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Female doll

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Previous owner:
Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies (Historical Society of Pennsylvania), 1976-2004  Search this
Estella Scott Johnson, Non-Indian, 1910-2001  Search this
Donor:
Historical Society of Pennsylvania  Search this
Object Name:
Female doll
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth, velvet, paint, glass bead/beads, sequins, rickrack, unknown stuffing, hair
Techniques:
Sewn, painted, overlay beadwork, strung, appliquéd, stuffed
Dimensions:
7.4 x 21 x 37.3 cm
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Place:
Arizona or New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1950-1970
Catalog Number:
26/5529
Barcode:
265529.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_281756
Additional Online Media:

Fetish figure

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Previous owner:
Mary W. Williams, Non-Indian  Search this
Donor:
Mary W. Williams, Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Fetish figure
Media/Materials:
Hide, silver, turquoise, wool yarn
Techniques:
Inlaid
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
23/750
Barcode:
230750.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_245830
Additional Online Media:

Rug/Wall hanging

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Previous owner:
Charles F. Glanz, Non-Indian  Search this
Seller:
Charles F. Glanz, Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Rug/Wall hanging
Media/Materials:
Wool yarn
Techniques:
Woven
Dimensions:
67 x 130 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
New Mexico; USA
Date created:
circa 1876
Catalog Number:
18/4518
Barcode:
184518.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_197442
Additional Online Media:

Vase

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Samuel Manymules, Diné (Navajo), b. 1963  Search this
Previous owner:
Andrea Peck, Non-Indian  Search this
Donor:
Andrea Peck, Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Vase
Media/Materials:
Pottery
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built, modeled
Dimensions:
13.3 x 10.2 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Tonalea, Navajo Reservation; Coconino County; Arizona; USA
Date created:
circa 2003
Catalog Number:
26/3845
Barcode:
263845.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_279996
Additional Online Media:

Joseph C. Farber photographs of American Indian life

Creator:
Farber, Joseph C., 1903-  Search this
Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) -- Exhibitions.  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Gorman, R. C. (Rudolph Carl), 1932-  Search this
Extent:
6,000 contact prints (circa 6000 contact prints (proof sheets))
6,000 acetate negatives (circa)
8 color transparencies
1,000 Items (circa 1000 enlarged prints: silver gelatin (some mounted for exhibition))
Culture:
Arctic peoples  Search this
Piegan Indians  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Quinault Indians  Search this
Tlingit Indians  Search this
Pima Indians  Search this
Tewa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Lummi Indians  Search this
Haida Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Kootenai Indians  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Mohave Indians  Search this
Mikasuki Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Blackfoot Confedera  Search this
Chehalis Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Cocopa Indians  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Acoma Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Contact prints
Acetate negatives
Color transparencies
Photographs
Place:
North Carolina
New York
New Mexico
Montana
South Dakota
Oklahoma
Arizona
California
Florida
Minnesota
Alaska
Alberta
Washington (State)
Barrow, Point (Alaska)
Yuma County (Ariz.)
Taos (N.M.)
Date:
circa 1970-1975
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made as part of Joseph C. Farber's project to document modern American Indian everyday life. Represented tribes include the Acoma, Apache, Blackfoot, Chehalis, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Cocopa, Dakota, Eskimo, Haida, Kiowa, Kutenai, Lummi, Mohave, Mohawk, Navaho, Northern Athabascan, Onandaga, Pima, Pueblo, Quinalt, Seminole, Taos, Tlingit, and Zuni. Subject coverage is broad and varies from tribe to tribe. Included are portraits, as well as totem poles, carving, weaving, pottery, painitng, landscapes, boats and canoes, ceremonial regalia, camps, classes and vocational training, homes and traditional dwellings, construction projects, rodeos and powwows, dances, industries (including lumber), herding and ranching, agriculture, stores and storefronts, cliff dwellings, parades, crab cleaning, fishing, games, health care, legal processes, music, office work, sewing, vending, and a funeral. There are also photographs of R. C. Gorman (and a letter from Gorman to Farber) and Fritz Shoulder (some in color).

Farber's travels included Alaska (Point Barrow, Dead Horse, Glacier Bay, Haines, Hoona, Hydaberg, Ketchikan, Mount McKinley, Prudhoe Bay, Saxman, and Sitka); Alberta (Blackfeet Reservation); Arizona (Canyon de Chelly, Cocopa Reservation, Flagstaff, Kayenta, Monument Valley, Pima Reservation, Quechan Reservation, Mojave Reservation, and Yuma); California (Alcatraz, Oakland, and San Francisco); Florida (Big Cypress Reservation; Miccosukee Reservation); Minnesota (Minneapolis and Nett Lake); Montana (Northern Cheyenne Reservation); New Mexico (Acoma, Gallup, Navajo Forest, Picuris, Puye, San Ildefonso, Santa Clara, Santa Fe, Taos, San Ildefonso, Santa Clara, and Tesuque); New York (New York City and Onandaga Reservation); North Carolina (Cherokee Reservation); Oklahoma (Anadarko, Apache, Lawton, Stilwell, and Tahlequah); South Dakota (Rosebud and Wounded Knee); and Washington (Lummi Reservation, Nisqually River, Puyallup River, and Quinalt Reservation).
Biographical/Historical note:
Joseph C. Farber (1903-1994) was a successful New York businessman and professional photographer. He studied with Edward Steichen at the New York Camera Club in the 1920s. The prints in this collection resulted from a five-year project that involved travelling to Indian communities throughout the United States to document modern American Indian life. The project resulted in a book, Native Americans: 500 Years After (1975), as well as exhibits, including one in the National Museum of Natural History in 1976-1977.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 78-1, NAA ACC 95-3
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Farber's photographs, previously located in Photo Lot 95-3 have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 78-1. These photographs were also made by Joseph C. Farber and form part of this collection.
The National Museum of American History Archives Center holds the Joseph Farber Papers and Photographs, circa 1962-1990.
See others in:
Joseph C. Farber photographs of American Indian life, circa 1970-1974
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Photographs published in Farber's books still under copyright. Reproduction permission from artist's estate.
Topic:
Dwellings  Search this
Vocational education  Search this
Canoes and canoeing  Search this
Boats and boating  Search this
Dance  Search this
Powwows  Search this
Rodeos  Search this
Building  Search this
handicrafts  Search this
Totem poles  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Livestock  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 78-1, Joseph C. Farber photographs of American Indian life, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.78-1
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-78-1

Frederica de Laguna Papers

Creator:
McClellan, Catharine  Search this
Guédon, Marie Françoise  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Correspondent:
Stearns, Mary Lee  Search this
Aberle, David F. (David Friend), 1918-2004  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baird, Melissa  Search this
Balzer, Marjorie  Search this
Bersch, Gretchen  Search this
Birket-Smith, Kaj  Search this
Black, Lydia  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Chowning, Ann  Search this
Clark, J. Desmond (John Desmond), 1916-2002  Search this
Codere, Helen F., 1917-2009  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Colton, Harold Sellers, 1881-1970  Search this
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Corbett, John M.  Search this
Darnell, Regna  Search this
Dauenhauer, Nora  Search this
Dauenhauer, Richard  Search this
Davenport, William  Search this
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Du Bois, Cora Alice, 1903-1991  Search this
Duff, Wilson, 1925-  Search this
Fair, Susan  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Foster, George McClelland, 1913-  Search this
Garfield, Viola Edmundson, 1899-1983  Search this
Giddings, James Louis  Search this
Gjessing, Gutorm, 1906  Search this
Grinev, Andrei V.  Search this
Hanable, William S.  Search this
Hara, Hiroko, 1934-  Search this
Haury, Emil W. (Emil Walter), 1904-1992  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Helm, June, 1924-  Search this
Herskovits, Melville J. (Melville Jean), 1895-1963  Search this
Holtved, Erik  Search this
Jenness, Diamond, 1886-1969  Search this
Kahn, Mimi  Search this
Kan, Sergei  Search this
Krauss, Michael E., 1934-  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Larsen, Helge, 1905-1984  Search this
Leer, Jeff  Search this
Lindgren, E. J. (Ethel John), 1904-1988  Search this
Lomax, Alan, 1915-2002  Search this
Low, Jean  Search this
Mathiassen, Therkel, 1892-1967  Search this
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Olson, Wallace  Search this
Rainey, Froelich G. (Froelich Gladstone), 1907-1992  Search this
Riddell, Francis A. (Francis Allen), 1921-2002  Search this
Ritchie, William A. (William Augustus), 1903-1995  Search this
Schneider, William  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F.  Search this
Shinkwin, Anne D.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Spiro, Melford E., 1920-2014  Search this
Underhill, Ruth, 1883-1984  Search this
VanStone, James W.  Search this
Weiner, Annette B., 1933-  Search this
Weitzner, Bella, 1891?-1988  Search this
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Woodbury, Natalie Ferris Sampson  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Workman, Karen Wood  Search this
Workman, William B.  Search this
Names:
American Anthropological Association  Search this
Bryn Mawr College  Search this
Photographer:
Smith, Harlan Ingersoll, 1872-1940  Search this
Extent:
2 map drawers
38 Linear feet (71 document boxes, 1 half document box, 2 manuscript folders, 4 card file boxes, 1 flat box, and 1 oversize box)
Culture:
Yakutat  Search this
Tutchone Indians  Search this
Tsimshian Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Tlingit Indians  Search this
Tanana Indians  Search this
Kawchottine Indians  Search this
Ahtna Indians  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Athapaskan -- Northern  Search this
Chugach Eskimos -- Archaeology  Search this
Eskimos -- Greenland  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Eyak Indians  Search this
Hare Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Ingalik Indians  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Map drawers
Manuscripts
Maps
Field notes
Correspondence
Photographs
Sound recordings
Place:
Alaska -- Archaeology
Aishihik (Yukon)
Angoon (Alaska)
Alaska -- ethnology
Chistochina (Alaska)
Greenland
Copper River (Alaska)
Klukshu (Yukon)
Hoonah (Alaska)
Kodiak Island (Alaska)
Klukwan (Alaska)
Saint Lawrence River Valley
New Brunswick -- Archaeology
Yukon Island (Alaska)
Date:
1890-2004
bulk 1923-2004
Summary:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Frederica de Laguna. The collection contains correspondence, field notes, writings, newspaper clippings, writings by others, subject files, sound recordings, photographs, and maps. A significant portion of the collection consists of de Laguna's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, and students, as well as her informants from the field. Her correspondence covers a wide range of subjects such as family, health, preparations for field work, her publications and projects, the Northwest Coast, her opinions on the state of anthropology, and politics. The field notes in the collection mainly represent de Laguna and her assistants' work in the Northern Tlingit region of Alaska from 1949 to 1954. In addition, the collection contains materials related to her work in the St. Lawrence River Valley in Ontario in 1947 and Catherine McClellan's field journal for her research in Aishihik, Yukon Territory in 1968. Most of the audio reels in the collection are field recordings made by de Laguna, McClellan, and Marie-Françoise Guédon of vocabulary and songs and speeches at potlatches and other ceremonies from 1952 to 1969. Tlingit and several Athabaskan languages including Atna, Tutochone, Upper Tanana, and Tanacross are represented in the recordings. Also in the collection are copies of John R. Swanton's Tlingit recordings and Hiroko Hara Sue's recordings among the Hare Indians. Additional materials related to de Laguna's research on the Northwest Coast include her notes on clans and tribes in Series VI: Subject Files and her notes on Tlingit vocabulary and Yakutat names specimens in Series X: Card Files. Drafts and notes for Voyage to Greenland, Travels Among the Dena, and The Tlingit Indians can be found in the collection as well as her drawings for her dissertation and materials related to her work for the Handbook of North American Indians and other publications. There is little material related to Under Mount Saint Elias except for correspondence, photocopies and negatives of plates, and grant applications for the monograph. Of special interest among de Laguna's writings is a photocopy of her historical fiction novel, The Thousand March. Other materials of special interest are copies of her talks, including her AAA presidential address, and the dissertation of Regna Darnell, a former student of de Laguna's. In addition, materials on the history of anthropology are in the collection, most of which can found with her teaching materials. Although the bulk of the collection documents de Laguna's professional years, the collection also contains newspaper articles and letters regarding her exceptional performance as a student at Bryn Mawr College and her undergraduate and graduate report cards. Only a few photographs of de Laguna can be found in the collection along with photographs of her 1929 and 1979 trips to Greenland.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Frederica de Laguna. The collection contains correspondence, field notes, writings, newspaper clippings, writings by others, subject files, sound recordings, photographs, and maps.

A significant portion of the collection consists of de Laguna's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, and students, as well as her informants from the field. Her correspondence covers a wide range of subjects such as family, health, preparations for field work, her publications and projects, the Northwest Coast, her opinions on the state of anthropology, and politics. Among her notable correspondents are Kaj Birket-Smith, J. Desmond Clark, Henry Collins, George Foster, Viola Garfield, Marie-Françoise Guédon, Diamond Jenness, Michael Krauss, Therkel Mathiassen, Catharine McClellan, and Wallace Olson. She also corresponded with several eminent anthropologists including Franz Boas, William Fitzhugh, J. Louis Giddings, Emil Haury, June Helm, Melville Herskovitz, Alfred Kroeber, Helge Larsen, Alan Lomax, Margaret Mead, Froelich Rainey, Leslie Spier, Ruth Underhill, James VanStone, Annette Weiner, and Leslie White.

The field notes in the collection mainly represent de Laguna and her assistants' work in the Northern Tlingit region of Alaska from 1949 to 1954. In addition, the collection contains materials related to her work in the St. Lawrence River Valley in Ontario in 1947 and Catharine McClellan's field journal for her research in Aishihik, Yukon Territory in 1968. Most of the audio reels in the collection are field recordings made by de Laguna, McClellan, and Marie-Françoise Guédon of vocabulary and songs and speeches at potlatches and other ceremonies from 1952 to 1969. Tlingit and several Athapaskan languages including Atna, Tutochone, Upper Tanana, and Tanacross are represented in the recordings. Also in the collection are copies of John R. Swanton's Tlingit recordings and Hiroko Hara's recordings among the Hare Indians. Additional materials related to de Laguna's research on the Northwest Coast include her notes on clans and tribes in Series VI: Subject Files and her notes on Tlingit vocabulary and Yakutat names specimens in Series 10: Card Files.

Drafts and notes for Voyage to Greenland, Travels Among the Dena, and The Tlingit Indians can be found in the collection as well as her drawings for her dissertation and materials related to her work for the Handbook of North American Indians and other publications. There is little material related to Under Mount Saint Elias except for correspondence, photocopies and negatives of plates, and grant applications for the monograph. Of special interest among de Laguna's writings is a photocopy of her historical fiction novel, The Thousand March.

Other materials of special interest are copies of her talks, including her AAA presidential address, and the dissertation of Regna Darnell, a former student of de Laguna's. In addition, materials on the history of anthropology are in the collection, most of which can found with her teaching materials. The collection also contains copies of photographs from the Harriman Alaska Expedition of 1899. Although the bulk of the collection documents de Laguna's professional years, the collection also contains newspaper articles and letters regarding her exceptional performance as a student at Bryn Mawr College and her undergraduate and graduate report cards. Only a few photographs of de Laguna can be found in the collection along with photographs of her 1929 and 1979 trips to Greenland.
Arrangement note:
Arranged in 12 series: (1) Correspondence, 1923-2004; (2) Field Research, 1947-1968; (3) Writings, 1926-2001; (4) Teaching, 1922-1988; (5) Professional Activities, 1939-2001; (6) Subject Files, 1890-2002; (7) Writings by Others, 1962-2000; (8) Personal, 1923-2000; (9) Photographs, 1929-1986; (10) Card Files; (11) Maps, 1928-1973; (12) Sound Recordings, 1904-1973
Biographical / Historical:
Frederica Annis Lopez de Leo de Laguna was a pioneering archaeologist and ethnographer of northwestern North America. Known as Freddy by her friends, she was one of the last students of Franz Boas. She served as first vice-president of the Society for American Archaeology (SAA) from 1949 to 1950 and as president of the American Anthropological Association (AAA) from 1966-1967. She also founded the anthropology department at Bryn Mawr College where she taught from 1938 to 1972. In 1975, she and Margaret Mead, a former classmate, were the first women to be elected to the National Academy of Sciences.

Born on October 3, 1906 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, de Laguna was the daughter of Theodore Lopez de Leo de Laguna and Grace Mead Andrus, both philosophy professors at Bryn Mawr College. Often sick as a child, de Laguna was home-schooled by her parents until she was 9. She excelled as a student at Bryn Mawr College, graduating summa cum laude with a degree in politics and economics in 1927. She was awarded the college's prestigious European fellowship, which upon the suggestion of her parents, she deferred for a year to study anthropology at Columbia University under Boas. Her parents had recently attended a lecture given by Boas and felt that anthropology would unite her interests in the social sciences and her love for the outdoors.

After a year studying at Columbia with Boas, Gladys Reichard, and Ruth Benedict, de Laguna was still uncertain whether anthropology was the field for her. Nevertheless, she followed Boas's advice to spend her year abroad studying the connection between Eskimo and Paleolithic art, which would later became the topic of her dissertation. In the summer of 1928, she gained fieldwork experience under George Grant MacCurdy visiting prehistoric sites in England, France, and Spain. In Paris, she attended lectures on prehistoric art by Abbe Breuil and received guidance from Paul Rivet and Marcelin Boule. Engaged to an Englishman she had met at Columbia University, de Laguna decided to also enroll at the London School of Economics in case she needed to earn her degree there. She took a seminar with Bronislaw Malinowski, an experience she found unpleasant and disappointing.

It was de Laguna's visit to the National Museum in Copenhagen to examine the archaeological collections from Central Eskimo that became the turning point in her life. During her visit, she met Therkel Mathiassen who invited her to be his assistant on what would be the first scientific archaeological excavation in Greenland. She sailed off with him in June 1929, intending to return early in August. Instead, she decided to stay until October to finish the excavation with Mathiassen, now convinced that her future lay in anthropology. When she returned from Greenland she broke off her engagement with her fiancé, deciding that she would not able to both fully pursue a career in anthropology and be the sort of wife she felt he deserved. Her experiences in Greenland became the subject of her 1977 memoir, Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology.

The following year, Kaj Birket-Smith, whom de Laguna had also met in Copenhagen, agreed to let her accompany him as his research assistant on his summer expedition to Prince William Sound and Cook Inlet. When Birket-Smith fell ill and was unable to go, de Laguna was determined to continue on with the trip. She convinced the University of Pennsylvania Museum to fund her trip to Alaska to survey potential excavation sites and took as her assistant her 20 year old brother, Wallace, who became a geologist. A close family, de Laguna's brother and mother would later accompany her on other research trips.

In 1931, the University of Pennsylvania Museum hired de Laguna to catalogue Eskimo collections. They again financed her work in Cook Inlet that year as well as the following year. In 1933, she earned her PhD from Columbia and led an archaeological and ethnological expedition of the Prince William Sound with Birket-Smith. They coauthored "The Eyak Indians of the Copper River Delta, Alaska," published in 1938. In 1935, de Laguna led an archaeological and geological reconnaissance of middle and lower Yukon Valley, traveling down the Tanana River. Several decades later, the 1935 trip contributed to two of her books: Travels Among the Dena, published in 1994, and Tales From the Dena, published in 1997.

In 1935 and 1936, de Laguna worked briefly as an Associate Soil Conservationist, surveying economic and social conditions on the Pima Indian Reservation in Arizona. She later returned to Arizona during the summers to conduct research and in 1941, led a summer archaeological field school under the sponsorship of Bryn Mawr College and the Museum of Northern Arizona.

By this time, de Laguna had already published several academic articles and was also the author of three fiction books. Published in 1930, The Thousand March: Adventures of an American Boy with the Garibaldi was her historical fiction book for juveniles. She also wrote two detective novels: The Arrow Points to Murder (1937) and Fog on the Mountain (1938). The Arrow Points to Murder is set in a museum based on her experiences at the University of Pennsylvania Museum and the American Museum of National History. Fog on the Mountain is set in Cook Inlet and draws upon de Laguna's experiences in Alaska. Both detective novels helped to finance her research.

De Laguna began her long career at Bryn Mawr College in 1938 when she was hired as a lecturer in the sociology department to teach the first ever anthropology course at the college. By 1950, she was chairman of the joint department of Sociology and Anthropology, and in 1967, the chairman of the newly independent Anthropology Department. She was also a visiting professor at the University of Pennsylvania (1947-1949; 1972-1976) and at the University of California, Berkeley (1959-1960; 1972-1973.)

During World War II, de Laguna took a leave of absence from Bryn Mawr College to serve in the naval reserve from 1942 to 1945. As a member of WAVES (Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service), she taught naval history and codes and ciphers to women midshipmen at Smith College. She took great pride in her naval service and in her later years joined the local chapter of WAVES National, an organization for former and current members of WAVES.

In 1950, de Laguna returned to Alaska to work in the Northern Tlingit region. Her ethnological and archaeological study of the Tlingit Indians brought her back several more times throughout the 1950s and led to the publication of Under Mount Saint Elias in 1972. Her comprehensive three-volume monograph is still considered the authoritative work on the Yakutat Tlingit. In 1954, de Laguna turned her focus to the Atna Indians of Copper River, returning to the area in 1958, 1960, and 1968.

De Laguna retired from Bryn Mawr College in 1972 under the college's mandatory retirement policy. Although she suffered from many ailments in her later years including macular degeneration, she remained professionally active. Five decades after her first visit to Greenland, de Laguna returned to Upernavik in 1979 to conduct ethnographic investigations. In 1985, she finished editing George Thornton Emmons' unpublished manuscript The Tlingit Indians. A project she had begun in 1955, the book was finally published in 1991. In 1986, she served as a volunteer consultant archaeologist and ethnologist for the U. S. Forest Service in Alaska. In 1994, she took part in "More than Words . . ." Laura Bliss Spann's documentary on the last Eyak speaker, Maggie Smith Jones. By 2001, de Laguna was legally blind. Nevertheless, she continued working on several projects and established the Frederica de Laguna Northern Books Press to reprint out-of-print literature and publish new scholarly works on Arctic cultures.

Over her lifetime, de Laguna received several honors including her election into the National Academy Sciences in 1976, the Distinguished Service Award from AAA in 1986, and the Lucy Wharton Drexel Medal from the University of Pennsylvania in 1999. De Laguna's work, however, was respected by not only her colleagues but also by the people she studied. In 1996, the people of Yakutat honored de Laguna with a potlatch. Her return to Yakutat was filmed by Laura Bliss Spann in her documentary Reunion at Mt St. Elias: The Return of Frederica de Laguna to Yakutat.

At the age of 98, Frederica de Laguna passed away on October 6, 2004.

Sources Consulted

Darnell, Regna. "Frederica de Laguna (1906-2004)." American Anthropologist 107.3 (2005): 554-556.

de Laguna, Frederica. Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology. New York: W.W. Norton Co, 1977.

McClellan, Catharine. "Frederica de Laguna and the Pleasures of Anthropology." American Ethnologist 16.4 (1989): 766-785.

Olson, Wallace M. "Obituary: Frederica de Laguna (1906-2004)." Arctic 58.1 (2005): 89-90.
Related Materials:
Although this collection contains a great deal of correspondence associated with her service as president of AAA, most of her presidential records can be found in American Anthropological Association Records 1917-1972. Also at the National Anthropological Archives are her transcripts of songs sung by Yakutat Tlingit recorded in 1952 and 1954 located in MS 7056 and her notes and drawings of Dorset culture materials in the National Museum of Canada located in MS 7265. The Human Studies Film Archive has a video oral history of de Laguna conducted by Norman Markel (SC-89.10.4).

Related collections can also be found in other repositories. The University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania holds materials related to work that de Laguna carried out for the museum from the 1930s to the 1960s. Materials relating to her fieldwork in Angoon and Yakutat can be found in the Rasmuson Library of the University of Alaska, Fairbanks in the papers of Francis A. Riddell, a field assistant to de Laguna in the early 1950s. Original photographs taken in the field in Alaska were deposited in the Alaska State Library, Juneau. Both the Archive of Folk Culture at the Library of Congress and the American Philosophical Library have copies of her field recordings and notes. The American Museum of Natural History has materials related to her work editing George T. Emmons' manuscript. De Laguna's papers can also be found at the Bryn Mawr College Archives.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Frederica de Laguna.
Restrictions:
Some of the original field notes are restricted due to Frederica de Laguna's request to protect the privacy of those accused of witchcraft. The originals are restricted until 2030. Photocopies may be made with the names of the accused redacted.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Anthropology -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Maps
Field notes
Correspondence
Photographs
Sound recordings
Citation:
Frederica de Laguna Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1998-89
See more items in:
Frederica de Laguna Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1998-89
Additional Online Media:

C. Hart Merriam photographs of American Indians

Creator:
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Photographer:
Boysen Studio  Search this
Diller, J. S.  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Henshaw, Henry W. (Henry Wetherbee), 1850-1930  Search this
Meddaugh, O. E.  Search this
Names:
Muir, John, 1838-1914  Search this
Talbot, Zenaida Merriam (photographer)  Search this
Twain, Mark, 1835-1910  Search this
Extent:
5,000 Items (glass negatives, film negatives, lantern slides, and some prints)
Culture:
Apache Indians  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Achomawi Indians  Search this
Jicarilla Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Atsugewi Indians  Search this
Patwin Indians  Search this
Karok Indians  Search this
Klamath Indians  Search this
Hopi Indians  Search this
Shasta Indians  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Pomo Indians  Search this
Paiute Indians  Search this
Panamint Indians  Search this
Pima Indians  Search this
Mono Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Ohlone Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Luiseño Indians  Search this
Maidu Indians  Search this
Miwok Indians  Search this
Modoc Indians  Search this
Klikitat Indians  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Yana Indians  Search this
Wintu Indians  Search this
Yokuts Indians  Search this
Yokayo Indians  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Tolowa Indians  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Washo Indians  Search this
Wasco Indians  Search this
Nisenan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Hupa Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Photographs
Date:
circa 1902-1938
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting American Indian baskets and portraits of American Indians with whom C. Hart Merriam worked, as well as scenic views and images of animals and plants, mostly in California. Many of the photographs were made by Merriam himself or his daughter Zenaida Merriam Talbot. In addition, Merriam collected photographs from other researchers and photographers, including J. S. Diller, John Peabody Harrington, Henry Wetherbee Henshaw, and O. E. Meddaugh. There are also images acquired from the Boysen Studio of Yosemite and photographs of Mark Twain, John Muir, basketmaker Maggie James, and Merriam's family.
Biographical/Historical note:
Clinton Hart Merriam (1855-1942) was a Columbia University-educated physician who worked as a naturalist, including as head of the Biological Survey for the US Department of Agriculture. He joined the Harriman Alaska Expedition as a zoologist in 1899. In 1910, he left the USDA and began to conduct research among the California tribes. Financed by Mary W. Harriman and the E. H. Harriman Fund administered by the Smithsonian, he researched tribes' vocabularies, history, mythology, crafts (particularly basketmaking) until about 1936. His resarch was assisted by his daughter, Zenaida, who took photographs and painted glass slides for him. Merriam served as President of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1920-1921.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 74-27
General note:
Additional information supplied by Marvin Shodas.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Merriam's notes held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 1563 and in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in SIA Acc. 12-264.
Additional photographs by Merriam held in the National Museum of American Indian Archives in the Mary Harriman Rumsey Photograph Collection and the Harriman Alaska Expedition Photograph Collection.
Correspondence from Merriam held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4558, the Department of Anthropology records (Manuscript and Pamphlet file), Bureau of American Ethnology records, J.C. Pilling Papers, Ales Hrdlicka Papers, and Jesse Logan Nusbaum Papers.
The Bancroft Library at University of California, Berkeley holds the C. Hart Merriam Papers, C. Hart Merriam Collection of Native American Photographs (prints corresponding to negatives in this collection), and C. Hart Merriam pictorial collection.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Merriamʹs family has requested that credit be given the C. Hart Merriam collection whenever the photographs are used.
Topic:
Baskets  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 74-27, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.74-27
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-74-27

MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers

Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Riggs, Stephen Return, 1812-1883  Search this
Extent:
30 Linear feet (70 boxes, 1 oversized box, 20 manuscript envelopes, 4 rolled maps, and 23 map folders)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
Hidatsa Indians  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Tutelo Indians  Search this
Iowa Indians  Search this
Chiwere  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Siouan Indians  Search this
Teton Indians  Search this
Dhegiha Indians  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Tututni Indians  Search this
Kansa Indians  Search this
Siletz Indians  Search this
Kusan  Search this
Coos Indians  Search this
Yakonan Indians  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Takelma Indians  Search this
Klikitat Indians  Search this
Chastacosta Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Drawings
Vocabulary
Folklore
Sermons
Manuscripts
Obituaries
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Place:
Siletz Indian Reservation (Or.)
Date:
circa 1870-1956
bulk 1870-1895
Summary:
Reverend James Owen Dorsey (1848-1895) was a missionary and Bureau of American Ethnology ethnologist who conducted extensive research on Siouan tribes and languages.The papers of James Owen Dorsey comprise mostly ethnographic and linguistic materials on various tribes of the Siouan language family as well as tribes from Siletz Reservation in Oregon. These materials include texts and letters with interlineal translations; grammar notes; dictionaries; drawings; and his manuscripts. In addition, the collection contains Dorsey's correspondence, newspaper clippings, his obituaries, and reprints.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains James O. Dorsey's research and writings as a BAE ethnologist, as well as his earlier work as a missionary among the Ponca. The vast majority of the collection pertains to his research on Siouan-Catawban languages, including the Dakota and Dhegiha languages, Chiwere, Winnebago, Mandan, Hidatsa, Tutelo, Biloxi, and Catawba. His research on Athapascan, Kusan, Takilman, and Yakonan languages from his field work at Siletz Reservation are also present, as well as some notes on the Caddoan languages. Dorsey's research files include linguistic and ethnological field notes, reading notes, stories and myths, vocabularies, drawings, and unpublished and published manuscripts. The collection also contains Omaha, Ponca, Quapaw, and Biloxi dictionaries that he compiled and materials relating to his work editing Steven Riggs' Dakota-English Dictionary. Additional noteworthy materials in the collection are Teton texts and drawings from George Bushotter and drawings by Stephen Stubbs (Kansa), Pahaule-gagli (Kansa), and George Miller (Omaha). The collection also contains Dorsey's correspondence, newspaper clippings, obituaries, and his collection of reprints.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 6 series: 1) Siouan; 2) Siletz Reservation; 3) Caddoan; 4) General Correspondence; 5) Personal Papers; 6) Miscellaneous & Reprints.
Biographical Note:
Reverend James Owen Dorsey (1848-1895) was a missionary and Bureau of American Ethnology ethnologist who conducted extensive research on Siouan tribes and languages.

Dorsey was born on October 31, 1848 in Baltimore, Maryland. He exhibited a talent for languages at an early age. At age 6 he learned the Hebrew alphabet and was able to read the language at age 10. In 1867 Dorsey attended the Theological Seminary of Virginia and was ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1871. In May of that year, Dorsey traveled to the Dakota Territory to serve as a missionary among the Ponca. Plagued by ill health, Dorsey was forced to end his missionary work in August 1873. By that time, however, he had learned the Ponca language well enough to converse with members of the tribe without an interpreter.

Dorsey returned to Maryland and engaged in parish work while continuing his studies of Siouan languages. His linguistic talents and knowledge of these languages attracted the attention of Major John Wesley Powell. Powell arranged for Dorsey to work among the Omaha in Nebraska from 1878 to 1880 to collect linguistic and ethnological notes. When the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) was established in 1879, Powell recruited Dorsey to join the staff.

As an ethnologist for the BAE, Dorsey continued his research on Siouan tribes. His studies focused on languages but also included Siouan personal names, folklore, social organization, religion, beliefs, and customs. He conducted fieldwork among the Tutelo at Six Nations on Grand River in Upper Canada (1882); the Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw in Indian Territory (1883-1884); the Biloxi at Lecompte, Rapides Parish, Louisiana (1892); and again with the Quapaw at the Quapaw Mission (1894). He also worked with Native Americans that visited DC, including George Bushotter (Teton), Philip Longtail (Winnebago), Samuel Fremont (Omaha), and Little Standing Buffalo (Ponca). He also spent time at Siletz Reservation in 1884 to collect linguistic notes on the Athapascan, Kusan, Takilman, and Yakonan stocks.

In addition to his research, Dorsey helped found the American Folklore Society and served as the first vice-president of the association. He also served as vice-president of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

At the age of 47, Dorsey died of typhoid fever on February 4, 1895.

Sources Consulted

1st-16th Annual Reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology. 1881-1897.

Hewitt, J.N.B. 1895. "James Owen Dorsey" American Anthropologist A8, 180-183.

McGee, W.J. 1895. "In Memoriam." Journal of American Folklore 8(28): 79-80.

1848 -- Born on October 31 in Baltimore, Maryland.

1871 -- Ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal Church.

1871-1873 -- Served as a missionary among the Ponca in Dakota Territory.

1878-1880 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Omaha in Nebraska.

1879 -- Joined the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology.

1882 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Tutelo at Six Nations on Grand River in Upper Canada.

1883-1884 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw in Indian Territory.

1887 -- Worked with George Bushotter to record information regarding the language and culture of the Dakota.

1884 -- Conducted fieldwork at Siletz Reservation.

1892 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Biloxi at Lecompte, Rapides Parish, Louisiana.

1894 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Quapaw at the Quapaw Mission in Indian Territory.

1895 -- Died of typhoid fever on February 4th at the age of 47.
Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Social structure  Search this
Kinship  Search this
Manners and customs  Search this
Shahaptian languages  Search this
Yakonan languages  Search this
Athapascan languages  Search this
Kusan languages  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Siouan languages  Search this
Dhegiha language  Search this
Siuslaw Indians  Search this
Hidatsa language  Search this
Omaha language  Search this
Dakota language  Search this
Catawba language  Search this
Biloxi language  Search this
Caddoan languages  Search this
Osage language  Search this
Alsea language  Search this
Kansa language  Search this
Mandan language  Search this
Chastacosta language  Search this
Coquille language  Search this
Tutelo language  Search this
Winnebago language  Search this
Siuslaw language  Search this
Takelma language  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Drawings
Vocabulary
Folklore
Sermons
Manuscripts
Obituaries
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4800
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4800
Additional Online Media:

Stereographs relating to North American Indians

Creator:
Keystone View Company  Search this
Extent:
4 Items (views )
Culture:
Blackfeet  Search this
Dakota -- Western  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Micmac Indians  Search this
Athapaskan  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Stereographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Catalog Number 4551: (1) Stereo Tribe:. Blackfeet Description: Preparing for Medicine Lodge ceremony, Glacier National Park, Montana Photographer: Keystone View Co. Number 188; 23000. See BAE Negative Number 56,815. (2) Stereo Dakota, Western Mounted Sioux Indians in "Full Feather", leaving camp Keystone View Co. Number 182; 16718. (3) Stereo [Athapascan] Woman working on moose hide, near Atlin, British Columbia Keystone View Co. Number 265; 27359 See BAE Negative Number 56,018. (4) [Micmac] Indian basket weaving, Prince Edward Island, Canada Keystone View Co. Number 263; 13882 See BAE Negative Number 56,035.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4551
Topic:
Athabaskan  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Rituals, formulas and ceremonies -- Medicine Lodge  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Hide preparation  Search this
Micmac Indians  Search this
Basket making  Search this
Genre/Form:
Stereographs
Citation:
Manuscript 4551, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4551
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4551

MS 3931 Miscellaneous vocabularies

Compiler:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Culture:
Alibamu  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Copehan  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Hopi  Search this
Muskogean Indians  Search this
Niuskoki  Search this
Dakota -- Santee  Search this
Shahaptian Indians  Search this
Washakie  Search this
Achomawi Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Kansa Indians  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Arikara Indians  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Paiute Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Klikitat Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Dakota -- Yankton  Search this
Lakota -- Teton  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Athapaskan  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Hitchiti  Search this
Piman Indians  Search this
Dakota -- Santee  Search this
Shahaptian Indians  Search this
Muskhogean  Search this
Ponka  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Santee Indians  Search this
Yankton Indians  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
On cards compiled from information furnished in reply to letters of inquiry. The information is secondary and lacks documentation. Terms of the following languages are thought to be included: Achomawi, Alibamu, Arikara, Athapascan, Blackfoot, Catawba, Choctaw, Copehan, Creek, Dakota, Hitchiti, Hopi, Iowa, Kansa, Klikitat, Mandan, Muskhogean, Niuskoki, Nez Perce, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Paiute, Pawnee, Piman, Ponka, Quapaw, Santee, Seminole, Shahaptian, Shoshone, Teton, Washakie, Winnebago, Ute, Yankton.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3931
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Vocabularies  Search this
Athabaskan  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Kansa (Kaw)  Search this
Otoe  Search this
Warm Springs  Search this
Sahaptian  Search this
Creek (Muskogee)  Search this
Pima (Akimel O'odham)  Search this
Achumawi  Search this
Alibamu  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Creek (Muskogee)  Search this
Kansa (Kaw)  Search this
Otoe  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3931, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3931
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3931

MS 1522 Notes on names, and linguistic notes on Siouan, Athapascan, Caddoan, Iroquoian, and Muskhogean tribes

Collector:
Haggadorn, Francis T.  Search this
Extent:
256 Pages
Culture:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Pamlico  Search this
Cuchan  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Massachuset Indians  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Shawnee Indians  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Arikara Indians  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Micmac Indians  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Menominee Indians  Search this
Aleuts  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Passamaquoddy Indians  Search this
Miami Indians  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Maidu Indians  Search this
Wampanoag Indians  Search this
Woccon  Search this
Mohegan Indians  Search this
Natick  Search this
Openango  Search this
Pennacook Indians  Search this
Chipewyan Indians  Search this
Massachuset Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
ca. 1900
Scope and Contents:
Contents: Dakota or Sioux vocabulary, approximately 27 pages. (notebook) Various Languages- brief vocabularies. 22 pages (copy book) Wampanoag vocabulary 5 pages loose. Sioux vocabulary 3 pages. Blackfoot vocabulary 3 pages. Wichita vocabulary 2 pages. Miscellaneous vocabulary 1 page (name not given) Arikara vocabulary 1 page. Apache vocabulary 8 pages. Aleut (Aleouteans) vocabulary 1 page. Iroquois vocabulary 82 pages. Caddo vocabulary 4 pages. Creek vocabulary 2 slips. Mandan vocabulary 4 pages. Passamaquoddy or Openango vocabulary 3 pages. Micmac vocabulary 11 pages. Pamlico (North Carolina) vocabulary 2 pages. Wocon vocabulary 4 pages. Natick vocabulary 1 page. Pennacook vocabulary 1 page. Mohegan vocabulary 1 page. Number 27. Miami, Comanche and Cushna (Maidu) vocabulary 11 pages. Number 28-a Cuchan, Chippewa of St Marys, Chippewa of Traverse Bay, vocabulary 19 pages. Number 28-b Cree (Knisteneaux) Chippewa of Michigan, Chepewyan approximately 17 pages, 7 pages that are full. Creek and Seminole vocabulary 4 pages (brief notations) Creek and Seminole vocabulary 14 pages. Number 31. Chippewa (Ojibwa or Saulteux) vocabulary Approximately 17 pages. Menominee, Shawnee, and Delaware vocabularies Approximately 12 pages. Notes on the Eskimo, Iroquois, Delaware (Lenape), and Massachuset; notes on the languages of Florida, Cherokee and Sioux languages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1522
Topic:
Siouan Indians  Search this
Vocabularies  Search this
Algonquian Indians  Search this
Vocabularies  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Vocabularies  Search this
Caddoan Indians  Search this
Vocabularies  Search this
Iroquoian Indians  Search this
Vocabularies  Search this
Muskogean Indians  Search this
Vocabularies  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Algonquin  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Penacook  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Creek (Muskogee)  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Athapaskan  Search this
Athabaskan  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Creek (Muskogee)  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Massachusett  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1522, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1522
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1522

MS 136 Comparative vocabulary of eleven Athapascan languages, compiled from other sources

Creator:
Turner, William W. (William Wadden), 1810-1859  Search this
Extent:
22 Pages
Culture:
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Tlatskanai  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Hupa Indians  Search this
Athapaskan  Search this
Carrier Indians  Search this
Umpqua Indians  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Columns headed as follows: Tacully or Carrier (Harmon, page 403); Tahkali (Hale, page 569); Tlatskanai (Hale, page 569); Umkwa (Hale, page 569); Umpqua (Tolmie, [Royal] Geog. Soc. Jour. XI, 2); Apache (Bartlett [in Whipple]); Pinal Lleno (Whipple); Jicorillas (Simpson, page 141); Navajo (Simpson, page 141); Navajo ([Eaton in] Schoolcraft, IV, 416); Hoopah ([from Gibbs in] Schoolcraft, III, 440).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 136
Local Note:
Listed in Pilling, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 14, 1892, page 102; bracketed references in source contents are from Pilling.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Navaho  Search this
Athabaskan  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 136, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS136
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms136

Sandpainting

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Previous owner:
Christian F. Schuster (Christian Friedrich Schuster/C. F. Schuster), Non-Indian, 1868-1957  Search this
Donor:
Christian F. Schuster (Christian Friedrich Schuster/C. F. Schuster), Non-Indian, 1868-1957  Search this
Object Name:
Sandpainting
Media/Materials:
Sand, stone
Techniques:
Glued
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Arizona; USA
Date created:
circa 1940
Catalog Number:
22/1852
Barcode:
221852.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_236667
Additional Online Media:

Soap/Cleansing material

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Previous owner:
Christian F. Schuster (Christian Friedrich Schuster/C. F. Schuster), Non-Indian, 1868-1957  Search this
Donor:
Christian F. Schuster (Christian Friedrich Schuster/C. F. Schuster), Non-Indian, 1868-1957  Search this
Object Name:
Soap/Cleansing material
Media/Materials:
Soapweed
Techniques:
Dried
Object Type:
Materials: Prepared
Place:
Arizona, New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
22/2410
Barcode:
222410.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Materials: Prepared
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_237292
Additional Online Media:

Loom model

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Previous owner:
Christian F. Schuster (Christian Friedrich Schuster/C. F. Schuster), Non-Indian, 1868-1957  Search this
Donor:
Christian F. Schuster (Christian Friedrich Schuster/C. F. Schuster), Non-Indian, 1868-1957  Search this
Object Name:
Loom model
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Weaving tools/equipment
Place:
Arizona or New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
22/2411
Barcode:
222411.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Weaving tools/equipment
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_237293
Additional Online Media:

Fiber

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Previous owner:
Christian F. Schuster (Christian Friedrich Schuster/C. F. Schuster), Non-Indian, 1868-1957  Search this
Donor:
Christian F. Schuster (Christian Friedrich Schuster/C. F. Schuster), Non-Indian, 1868-1957  Search this
Object Name:
Fiber
Media/Materials:
Wool (unspun), dye/dyes
Techniques:
Dyed
Object Type:
Materials: Prepared
Place:
Arizona, New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
22/2412
Barcode:
222412.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Materials: Prepared
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_237294
Additional Online Media:

Yarn

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Previous owner:
Christian F. Schuster (Christian Friedrich Schuster/C. F. Schuster), Non-Indian, 1868-1957  Search this
Donor:
Christian F. Schuster (Christian Friedrich Schuster/C. F. Schuster), Non-Indian, 1868-1957  Search this
Object Name:
Yarn
Media/Materials:
Wool yarn
Techniques:
Dyed
Object Type:
Materials: Prepared
Place:
Arizona, New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
22/2413
Barcode:
222413.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Materials: Prepared
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_237296
Additional Online Media:

Rug

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Previous owner:
Irving B. Levi, Non-Indian, 1891-1964  Search this
Donor:
Irving B. Levi, Non-Indian, 1891-1964  Search this
Object Name:
Rug
Media/Materials:
Wool yarn
Techniques:
Woven
Dimensions:
156 x 115 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Arizona, New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
22/6355
Barcode:
226355.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_241321
Additional Online Media:

Basket tray

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Previous owner:
Irving B. Levi, Non-Indian, 1891-1964  Search this
Donor:
Irving B. Levi, Non-Indian, 1891-1964  Search this
Object Name:
Basket tray
Media/Materials:
Sumac
Techniques:
Coiled
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Arizona, New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
22/9187
Barcode:
229187.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_243797
Additional Online Media:

Headdress part/fragment

Culture/People:
probably Diné (Navajo) (attributed)  Search this
Expedition:
Hyde Exploring Expedition (1896-1899)  Search this
Expedition leader:
George Hubbard Pepper (GHP), Non-Indian, 1873-1924  Search this
Richard Wetherill, Non-Indian, 1858-1910  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
B. Talbot B. Hyde (Benjamin Talbot Babbitt Hyde/B. T. Babbitt Hyde/B.T.B. Hyde), Non-Indian, 1872-1933  Search this
Frederick E. Hyde, Jr. (Frederick Erastus Hyde Jr.), Non-Indian, 1874-1944  Search this
Previous owner:
B. Talbot B. Hyde (Benjamin Talbot Babbitt Hyde/B. T. Babbitt Hyde/B.T.B. Hyde), Non-Indian, 1872-1933  Search this
Seller:
B. Talbot B. Hyde (Benjamin Talbot Babbitt Hyde/B. T. Babbitt Hyde/B.T.B. Hyde), Non-Indian, 1872-1933  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Headdress part/fragment
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Cave, Chaco Canyon, Chaco Canyon National Park; San Juan County; New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
5/1509
Barcode:
051509.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_55562

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