Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
1104 documents - page 1 of 56

Oral history interview with Jacob Kainen, 1982 Aug. 10-Sept. 22

Interviewee:
Kainen, Jacob, 1909-2001  Search this
Interviewer:
Berman, Avis, 1949-  Search this
Subject:
Noland, Kenneth  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Davis, Stuart  Search this
Schnitzler, Max  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Gorky, Arshile  Search this
McNeil, George  Search this
Solman, Joseph  Search this
Davis, Gene  Search this
Lazzari, Pietro  Search this
Graham, John D. (John Dabrowsky)  Search this
Rothko, Mark  Search this
Margo, Boris  Search this
Thomas, Alma  Search this
Hayter, Stanley William  Search this
Pratt Institute  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
ACA Galleries  Search this
Mark Rothko and His Times Oral History Project  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art front  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12620
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215634
AAA_collcode_kainen82
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215634
Online Media:

Frank Kleinholz papers, 1930-1980

Creator:
Kleinholz, Frank, 1901-1987  Search this
Subject:
Burliuk, David  Search this
Segy, Ladislas  Search this
Groth, John  Search this
Mayer, Ralph  Search this
Walkowitz, Abraham  Search this
Harmon, Lily  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Kent, Rockwell  Search this
Evergood, Philip Howard  Search this
McCausland, Elizabeth  Search this
Hitchcock, Alfred  Search this
Cahill, Holger  Search this
Strand, Paul  Search this
Reisman, Philip  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9154
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211348
AAA_collcode_kleifran
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211348

Nancy Drysdale Gallery records

Creator:
Nancy Drysdale Gallery  Search this
Names:
Brook Alexander Editions  Search this
Crown Point Press  Search this
Tyler Graphics, Ltd  Search this
Bartlett, Jennifer, 1941-  Search this
Burton, Scott  Search this
Christenberry, William, 1936-  Search this
Clapsaddle, Jerry, 1941-  Search this
Drysdale, Nancy McIntosh, 1931-  Search this
Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster), 1895-  Search this
Gilliam, Sam  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Katz, Alex, 1927-  Search this
LeWitt, Sol, 1928-2007  Search this
Mangold, Robert, 1937-  Search this
Puryear, Martin, 1941-  Search this
Scully, Sean, 1945-  Search this
Sonfist, Alan  Search this
Tracy, Michael, 1943-  Search this
Truitt, Anne, 1921-2004  Search this
Wegman, William  Search this
Zakanitch, Robert, 1935-  Search this
Extent:
9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Photographs
Drawings
Interviews
Date:
1971-1996
Summary:
The records of the Nancy Drysdale Gallery measure 9.0 linear feet and span the years 1971 to 1996. The bulk of the collection comprises artist files that document the gallery's relations with 67 artists, many of whom were represented by the gallery.
Scope and Content Note:
This collection measures 9.0 linear feet and dates from 1971 to 1996. The bulk of the collection comprises artist files that document the gallery's relationships with 67 artists, many of whom were represented, or whose work was handled by, the gallery. In addition to artist files, the collection contains exhibition files, printed material, and publishers files.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as four series reflecting the original arrangement imposed by the Gallery.

Series 1: Group Exhibition Files, 1978-1994 (Box 1, 0.5 linear ft.)

Series 2: Fine Art Publishers Files, 1972-1995 (Boxes 1-2, 1.5 linear ft.)

Series 3: Artist Files, 1971-1996 (Boxes 2-9, 7 linear ft.)

Series 4: Miscellaneous Printed Material, 1993-1994 (Box 9, 1 folder)
Historical Note:
When colleague Max Protech moved to New York City in 1976, his gallery at 2151 P Street, N.W., Washington, D.C., became the Protech-McIntosh Gallery under his successor, Cincinnati dealer, Nancy McIntosh Drysdale. Drysdale then moved the gallery to 406 7th Street, N.W., and changed the name to the McIntosh/Drysdale Gallery. Several years later, Drysdale vacated the 7th Street address and operated as a private dealer before opening the Nancy Drysdale Gallery at 2103 O Street, N.W., in 1991.
Provenance:
The records of the Nancy Drysdale Gallery were donated to the Archives of American Art by Nancy Drysdale in 1997.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for resesarch. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Nancy Drysdale Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Artists -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Photographs
Drawings
Interviews
Citation:
Nancy Drysdale Gallery records, 1971-1996 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.nancdryg
See more items in:
Nancy Drysdale Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-nancdryg

Jacob Kainen papers

Creator:
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Kainen, Ruth Cole.  Search this
Names:
Addison Gallery of American Art  Search this
Australian National Gallery  Search this
Baltimore Museum of Art  Search this
British Museum  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
Corcoran School of Art (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Middendorf Gallery  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
Acton, David, 1953-  Search this
Agee, William C.  Search this
Berman, Avis  Search this
Broun, Elizabeth  Search this
Butler, Bryce  Search this
Cole, Phoebe  Search this
Fine, Ruth, 1941-  Search this
Fort Wayne Museum of Art  Search this
Frohlich, Newton, 1936-  Search this
Gilkey, Gordon  Search this
Gorky, Arshile, 1904-1948  Search this
Halesz, Piri  Search this
Harrison, Carol  Search this
Holden, Donald  Search this
Holladay, Wilhelmina Cole, 1922-  Search this
Hopps, Walter  Search this
Jackson, John Baptist, 1701-1780?  Search this
Jordon, Jim  Search this
Kalonyme, Louis  Search this
Lunn, Harry, 1933-1998  Search this
Morse, Peter  Search this
Nordland, Gerald  Search this
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Pollack, Jerome  Search this
Powell, Richard J., 1953-  Search this
Purcell, Ann  Search this
Rand, Harry  Search this
Reynolds, Jock  Search this
Ries, Martin, 1926-  Search this
Solman, Joseph, 1909-2008  Search this
Steinberg, Leo  Search this
Taylor, Joshua Charles, 1917-  Search this
Taylor, Prentiss, 1907-1991  Search this
Tejera, V. ((Victorino))  Search this
Thornton, Valerie  Search this
Weber, Joanne  Search this
Extent:
33.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Diaries
Transcripts
Videotapes
Visitors' books
Lectures
Prints
Greeting cards
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Date:
1905-2009
bulk 1940-2001
Summary:
The papers of painter, printmaker, and curator Jacob Kainen measure 33.3 linear feet and date from 1905 to 2009, with the bulk of the material from 1940-2001. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence/subject files including personal correspondence to and from friends and family members and professional correspondence and records concerning Kainen's activities as an artist, curator, teacher, and art collector. The collection also contains biographical material, writings, diaries, calendars, inventories, interview transcripts, printed material, photographs, works of art by other artists, and nine scrapbooks.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of painter, printmaker, and curator Jacob Kainen measure 33.3 linear feet and date from 1905 to 2009, with the bulk of the material from 1940-2001. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence/subject files including personal correspondence to and from friends and family members and professional correspondence and records concerning Kainen's activities as an artist, curator, teacher, and art collector. The collection also contains biographical material, writings, diary and journal entries, calendars, inventories, interview and "dialog" transcripts, printed material, photographs, works of art by other artists, and nine scrapbooks.

Biographical materials include items concerning Kainen's career as a curator and artist, in addition to a useful bibliography, detailed biographical outline, and a copy of an FBI report compiled on him. Also included are five videocassette recordings of Kainen.

Alphabetical correspondence/subject files comprise the bulk of the collection and include both Jacob's and Ruth's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, artists, art critics, curators, museums, arts organizations, galleries, and many others. There is a significant amount of correspondence with David Acton, the Addison Gallery of Art and Jock Reynolds, William Agee, Australian National Gallery, Baltimore Museum of Art, Avis Berman, the British Museum, Brooklyn Museum, Elizabeth Broun and the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Bryce Butler, Pheobe Cole, the Corcoran Gallery and School of Art, Richard Field, Ruth Fine, Fort Wayne Museum of Art, Newton Frohlich, Gordon Gilkey and the Pacific Northwest College of Art, Arshile Gorky, Piri Halesz, Carol Harrison, Donald Holden, Wilhelmina Holladay, John Baptist Jackson, Jim Jordon, Lou Kantor, Harry Lunn Jr., Middendorf Gallery, National Gallery of Art, Peter Morse, Gerald Nordland, Francis O'Connor, Jerome Pollack, Richard Powell, Ann Purcell, Harry Rand, Martin Ries, Joseph Solman, Leo Steinberg, Prentiss Taylor, Victorino Tejera, Valerie Thornton, Joanne Weber, and numerous family members.

Writings are by and about Jacob Kainen. Kainen's writings include articles, lectures, exhibition catalog essays, notes, travel notebooks, short stories, poems, and written statements about his artistic motivations and justifications. There are writings about Kainen by Avis Berman, Ruth Cole Kainen, and others. The bulk of the numerous diary entries are from Ruth Cole Kainen's diaries, many of which concern Jacob and their family. There are also annotated and revised diary entries. There is one folder of diary entries and one folder of journal entries by Jacob Kainen and two dismantled journal-like notebooks. The papers include daily calendars and travel itineraries from 1972 through 2001.

The papers include transcripts of formal interviews and informal conversations with Jacob Kainen. Transcripts are of informal dinner, telephone, and general conversations between friends, colleagues, artists, and Ruth Cole Kainen. Included are conversations with Avis Berman, Walter Hopps, Harry Rand, Joshua Taylor, and several others. Many of these transcripts were also annnotated by Jacob and Ruth Kainen. Also found are numerous transcripts of more formal interviews with Kainen by art historians, art critics, and students.

There are inventories, appraisals, and lists of sold and not sold paintings, as well as color photographs of some of Kainen's works of art. Also found are inventories of the Kainens' art collection. Printed materials include Kainen's exhibition catalogs and announcements, clippings of articles by and about Jacob Kainen, and an exhibition guestbook.

Photographs are of Kainen with his family and friends, at exhibition openings, and working in his studios. Works of art by others includes handmade greeting cards, limited edition prints, and portfolios given to Jacob Kainen. Nine scrapbooks containing news clippings and exhibition publications document the entirety of Kainen's career as an artist.
Arrangement:
The Jacob Kainen papers are arranged into 11 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1938-2001 (Boxes 1, 32; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence/Subject Files, 1936-2003 (Boxes 1-12, 32-33; 11.8 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1920s-2002 (Boxes 12-13, 33; 1.6 linear feet)

Series 4: Diaries, circa 1952-2002 (Boxes 13-18, 33-38; 10.0 linear feet)

Series 5: Calendars, 1953-2008 (Boxes 18-20, 38; 1.7 linear feet)

Series 6: Transcripts, circa 1975-1994 (Boxes 20-21, 38; 1.4 linear feet)

Series 7: Inventories, 1927-2001 (Boxes 21-22; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1938-2003 (Box 22, 38, OV 31; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 9: Photographs, 1905-2000 (Boxes 22-25, 38, OV 31; 3.3 linear feet)

Series 10: Works of Art by Others, 1942-2000 (Boxes 25-26, OV 31; 1.2 linear foot)

Series 11: Scrapbooks, 1936-1998 (Boxes 27-30, 38; 1.3 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Jacob Kainen (1909-2001) was a painter, printmaker, and curator who worked primarily in Washington, D.C.

Born on December 7, 1909 in Waterbury, Connecticut, Jacob Kainen moved with his family to New York City in 1918. Kainen studied at the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn from 1927 until 1930, and at the Art Student's League. In the early 1930s, Kainen became involved in social causes and formed close friendships with the early abstractionists, including John Graham, Arshile Gorky, and Stuart Davis. He joined the Artists' Union and a contributor to its journal, Art Front, along with Stuart Davis and Harold Rosenberg. Jacob's participation in the Artists' Union was later investigated by the FBI.

From 1935 until 1942, Kainen worked for the Graphic Arts Division of the Works Progress Administration in New York City and began exhibiting with the New York School. It was during this period that he married Bertha Friedman. Jacob and Bertha had two sons together, Dan and Paul, and divorced in 1968.

In 1942, Kainen made a life-changing decision to leave New York City and move to Washington, D.C. to accept what he thought would be a temporary position as a scientific aide in the Division of Graphic Arts at the Smithsonian Institution. Kainen quickly became Assistant Curator and Curator in 1946. He served as Curator for twenty years, completely reshaping the department and building the graphic arts collection. His print exhibitions brought the work of S.W. Hayter, Josef Albers, Adja Yunkers, Louis Lozowick, Karl Schrag, José Guerrero, Louis Schanker, Werner Drewes, and Boris Margo to Washington audiences - graphic work that might not have been shown that early in the area.

1947 marked the opening of the Washington Workshop Center for the Arts, where Kainen served as a teacher and guide to several important artists, helping to make the workshop a magnet for new talent and instrumental in furthering the careers of several artists. Although Kainen taught Gene Davis and Alma Thomas and introduced Morris Louis to Leon Berkowitz, he never considered himself a member of the "Washington Color School."

In 1949, the Corcoran Gallery of Art held a retrospective of Kainen's prints and three years later Kenneth Noland organized Kainen's first painting retrospective at Catholic University. Kainen's paintings from the 1940s illustrated a shift away from social realism toward abstract expressionism. In 1956, Jacob Kainen received a grant from the American Philosophical society to conduct research in Europe for his monograph on the English woodcut artist, John Baptist Jackson. He traveled to Europe again in 1962 to study paintings and prints from the Mannerist Period.

From 1966 until 1970, Kainen worked as the Curator of prints and drawings at the National Collection of Fine Arts (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum). He married Ruth Cole in February of 1969. Kainen retired from the Smithsonian a year later to devote himself full-time to his art, but continued to serve as a special consultant to the Smithsonian American Art Museum for nineteen years. In 1971 and 1972, Kainen taught painting and the history of printmaking at the University of Maryland. A retrospective of Kainen's paintings was held in 1993 at the National Museum of American Art (SAAM).

Throughout his artistic career, Kainen experimented with different mediums and explored different styles, yet he identified himself as a painter. Jacob Kainen participated in at least twenty-five one man shows and several group exhibitions. His works are in collections across the United States and abroad, including the National Gallery of Art, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the British Museum. He worked in his studio up until the time of his death on March 19, 2001 at his home in Chevy Chase, Maryland.
Related Material:
Found among the holdings of the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview of Jacob Kainen conducted by Avis Berman in 1982 for the Archives' "Mark Rothko and His Times" oral history project. Also found are microfilm copies of Bertha Kainen's correspondence with Avis Berman regarding Berman's essay about Jacob Kainen.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels 565, 2147-2149, and 2200) including correspondence, writings by Kainen, and papers relating to the Smithsonian Institution Loyalty Board's investigation of Jacob Kainen from 1942-1954. Most, but not all, of the loaned materials were included in later gifts. Loaned materials not donated at a later date remain with the lender and are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
Jacob and Ruth Kainen first lent the Archives of American Art material for microfilming from 1973-1981, the bulk of which was included in the later gifts. Papers were then donated in multiple accretions between 1981-2007 by Jacob and Ruth Kainen, and in 2009 from the estate of Ruth Kainen via executor Teresa Covacevich Grana. Also in 2003, eight photographs of Jacob and Ruth Kainen were transferred from the National Portrait Gallery to the Archives of American Art.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Jacob Kainen papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Curators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Painters -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Painting, Modern -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Painting, Abstract -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Art teachers -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Printmakers -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Diaries
Transcripts
Videotapes
Visitors' books
Lectures
Prints
Greeting cards
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Jacob Kainen papers, 1905-2008, bulk 1940-2001. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kainjaco
See more items in:
Jacob Kainen papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kainjaco
Online Media:

Grand Central Art Galleries records

Creator:
Grand Central Art Galleries  Search this
Names:
Galerie Jeanne Bucher  Search this
Grand Central Moderns (Gallery)  Search this
Asher, Elise, 1914-  Search this
Barrie, Erwin S., 1886-1983  Search this
Browne, Byron, 1907-1961  Search this
Candell, Victor, 1903-1977  Search this
DeMartini, Joseph, 1896-1984  Search this
Gonzalez, Xavier, 1898-1993  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Lam, Jennett, 1911-  Search this
Moy, Seong  Search this
Osver, Arthur, 1912-2006  Search this
Roberts, Colette, 1910-  Search this
Rowan, Herman  Search this
Salemme, Lucia A.  Search this
Watts, Robert M., 1923-1988  Search this
Extent:
1.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1931-1968
bulk circa 1952-circa 1965
Summary:
The records of New York City's Grand Central Art Galleries measure 1.3 linear feet and date from 1931 to 1968, with the bulk of the material from circa 1952 to circa 1965. The majority of the records are related the Grand Central Moderns, the modern art division of Grand Central Art Galleries. The collection includes group exhibition files, artists' files, printed material and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The records of New York City's Grand Central Art Galleries measure 1.3 linear feet and date from 1931 to 1968, with the bulk of the material from circa 1952 to circa 1965. The majority of the records are related the Grand Central Moderns, the modern art division of Grand Central Art Galleries. The collection includes group exhibition files, artists' files, printed material and photographs.

Group exhibition files consist of catalogs, announcements, clippings, artist biographies, correspondence and photographs. The art exchange exhibition between Grand Central Moderns and Galerie Jeanne Bucher is especially noteworthy.

Artists' files include exhibition catalogs, announcements, resumes, clippings, photographs and limited correspondence. The bulk of the material is on artists who had exhibitions at Grand Central Moderns. Notable artists include Elise Asher, Byron Browne, Victor Candell, Joseph De Martini, Xavier Gonzalez, Jacob Kainen, Jennett Lam, Seong Moy, Arthur Osver, Herman Rowan, Lucia Salemme, and Robert Watts, among others.

Printed material mostly consists of exhibition catalogs and announcements of other galleries. There are a few clippings on Grand Central Art Galleries.

There are a few photographs of artwork.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 4 series.

Series 1: Group Exhibition Files, 1952-1957 (Box 1, OV 3; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 2: Artists' Files, 1940-1968 (Box 1, 0.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1951-1965 (Boxes 1-2; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 4: Photographs, 1931, circa 1960-circa 1965 (Box 2; 2 folders)
Biographical / Historical:
Grand Central Art Galleries (1923-1994) was a large New York-based art gallery, which also had a modern art division called Grand Central Moderns (1947-circa 1967).

The Grand Central Art Galleries was founded in 1923 and operated as the exhibition space of the Painters and Sculptors Gallery Association in New York City. Grand Central Art Galleries was located at Grand Central Terminal for nearly 30 years before moving on to the Biltmore Hotel at 40 Vanderbilt Avenue, then relocating to 24 West 57th Street. The Galleries regularly exhibited the works of its members and sometimes boasted as many as thirty to forty exhibitions annually.

From its establishment in 1923, Edwin S. Barrie was the director of Grand Central Art Galleries and he founded Grand Central Moderns in 1947, which he also managed until the early 1950s. The gallery moved from one address to another before ultimately relocating to 130 East 56th Street. Colette Roberts was the curator and she took over as director in 1952 until roughly 1965, about two years before Grand Central Moderns closed. Byron Browne, Kenneth Campbell, Lamar Dodd, Xavier Gonzalez, George Morrison and Louise Nevelson were a few of the artists represented by the gallery.

Erwin S. Barrie retired from his position as director of Grand Central Art Galleries in 1975. The gallery closed in 1994.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels NGCAG1-NGCAG2) including 23 yearbooks, 1928-1945, and exhibition catalogs, 1923-1929. The originals were returned to Grand Central Art Galleries after microfilming and are not described in the the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
Grand Central Art Galleries loaned materials for microfilming in 1966. Addition records were donated to the Archives of American Art by Grand Central Art Galleries in 1966 and 1967.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Modern -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Grand Central Art Galleries, 1931-1938, bulk circa 1952-circa 1965. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.grancent
See more items in:
Grand Central Art Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-grancent

Clement Greenberg papers

Creator:
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Names:
American Committee for Cultural Freedom  Search this
Avedisian, Edward, 1936-2007  Search this
Bannard, Walter Darby, 1934-  Search this
Baziotes, Ethel  Search this
Bush, Jack, 1909-  Search this
Caro, Anthony, 1924-  Search this
Connolly, Cyril, 1903-1974  Search this
Davis, Gene, 1920-1985  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard, 1922-1993  Search this
Dorazio, Piero, 1927-  Search this
Dzubas, Friedel, 1915-  Search this
Emmerich, André  Search this
Feeley, Paul, 1910-1966  Search this
Francis, Sam, 1923-1994  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Fuller, Peter, 1947-1990  Search this
Goodnough, Robert, 1917-  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph, 1903-1974  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Hosaisson, Philippe  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Krauss, Rosalind E.  Search this
Moffett, Kenworth  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Newman, Barnett, 1905-1970  Search this
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-  Search this
O'Faolin, Nuala  Search this
Olitski, Jules, 1922-2007  Search this
Pepper, Beverly  Search this
Rothko, Mark, 1903-1970  Search this
Sander, Ludwig, 1906-  Search this
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Smith, Kimber, 1922-1981  Search this
Solomon, Deborah  Search this
Still, Clyfford, 1904-  Search this
Truitt, Anne, 1921-2004  Search this
Waddington, Leslie  Search this
Wisenski, Kurt  Search this
Extent:
8.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Transcripts
Interviews
Etchings
Photographs
Reports
Date:
1937-1983
Summary:
The papers of art critic, author, and lecturer Clement Greenberg measure 8.6 linear feet and date from 1937 to 1983. The bulk of the collection consists of letters from art critics, artists, family, friends, galleries, and museums. Notable correspondents include Jack Bush, Anthony Caro, Richard Diebenkorn, Friedel Dzubas, Helen Frankenthaler, Adolph Gottlieb, Hans Hofmann, Morris Louis, Robert Motherwell, Charles Pollock, Jules Olitski, David Smith, and Anne Truitt among others. Also found are biograpical materials, personal business and financial records, an etching by Kurt Wisneski, printed materials, and two reports by Greenberg concerning his travels.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of influential New York art critic Clement Greenberg measure 8.6 linear feet and date from 1937 to 1983. The bulk of the papers (7 feet) consists of letters from art critics, artists, family, friends, galleries, and museums, with some letters from Greenberg. Correspondents include Edward Avedisian, Darby Bannard, Ethel Baziotes, Jack Bush, Anthony Caro, Gene Davis, Richard Diebenkorn, Piero Dorazio, Friedel Dzubas, Andre Emmerich, Paul Feeley, Sam Francis, Helen Frankenthaler, Robert Goodnough, Adolf Gottleib, Hans Hofmann, Philippe Hosiasson, Jacob Kainen, Rosalind Krauss, Robert Motherwell, Ken Moffett, Barnett Newman, Kenneth Noland, Jules Olitski, Beverly Pepper, Ludwig Sander, David Smith, Kimber Smith, Clyfford Still, Anne Truitt, and Leslie Waddington.

Biographical materials include a transcript of an interview with Greenberg conducted by Deborah Solomon in 1983. Greenberg's personal business and financial records include correspondence regarding his lectures and seminars, requests for his writings, student queries, documents regarding his television and radio appearances, royalty statements, and receipts for gifts of works of art. Also found within business records are documents relating to Greenberg's testimony at the Mark Rothko Trial in 1974.

Artwork consists of one etching by Kurt Wisenski entitled "Spring." The papers contain very few of Greenberg's writings about art. Found are lists of artists, and reports written by Greenberg on the state of art in Japan and India in 1967, likely related to his membership in the American Committee for Cultural Freedom. Printed material includes scattered clippings concerning art and exhibition announcements.

One series of ACCESS RESTRICTED papers contains documents relating to Greenberg's role as a trustee in the David Smith estate; correspondence between Greenberg with Andre Emmerich and Peter Fuller, Nuala O'Faolain, and the Greenberg family; and some financial materials regarding the sale and loan of Greenberg's art collection.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Information, circa 1950s-1983 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 2: Business and Financial Records, 1940-1983 (Box 1; 12 folders)

Series 3: Correspondence, 1937-1983 (Boxes 1-8; 7 linear feet)

Series 4: Artwork, 1973 (Box 8; 1 folder)

Series 5: Writings and Notes, 1967-1983 (Box 8; 3 folders)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1950-1982 (Box 8; 2 folders)

Series 7: Restricted Material, 1963-1983 (Boxes 9-11; 1.2 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Clement Greenberg was a highly influential art critic working in New York City from the 1940s through the 1960s. He was an advocate of modern art, particulary the abstract expressionist movement, and one of the first critics to recognize the significance of Jackson Pollock's work.

Greenberg was born in 1909 to Russian immigrants in Bronx, New York. After graduating from Syracuse University in 1930, he married and had a child, David. He settled in New York City while working at the United States Customs Department as an appraiser.

In the late 1930s, Clement Greenberg attended a meeting of the U.S. Works Progress Administration and heard Hans Hofmann speak of avant-garde art. In 1939, he wrote one of his first important critical pieces "Avant-Garde and Kitsch" for the Partisan Review. Greenberg argued that the avant-garde art movement rose out of the need to defend and maintain high art standards against the decline in taste brought about by America's consumerism and capitalist culture.

In 1940, Greenberg joined Partisan Review as an editor. He became art critic for the Nation in 1942, and was associate editor of Commentary from 1945 until 1957. In December 1950, he joined the CIA-fronted American Committee for Cultural Freedom.

Throughout the 1940s through the 1960s Greenberg continued to write and, in his essays and articles, he promoted the work of Abstract Expressionists, among them Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Hans Hofmann, Barnett Newman, and Clyfford Still. He particularly championed Jackson Pollock. Greenberg wrote several seminal essays that defined his views on art history in the 20th century. "Greenberg on Collage" was one one of his most important.

Greenberg's views on pop art were mixed. He also became less enamored with Abstract Impressionism, particularly the second generation. However, he became very interested in the Color-Field and Hard-Edge painters.

Through the 1960s Greenberg's views informed a younger generation of art critics including Michael Fried and Rosalind E. Krauss. Some writers maintain that Greenberg's views were so well-respected that he had too much of an influence on the world of art. In time, Greenberg's antagonism to Postmodernist theories and other modern art movements caused him to lose much of his credibility among both artists and art critics.

Greenberg died at the age of eighty-five in 1994.

Since his death, letters edited by his widow, Janice Van Horne and a re-evaluation of his writings have helped to restore his reputation within the art world.
Related Material:
The Portland Art Museum holds Clement Greenberg's private art collection as well as a library of exhibition catalogs.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels N69-91, N70-7, and N737). Most, but not all, of these papers were later donated by Greenberg. Loaned materials not donated at a later date remain with the lender and are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
Clement Greenberg initally lent material for microfilming in 1968-1969. He donated most of this material with additional papers in several accretions between 1984 to 1991.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Some of the collection is ACCESS RESTRICTED: documents relating to the estate of David Smith; some correspondence with Peter Fuller, Nuala O'Faolain, and the Greenberg family; and sale and loan agreements. Contact the reference staff for more information about permission to use this portion of the collection.
Rights:
The Clement Greenberg papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art criticism -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Japan  Search this
Art -- India  Search this
Modernism (Art) -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Art critics -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcripts
Interviews
Etchings
Photographs
Reports
Citation:
The Clement Greenberg papers, 1937-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.greeclep
See more items in:
Clement Greenberg papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-greeclep
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Kenneth Noland, 1987 July 1-16

Interviewee:
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-2010  Search this
Interviewer:
Berman, Avis, 1949-  Search this
Subject:
Smith, David  Search this
Greenberg, Clement  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Painting  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12192
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212192
AAA_collcode_noland87
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212192
Online Media:

Lynd Ward and May McNeer papers, 1929-1981

Creator:
Ward, Lynd Kendall, 1905-1985  Search this
McNeer, May Yonge, 1902-1994  Search this
Subject:
Zigrosser, Carl  Search this
Taylor, Prentiss  Search this
Gottlieb, Harry  Search this
Gág, Wanda  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Kent, Rockwell  Search this
Lozowick, Louis  Search this
Eichenberg, Fritz  Search this
McCausland, Elizabeth  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Society of American Graphic Artists  Search this
Topic:
Children's literature  Search this
Prints  Search this
Illustration of books  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7159
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209294
AAA_collcode_wardlynp
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209294

Lynd Ward papers, 1934-1964

Creator:
Ward, Lynd Kendall, 1905-1985  Search this
Subject:
Leighton, Clare Veronica Hope  Search this
Wengenroth, Stow  Search this
Young, Arthur Henry  Search this
Zorach, William  Search this
Yunkers, Adja  Search this
Albee, Grace  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Eichenberg, Fritz  Search this
Frasconi, Antonio  Search this
Weber, Max  Search this
Arms, John Taylor  Search this
Taylor, Prentiss  Search this
Society of American Graphic Artists  Search this
Artists League of America  Search this
Independent Citizens Committee for the Arts, Sciences, and Professions  Search this
Limited Editions Club  Search this
American Artists' Congress.  Search this
Topic:
Prints  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10256
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213389
AAA_collcode_wardlynd
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213389

Oral history interview with Sylvan Cole, 2000 June-October

Interviewee:
Cole, Sylvan, 1918-2005  Search this
Interviewer:
Berman, Avis, 1949-  Search this
Subject:
Lieberman, William Slattery  Search this
Drewes, Werner  Search this
Barnet, Will  Search this
Hopper, Edward  Search this
Motherwell, Robert Burns  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
Lewenthal, Reeves  Search this
Johnson, Una E.  Search this
Hockney, David  Search this
Florsheim, Richard A.  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Levine, Jack  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Associated American Artists  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art dealers  Search this
Authors  Search this
Prints  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11629
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)224056
AAA_collcode_cole00
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_224056
Online Media:

Harry Rand interviews with artists, 1973-1999

Creator:
Rand, Harry  Search this
Subject:
Schwabacher, Ethel  Search this
Lipton, Seymour  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Levy, Julien  Search this
Stanczak, Julian  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13608
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)270681
AAA_collcode_randharr2
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_270681

Arthur J. Hall Smith correspondence with Charles K. Steiner, 2007-2011

Creator:
Steiner, Charles K.  Search this
Subject:
Moore, Bruce  Search this
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Cassatt, Mary  Search this
Degas, Edgar  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16202
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)368040
AAA_collcode_steichar
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_368040

Doris Kreindler papers, [ca. 1930-1975]

Creator:
Kreindler, Doris Barsky, 1901-1974  Search this
Subject:
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Robles, Esther Waggoner  Search this
Jacques Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Women painters  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Art, Abstract  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5755
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208594
AAA_collcode_kreidori
Theme:
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208594

Jacob Kainen papers, 1905-2009, bulk, 1940-2001

Creator:
Kainen, Jacob, 1909-2001  Search this
Subject:
Nordland, Gerald  Search this
Pollack, Jerome  Search this
Frohlich, Newton  Search this
Weber, Joanne  Search this
Steinberg, Leo  Search this
Butler, Bryce  Search this
Kainen, Ruth Cole  Search this
Acton, David  Search this
Holladay, Wilhelmina Cole  Search this
Taylor, Prentiss  Search this
Purcell, Ann  Search this
Morse, Peter  Search this
Taylor, Joshua C. (Joshua Charles),  Search this
Jordon, Jim  Search this
Halesz, Piri  Search this
Berman, Avis  Search this
Gorky, Arshile  Search this
Thornton, Valerie  Search this
Reynolds, Jock  Search this
Gilkey, Gordon  Search this
Hopps, Walter  Search this
Cole, Phoebe  Search this
Harrison, Carol  Search this
Jackson, John Baptist  Search this
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Kalonyme, Louis  Search this
Lunn, Harry  Search this
Ries, Martin  Search this
Solman, Joseph  Search this
Agee, William C.  Search this
Rand, Harry  Search this
Powell, Richard J.  Search this
Fine, Ruth  Search this
Broun, Elizabeth  Search this
Tejera, V. (Victorino)  Search this
Holden, Donald  Search this
Field, Richard  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Baltimore Museum of Art  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
Addison Gallery of American Art  Search this
British Museum  Search this
Corcoran School of Art (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
Australian National Gallery  Search this
Fort Wayne Museum of Art  Search this
Middendorf Gallery  Search this
Pacific Northwest College of Art  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Interviews
Video recordings
Topic:
Art  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Curators  Search this
Painting, Abstract  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9025
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211214
AAA_collcode_kainjaco
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211214
Online Media:

Nancy Drysdale Gallery records, 1971-1996

Creator:
Nancy Drysdale Gallery (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Subject:
Puryear, Martin  Search this
Mangold, Robert  Search this
Gilliam, Sam  Search this
Tracy, Michael  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Katz, Alex  Search this
Drysdale, Nancy McIntosh  Search this
Christenberry, William  Search this
Zakanitch, Robert  Search this
LeWitt, Sol  Search this
Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster),  Search this
Sonfist, Alan  Search this
Burton, Scott  Search this
Wegman, William  Search this
Scully, Sean  Search this
Clapsaddle, Jerry  Search this
Truitt, Anne Dean  Search this
Bartlett, Jennifer  Search this
Brook Alexander Editions  Search this
Tyler Graphics, Ltd  Search this
Crown Point Press (Oakland, Calif.)  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6108
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216309
AAA_collcode_nancdryg
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216309
Online Media:

Remo Farruggio papers, 1937-1983

Creator:
Farruggio, Remo, 1906-1981  Search this
Subject:
Roszak, Theodore  Search this
Davidson, Morris  Search this
Taylor, Francis Henry  Search this
Butler, Joseph Green  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Hale, Robert Beverly  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Painting, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5797
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208637
AAA_collcode_farrremo
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208637

Grand Central Art Galleries records, 1931-1968, bulk circa 1952-circa 1965

Creator:
Grand Central Art Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Moy, Seong  Search this
Lam, Jennett  Search this
Candell, Victor  Search this
Watts, Robert M.  Search this
Gonzalez, Xavier  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Browne, Byron  Search this
Roberts, Colette Jacqueline  Search this
Osver, Arthur  Search this
DeMartini, Joseph  Search this
Barrie, Erwin S.  Search this
Salemme, Lucy  Search this
Asher, Elise  Search this
Rowan, Herman  Search this
Grand Central Moderns (Gallery)  Search this
Galerie Jeanne Bucher  Search this
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8254
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210425
AAA_collcode_grancent
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210425
Online Media:

Clement Greenberg papers, 1937-1983

Creator:
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Subject:
Bannard, Walter Darby  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
Davis, Gene  Search this
Still, Clyfford E.  Search this
Fuller, Peter  Search this
Avedisian, Edward  Search this
Goodnough, Robert  Search this
Hosaisson, Philippe  Search this
Dzubas, Friedel  Search this
Pepper, Beverly Stoll  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard  Search this
Bush, Jack  Search this
Rothko, Mark  Search this
Baziotes, William  Search this
Smith, David  Search this
Newman, Barnett  Search this
Emmerich, Andre  Search this
Francis, Sam  Search this
Smith, Kimber  Search this
Wisenski, Kurt  Search this
Feeley, Paul  Search this
Olitski, Jules  Search this
Dorazio, Piero  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
Moffett, Kenworth W.  Search this
Noland, Kenneth  Search this
Truitt, Anne Dean  Search this
Solomon, Deborah  Search this
Connolly, Cyril  Search this
Caro, Anthony  Search this
Krauss, Rosalind E. (Epstein)  Search this
Motherwell, Robert Burns  Search this
Waddington, Leslie  Search this
O'Faolin, Nuala  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph  Search this
Sander, Ludwig  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
American Committee for Cultural Freedom  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Topic:
Art  Search this
Modernism (Art)  Search this
Art criticism  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11085
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211173
AAA_collcode_greeclep
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211173
Online Media:

Sidney S. Lawrence letters from Abram Lerner, 1985-2006

Creator:
Lawrence, Sidney Smith, 1948-  Search this
Lerner, Abram, 1913-2007  Search this
Subject:
Murphy, Catherine  Search this
Ripley, S. Dillon (Sidney Dillon),  Search this
Thiebaud, Wayne  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Bearden, Romare  Search this
Rivers, Larry  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15915
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)296966
AAA_collcode_lawrsidn2
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_296966

Belisario Contreras papers, 1958-1984

Creator:
Contreras, Belisario R., 1916-1990  Search this
Subject:
Jewett, Masha Zakheim  Search this
Scott, David W.  Search this
Biddle, George  Search this
Kallen, Horace Meyer  Search this
Gernand, John  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Ealand, Maria  Search this
Phelps, Merwin C.  Search this
La More, Chet Harmon  Search this
Miller, Dorothy Canning  Search this
Kent, Rockwell  Search this
Bruce, Margaret T.  Search this
Rein, Selma  Search this
Zakheim, Bernard Baruch  Search this
Agee, William C.  Search this
Jacobowitz, Arlene  Search this
Weston, Harold  Search this
Dows, Olin  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Topic:
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5459
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208531
AAA_collcode_contbeli
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208531

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By