  Search this
Coffin, Annie R.  Search this
Corwine, Aaron H.  Search this
Duncanson, Robert S., 1821-1872  Search this
Fries, Waldemar H., 1889-  Search this
Gifford, George Edmund  Search this
Held, John, 1947-  Search this
Laning, Paul F.  Search this
Lichtner, Ruth  Search this
Lichtner, Schomer, 1905-2006  Search this
Martin, Maria  Search this
McDermott, John Francis, 1902-  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827  Search this
Peale, James, 1749-1831  Search this
Peale, James, 1789-1876  Search this
Peale, Raphaelle, 1774-1825  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Tyler, Morris F.  Search this
Extent:
18.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Typescripts
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Date:
1821-2001
bulk 1950-1979
Summary:
The papers of Cincinnati art historian, museum director, and Audubon and Peale scholar, Edward H. Dwight (1919-1981), measure 18.6 linear feet and date from 1821-2001, with the bulk of the material dating from 1950-1979. Dwight's papers include biographical material, writings by Dwight, and research files on John James Audubon, Raphaelle Peale, and others, documenting Dwight's extensive contribution to the study of American painting, particularly naturalist, portrait, and still-life painting.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Cincinnati art historian, museum director, and Audubon and Peale scholar, Edward H. Dwight (1919-1981), measure 18.6 linear feet and date from 1821-2001, with the bulk of the material dating from 1950-1979. Dwight's papers include biographical material, writings by Dwight, and research files on John James Audubon, Raphaelle Peale, and others, documenting Dwight's extensive contribution to the study of American painting, particularly naturalist, portrait, and still life painting.

Dwight's biographical material includes two address books, a calendar, a small amount of personal correspondence including letters and postcards from Schomer and Ruth Lichtner, and printed material documenting his work as a museum curator and director.

Writings and notes include correspondence about Dwight's writings, drafts and typescripts of articles on Audubon and other artists, and lecture notes.

The bulk of the collection comprises Dwight's research material on Audubon and includes correspondence related to his research with scholars, collectors, publications, museums, and libraries, including: the American Museum of Natural History, the Audubon Society, the Cincinnati Historical Society, the Louisiana State Museum, Annie R. coffin, Waldemar H. Fries, John Francis McDermott, and the collections of G. Edmund Gifford, Jr., Paul F. Laning, and Morris Tyler.

Copies of Audubon's correspondence, including letters from Audubon's father-in-law, Benjamin Bakewell, son Victor G. Audubon, and grandchildren, form a substantial portion of Dwight's research files. Notes and card files reflecting Dwight's research by categories such as life event, activity, geographical area, and subject of study, further illuminate his research and provide cross references to the Audubon letters and other material.

Data compiled and supplemented with reproductions of Audubon's artwork forms another substantial portion of Dwight's research, and provides detailed information about individual Audubon works and works attributed to him.

Dwight's subject files on Audubon house collated research on individuals, subjects, and events that intersected with Audubon's life and work, as well as Audubon research from other sources and scholars. They include copies of documents, such as the journal of Audubon collaborator John G Bell, and a scrapbook of granddaughter, Maria Audubon; documents relating to Audubon collaborators such as John Bachman and Maria Martin; material related to collections of Audubon's work; and information concerning editions of his prints, such as the Havell Edition, engraved and hand-colored by the firm of Robert Havell Sr. and Jr. in the 1830s.

Printed material used by Dwight in his research includes original American newspapers, from states including New England, New York, and Pennsylvania, dating from 1821 to the 1870s, which include articles on Audubon, as well as later magazines, journals, catalogs, and news clippings on Audubon. A small number of photographs, slide transparencies, and negatives of Audubon's artwork can be found at the end of the series.

Dwight's research material on Raphaelle Peale, Charles Willson Peale, Rembrandt Peale, James Peale, and other Peale family members, includes correspondence requesting and responding to requests for information; material collated by subject on Peale collectors, family history, miniatures, portraits, silhouettes, still lifes, and other subjects; and photographs of artwork.

Other research files document Dwight's interest in other artists such as Aaron H. Corwine, Robert S. Duncanson, and artists from the Cincinnati area in general. They include catalogs of data compiled on individual works of art, subject files, notes and index card files, printed material, and photographs of artwork. Of special note are eleven issues of John Held, Jr.'s, mail art correspondence sent to Dwight by the Mohammed Center for Restricted Communications.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as five series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1944-1980 (8 folders; Box 1, OV 20)

Series 2: Writings and Notes, 1954-circa 1979 (0.9 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Audubon Research Material, 1821-circa 1979 (13 linear feet; Boxes 1-14, OVs 20-23)

Series 4: Peale Research Material, circa 1930-2001 (1.9 linear feet; Boxes 14-16)

Series 5: Other Research, 1881-1980 (2.7 linear feet; Boxes 16-19)
Biographical / Historical:
Cincinnati art historian and museum director, Edward H. Dwight (1919-1981), conducted extensive research on American painting, in particular the works of John James Audubon, Charles Willson Peale, and Raphaelle Peale. He was also credited with rediscovering the Cincinnati artist, Aaron H. Corwine.

Dwight attended Yale and Cornell Universities, and studied art at the Cincinnati Art Academy and the School of Fine Arts of Washington University, St. Louis. From 1946 he held posts, including curator of American Art, at the Cincinnati Art Museum, until becoming director of the Milwaukee Art Center in 1955. In 1962 he left Milwaukee to direct the Munson-Williams-Proctor Art Institute Museum of Art, where he remained until the end of his career. He was the author of numerous articles for publications including Antiques, Audubon, Art in America, The Art Gallery, The Art Quarterly, and Canadian Art, and lectured widely on contemporary art, Spanish painting, and American painting.

In 1955 Dwight published the article "Aaron Houghton Corwine: Cincinnati Artist" in Antiques magazine. With this, and the exhibition, Rediscoveries in American Painting (1955), which he launched at the Cincinnati Art Museum, Dwight revived interest in this all but forgotten painter.

Dwight wrote many scholarly articles on Audubon's life and work throughout his career, in addition to writing catalogs for, and curating, exhibitions of Audubon's work. In 1960 he was awarded a $7,500 fellowship from the Ford foundation to pursue a reevaluation of Audubon, and to reexamine some long-held assumptions and exagerrations about Audubon's life and personality. He focused primarily on the artist-naturalist's original drawings and paintings, especially portraits and pictures of birds, animal life, and insects. Dwight was awarded an additional fellowship by the National Endowment for the Arts in 1973, to continue his research on Audubon.

Dwight's scholarly interest also extended to Raphaelle Peale and the Peale family of artists. In the 1960s and 1970s he wrote and published several articles about Raphaelle Peale, his father, Charles Willson Peale, and his brothers, Rembrandt and James. Dwight was working on a book about the family, and a catalog raisonné of Raphaelle Peale, when he died.

Dwight was an accomplished photographer and his work was included in at least eight exhibitions from 1951 to 1972, including two one-man exhibitions at Louisiana State University (1952), and Weyhe Gallery (1972).
Provenance:
The Audubon materials were donated to the Archives of American Art by Dwight's widow, Ruth R. White, in 1982-1983. The Peale material was donated in 2002 by the Barra Foundation, Inc., which had received them from Ruth R. Dwight as they relate to the Foundation's mission to support scholarship in cultural history in the Philadelphia area. In 1983, the Barra Foundation loaned the documents to Dr. William H. Gerdts, an art historian, who was to continue Dwight's work on a catalog raisonné of Raphaelle Peale. Dr. Gerdts made limited use of the materials and the Barra Foundation then transferred them to the Archives of American Art in 2002.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information
Rights:
The Edward H. Dwight papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Museum curators -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Artists -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Art historians -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Museum directors -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Topic:
Still-life painting  Search this
Mail art  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Painters  Search this
Portrait painting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records
Typescripts
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Citation:
Edward H. Dwight papers, 1821-2001, bulk 1950-1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dwigedwa
See more items in:
Edward H. Dwight Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dwigedwa

Bachman, John

Collection Creator:
Dwight, Edward H., 1919-1981  Search this
Container:
Box 11, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1970s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information
Collection Rights:
The Edward H. Dwight papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Edward H. Dwight papers, 1821-2001, bulk 1950-1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Edward H. Dwight Papers
Edward H. Dwight Papers / Series 3: Audubon Research Material / 3.5: Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-dwigedwa-ref18

Edward H. Dwight papers, 1821-2001, bulk 1950-1979

Creator:
Dwight, Edward H., 1919-1981  Search this
Subject:
Laning, Paul F.  Search this
Duncanson, Robert S.  Search this
Lichtner, Schomer  Search this
Audubon, Maria R. (Maria Rebecca),  Search this
Bell, John G.  Search this
Audubon, Victor Gifford  Search this
Lichtner, Ruth  Search this
McDermott, John Francis  Search this
Peale, James  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson  Search this
Bachman, John  Search this
Fries, Waldemar H.  Search this
Audubon, John James  Search this
Corwine, Aaron H.  Search this
Coffin, Annie R.  Search this
Peale, Raphaelle  Search this
Martin, Maria  Search this
Peale fam, Peale family  Search this
Tyler, Morris F.  Search this
Peale, James  Search this
Held, John  Search this
Bakewell, Benjamin  Search this
Gifford, George Edmund  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt  Search this
American Museum of Natural History  Search this
Cincinnati Historical Society  Search this
National Audubon Society  Search this
R. Havell & Son  Search this
Mohammed Center for Restricted Communications  Search this
Louisiana State Museum  Search this
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Mail art  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Typescripts  Search this
Museum directors  Search this
Painters  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Portrait painting  Search this
Business records  Search this
Still-life painting  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7613
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209775
AAA_collcode_dwigedwa
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209775
Additional Online Media:

John Bachman

Artist:
Alexander Anderson, 1775 - 1870  Search this
Sitter:
John Bachman, 1790 - 1874  Search this
Medium:
Pencil and wash on paper
Dimensions:
20cm x 15cm (7 7/8" x 5 7/8"), Accurate
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1840
Topic:
John Bachman: Male  Search this
John Bachman: Science and Technology\Scientist  Search this
John Bachman: Science and Technology\Scientist\Naturalist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: American Philosophical Society
Website: www.amphilsoc.org/
Object number:
1968 2909OR
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1968_2909OR

Science, race, and religion in the American South : John Bachman and the Charleston circle of naturalists, 1815-1895 / Lester D. Stephens

Author:
Stephens, Lester D  Search this
Subject:
Bachman, John 1790-1874  Search this
Physical description:
xviii, 338 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
South Carolina
Charleston
Date:
2000
C2000
19th century
Topic:
Naturalists  Search this
Natural history--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_593190

The viviparous quadrupeds of North America / by John James Audubon ... and the Revd. John Bachman ..

Author:
Audubon, John James 1785-1851  Search this
Bachman, John 1790-1874  Search this
Audubon, John Woodhouse 1812-1862  Search this
Lithographer:
Bowen, John T. ca. 1801-1856?  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. in 2 portfolios, CL leaves of plates : col. ill. (lithographs) ; 78 x 61 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Place:
North America
Date:
1845
1848
1845-1848
Topic:
Mammals  Search this
Call number:
QL715.A913X 1845
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_423457

Had I the wings : the friendship of Bachman and Audubon / Jay Shuler

Author:
Shuler, Jay  Search this
Subject:
Bachman, John 1790-1874  Search this
Audubon, John James 1785-1851  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 233 p. : ill., 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
South Carolina
Date:
1995
C1995
Topic:
Naturalists  Search this
Ornithologists  Search this
Animal painters  Search this
Lutheran Church--Clergy--Biography  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_479661

Audubon, the Charleston connection / edited by Albert E. Sanders and Warren Ripley ; with a foreword by John Henry Dick ; and photographs by William A. Jordan

Author:
Sanders, Albert E  Search this
Ripley, Warren 1921-  Search this
Jordan, William A  Search this
Subject:
Audubon, John James 1785-1851  Search this
Audubon, John James 1785-1851 Friends and associates  Search this
Bachman, John 1790-1874 Friends and asociates  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 148 p., 10 p. of col. plates : ill., maps, ports., facsims. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Place:
South Carolina
Charleston
North America
Date:
1986
Topic:
Natural history--Exhibitions  Search this
Birds--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
QL31.A9 A916 1986
N40.1.A91 C45 1986
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_334241

The Christopher Happoldt journal : his European tour with the Rev. John Bachman (June-December, 1838) / Edited with pref. and biographies by Claude Henry Neuffer

Author:
Happoldt, Christopher 1823-1878  Search this
Neuffer, Claude Henry  Search this
Subject:
Bachman, John 1790-1874  Search this
Physical description:
214 p., 4 leaves of plates : ill., ports. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1960
Call number:
BX8080.B23H3X 1960
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_382077

The doctrine of the unity of the human race examined on the principles of science. By John Bachman

Author:
Bachman, John 1790-1874  Search this
Physical description:
312 p. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1850
Topic:
Monogenism and polygenism  Search this
Call number:
GN353 .B12Z
GN353.B12Z
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_235993

Observations on the changes of colour in birds and quadrupeds / by John Bachman, D.D., President of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Charleston, S.C., &c. ; read May 19, 1837

Author:
Bachman, John 1790-1874  Search this
Physical description:
[1], 198-239, [1] p. ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1839
1839]
Topic:
Animals--Color  Search this
Call number:
QL767 .B12 1839
QL767.B12 1839
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_239879

The quadrupeds of North America, by John James Audubon and John Bachman

Author:
Audubon, John James 1785-1851  Search this
Bachman, John 1790-1874  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. illus. 24 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Place:
North America
Date:
1974
1854
Topic:
Mammals  Search this
Call number:
QL715.A92 1974X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_285428

The viviparous quadrupeds of North America / by John James Audubon ... and ... John Bachman ..

Title:
Quadrupeds of North America
Author:
Audubon, John James 1785-1851  Search this
Bachman, John 1790-1874  Search this
Ill:
Audubon, John Woodhouse 1812-1862  Search this
Audubon, Victor Gifford 1809-1860  Search this
Printer of plates:
Bowen, John T. ca. 1801-1856?  Search this
Lithographer:
Hitchcock, William E. ca. 1823-ca. 1880  Search this
Former owner:
Goode, G. Brown (George Brown) 1851-1896 DSI  Search this
Chanler, Robert Winthrop 1872-1930 DSI  Search this
Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1823-1887 DSI  Search this
Physical description:
3 v., 6 leaves of plates in various foliations : col. ill. ; 29 cm. + 3 atlas v. ([150] leaves of plates : col. ill. ; 87 x 73 cm.)
Type:
Books
Place:
North America
Date:
1845
1854
1845-1854
Topic:
Mammals  Search this
Call number:
QL715 .A91 1846
QL715 .A91 1845
QL715.A91 1846
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_147205

The quadrupeds of North America / by John James Audubon and John Bachman

Author:
Audubon, John James 1785-1851  Search this
Bachman, John 1790-1874  Search this
Audubon, John Woodhouse 1812-1862  Search this
Audubon, Victor Gifford 1809-1860  Search this
Lithographer:
Hitchcock, William E. ca. 1823-ca. 1880  Search this
Trembly, Ralph  Search this
Colorist:
Lawrence, John fl. 1834-1858  Search this
Printer of plates:
Bowen, John T. ca. 1801-1856?  Search this
Nagel & Weingärtner  Search this
Former owner:
Mearns, Edgar Alexander 1856-1916 DSI  Search this
Bell, Louis V. DSI  Search this
Physical description:
3 v., CLV leaves of plates : col. ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Place:
North America
Date:
1849
1854
C1849-1854
Topic:
Mammals  Search this
Call number:
QL715 .A91 1849b
QL715.A91 1849b
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_147367

The quadrupeds of North America, by John James Audubon and John Bachman

Author:
Audubon, John James 1785-1851  Search this
Bachman, John 1790-1874  Search this
Ill:
Audubon, John Woodhouse 1812-1862  Search this
Audubon, Victor Gifford 1809-1860  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. 155 col. plates. 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
North America
Date:
1849
[1849]
Topic:
Mammals  Search this
Call number:
QL715 .A91 1849
QL715.A91 1849
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_160561

The imperial collection of Audubon animals; the quadrupeds of North America. Original text by John James Audubon, and John Bachman. Edited and with new text by Victor H. Cahalane. Foreword by Fairfield Osborn. Illustrated by John James Audubon and John Woodhouse Audubon

Author:
Audubon, John James 1785-1851  Search this
Bachman, John 1790-1874  Search this
Cahalane, Victor Harrison 1901-  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 307 p. col. illus., port. 33 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Place:
North America
Date:
1967
[1967]
Topic:
Mammals  Search this
Call number:
QL705.A85 1967X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_35473

The quadrupeds of North America. By John James Audubon ... and the Rev. John Bachman

Author:
Audubon, John James 1785-1851  Search this
Bachman, John 1790-1874  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. CLV col. pl. 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
North America
Date:
1854
1854-56
Topic:
Mammals  Search this
Call number:
QL715 .A92 1854a
QL715.A92 1854a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_91942

John Bachman : the pastor of St. John's Lutheran Church, Charleston

Title:
John Bachman, letters and memories of his life
Author:
Bachman, C. L  Search this
Haskell, John Bachman  Search this
Audubon, John James 1785-1851  Search this
Subject:
Bachman, John 1790-1874  Search this
Physical description:
x, [3], 6-436 p., [1] leaf of plates : port. ; 20 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
1888
Topic:
Lutheran Church--Clergy  Search this
Call number:
QL31.B12 J64 1888
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_901528

John Bachman, Rev., Dr, (painting)

Painter:
Fisher, Alvan 1792-1863  Search this
Subject:
Bachman, John  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Topic:
Portrait male--Waist length  Search this
Control number:
IAP 87230287
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_238410

New York from Jersey City, New Jersey, (painting)

Painter:
Bachman, John  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Old Print Shop 150 Lexington Ave New York New York 10016
Date:
1839
Topic:
Landscape--New York  Search this
Landscape--New Jersey--Jersey City  Search this
Control number:
IAP 62310706
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_108195

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