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Oral history interview with Paul Marioni, 2006 September 18-19

Interviewee:
Marioni, Paul, 1941-  Search this
Interviewer:
Riedel, Mija, 1958-  Search this
Subject:
Signoretto, Pino  Search this
McCann, Cecile  Search this
Nelson, Robert A.  Search this
Bolles, John S.  Search this
Dreisbach, Fritz  Search this
Milhoan, Randy  Search this
Marquis, Richard  Search this
Sindler, Allan P.  Search this
Chihuly, Dale  Search this
Ben Tré, Howard  Search this
Brychtová, Jaroslava  Search this
Nelson, Gunvor  Search this
Troutner, Ann Margaret  Search this
North, Judy  Search this
Bosworth, Thomas L. (Thomas Lawrence),  Search this
Libenský, Stanislav  Search this
Marioni, Dante  Search this
Lipofsky, Marvin  Search this
Blaine, Sandy  Search this
Vallien, Bertil  Search this
Sindler, Leonore  Search this
Pilchuck Glass School  Search this
California College of Arts and Crafts  Search this
Glass Art Society  Search this
Penland School of Crafts  Search this
San Francisco State University  Search this
University Of Cincinnati  Search this
University of Dayton  Search this
College of Marin  Search this
A.C. Fischer Glashütte  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Spectrum Glass Co  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Thailand  Search this
Europe  Search this
Art critics  Search this
Glass art  Search this
Politics in art  Search this
Art  Search this
Parenting  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Cast glass  Search this
Glass artists  Search this
Japan  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
South America  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13577
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)265439
AAA_collcode_marion06
Theme:
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_265439
Additional Online Media:

Anton Refregier papers, circa 1900-circa 1990

Creator:
Refregier, Anton, 1905-1979  Search this
Subject:
Fast, Howard  Search this
Kent, Rockwell  Search this
Randall, Byron  Search this
Evergood, Philip Howard  Search this
Yavno, Max  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Geddes, Norman Bel  Search this
Packard, Emmy Lou  Search this
Dreyfuss, Henry  Search this
O'Higgins, Pablo  Search this
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
De Diego, Julio  Search this
Greenwood, Marion  Search this
Morley, Eugene  Search this
Refregier, Lila  Search this
Works Progress Administration  Search this
ACA Galleries  Search this
Woodstock Artists Association  Search this
Bard College  Search this
National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.)  Search this
World Peace Council  Search this
Gosudarstvennyµi þErmitazh (Russia)  Search this
New York World's Fair  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Cartoons (working drawings)
Photographs
Diaries
Sketches
Interviews
Greeting cards
Transcripts
Travel diaries
Topic:
Artists' studios  Search this
Soviet Union  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Political clubs  Search this
Guatemala  Search this
Art  Search this
Chile  Search this
Painters  Search this
Designers  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Tapestry  Search this
Muralists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9646
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211854
AAA_collcode_refranto
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211854

Eugene Berman papers, 1926-1975

Creator:
Berman, Eugene, 1899-1972  Search this
Subject:
Gloeden, Wilhelm von  Search this
Galdi, Vincenzo  Search this
Berman, Leonid  Search this
Ray, Man  Search this
Lynes, Russell  Search this
Type:
Sketches
Photograph albums
Notes
Photographs
Postcards
Topic:
Italy  Search this
Graphic artists  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Painters  Search this
Set designers  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5927
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208768
AAA_collcode_bermeuge
Theme:
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Audio - Visual
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208768
Additional Online Media:

Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material on Chicano art, 1965-2004

Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Subject:
Mesa-Bains, Amalia  Search this
Goldman, Shifra M.  Search this
Garza, Carmen Lomas  Search this
Mexican Museum  Search this
Royal Chicano Air Force  Search this
Studio 24 (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Type:
DVDs
Slides (photographs)
Video recordings
Interviews
Photographs
Topic:
Mexico  Search this
Mexican American arts  Search this
Hispanic American art  Search this
Santos (Art)  Search this
Mexican American artists  Search this
Household shrines  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5563
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216281
AAA_collcode_ybartoma
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216281
Additional Online Media:

Stefan Hirsch and Elsa Rogo papers, 1851-1986, bulk 1920s-1960s

Creator:
Hirsch, Stefan, 1899-1964  Search this
Rogo, Elsa, 1901-1996  Search this
Subject:
Mumford, Lewis  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor  Search this
Villalobos, Efren  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Bier, Justus  Search this
Field, Hamilton Easter  Search this
Shahn, Ben  Search this
Anguiano, Raúl  Search this
Mérida, Carlos  Search this
Downtown Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Bard College  Search this
Bennington College  Search this
United States.Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs  Search this
Type:
Transcripts
Sketchbooks
Sound recordings
Glass plate negatives
Etchings
Scrapbooks
Motion pictures (visual works)
Topic:
Mural painting and decoration, Mexican  Search this
Art, Latin American  Search this
Journalists  Search this
Educators  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Painters  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6044
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216012
AAA_collcode_hirsstef
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216012
Additional Online Media:

Stefan Hirsch and Elsa Rogo papers

Creator:
Hirsch, Stefan, 1899-1964  Search this
Rogo, Elsa, 1901-1996  Search this
Names:
Bard College -- Faculty  Search this
Bennington College -- Faculty  Search this
Downtown Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
United States. Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Anguiano, Raúl, 1915-2006  Search this
Bier, Justus, 1899-1990  Search this
Field, Hamilton Easter  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor, 1900-1970  Search this
Mumford, Lewis  Search this
Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984  Search this
Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969  Search this
Extent:
19.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sound recordings
Etchings
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Glass plate negatives
Transcripts
Place:
Mexico -- photographs
Date:
1851-1986
bulk 1920-1960
Summary:
The papers of artists and educators Stefan Hirsch and Elsa Rogo measure 19.6 linear feet and date from 1851 to 1986, with the bulk of the material dating from 1920s to the 1960s. Their artistic, teaching, and journalism careers are documented through biographical materials, correspondence, writings and notes, professional files, printed materials, photographs and motion picture films, and sketchbooks and other artwork.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of artists and educators Stefan Hirsch and Elsa Rogo measure 19.6 linear feet and date from 1851 to 1986, with the bulk of the material dating from 1920s to the 1960s. Their artistic, teaching, and journalism careers are documented through biographical materials, correspondence, writings and notes, professional files, printed materials, photographs and motion picture films, and sketchbooks and other artwork.

Biographical materials include address lists, resumes and biographical sketches, identification cards, material relating to Hirsch's military service, and legal documents. Two sound recordings, one personal and another of Rogo on Spanish National Radio, are also found here.

Correspondence is both professional and personal. Professional correspondence concerns commissions, exhibitions, travel, and teaching. Notable correspondents include Josef Albers, Justus Bier, Downtown Gallery (Edith Halpert), Carlos Mérida, Lewis Mumford, Ben Shahn, and many others. Personal correspondence is largely between Hirsch and Rogo. Writings are found for both Hirsch and Rogo and include notebooks, diary fragments and transcripts, lectures, essays on art, articles, and notes. A manuscript by Hamilton Easter Field is also found and a writing by an unknown author. Professional files document teaching positions, projects, commissions, memberships, and other professional activities undertaken by Hirsch and Rogo. They document Hirsch's teaching career at Bard College, Bennington College, and his mural work in South Carolina and Mississippi. Files concerning Rogo's work with the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs are found here, as well as files documenting their professional and personal travel. These contain a wide variety of materials, such as correspondence, printed material, meeting minutes, photographs, and writings. Also found are scattered files relating to general areas of interest.

Hirsch's and Rogo's business records include contracts concerning Elsa Rogo's book agreements, records settling the estate of the Hirsch family in Nürnberg (Nuremberg), Germany, insurance records, a lease, price lists, and general receipts and invoices. Also found are personal art collection records including a sales agreement and a list of Latin American art owned by Hirsch and Rogo. Printed materials include books, brochures, clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs for Stefan Hirsch and others, issues of magazines and other periodicals, copies of published writings by Hirsch and Rogo, and a dismantled printed materials scrapbook.

Photographs are extensive and include personal photos of Stefan Hirsch and Elsa Rogo, their family, friends, and colleagues. Numerous travel photos were taken by Rogo in her role as a journalist in Latin American and the United States. The bulk of the professional travel photos were taken in Mexico in the 1930s to the 1960s and show events, cities, and cultural activities. Also found are glass plate negatives, photographs of works of art, and sixteen reels of motion picture film taken in Mexico, Bard College, and Oqunquit, Maine.

Eighteen sketchbooks are largely unsigned but are likely by Stefan Hirsch. Additional artwork includes sketches and etchings by Hirsch, sketches by Elsa Rogo, and works by others including Raul Anquiano and Efren Villalobos.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 9 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1899-1986 (0.6 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1920s-1960s (3.2 linear feet; Boxes 1-4)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, circa 1920-1960s (1.2 linear feet: Boxes 4-5)

Series 4: Professional Files, 1912-1966 (2.8 linear feet; Boxes 6-8)

Series 5: Personal Business Records, 1927-1957 (0.5 linear feet; Boxes 8-9)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1851-1964 (2.9 linear feet; Boxes 9-12, 19)

Series 7: Photographs and Motion Picture Film, circa 1870-1960s (6.9 linear feet; Boxes 12-17, 20, FC 21-29)

Series 8: Sketchbooks, circa 1930s-circa 1940s (0.6 linear feet; Box 18)

Series 9: Artwork and Artifacts, 1916-1982 (0.5 linear feet; Boxes 18-19)
Biographical / Historical:
German-born Stefan Hirsch (1899-1964) was a painter and educator. Elsa Rogo (1901-1966) was married to Hirsch and was an artist, educator and journalist. They were active in Annandale-on-Hudson, New York, and Vermont, and traveled extensively throughout Mexico and Latin America where they documented local arts and crafts, village life, and befriended prominent Mexican artists.

Born in Nurnberg, Germany, Stefan Hirsch grew up in Europe and studied art at the University of Zurich. After settling in the United States in 1919, he took summer courses under Hamilton Easter Field in Ogunquit, Maine. Hirsch developed a Precisionist style combined with Social Realism but much of his work was difficult to restrict to one specific style. Hirsch was a founder and exhibitor at the avant-garde Salons of America which served as an alternative to the Society of Independent Artists. During the 1930s and 1940s, Hirsch participated in the U.S. government's Federal Art Project and painted murals in Aiken, South Carolina and Booneville, Mississippi. Hirsch began his teaching career in 1937 at Bennington College in Vermont, and later accepted a position at Bard College where he served as the chairman of the art department until he retired in 1961.

In 1930, Hirsch married Elsa Rogo. Together, they traveled throughout Mexico and Latin America where they became involved in the social and art scenes. They befriended prominent Mexican artists like Diego Rivera and David Siqueiros. As a journalist, Rogo documented Mexican life, events, and art extensively through photographs. Rogo also served in the U.S. Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs, established in 1940 to promote cultural diplomacy and solidarity primarily in Latin America. In Taxaco, Mexico, she taught art to school children. Her book, Walls and Volcanos: The Creative Impulse of the Mexican People, was published in 1937.

Stefan Hirsch died in 1964. Elsa Rogo died in 1966.
Provenance:
Portions of the Stefan Hirsch and Elsa Rogo papers were donated in 1996 by the Elsa Rogo estate, via Sylvia Siskin, executrix. Additions were donated 2002, 2014, and 2019 by professor James Oles, Art Department, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Massachusetts on behalf of Sylvia Siskin.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Original film reels and archival negative copies are stored off-site and are closed to researchers.
Rights:
The Stefan Hirsch and Elsa Rogo papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Journalists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Educators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Latin American  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, Mexican -- Photographs  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- South Carolina  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- Mississippi  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sound recordings
Etchings
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Glass plate negatives
Transcripts
Citation:
Stefan Hirsch and Elsa Rogo papers, 1851-1986, bulk 1920s-1960s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.hirsstef
See more items in:
Stefan Hirsch and Elsa Rogo papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hirsstef
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Betty Woodman, 2003 April 22 and 29

Interviewee:
Woodman, Betty, 1930-2018  Search this
Interviewer:
Perreault, John, 1937-  Search this
Subject:
Leach, Bernard  Search this
Serra, Richard  Search this
Kozloff, Joyce  Search this
Brown, Elenita  Search this
Hamada, Sh?ji  Search this
Higby, Wayne  Search this
Kushner, Robert  Search this
Shark, Bud  Search this
Carlson, Cynthia  Search this
Woodman, George  Search this
Voulkos, Peter  Search this
Fabric Workshop  Search this
University of Colorado  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Girl Scouts of the United States of America  Search this
Centre internationale de recherche sur le verre et les arts plastiques (Marseille, France)  Search this
Europees Keramisch Werkcentrum  Search this
Bellagio Study and Conference Center  Search this
Boulder (Colo.).Parks & Recreation Department  Search this
School for American Crafts  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Screen process printing  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Netherlands  Search this
India  Search this
Ceramicists  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Boulder (Colo.)  Search this
Glass art  Search this
Art  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Ceramics  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Handicraft  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13297
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)245771
AAA_collcode_woodma03
Theme:
Craft
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_245771
Additional Online Media:

Glen Lukens letters to Roy Walker, circa 1930-1945

Creator:
Walker, Roy, 1910-2006  Search this
Subject:
Lukens, Glen  Search this
University of Southern California  Search this
Topic:
Mexico  Search this
Ceramics  Search this
Ceramicists  Search this
Haiti  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17371
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)381364
AAA_collcode_walkroy
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_381364

Hermann Dudley Murphy papers, circa 1878-1982

Creator:
Murphy, Hermann Dudley, 1867-1945  Search this
Subject:
Tarbell, Edmund Charles  Search this
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil  Search this
Trowbridge, Alexander Buell  Search this
Abbott, Mary Ogden  Search this
Ryder, Chauncey F.  Search this
Sizer, Theodore  Search this
Barrie, Erwin S.  Search this
Vose Galleries of Boston  Search this
Type:
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Prints
Topic:
Picture frames and framing  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7311
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209464
AAA_collcode_murpherm
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209464
Additional Online Media:

René d'Harnoncourt papers, 1921-1983

Creator:
D'Harnoncourt, Rene, 1901-1968  Search this
Subject:
d'Harnoncourt, Sarah  Search this
Fosado, Víctor  Search this
Covarrubias, Miguel  Search this
Tantaquidgeon, Gladys Iola  Search this
Marriott, Alice  Search this
Durieux, Caroline  Search this
Klumb, Henry  Search this
Alvarez Bravo, Manuel  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Art in America  Search this
United States.Indian Arts and Crafts Board  Search this
Sarah Lawrence College  Search this
Type:
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Drawings
Topic:
Hispanic American art  Search this
Curators  Search this
Art museum directors  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Art, Aboriginal Australian  Search this
Indian art  Search this
Cave paintings  Search this
Art, Mexican  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5462
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209237
AAA_collcode_dharrene
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209237
Additional Online Media:

René d'Harnoncourt papers

Creator:
D'Harnoncourt, Rene, 1901-1968  Search this
Names:
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Art in America  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Sarah Lawrence College -- Faculty  Search this
United States. Indian Arts and Crafts Board  Search this
Alvarez Bravo, Manuel, 1902-  Search this
Covarrubias, Miguel, 1904-1957  Search this
Durieux, Caroline, 1896-1989  Search this
Fosado, Víctor  Search this
Klumb, Henry, 1905-1984  Search this
Marriott, Alice  Search this
Tantaquidgeon, Gladys Iola  Search this
d'Harnoncourt, Sarah  Search this
Extent:
2.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Place:
Mexico -- description and travel
Date:
1921-1983
Summary:
The papers of art curator, lecturer, and museum director, René d'Harnoncourt (1901-1968), document d'Harnoncourt's activities, primarily in the 1930s and 1940s, particularly as they relate to Mexican and Native American art. D'Harnoncourt's career, including his arrival in Mexico in 1925, his curation of the exhibitions, Mexican Art (1930-1932), and Indian Art of the United States (1941), and his work for the Department of the Interior's Indian Arts and Crafts Board from 1937-1944, are documented in small amounts of biographical material and correspondence, published writings, printed material, scrapbooks, photographs of d'Harnoncourt and colleagues, and photographs of works of art. The collection also contains a drawing of d'Harnoncourt, and photocopies of caricatures of d'Harnoncourt and others.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of art curator, lecturer, and museum director, René d'Harnoncourt (1901-1968), document d'Harnoncourt's activities, primarily in the 1930s and 1940s, particularly as they relate to Mexican and Native American art. D'Harnoncourt's career, including his arrival in Mexico in 1925, his curation of the exhibitions, Mexican Art (1930-1932), and Indian Art of the United States (1941), and his work for the Department of the Interior's Indian Arts and Crafts Board from 1937-1944, are documented in small amounts of biographical material and correspondence, published writings, printed material, scrapbooks, photographs of d'Harnoncourt and colleagues, and photographs of works of art. The collection also contains a drawing of d'Harnoncourt, and photocopies of caricatures of d'Harnoncourt and others.

Biographical material consists of d'Harnoncourt's official Austrian departure documents for his travel to Mexico in 1925; pages of an appointment book from 1932; and notes on d'Harnoncourt's career that index publications in which he is mentioned amongst other things, prepared by Sarah d'Harnoncourt.

Correspondence and memoranda relate primarily to the Mexican Arts exhibition, (1930-1932) sponsored by the American Federation of Arts; the "Art in America" radio program, organized by the American Federation of Arts with the cooperation of the Museum of Modern Art; d'Harnoncourt's part time teaching position at Sarah Lawrence College in Bronxville; and his appointment as General Manager of the Indian Arts and Crafts Board. Later correspondence references research on d'Harnoncourt's work for the Indian Arts and Crafts Board, and includes information on d'Harnoncourt, provided in response to inquiries about him.

Writings by d'Harnoncourt include published articles on Mexican and Indian arts and crafts, a 1969 reprint of d'Harnoncourt's and Frederic H. Douglas's expanded version of the catalog for Indian Art of the United States, a foreword, and two seminar/symposium papers. Unpublished writings comprise two typescripts. The series also includes several writings by others.

Printed material includes announcements and exhibition catalogs, documentation of the "Art in America Program," published books belonging to and/or referencing d'Harnoncourt, Department of Interior publications, including some issued by the Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Museum of Modern art press releases, news clippings relating to d'Harnoncourt and his activities, and miscellaneous printed material.

Additional clippings from a dismantled scrapbook(s) document the Mexican Arts exhibition.

Artwork and artifacts include one original sketch in colored pencil of d'Harnoncourt by Austrian artist, Silverbauer, photocopies of caricatures and doodles by d'Harnoncourt, Miguel Covarrubias, and Caroline Durieux, and two Indian Arts and Crafts Board weaving samples.

Photographs are of d'Harnoncourt, Sarah d'Harnoncourt, and friends and colleagues. They include a photograph of d'Harnoncourt by Manuel Alvarez-Bravo; snapshots of others including Fred Davis; Sarah d'Harnoncourt and folk art specialist, Victor Fosado; fellow Indian Arts and Crafts Board members, architect Henry Klumb, Alice Marriot, and anthropologist, author, and tribal council member, Gladys Tantaquidgeon. Also found are three photographs of Mexican Art exhibition installations; fourteen photographs of Native Americans; three photographs showing covers and/or fronts pieces of d'Harnoncourts books Beast, Bird and Fish, Mexicana, The Hole in the Wall, and The Painted Pig; and photographs of artwork included in the Mexican Art exhibition and an exhibition of Australian Aboriginal Cave Paintings (1947).
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as seven series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1925-circa 1978 (5 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence and Memoranda, 1929-1981 (5 folders; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings, 1928-circa 1970s (0.4 linear feet; Box 1, OV 4)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1921-1979 (1.1 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, OV 4)

Series 5: Scrapbooks, 1930-1933 (0.3 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 6: Artwork and Artifacts, circa 1926-circa 1950s (3 folders; Box 3)

Series 7: Photographs, 1930-1983 (0.25 linear feet; Box 3, OV 4)
Biographical / Historical:
Art curator, lecturer, and museum director, René d'Harnoncourt (1901-1968), was an authority on Native American art and Mexican arts and crafts. He curated and toured with a traveling exhibition, Mexican Art, from 1930-1932, guest curated the exhibition, Indian Art of the United States, for the Museum of Modern Art in 1941, served on the Department of the Interior's Indian Arts and Crafts Board from 1937-1944, and was Director of the Museum of Modern Art from 1949-1968.

D'Harnoncourt was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1901. He left Austria for Mexico in 1925, and began working for American, Frederick Davis, who owned a shop that sold Mexican antiquities and folk art in Mexico City. At this time, d'Harnoncourt made many important connections, including meeting American Ambassador to Mexico, Dwight Morrow, and his wife, Elizabeth Morrow. D'Harnoncourt illustrated several books in the early 1930s, including The Painted Pig (1930) and Beast, Bird and Fish (1933), both written by Elizabeth Morrow, and The Hole in the Wall (1931) and Mexicana: A Book of Pictures (1931). According to Sarah d'Harnoncourt, her husband considered himself an amateur in the field of book illustration, which he enjoyed as a means of self-amusement.

In 1929, d'Harnoncourt was asked to curate an extensive exhibition of Mexican art to travel to major cities in the United States, sponsored by the American Federation of Arts. D'Harnoncourt toured with this exhibition, Mexican Art, for two years, beginning at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in October, 1930.

D'Harnoncourt visited Austria briefly in 1932, then returned to the United States in 1933 and married Sarah Carr the same year. He became a naturalized United States citizen in 1939.

Between 1933 and 1944, d'Harnoncourt directed the radio program "Art in America," organized by the American Federation of Arts in cooperation with the Museum of Modern Art. He also taught art history at Sarah Lawrence College from 1934-1937. In 1936 he began working for the Indian Arts and Crafts Board of the Department of the Interior, becoming General Manager in 1937, and the Board's Chairman in 1944. As General Manager he curated an exhibition on Indian art for the San Francisco Golden Gate International Exposition in 1939, and installed an expanded version of the exhibition, Indian Art of the United States, as guest curator for the Museum of Modern Art in 1940-1941.

In 1944, d'Harnoncourt joined the Museum of Modern Art as Vice President in charge of Foreign Activities, focusing his work on Latin America, and as Director of the Department of Manual Industries, responsible for the preservation of Native American art and culture. In 1949 he was appointed Director of the Museum of Modern Art, and served in this capacity until his death in an automobile accident in 1968.
Related Materials:
An oral history of René d'Harnoncourt, interviewed by Isabel Grossner in 1968, can be found at Columbia University, Oral History Research Office, 801 Butler Library, 535 West 114 Street, New York, NY 10027.
Separated Materials:
The bulk of René d'Harnoncourt's papers are in the Museum Archives of the Museum of Modern Art. The Museum's 59.25 linear feet document, in particular, d'Harnoncourt's years with the Museum from 1944-1968. That collection also includes papers donated by Sarah d'Harnoncourt which relate to d'Harnoncourt's time in Mexico, from 1925-1932, and his work in the United States from 1933-1944. While these holdings may overlap occasionally with the papers in the Archives of American Art (some items at the Archives of American Art, for instance, may be photocopies of originals at the Museum), the bulk of the Archives' d'Harnoncourt papers appear to be distinct from those at the Museum.

The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels 2919-2931) including papers generated by d'Harnoncourt during his professional affiliation with the Museum of Modern Art, such as, personal files, three appointment notebooks, professional files including Latin American correspondence, exhibition files, files documenting outside affiliations, and departmental and special event files. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
D'Harnoncourt's widow, Sarah d'Harnoncourt, donated the René d'Harnoncourt papers to the Archives of American Art in 1975, 1981, and 1984. An additional eleven linear feet of material was lent by the Museum of Modern Art's for microfilming in 1983.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The René d'Harnoncourt papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art museums -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art museum directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Mexican  Search this
Art, Aboriginal Australian  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Indian art -- Exhibitions  Search this
Cave paintings -- Austrailia  Search this
Curators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Hispanic American art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Citation:
René d'Harnoncourt papers, 1921-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dharrene
See more items in:
René d'Harnoncourt papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dharrene
Additional Online Media:

Anton Refregier papers

Creator:
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Names:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Bard College -- Faculty  Search this
Gosudarstvennyĭ Ėrmitazh (Russia)  Search this
National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.)  Search this
New York World's Fair (1939-1940)  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Woodstock Artists Association (Woodstock, N.Y.)  Search this
World Peace Council  Search this
De Diego, Julio, 1900-  Search this
Dreyfuss, Henry, 1904-  Search this
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Fast, Howard, 1914-  Search this
Geddes, Norman Bel, 1893-1958  Search this
Greenwood, Marion, 1909-1970  Search this
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Morley, Eugene, 1909-1953  Search this
O'Higgins, Pablo, 1904-  Search this
Packard, Emmy Lou, 1914-1998  Search this
Randall, Byron, 1918-1999  Search this
Refregier, Lila  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Yavno, Max  Search this
Extent:
35.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Travel diaries
Greeting cards
Interviews
Cartoons (working drawings)
Scrapbooks
Transcripts
Photographs
Diaries
Sketches
Place:
Chile
Soviet Union
Guatemala
Mexico
Date:
circa 1900-circa 1990
Summary:
The papers of Woodstock area painter, muralist, and designer, Anton Refregier (1905-1979) date from circa 1900 to circa 1990 and measure 35.9 linear feet. The collection records Refregier's early commercial work and murals for the Works Progress Adminstration (WPA) and documents his career through to the 1970s with records of commissions for many public and private buildings, exhibitions in the United States and abroad, teaching positions, essays and publications, and extensive travel, particularly to the Soviet Union and Mexico. The collection contains scattered biographical material, personal and business correspondence, notes and writings, 15 diaries and journals, mural and tapestry files, exhibition files, personal business records, printed material, 10 scrapbooks, artwork including sketches and cartoons for murals, and photographs of Refregier, his friends, family and travels.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Woodstock area painter, muralist, and designer, Anton Refregier (1905-1979) date from circa 1900 to circa 1990 and measure 35.9 linear feet. The collection records Refregier's early commercial work and murals for the Works Progress Adminstration (WPA) and documents his career through to the 1970s with records of commissions for many public and private buildings, exhibitions in the United States and abroad, teaching positions, essays and publications, and extensive travel, particularly to the Soviet Union and Mexico. The collection contains scattered biographical material, personal and business correspondence, notes and writings, diaries and journals, mural and tapestry files, exhibition files, personal business records, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork including sketches and cartoons for murals, and photographs of Refregier, his friends, family and travels.

Biographical material contains legal records such as Refregier's will and marriage and death records, passports, resume material and 2 interview transcripts.

Correspondence, both chronological and alphabetical, constitutes almost a third of the collection and documents all aspects of Refregier's career including his work for the WPA, private commissions, representation by ACA Galleries, his involvement with groups such as the Woodstock Artists Association and his teaching work for institutions such as Bard College. Also documented are his involvement with local political groups and international organizations such as the National Council of American-Soviet Friendship and the World Peace Council, and travels including visits to the Soviet Union. Notable correspondents include Henry Dreyfuss, Philip Evergood, Rockwell Kent, Emmy-Lou Packard, and Byron Randall. Correspondence also includes family letters written primarily by Refregier to Lila Refregier, in addition to greeting cards received by the Refregier family, many of which contain original arwork.

Writings are primarily by Refregier and include drafts of many essays and autobiographical writings, in addition to copies of published works including Natural Figure Drawing, An Artists Journey and Sketches of the Soviet Union.

The collection contains diaries and journals from 12 years in various formats including published and handmade day planners and typed and handwritten journal entries. They include sketches and primarily record travel and daily activities including specific projects such as the New York World's Fair mural (1938-1939).

Mural and Tapestry files document individual commissions bid on and/or completed by Refregier. The creation of the Rincon Annex Post Office mural and subsequent controversies over its subject matter are well-documented here, as are many of Refregier's commissions for banks, hospitals, hotels, shopping centers, and schools.

Exhibition files document at least 15 of Refregier's exhibitions, including his first one-man show at ACA Galleries (1942) and his exhibition of paintings at the Hermitage Museum (1967) in what was then Leningrad.

Personal business records contain addresses of contacts. Scattered records referencing market values for Refregier's work can be found throughout the series in records such as bills and receipts, financial notes and tax records.

Printed material provides extensive coverage of Refregier's entire career through announcements, invitations, catalogs, and news clippings. His interests in art, literature, music, theater and politics are also well-represented in these files.

The collection contains 10 scrapbooks, mostly in fragmented condition, which contain a mixture of photographs, sketches and other artwork, notes and fragments of writings, and printed material. The scrapbooks document a variety of subjects including Refregier's family life, travels to Guatemala and the Soviet Union, and the artist at work.

Artwork consists primarily of artwork by Refregier in the form of mural design sketches and cartoons in various media, including pencil, ink and pastel, in addition to 21 sketchbooks, many of which also contain journal entries and notes. Also found here are prints and reproductions of Refregier's "Peace card" block engravings for every year from 1950-1973, with the exception of 1970.

Photographs document all phases of Refregier's career and include family photographs dating from circa 1900, photos of Refregier in the studio including work for the WPA, Refregier and other artists and individuals at events and parties from the 1940s-1970s, travel snapshots probably taken in Chile, Guatemala, Mexico, and the Soviet Union, and photographs of artwork and installations. Individuals pictured include Julio de Diego, Marion Greenwood, Rockwell Kent, Pablo O'Higgins and David Siqueiros; also, a series of press photographs by Albert A. Freeman pictures Refregier with Howard Fast, Norman Bel Geddes, Marion Greenwood, John Kingsbury, Yasuo Kuniyoshi and Harry Stockwell. One photograph by Eliot Elisofon, 2 by Eugene Morley and 4 by Max Yavno can also be found here.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 11 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1925-1980 (Box 1; 0.25 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1912-circa 1990s (Boxes 1-11, 36, OVs 38, 45; 10.2 linear ft.)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1930s-circa 1970s (Boxes 11-14, OV 45; 3.3 linear ft.)

Series 4: Diaries and Journals, 1923-1979 (Box 15; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 5: Mural and Tapestry Files, circa 1930s-circa 1970s (Boxes 15-18, 36, OVs 38, 45, 46, RD 42; 3.65 linear ft.)

Series 6: Exhibition Files, 1942-1981 (Boxes 18-19; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 7: Personal Business Records, 1920s-1980s (Boxes 19-20; 1.8 linear ft.)

Series 8: Printed Material, circa 1920s-1980s (Boxes 21-28, 36; 7.4 linear ft.)

Series 9: Scrapbooks, 1930s-1960s (Boxes 28, 37, BV 47; 1.1 linear ft.)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1930s-circa 1970s (Boxes 28-30, 36, OVs 40, 41, RDs 42-44; 3.5 linear ft.)

Series 11: Photographic Material, ca. 1900-1980s (Boxes 31-35, 39; 4.5 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Russian-born Woodstock painter Anton Refregier (1905-1979) immigrated to the United States in 1920. Refregier was well-known for his sometimes controversial social realist murals for the WPA.

After an apprenticeship to the sculptor, Vasilief, in Paris, Anton Refregier attended the Rhode Island School of Design from 1920-1925 and studied with Hans Hofmann in Germany in 1927. He had his first one-man show at ACA Galleries in New York City in 1942 and settled in Woodstock, New York, with his wife, Lila, and three children Anton, Jr., Brigit and Aleksandre, where he became a prominent member of the artist community.

Refregier completed several social realist murals for the federal Works Progress Adminstration (WPA) program, including one at the New York Worlds Fair in 1939 and the controversial Rincon Annex Post Office mural in San Francisco begun in 1941. He also completed interior design installations for businesses such as the nightclub, Cafe Society Uptown, and the restaurant, The Cookery, in New York City. In addition to being an easel and mural painter Refregier worked in tapestry, mosaic, ceramic, and collage, and completed many commissions for hotels, banks, hospitals, restaurants, synagogues, supermarkets and deparment stores throughout the country.

Refregier taught at various institutions including Stanford University, the University of Arkansas, and Bard College and his publications inlcude Natural Figure Drawing (1948), An Artist's Journey (1965), and Sketches of the Soviet Union (1978). He traveled regularly to the Soviet Union to explore and exchange ideas about art and culture and as a representative of the World Peace Council.

Anton Refregier died in Moscow in October 1979 while visiting the Soviet Union. His work can be found in many museums including the Corcoran Gallery of Art, the Metropolitan Museum, the San Francisco Museum of Art, and the Whitney Museum of American Art.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are an oral history interview with Anton Refregier, 1964, Nov. 5 by Joseph Trovato; and Papers regarding Anton Refregier mural controversy, 1953.
Provenance:
Donated 1983 by Lila Refregier, widow of Anton Refregier, and in 1992 by Brigit R. Sutton, Refregier's daughter.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Anton Refregier papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. They may be used for research, study and scholarship. Authorization to quote or reproduce for purposes of publication must be obtained from: Brigit R. Sutton, Box 344D, Woodstock, New York, 12498.
Topic:
Tapestry  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Political clubs  Search this
Muralists -- New York -- Woodstock  Search this
Art -- Commissioning  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- Woodstock  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- Archival resources -- 20th century  Search this
Designers -- New York (State)  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Travel diaries
Greeting cards
Interviews
Cartoons (working drawings)
Scrapbooks
Transcripts
Photographs
Diaries
Sketches
Citation:
Anton Refregier papers, circa 1900-circa 1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.refranto
See more items in:
Anton Refregier papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-refranto

World Crafts Council, Mexico

Subject:
World Crafts Council  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Mexico
Date:
circa 1976
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)19244
See more items in:
Rose Slivka papers, circa 1947-2006
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_19244

Photograph of Enrique Riveron with Mario Moreno and Antonio Arias Bernál

Subject:
Bernal, Antonio Arias  Search this
Moreno, Mario  Search this
Riverón, Enrique  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Mexico
Date:
194-
Topic:
Cartoonists  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Motion picture actors and actresses  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)8149
See more items in:
Enrique Riverón papers, 1918-1990s
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_8149

Louise Nevelson at Ines Amor Gallery in Mexico

Subject:
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Nevelson, Louise  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Mexico
Date:
ca. 1966
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)4338
See more items in:
Louise Nevelson papers, circa 1903-1982
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_4338
Additional Online Media:

Louise Nevelson at Ines Amor Gallery in Mexico

Subject:
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Nevelson, Louise  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Mexico
Date:
ca. 1966
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)4339
See more items in:
Louise Nevelson papers, circa 1903-1982
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_4339
Additional Online Media:

Hermann Dudley Murphy sketchbook of travels through Mexico

Creator:
Murphy, Hermann Dudley, 1867-1945  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Place:
Mexico
Date:
1936-1937
Topic:
Travel sketches  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5606
See more items in:
Hermann Dudley Murphy papers, circa 1878-1982
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5606

Diary, Volume IV

Creator:
McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891  Search this
Subject:
Avery, Samuel Putnam  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert  Search this
Booth, Edwin Thomas  Search this
Brown, John George  Search this
Casilear, John William  Search this
Champney, James Wells  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown  Search this
Godwin, Parke  Search this
Hall, George Henry  Search this
Hart, William McDougal  Search this
Hubbard, Richard William  Search this
Inness, George  Search this
Johnson, Eastman  Search this
Johnston, John Taylor  Search this
McEntee, Jervis  Search this
Olyphant, Robert M.  Search this
Page, William  Search this
Perry, E. W. (Enoch Wood)  Search this
Reid, Whitelaw  Search this
Taylor, Bayard  Search this
Vaux, Calvert  Search this
Vaux, Mary McEntee  Search this
Weir, John F. (John Ferguson)  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington  Search this
American Art Association  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Century illustrated monthly magazine  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Ortgies & Co.  Search this
Rogers, Peet Company, New York  Search this
Union League Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Writings
Place:
Arkville, N.Y.
Chicago, Ill.
Detroit, Mich.
Louisville, Ky.
Mexico
Minneapolis, Minn.
Nantucket, Mass.
Date:
1883 June 16- 1889 July 31
Topic:
Finances, Personal  Search this
Sketching  Search this
Theatrical productions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)6188
See more items in:
Jervis McEntee papers, 1796, 1848-1905
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_6188