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Omega Navigational System Collection

Creator:
Springel, Martin  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic Feet ((5 boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Color slides
Correspondence
Manuals
Reports
Date:
bulk 1951-1977
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 3 cubic feet of the following material gathered by Martin Springel (Kaneohe Station Manager) relating to the Omega Navigational System: correspondence, notes, memorandums, manuals, trip reports, operation procedures, training materials, and seven slide carousels containing color slides from the various Omega Navigation System stations.
Biographical / Historical:
The Omega Navigation System, used for long range navigation by military ships and aircraft, was the first truly global-range radio navigation system. Operated by the United States in cooperation with six partner nations (Argentina, Norway, Liberia, France, Japan, and Australia), it enabled ships and aircraft to determine their position by receiving very low frequency (VLF) radio signals in the range 10 to 14 kHz, transmitted by a network of fixed terrestrial radio beacons. Omega was approved for development in 1968, and by 1971 six of the eight stations in the chain had become operational, with the final stations becoming operational several years later. Coast Guard personnel operated the two U.S. stations: one in LaMoure, North Dakota and the other in Kaneohe, Hawaii on the island of Oahu. However, with the success of the Global Positioning System, the use of Omega declined during the 1990s, to a point where the cost of operating Omega could no longer be justified. Omega was shut down permanently in September of 1997.
Provenance:
Steven Springel and Sharon Springel, Gift, 2017
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Omega Navigational System  Search this
Navigation  Search this
Radio Navigation Systems  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Correspondence
Manuals
Reports
Citation:
Omega Navigational System Collection, Accession 2017-0038, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2017.0038
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2017-0038

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