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John B. R. Verplanck Scrapbook

Extent:
0.33 Cubic Feet ((1 box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Menus
Correspondence
Articles
Date:
bulk 1913-1923
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a scrapbook containing newspaper and magazine articles on the International Great Lakes Flying Boat Cruise, and other flights, as well as photos, a menu and dinner program, and a few letters.
Biographical / Historical:
John Verplanck (1881-1955) was a bank executive, farmer and pilot (FAI hydro-aeroplane license no. 35). Verplanck and Beckwith Havens participated in the International Great Lakes Flying Boat Cruise in July of 1913 (Chicago to Detroit), which they won using a Curtiss flying boat. Verplanck also flew flying boats around New York and up the Hudson River. He was a commander of the First Aero Division of the Fourth Battalion of the New York Naval Militia, stationed at Poughkeepsie. He sold his flying boats and gave up flying in 1913.
Provenance:
Unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Curtiss, General, Aircraft  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Menus
Correspondence
Articles
Citation:
John B. R. Verplanck Scrapbook, Accession number XXXX-0012, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0012
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0012

Theodore G. Ellyson Correspondence

Creator:
Ellyson, Theodore Gordon, 1885-1928  Search this
Names:
United States. Navy  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Ellyson, Theodore Gordon, 1885-1928  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic Feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Date:
1911-1914
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of copies of letters written between Ellyson and others concerning then-Lieutenant Ellyson's aviation experiments of 1911-1914. Many of the letters are directed to Captain Washington I. Chambers and include monthly progress reports and travel and expense statements.
Biographical / Historical:
Theodore G. 'Spuds' Ellyson (1885-1928), Glenn Curtiss' first seaplane pupil, became the first United States Naval Aviator. Ellyson flew the first night flight by a naval seaplane (the Curtiss A-1) and the first successful catapult launch from an anchored barge. Commander Ellyson made many significant contributions in naval aviation before his death in 1928, in an airplane crash off Hampton Roads, Virginia.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No donor information, unknown, unknown, XXXX-0615, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Curtiss A-1 (AH-1) Type  Search this
Naval aviation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0615
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0615

Edo Aircraft Corporation Collection

Creator:
Edo Aircraft Corp  Search this
Names:
Edo Aircraft Corp  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic Feet ((1 legal document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Photographs
Publications
Financial records
Date:
1925-1970
bulk 1927-1945
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of material relating to the EDO Aircraft Corporation, mostly from the 1920s-1940s. The following types of material are included: company correspondence, photographs, brochures, price lists and float specifications, and annual reports.
Biographical / Historical:
The Edo Aircraft Company, later renamed the EDO Corporation, was founded in 1925. The company's first project was an all-metal flying boat, called the 'Malolo.' Because of the limited market for flying boats in 1926, the company switched its endeavors to the design and construction of all-metal seaplane floats. Development of the EDO all-metal float did much to stimulate the use of seaplanes. Over 300 different types of aircraft, from many countries, were equipped with EDO floats by 1941. During 1942-1945 all the floats used by the Navy and Army Air Corps were built by EDO. After the war, the company ventured into other areas, including: Sonar for underwater exploration and antisubmarine warfare; development of the hydro-ski; involvement in the Navy's Polaris and Trident programs; development of the navigational aide Loran; and participation in cold-war intelligence gathering equipment.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Margery O. Erickson, gift, 1995, 1995-0054, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Edo Model B Flying Boat "Malolo"  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Seaplanes -- Design and construction  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Publications
Financial records
Identifier:
NASM.1995.0054
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1995-0054

Martin (Glenn L.) (JRM) XPB2M-1R Mars (Model 170) Endurance Flight Collection [Phillips]

Names:
Glenn L. Martin Company  Search this
Extent:
0.28 Cubic Feet ((1 box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Technical reports
Date:
bulk 1940-1946
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of material relating to Frederick C. Phillips and the Martin (Glenn L.) (JRM) XPB2M-1R Mars (Model 170) endurance flight in October 1943 including several scrapbook pages, photographs, and a technical report on the flight. The scrapbook pages contain various items including additional technical information, news clippings, and a list of regulations and an official breakfast menu for the endurance flight.
Biographical / Historical:
Manufactured by the Glenn L. Martin Company, the XPB2M-1 Mars (Model 170) was developed as a prototype for the U.S. Navy in 1938 as a long-range patrol flying boat. This was converted in 1943 into a transport aircraft, designated the XPB2M-1R Mars (Model 170), which involved the addition of additional cargo hatches and cargo loading equipment as well as enlarging of the existing hatches and the removal of armament. Flight testing on the XPB2M-1R began in May 1943 and ended with a 33 hour endurance flight in October of that year. The Navy accepted the aircraft in November 1943. In 1944, the Navy ordered additional transport aircraft that were delivered between 1945 and 1948 as five Martin (Glenn L.) JRM-1 Mars (Model 170A) aircraft and one Martin (Glenn L.) JRM-2 Mars (Model 170B). The Mars was the largest Allied flying boat to enter production. Frederick C. Phillips was an engineer at Glenn L. Martin Company and served as an observer on the Martin (Glenn L.) (JRM) XPB2M-1R Mars (Model 170) endurance flight in October 1943.
Provenance:
Frederick C. Phillips, Gift, 2018
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Naval aviation  Search this
Endurance flights  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Technical reports
Citation:
Martin (Glenn L.) (JRM) XPB2M-1R Mars (Model 170) Endurance Flight Collection [Phillips], Acc. 2018-0039, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2018.0039
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2018-0039

Admiral Albert C. Read, USN (Curtiss NC-4) Collection

Creator:
Read, A. C. (Albert Cushing), 1887-1967  Search this
Names:
Read, A. C. (Albert Cushing), 1887-1967  Search this
Extent:
1.74 Cubic Feet (1 legal document box, three oversized boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Biographies
Clippings
Reports
Scrapbooks
Logs (records)
Correspondence
Photographs
Date:
1919-1946
bulk May 1919 to June 1919
Summary:
Rear Admiral Albert C. Read (1887-1967) graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1907 and became Naval Aviator #24 in July 1915. In 1919, Read was the commander of the Curtiss NC-4, the first aircraft to fly across the Atlantic. The NC-4 covered 2150 nautical miles, from Nova Scotia to the Azores. The NC-4 was joined in the flight by the Curtiss NC-1 and Curtiss NC-3, but both the NC-1 and NC-3 were forced to land in the open sea.

This collection consists of the following: black scrapbook containing photographs with US Navy numbers; newspaper front pages; reports; cable grams; signals and dispatches; the NC-4 log; biography of Read; and correspondence.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following: black scrapbook containing photographs with US Navy numbers; newspaper front pages; reports; cable grams; signals and dispatches; the NC-4 log; biography of Read; and correspondence in both Portuguese (with English translations) and English.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged chronologically.
Biographical/Historical note:
Rear Admiral Albert C. Read (1887-1967) graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1907 and became Naval Aviator #24 in July 1915. In 1919, Read was the commander of the Curtiss NC-4, the first aircraft to fly across the Atlantic. The NC-4 covered 2150 nautical miles, from Nova Scotia to the Azores. The NC-4 was joined in the flight by the Curtiss NC-1 and Curtiss NC-3, but both the NC-1 and NC-3 were forced to land in the open sea.
Provenance:
Rear Admiral Albert C. Read, gift, 1962, XXXX.0391, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Transatlantic flights  Search this
Curtiss NC-1 (P2N-1)  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Curtiss NC-4 (P2N-1)  Search this
Curtiss NC-Boat Family  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Genre/Form:
Biographies
Clippings
Reports
Scrapbooks
Logs (records)
Correspondence
Photographs
Citation:
Admiral Albert C. Read, USN (Curtiss NC-4) Collection, Acc. XXXX.0391, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0391
See more items in:
Admiral Albert C. Read, USN (Curtiss NC-4) Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0391
Additional Online Media:

Premier Naufrage D'Un Hydravion [Henri Fabre] Manuscript

Creator:
Fabre, Henri.  Search this
Names:
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Paulhan, Louis  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic Feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
bulk 1960
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a manuscript, entitled Premier Naufrage D'Un Hydravion, by Henri Fabre. The manuscript is 59 pages long, plus a title page with a preface on the reverse, and is bound inside a glossy cardstock cover with plastic spiral binding. The manuscript is dated March 30, 1966 and is marked No. 16 on the reverse of the last page. Inside the front cover there is a lengthy inscription, in French, from Henri Fabre to the Smithsonian, dated June 2, 1966. The manuscript contains Fabre's account of flights he made in his seaplanes between 1906 and 1910 as well as information about other seaplanes and flights made in them by other pilots through 1911. Most pages are copies of handwritten text and photographs but some pages contain original handwriting. Depicted in the photographs are various aircraft as well as pilots including Fabre, Louis Paulhan, and Glenn Hammond Curtiss. Each page of the manuscript has been translated by an unidentified person and these translations, marked by page number, are included in the collection.
Biographical / Historical:
Henri Fabre was an engineer trained at l'Ecole Supérieure d'Electricité who made the first seaplane flight in 1910 in an aircraft he designed and built. Henri Fabre began experimenting with seaplane design in 1906 and patented a system of hollow, wooden floats. After several failed attempts, Fabre succeeded on March 28, 1910 with the 1910 Goeland (Gull) (Canard Seaplane), powered by a Gnome 50 h.p. engine and using the flotation devices he had patented earlier, and made four successful flights and landings from the water on the Étang de Berre. This aircraft was later piloted by Louis Paulhan. Glenn Hammond Curtiss and Gabriél Voisin both used Fabre's floats in their own aircraft. The 1910 seaplane was wrecked in May of that year with Fabre, who was unhurt in the crash, at the controls. Fabre introduced a new version of the Goeland (Gull) (Canard Seaplane) in Monaco in 1911 but it was wrecked there during a series of aquatic races. Fabre subsequently set up a company that supplied his floats to various aircraft manufacturers and also manufactured seaplanes during World War I.
Provenance:
Henri Fabre, Gift, 1966
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Seaplanes  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Fabre 1911 Goeland (Gull) (Canard Seaplane)  Search this
Fabre 1910 Goeland (Gull) (Canard Seaplane)  Search this
Citation:
Premier Naufrage D'Un Hydravion [Henri Fabre] Manuscript, Accession XXXX-0933, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0933
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0933

Hans Groenhoff Photographic Collection

Creator:
Groenhoff, Hans  Search this
Names:
Groenhoff, Hans  Search this
Extent:
5.27 Cubic feet (41 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Aerial Photographs
Date:
1933-1975
Summary:
Hans Groenhoff (1906-1985) was a celebrated American aviation photographer from the 1930s through the 1960s, also working as a pilot, journalist, editor, correspondent, and—in his retirement years—as an aviation tourism publicist for the Bahamas. This collection of 25,550 images consists of Groenhoff's collection of negatives and transparencies, spanning his career from 1933 to 1975.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of Groenhoff's collection of negatives and transparencies, spanning his career from 1933 to 1975, and includes images of military and civilian aircraft and events, glider and sailplane activities, air shows and races, airlines and airports, weather (clouds) and aerial images.
Arrangement:
Series 1: 1962 Acquisition, approximately 24,250 images; photography made by Groenhoff in the period 1933 to 1962, consists of mixed medium format black-and-white negative single-sheet or cut-frame roll film (Subseries 1, HGA), 35mm black-and-white roll film (Subseries 2, HGD), and mixed medium format color transparency (positive) film (Subseries 3, HGC), as well as black-and-white print enlargements made by the Smithsonian of selected images. Also included in this series are a small number of posed portraits of Groenhoff at work.

Series 2: 1984 Acquisition (HGB), approximately 1,300 images; photography made by Groenhoff in the 1960s and 1970s, primarily during his employment with the Bahamas Ministry of Tourism, consists of mixed format black-and-white and color roll film and a small number of 35mm color slides.

Series 3: "Focus On Flight" Exhibit and Book Materials. This small series consists of mixed materials (copy photography and documents) used in the creation of the NASM exhibit, Focus on Flight: Four Decades of Aerial Photography (Rudy Arnold and Hans Groenhoff) (November 1984 through September 1985), and the related book by curator E. T. (Tim) Wooldridge, Focus on Flight: The Aviation Photography of Hans Groenhoff, published for the National Air and Space Museum by Smithsonian Institution Press (Washington, D.C.), 1985.
Biographical/Historical note:
Hans Groenhoff (1906-1985) was born and educated in Germany, but emigrated to the United States in 1927. Residing in New York City, Groenhoff pursued his interest in aviation and photography. Following in the footsteps of his brother Günther, a famous aviator and pioneer glider pilot in Germany, Hans Groenhoff became an active glider pilot in the nearby Elmira, New York, area, nurturing a lifelong fascination with clouds and aerial photography. Groenhoff's photography career took off when he inherited two cameras following the death of his brother in a glider accident in 1932; he went on to work as a photographer, journalist, editor, and correspondent, with his photographs and articles published in mainstream magazines such as Life, Colliers, Esquire, National Geographic, and The Saturday Evening Post, as well as aviation publications such as Air Trails Pictorial, Sportsman Pilot, Aero Digest, and especially Flying and Popular Aviation, for whom he was a regular correspondent. Groenhoff also shot advertising and publicity photography for aircraft manufacturers and the U.S. Army Air Forces. Following the death of his first wife, Fridel Barth, in 1954, Groenhoff moved to the Miami, Florida, area to take advantage of better weather for photographing aircraft. In 1956, Groenhoff married Frances Semman, who assisted him in his work. In his retirement years, Groenhoff was employed by the Bahamas Government to promote the Islands as a tourist destination for private and sport aviation, founding their popular "Bahamas Flying Treasure Hunt" events which ran annually for several years.

Hans Groenhoff's aviation photography career is documented in the book Focus on Flight: The Aviation Photography of Hans Groenhoff by E. T. Woodridge (Smithsonian Institution, 1985).
Provenance:
Hans Groenhoff, Purchase, 1962, 1984, NASM.XXXX.0359, NASM
Restrictions:
Physical access to film originals (negatives, transparencies, and slides) requires notice a minimum of two business days in advance of visit to allow for retrieval of materials from cold storage.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Gliders  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Airports  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Airships  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Aerial Photographs
Citation:
Hans Groenhoff Photographic Collection, Acc. XXXX.0359, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0359
See more items in:
Hans Groenhoff Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0359
Additional Online Media:

50th Anniversary of the NC-4 Transatlantic Flight Collection [Richard K. Smith]

Creator:
Smith, Richard K.  Search this
Names:
Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company  Search this
United States. Navy  Search this
Extent:
1.9 Cubic Feet (5 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Maps
Correspondence
Photographs
Diaries
Manuscripts
Microfilms
Publications
Date:
circa 1918-1969
Summary:
The 50th Anniversary of the NC-4 Transatlantic Flight Collection [Smith] Collection contains photocopies of correspondence, published materials, maps, and photographs. The collection also includes photocopies of aircraft logs, naval ship logs, weather reports, progress reports, biographies of the participants, information on the construction of the NC Aircraft and the general planning for the flight, and original material on the thirtieth and fiftieth anniversaries of the flight.
Scope and Content Note:
This collection was gathered by Dr. Richard K. Smith of the National Air and Space Museum, in preparation for the fiftieth anniversary of the NC-4's transatlantic flight. It contains photocopies from microfilm of documents found in the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) Record Group 24, Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel, and Record Group 72, Records of the Bureau of Aeronautics. The researcher will find photocopies of correspondence, published materials, maps, and photographs. The collection also includes photocopies of aircraft logs, naval ship logs, weather reports, progress reports, biographies of the participants, information on the construction of the NC Aircraft and general planning for the flight, and original material on the thirtieth and fiftieth anniversaries of the flight.

The final box of the collection (Box 5) contains 6 reels of microfilm from the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) Record Groups 24 and 72 relating to the Trans Atlantic flight of the NC-4. As the processing archivist reviewed the microfilm, it appeared that many of the documents in boxes 1-4 were copied from the microfilm. These reels of microfilm are available for review upon request.
Arrangement:
Materials are arranged by subject and then chronologically.
Historical Note:
In 1917, the United States Navy developed specifications for a flying boat of sufficient range to cross the Atlantic to England. The Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company, in conjunction with the Navy, developed a three-engine aircraft. The Navy intended that the flying boat would serve as an anti-submarine patrol aircraft. The first of the new aircraft, the NC-1, flew on October 4, 1918, followed by the NC-2 on April 12, 1919. Even though World War I had ended, the Navy decided to continue the program in an effort to make the first transatlantic crossing by air. As the program progressed, the NC-2 was dismantled for parts for the other NC aircraft. On May 16, 1919, the NC-1, the NC-3, and the NC-4 assembled at Trepassey Bay, Newfoundland, to begin the 1200 nautical-mile flight to the Azores. The NC-1 was forced down short of the islands and sank, but the Greek vessel, Ionia, rescued the crew. The NC-3 landed two hundred miles short and taxied the remaining distance to the islands. The NC-4 completed the flight successfully, reaching Plymouth, England via Lisbon, Portugal, on May 31, 1919. Following publicity tours of the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States, the NC-4 was given to the Smithsonian Institution and is a part of the National Air and Space Museum collection.
Provenance:
Aeronautics Division, NASM, transfer, unknown, XXXX-0418, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.

Reels of microfilm are available for review upon request.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to ue NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Curtiss NC-1 (P2N-1)  Search this
Curtiss NC-4 (P2N-1)  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Transatlantic flights  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Curtiss NC-Boat Family  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Correspondence
Photographs
Diaries
Manuscripts
Microfilms
Publications
Citation:
50th Anniversary of the NC-4 Transatlantic Flight Collection [Smith], Acc. XXXX-0418, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0418
See more items in:
50th Anniversary of the NC-4 Transatlantic Flight Collection [Richard K. Smith]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0418
Additional Online Media:

Curtiss NC-4 Design, Construction, and Testing Reports

Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company  Search this
Names:
Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company  Search this
United States. Navy  Search this
Extent:
1.51 Cubic Feet (2 records center boxes)
2.27 Linear Feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Financial records
Drawings
Date:
1918-1969
bulk 1919-1919
Summary:
This collection consists of reports on the design, construction, and testing of the NC series flying boats and photographs of NC-4's construction and transatlantic flight.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of reports on the design, construction, and testing of the NC series flying boats and photographs and 3 negatives of the NC-4's construction and transatlantic flight. The collection is set up in a series of books with two copies of each book, except books 11 and 13. There is some water damage to book 10. Due to the fact that book 5 contained oversize materials, both copies of this book are filed out of sequence in box 4.
Arrangement:
The collection is set up in a series of books with two copies of each book, except books 11 and 13. There is some water damage to book 10. Due to the fact that book 5 contained oversize materials, both copies of this book are filed out of sequence in box 4.
Biographical/Historical note:
In 1917, during World War I, the United States Navy sent out specification for a flying boat of sufficient range to cross the Atlantic Ocean by air to Great Britain, where it would serve as an anti-submarine patrol aircraft. The Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company, in conjunction with the United States Navy, developed a three-engine aircraft to meet these specifications. The first of the new aircraft was the NC-1 that flew for the first time on October 4, 1918. This was followed by the NC-2 whose maiden flight took place on April 12, 1919 with four engines in tandem pairs. The engine arrangement of the NC-2 had been declared unsatisfactory for the mission and the wings were removed and installed on the NC-1 to replace the originals that had been damaged in a storm. By this time, World War I had ended, but the Navy decided to continue the program in an effort to make the first transatlantic flight crossing by air. The new NC-3 and NC-4 models reverted to the three-engine format, although the NC-4 had a fourth engine mounted as a pusher behind the center engine. On May 16, 1919 the NC-1, NC-3 and NC-4 assembled at Trepassy Bay, Newfoundland, under the command of Commander John H. Towers, to begin the 1400-mile flight to the Azores. The NC-1 was forced down short of the island and sank. Naval vessels stationed along the flight path rescued the crew of the NC-1. The NC-3 landed two hundred miles short and taxied the remaining distance to the island. Only the NC-4 completed the flight successfully, reaching Plymouth, England, via Lisbon, Portugal, on May 31, 1919. Following publicity tours of the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States, the Curtiss NC-4 was given over to the Smithsonian Institution and is now part of the National Air and Space Museum collection.
Provenance:
Lee Pearson, XXXX-0422, Unknown.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Seaplanes  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Curtiss NC-4 (P2N-1)  Search this
Curtiss NC-Boat Family  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Genre/Form:
Financial records
Drawings
Citation:
Curtiss NC-4 Design, Construction, and Testing Reports, Acc. XXXX-0422, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0422
See more items in:
Curtiss NC-4 Design, Construction, and Testing Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0422
Additional Online Media:

Martin (Glenn L.) (JRM) XPB2M-1R Mars (Model 170); Events, Endurance Flights. [photograph]

Photographer:
Glenn L. Martin Company  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
10/6/1943
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Naval aviation  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Local number:
NASM-9A14674
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Martin (Glenn L.) (JRM) XPB2M-1R Mars (Model 170) Endurance Flight Collection [Phillips]
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_394131

Martin (Glenn L.) (JRM) XPB2M-1R Mars (Model 170); Events, Endurance Flights. [photograph]

Photographer:
Glenn L. Martin Company  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
10/6/1943
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Naval aviation  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Local number:
NASM-9A14675
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Martin (Glenn L.) (JRM) XPB2M-1R Mars (Model 170) Endurance Flight Collection [Phillips]
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_394132

Martin (Glenn L.) (JRM) XPB2M-1R Mars (Model 170); Events, Endurance Flights. [photograph]

Photographer:
Glenn L. Martin Company  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
10/6/1943
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Naval aviation  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Local number:
NASM-9A14676
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Martin (Glenn L.) (JRM) XPB2M-1R Mars (Model 170) Endurance Flight Collection [Phillips]
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_394133

Budd BB-1 Pioneer. [photograph]

Photographer:
Court Commercial Photo  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1931
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Amphibian planes  Search this
Budd Company  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Local number:
NASM-00002770
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Videodisc Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_393342

Budd BB-1 Pioneer. [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown; possibly Court Commercial Photo  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1931
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Amphibian planes  Search this
Budd Company  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Local number:
NASM-00002776
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Videodisc Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_393343

Budd BB-1 Pioneer. [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
Circa 1932-1933
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aircraft  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Local number:
NASM-9A14471
Restrictions & Rights:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_392700

Klemm Wl 25 (Klemm L25 d VII R). [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
Circa mid 1930s
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Local number:
NASM-80-3019
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Videodisc Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_364316

Fairey IIID Seaplane; Events, 1922 Lisbon, Portugal to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Sacadura Cabral, Artur de (Artur de Sacadura Freire Cabral); Gago Coutinho, Carlos Viegas. [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Sacadura Cabral, Artur de (Artur de Sacadura Freire Cabral)  Search this
Gago Coutinho, Carlos Viegas  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Records
Date:
3/30/1922
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aircraft  Search this
Naval aviation  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Local number:
NASM-9A11690
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Admiral Gago Coutinho Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_365308

Fairey IIID Seaplane; Events, 1922 Lisbon, Portugal to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Sacadura Cabral, Artur de (Artur de Sacadura Freire Cabral); Gago Coutinho, Carlos Viegas. [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Sacadura Cabral, Artur de (Artur de Sacadura Freire Cabral)  Search this
Gago Coutinho, Carlos Viegas  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Records
Date:
4/18/1922
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aircraft  Search this
Naval aviation  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Local number:
NASM-9A11691
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Admiral Gago Coutinho Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_365309

Sacadura Cabral, Artur de (Artur de Sacadura Freire Cabral); Gago Coutinho, Carlos Viegas; Events, 1922 Lisbon, Portugal to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Sacadura Cabral, Artur de (Artur de Sacadura Freire Cabral)  Search this
Gago Coutinho, Carlos Viegas  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Records
Date:
Jun-22
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aircraft  Search this
Naval aviation  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Local number:
NASM-9A11692
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Admiral Gago Coutinho Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_365310

Fairey IIID Seaplane; Events, 1922 Lisbon, Portugal to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Sacadura Cabral, Artur de (Artur de Sacadura Freire Cabral); Gago Coutinho, Carlos Viegas. [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Sacadura Cabral, Artur de (Artur de Sacadura Freire Cabral)  Search this
Gago Coutinho, Carlos Viegas  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Records
Date:
6/17/1922
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aircraft  Search this
Naval aviation  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Local number:
NASM-9A11693
Restrictions & Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Admiral Gago Coutinho Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_365311

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