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Morten S. Beyer Papers

Creator:
Beyer, Mortan, 1921-  Search this
Names:
Pan American World Airways, Inc.  Search this
Saudi Arabian Airlines (SAUDIA)  Search this
Trans World Airlines  Search this
Extent:
15.52 Cubic feet (36 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Reports
Speeches
Newspapers
Cartoons (humorous images)
Newsletters
Correspondence
Date:
circa 1940-circa 1994
Summary:
This collection consists of 15.52 cubic feet of documents relating to the aviation career of Morten S. Beyer, both his time with various airlines and his career as an aviation consultant. The following types of material are included: speeches, cartoons, correspondence, financial reports, newsletters, conference programs, newspaper articles, and aviation market research reports.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 15.52 cubic feet of documents relating to the aviation career of Morten S. Beyer, documenting both his time with various airlines and his career as an aviation consultant. The following types of material are included: speeches, cartoons, correspondence, financial reports, newsletters, conference programs, newspaper articles, scrapbooks, and aviation market research reports.

This collection was organized by Mr. Beyer in chronological order reflecting his involvement in the aviation industry. Please note, during processing some original file titles were transcribed. These are indicated with quotation marks. Mr. Beyer did not separate personal and professional correspondence. Correspondence pertaining to events that occurred in between Mr. Beyer's professional engagements are interfiled in chronological order. The processing archivist maintained this order.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized by Mr. Beyer's employment in chronological order. The arrangement reflects Mr. Beyer's original organization. Files listed in quotation marks indicate the exact titles taken from Mr. Beyer's folders.
Biographical/Historical note:
Morten S. Beyer (1921-2010) was one of the first aviation consultants and the author of articles and newsletters analyzing the economic trends of aviation. After graduating with a Bachelor of Arts from Swarthmore College in 1943, Beyer started his aviation career at Pan American Airways (PAA), where he established and directed the first centralized scheduling and operations control office. He left PAA in 1948 to work for Capital Airlines, Inc., where he was the assistant to the Senior Vice President of Operations and Maintenance. In 1960, Beyer went to work at Riddle Airlines, Inc., as Senior Vice President, Operations and Sales, of Riddle's overall activities. From 1964 to 1967, Beyer was employed by Trans World Airlines, Inc. (TWA), where he was appointed the System General Manager and Deputy Director General for Saudi Arabian Airlines, responsible for the performance of TWA's contract with Saudi Arabian Airlines. From 1967-1971, Beyer was the President of Modern Air Transport, a charter airline, and in 1971 he become the President of Capitol Airlines where he remained until 1972 when he bought the stock of bankrupt Universal Airlines. He attempted to refinance the airline into a new company, Phoenix Airlines, but due to the nation's fuel crisis sparked by the Arab oil embargo, he failed to accomplish this and accepted the presidency of Johnson International Airlines in 1973.

In 1974, Beyer established AVMARK, an aviation international consulting company. As a regular feature he established one of the first aviation newsletters. He also published a book of Transport Aircraft Values (TAV), which forecasted aircraft values twenty years in to the future, using a formula that accounted for inflation, fuel price fluctuations and labor cost variables. This formula became a standard for aircraft appraisals and made Beyer a trusted appraiser and marketing expert. Beyer testified before Congress twice and was a guest-expert on many television news programs. In 1993, Beyer sold AVMARK and founded Morten Beyer and Associates, later Morten Beyer and Agnew, which continued aviation consulting in France and Japan. Beyer retired in 2003.

The following timeline covers key events in Morten Beyer's life as well as world events. Events involving Mr. Beyer are shown in normal type world events are shown in italics.

Timeline of Morten S. Beyer

1921 -- Morten Beyer born

1941 -- US enters World War II

1943 -- Graduates from Swathmore College

1943-1948 -- Employed by Pan American Airlines

May 1945 -- War in Europe ends

August 1945 -- Atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki; Japan surrenders and World War II ends

1948 -- Orville Wright dies at age 76 Berlin Airlift begins operation

1948-1960 -- Employed as Assistant to the Senior Vice President of Operations and Maintenance at Capital Airlines

1960-1964 -- Employed as Senior Vice President, Operations and Sales, Riddle Airlines

1964-1967 -- Employed as System General Manager and Deputy Director General for Saudi Arabian Airlines for TransWorld Airlines (TWA)

1967-1971 -- Employed as President of Modern Air Transport

1971-1972 -- Employed as President of Capitol Airlines

1972 -- Buys stock in the defunct Universal Airlines Creates Phoenix Airlines to take over Universal Operations

1973 -- Employed as President of Johnson International

1974-1993 -- Owns and operates Avmark, Inc.

1993-2003 -- Owns and operates Morten Beyer and Associates

October 21, 2010 -- Dies of pneumonia at Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington, DC.
Provenance:
Morten Beyer, Gift, 2007
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Airlines  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Genre/Form:
Reports
Speeches
Newspapers
Cartoons (humorous images)
Newsletters
Correspondence
Citation:
Morten S. Beyer Papers, Acc. 2007-0060, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2007.0060
See more items in:
Morten S. Beyer Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2007-0060
Additional Online Media:

Hans Groenhoff Photographic Collection

Creator:
Groenhoff, Hans  Search this
Names:
Groenhoff, Hans  Search this
Extent:
5.27 Cubic feet (41 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Aerial Photographs
Date:
1933-1975
Summary:
Hans Groenhoff (1906-1985) was a celebrated American aviation photographer from the 1930s through the 1960s, also working as a pilot, journalist, editor, correspondent, and—in his retirement years—as an aviation tourism publicist for the Bahamas. This collection of 25,550 images consists of Groenhoff's collection of negatives and transparencies, spanning his career from 1933 to 1975.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of Groenhoff's collection of negatives and transparencies, spanning his career from 1933 to 1975, and includes images of military and civilian aircraft and events, glider and sailplane activities, air shows and races, airlines and airports, weather (clouds) and aerial images.
Arrangement:
Series 1: 1962 Acquisition, approximately 24,250 images; photography made by Groenhoff in the period 1933 to 1962, consists of mixed medium format black-and-white negative single-sheet or cut-frame roll film (Subseries 1, HGA), 35mm black-and-white roll film (Subseries 2, HGD), and mixed medium format color transparency (positive) film (Subseries 3, HGC), as well as black-and-white print enlargements made by the Smithsonian of selected images. Also included in this series are a small number of posed portraits of Groenhoff at work.

Series 2: 1984 Acquisition (HGB), approximately 1,300 images; photography made by Groenhoff in the 1960s and 1970s, primarily during his employment with the Bahamas Ministry of Tourism, consists of mixed format black-and-white and color roll film and a small number of 35mm color slides.

Series 3: "Focus On Flight" Exhibit and Book Materials. This small series consists of mixed materials (copy photography and documents) used in the creation of the NASM exhibit, Focus on Flight: Four Decades of Aerial Photography (Rudy Arnold and Hans Groenhoff) (November 1984 through September 1985), and the related book by curator E. T. (Tim) Wooldridge, Focus on Flight: The Aviation Photography of Hans Groenhoff, published for the National Air and Space Museum by Smithsonian Institution Press (Washington, D.C.), 1985.
Biographical/Historical note:
Hans Groenhoff (1906-1985) was born and educated in Germany, but emigrated to the United States in 1927. Residing in New York City, Groenhoff pursued his interest in aviation and photography. Following in the footsteps of his brother Günther, a famous aviator and pioneer glider pilot in Germany, Hans Groenhoff became an active glider pilot in the nearby Elmira, New York, area, nurturing a lifelong fascination with clouds and aerial photography. Groenhoff's photography career took off when he inherited two cameras following the death of his brother in a glider accident in 1932; he went on to work as a photographer, journalist, editor, and correspondent, with his photographs and articles published in mainstream magazines such as Life, Colliers, Esquire, National Geographic, and The Saturday Evening Post, as well as aviation publications such as Air Trails Pictorial, Sportsman Pilot, Aero Digest, and especially Flying and Popular Aviation, for whom he was a regular correspondent. Groenhoff also shot advertising and publicity photography for aircraft manufacturers and the U.S. Army Air Forces. Following the death of his first wife, Fridel Barth, in 1954, Groenhoff moved to the Miami, Florida, area to take advantage of better weather for photographing aircraft. In 1956, Groenhoff married Frances Semman, who assisted him in his work. In his retirement years, Groenhoff was employed by the Bahamas Government to promote the Islands as a tourist destination for private and sport aviation, founding their popular "Bahamas Flying Treasure Hunt" events which ran annually for several years.

Hans Groenhoff's aviation photography career is documented in the book Focus on Flight: The Aviation Photography of Hans Groenhoff by E. T. Woodridge (Smithsonian Institution, 1985).
Provenance:
Hans Groenhoff, Purchase, 1962, 1984, NASM.XXXX.0359, NASM
Restrictions:
Physical access to film originals (negatives, transparencies, and slides) requires notice a minimum of two business days in advance of visit to allow for retrieval of materials from cold storage.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Gliders  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Airports  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Airships  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Aerial Photographs
Citation:
Hans Groenhoff Photographic Collection, Acc. XXXX.0359, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0359
See more items in:
Hans Groenhoff Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0359
Additional Online Media:

William E. G. Taylor Collection

Creator:
Taylor, William E. G., 1905-1991  Search this
Names:
Enterprise (Aircraft carrier : CV-6)  Search this
Great Britain. Royal Air Force  Search this
Great Britain. Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve  Search this
Great Britain. Royal Air Force. 71 Squadron (Eagle Squadron)  Search this
Great Britain. Royal Naval Air Service  Search this
Lexington (Aircraft carrier : 1927-1942)  Search this
Ranger (Aircraft carrier : CV-4)  Search this
Saratoga (Aircraft carrier : CV-3)  Search this
Scandinavian Airlines System  Search this
United States. Marine Corps  Search this
United States. Navy  Search this
United States. Navy -- Aviation  Search this
United States. Navy. Night Attack and Training Unit, Atlantic  Search this
Wasp (Aircraft carrier : CVS-18)  Search this
Yorktown (Aircraft carrier, CV-10)  Search this
Extent:
1.14 Cubic feet ((1 slim legal document box) (1 flatbox))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Ephemera
Clippings
Articles
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Place:
Russia -- Politics and government -- 1894-1917
Date:
[ca. 1920s-1970s]
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following types of material documenting Taylor's remarkable aviation career: two scrapbooks, photographs, invitations, correspondence, identification cards, newspaper articles, Eagle Squadron Association material, Armed Forces memoranda, and biographical information. The scrapbooks contain material mostly highlighting Taylor's aviation career and the countries where he served; however, there are also photographs of Russia before the 1917 Revolution.
Biographical / Historical:
William E. G. Taylor (1905-1991) was an aviator for the United States Navy, the United States Marine Corps, the Royal Navy and the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. Taylor enrolled at the Guggenheim College of Aeronautical Engineering at New York University, but left to join the Naval Reserves in 1925. He received his Naval pilot's license in 1927 and was assigned to Fighting Squadron Five, Scouting Fleet. He resigned in 1928 when his squadron was ordered to inactive status and he then joined the US Marine Corps Reserve, where he was an aviator from 1928-1933. In 1933, he was again ordered to inactive status. At this point Taylor left the Armed Services and became a pilot for United Airlines. In 1939, however, he joined the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy, where he was in combat operations aboard the HMS Furious and HMS Glorious. Taylor then joined the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve and became the first Squadron leader for the Eagle Squadron (71 Squadron, RAF), January - June 1941. In June, Taylor left the Eagle Squadron and rejoined the United States Naval Reserve, 1941-1951 where he served on the following vessels: Lexington, Yorktown, Wasp, Enterprise, Saratoga, and Ranger. After the war, Taylor was, among other posts, the commanding officer of Project Afirm and the commanding officer for the Night Attack and Training Unit, Atlantic (NACTU). In 1951 Taylor resigned from the Navy Reserves and worked first for Braniff Airlines in Panama, and then as a Vice President for Scandinavian Airlines System.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Connie J. Ford-Miller, Gift, 1998, 1999-0033, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aircraft carriers  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Fighter pilots  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Ephemera
Clippings
Articles
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
NASM.1999.0033
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1999-0033

Eastern Air Lines Collection

Creator:
Eastern Airlines, Inc.  Search this
Names:
Civil Aeronautics Board  Search this
Eastern Airlines, Inc.  Search this
Pitcairn Aviation  Search this
Extent:
19.76 Cubic feet (20 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Publications
Reports
Video recordings
Date:
bulk 1930-1976
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of newspaper articles, brochures, newsletters, magazines, photographs, negatives, and transparencies documenting Eastern Air Lines. The thrusts of the collection are the photographic images (concentrating on aircraft and personnel) and the publications of Eastern, including the newsletter "The Falcon" and "The Great Silver Fleet News" magazine.
Biographical / Historical:
Eastern Airlines was originally formed as Pitcairn Aviation, Inc. in 1927. In July 1929 it was acquired by the North American Aviation Corp. as the Eastern Airlines Division and, in January 1930, was renamed Eastern Air Transport. By February 1933, Eastern had acquired Ludington Airlines, giving Eastern routes to most major eastern cities, including New York, Atlanta, Miami, Atlantic City, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.C. In 1934 the airline was renamed Eastern Airlines and introduced Douglas DC-2s on its longer routes. In 1937 Eastern began Douglas DC-3 service and acquired Wendell-Williams Air Service Corp., thereby extending its routes westward to Houston. North American sold its holdings in Eastern to a group headed by Captain Eddie Rickenbacker. By 1960 Eastern had extended its coverage to Puerto Rico, Canada, and Mexico, as well as westward to Detroit and St. Louis. In January 1960 Eastern introduced jet service with Douglas DC-8s and, in April 1961, inaugurated "Air Shuttle" service between Boston, New York, and Washington, D.C. with its propeller-driven aircraft. By 1975 Eastern's network covered 100 cities in 30 states, as well as Mexico, Canada, and the Caribbean. In 1986 Eastern was bought by Texas Air Corp., making Texas Air the largest airline in the United States. Following labor problems, including a strike by Eastern's machinists which was supported by the pilots and flight attendants, Eastern declared Chapter 11 Bankruptcy in 1989.
Provenance:
Eastern Airlines, Inc., transfer, 1987, NASM.1987.0038.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Publications
Reports
Video recordings
Citation:
Eastern Air Lines Collection, Acc. NASM.1991.0070, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1991.0070
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1991-0070
Additional Online Media:

Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) Employee Film

Creator:
Pacific Air Lines  Search this
Extent:
0.11 Cubic feet (One 16 mm reel)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
16mm films
Date:
1977
Summary:
This donation consists of Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) employee film entitled, "Catch Us!"
Scope and Contents:
This donation consists of a 31 minute 16 mm color sound Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) employee film entitled, "Catch Us!"
Arrangement:
Only one item.
Biographical / Historical:
From 1949 until 1988, Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) was a United States airline headquartered in San Diego, California. Founded by Kenneth Friedkin, PSA was the first large discount airline in the United States. PSA was initially operated as an intrastate airline in California, but expanded to other western states cities, as well as to several cities in Mexico, after the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978. PSA eventually merged into USAir. PSA's corporate culture was known for its humor and friendliness; the airline's slogan was "The World's Friendliest Airline," and its trademark was a smile painted on the nose of each plane while its accompanying advertising campaign employed the phase, "Catch Our Smile."
Provenance:
June Moore Irey, Gift, 2019, NASM.2019.0036
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Genre/Form:
16mm films
Citation:
Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) Employee Film, NASM.2019.0036, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2019.0036
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2019-0036

Thomas Towle Ford Tri-Motor Collection

Creator:
Towle, Thomas, 1887-  Search this
Names:
Ford Motor Company. Airplane Division  Search this
Island Airways  Search this
Towle, Thomas, 1887-  Search this
Extent:
1.09 Cubic feet ((1 records center box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Blueprints
Reports
Drawings
Photographs
Pamphlets
Clippings
Date:
1921-1967
bulk 1925-1926
bulk 1953-1967
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of material gathered by Towle to support his claim as the designer of the Ford Tri-Motor. The material consists of the following: newspaper and magazine articles; pamphlets; photographs pertaining to the history of the aircraft and its role in early air transportation; drawings; early flight test reports; technical notes relating to early Tri-Motor models; a short autobiography and resumeof Towle; and assorted postcards, stamps, articles, and so forth relating to Island Airways, an airline still flying Ford Tri-Motors
Biographical / Historical:
Thomas Towle (1897- ) was a mechanical engineer and main designer of the Ford Tri-Motor. Following graduation from Yale University (1920) Towle worked as an engineer for a number of aircraft companies, including Dayton-Wright (1921-22), Martin (1922-23), Aeromarine (1923-24), and Stout Metal Airplane Co (1924-25) before joining Ford Motor Company's Airplane Division (1925-27). While at Ford, Towle designed a three-motored aircraft to replace the Stout 'Air Pullman:, the rights to which Ford purchased with Stout in 1925. Towle left Ford in 1927 to form his own company, Towle Marine Aircraft (1927) and Towle Aircraft Company (1928-32). In 1933 Towle joined Monocoupe and later moved to Lambert Aircraft (1933-35) before leaving the aircraft industry.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Tom Towle, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0102, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Ford Tri-Motor Family  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Aircraft industry -- United States  Search this
Aircraft industry  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Reports
Drawings
Photographs
Pamphlets
Clippings
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0102
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0102

Pan American World Airways Clipper Club Certificate and Letter

Creator:
Pan American World Airways, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Certificates
Date:
1953
Summary:
Sarah Kilgore worked for the Arabian American Oil Company in Saudia Arabia during the 1950s; in 1953 she took a trip around the world, becoming a charter member of Pan American's Round-the-World Clipper Club. The collection consists of a 16 by 18 inch Pan American World Airways Clipper Club certificate and accompanying letter.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a letter to Miss Sara Kilgore dated June 16, 1953, signed by Willis G. Lipscomb, Vice President, Traffic and Sales, of Pan American World Airways Systems, welcoming her as a charter member of the Pan American's Round-the-World Clipper Club, and a 16 by 18 inch Pan American World Airways Clipper Club certificate dated May 4, 1953. The certificate, dated 4 May 1953 and signed by Juan Trippe, president of Pan American World Airways, includes illustrations of various Pan American Clipper aircraft dating from 1927 through 1949, a globe featuring a stylized airline route map, and sailing ships of famous historic circumnavigators at the bottom edge.
Biographical / Historical:
Sarah Kilgore worked for the Arabian American Oil Company in Saudia Arabia during the 1950s; in 1953 she took a trip around the world, becoming a charter member of Pan American's Round-the-World Clipper Club. Pan American World Airways was active in the airline industry from 1927, when it established a regular scheduled international service, to its bankruptcy in late 1991. Pan American was the first American airline to operate a permanent international air service. From its first route between Key West and Havana, Pan Am extended its routes into the rest of the Caribbean, Central America and South America. In 1936, Pan Am inaugurated passenger service in the Pacific, and began service in the Atlantic in 1939. Pan Am started around-the-world commercial air service in 1947 using Lockheed Constellation airliners. In 1949, Pan Am began scheduled service with the new Boeing Model 377 Stratocruiser, a large, luxurious, long-range, double deck airliner featuring a passenger lounge on its lower deck.
Provenance:
Alice Kilgore, Gift, 2009, NASM.2009.0037.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Certificates
Citation:
Pan American World Airways Clipper Club Certificate and Letter, Acc.NASM.2009.0037, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2009.0037
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2009-0037
Additional Online Media:

Airline Baggage Labels [Wilson]

Creator:
Wilson, Nathaniel Jr.  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Ephemera
Labels
Date:
bulk 1942-1959
Summary:
Nathaniel "Buddy" Wilson, Jr. (1936-2010) wrote to various airlines as a child asking them to send him examples of baggage labels. He was very successful and collected many from regional, national, and international airlines. This small collection consists of approximately 0.20 cubic feet of baggage labels, airmail labels, etiquettes, and other ephemera from various airlines.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of approximately 0.20 cubic feet of baggage labels, airmail labels, etiquettes, and other ephemera from various airlines including All American Aviation (USA); American Airlines (USA); American Export Airlines (USA); Bonanza Air Lines (USA); Braniff International (USA); Capital Airlines (USA); Pennsylvania Central Airlines (PCA) (USA); Chicago & Southern Airlines (USA); Continental Airways/Airlines (USA); Delta Air Lines (USA); Eastern Air Lines (Eastern Air Transport) (USA); Frontier Airlines (USA); Hawaiian Airlines (USA); Mid-Continent Airlines (USA); Monarch Airlines (USA); National Airlines (USA); Northwest Airlines (USA); Pan American Airways (Pan Am) (USA); Piedmont Airlines (USA); Southern Airways (USA); Aloha Airlines (Trans-Pacific Airlines) (USA); Trans-Texas Airways (TTA) (USA); Trans World Airlines (TWA) (USA); United Airlines (USA); Western Air Express (Air Lines, Airlines) (USA); West Coast Airlines (USA); Wisconsin Central Airlines (USA); Air France (France); Aer Lingus (Ireland); British Overseas Airways Corp (BOAC) (UK); British Commonwealth Pacific Airlines (BCPA) (UK); British European Airways (BEA) (UK); British West Indies Airways (BWIA) (UK); Canadian Pacific Airlines (CP Air) (Canada); Canadian Colonial Airways (Colonial Airways, Colonial Airlines) (Canada); Central African Airways (UK); CNAC (China National Aviation Corp) Air Lines (China); KLM (Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij) (Netherlands); SABENA (Belgium); Middle East Airlines (MEA) (Air Liban) (Lebanon); Philippine Airlines (PAL) (Philippines); Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS); SwissAir (Switzerland); Transportes Aereos Centro-Americanos (TACA); and Trans-Canada Air-Lines (TCA). The collection also contains a scan made from a photograph loaned by the donor which shows Nathaniel "Buddy" Wilson, Jr. as a child (taken in 1942) along with friends standing beside a Waco UKC (ATC #528) at an airfield in Richmond, Virginia.
Biographical / Historical:
Nathaniel "Buddy" Wilson, Jr. (1936-2010) wrote to various airlines as a child asking them to send him examples of baggage labels. He was very successful and collected many from regional, national, and international airlines. Wilson had a lifelong love of aviation and, although he was unable to become a pilot due to his eyesight, made it his career. Wilson obtained a bachelor of science degree in Air Transportation from Purdue University in 1958 and then joined the U.S. Navy where he served at Naval Air Station Rota in Spain. Wilson then went to work as a Foreign Service officer in El Salvador for the U.S. Department of State. During his time with the State Department, Wilson helped to negotiate foreign air routes. Wilson then went to work for the Air Transport Association, where he remained for 25 years before retiring in 1995 as Vice President of International Affairs.
Provenance:
Susan Sproul, Gift, 2015, NASM.2015.0036.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- Passenger traffic  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Ephemera
Labels
Citation:
Airline Baggage Labels [Wilson], Acc. NASM.2015.0036cession n2015-0036, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2015.0036
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2015-0036
Additional Online Media:

Regional Short-Haul Transport Aircraft Collection

Creator:
Frazer, Ralph  Search this
Names:
Bede  Search this
Beech Aircraft Corp  Search this
Cessna  Search this
Dornier GmbH  Search this
General Electric Company  Search this
Learjet  Search this
Let Kunovice National Corp  Search this
Piaggio (Industrie Aeronautiche e Meccaniche Rinaldo Piaggio SpA)  Search this
Pilatus Flugzeugwerke AG  Search this
Short Brothers PLC  Search this
United Aircraft Corporation. Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Division  Search this
United Technologies Corporation  Search this
Extent:
9 Cubic feet ((20 legal document boxes) (1 flatbox))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Reports
Brochures
Photographs
Date:
[ca. 1970s-1990s]
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of material produced by aircraft companies on their regional short-haul transport aircraft. The material consists of slides, transparencies, memorandums, technical descriptions, type specifications, route systems, fleet planning and analysis, and brochures. The following aircraft companies and short-haul airliners are included in great detail: Canadair Regional Jet; CASA Cn 235; British Aerospace Jetstream; SAAB-Fairchild 340; and the de Havilland Dash-7 and Dash-8. The collection also includes material on the following aircraft and propulsion companies: Bede; Beech; Cessna; Dornier; Let Kunovice National Corp; Learjet; Piaggio; Pilatus Flugzeugwerke AG; Short Brothers; GE Electric; Pratt & Whitney; and United Technologies.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Ralph Frazer, Gift, 1999, 1999-0050, Specific manufacturers
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Air travel  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Local service airlines  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Canadair Regional Jet (RJ)  Search this
Airtech CN-235  Search this
CASA CN-235  Search this
British Aerospace Jetstream Family  Search this
SAAB-Fairchild SF-340  Search this
de Havilland (Canada) DHC-7 Dash 7 Family  Search this
de Havilland (Canada) DHC-8 Dash 8 Family  Search this
Genre/Form:
Reports
Brochures
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.1999.0050
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1999-0050

Pan American Airways (Pan Am) Flight Memorabilia [Piloty]

Creator:
Piloty, Elisabeth, b. 1924  Search this
Names:
Pan American World Airways, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
0.02 Cubic feet (1 oversized folder)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Ephemera
Photographs
Diaries
Date:
1951
Summary:
This collection consists of memorabilia relating to Elisabeth Piloty's flight aboard a Pan American Airways (Pan Am) Boeing Model 377 Stratocruiser from Frankfurt, Germany to New York in August 1951.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of memorabilia relating to Elisabeth Piloty's flight aboard a Pan American Airways (Pan Am) Boeing Model 377 Stratocruiser from Frankfurt, Germany to New York in August 1951. The items, many of which are mounted on scrapbook pages that measure approximately 12 inches by 10 inches, include brochures on the aircraft as well as one on U. S. Customs procedures; a time zone calculator; photographs taken in New York City; and a handwritten account (in German) by Piloty about her travels. Some translation has been provided by the donor.
Arrangement:
This collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
In August 1951, Elisabeth Piloty (b. 1924) traveled from Munich, Germany to San Antonio, Texas to marry Sergeant First Class (SFC) John T. Anderson, who she had met at the U. S. Army's 98th General Hospital in Munich. After traveling to Frankfurt, Piloty departed for New York on a Pan American Airways (Pan Am) Boeing Model 377 Stratocruiser. After arriving in New York and spending some time sightseeing there, Piloty made her way to Greensboro, North Carolina where she was met by her sister and her future mother-in-law and husband to be.
Provenance:
Susan Stilley, Gift, 2019, NASM.2019.0041
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Boeing Model 377 Stratocruiser Family  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Photographs
Diaries
Citation:
Pan American Airways (Pan Am) Flight Memorabilia [Piloty], NASM.2019.0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2019.0041
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2019-0041
Additional Online Media:

John P. Stewart Aviation Photography Collection

Creator:
Stewart, John P.  Search this
Extent:
28 Cubic feet ((50 containers))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Color slides
Negatives
Date:
bulk 1950s-2000s
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 28 cubic feet of photographic material, including an estimated 55,250 color slides and 41,300 black and white cut negatives of aircraft and airlines, predominately shot by John P. Stewart.
Biographical / Historical:
John P. Stewart (1945-2011) started taking photographs of aircraft when he was five years old and continued throughout his aviation career. He received his pilot's license during high school and also had his own aircraft. After high school he attended the United States Naval Academy and after graduation served in a submarine during the Vietnam Conflict. After his discharge from the Navy, he took a job with Pan American Airways as an operations manager in San Francisco. Next Stewart was transferred to Turkey and Saudi Arabia to work with the Pan Am Hajj flights. After his stint in the Middle East, Stewart was transferred by Pan Am to Detroit, Michigan, as an operation manager. After he was let go due to downsizing, Stewart worked for a number of small airlines in the Michigan area, such as Reliant, Zantop, Air Trans, and Air America. He also started his own training company and traveled giving mandatory federal training to various airlines. Stewart eventually joined the FAA in Detroit, and later Homeland Security. He helped coordinate flight rescue and relief in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. Stewart retired from Homeland Security in 2011, shortly before his death
Provenance:
Karile Bricker, Gift, 2013
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Negatives
Citation:
John P. Stewart Aviation Photography Collection, Accession 2013-0038, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2013.0038
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2013-0038

Elton Ross Silliman Papers

Creator:
Silliman, Elton Ross, 1902-  Search this
Names:
Aerovias Centrales, S.A.  Search this
CiA Mexicana de Aviacion, S.A.  Search this
Pan American World Airways, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
1.35 Cubic feet (3 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Photographs
Reports
Financial records
Place:
Panama
Venezuela
Mexico
Date:
1930-1982
Summary:
This collection consists of Elton Silliman's personal and business papers. The material consists of correspondence, photographs, and documents pertaining to airline operations during the period 1930-1960, as well as airport and hotel financial records. The material also includes club and society reports and membership lists.
Scope and Content:
[For brevity's sake, Pan American Airways, Inc. and Compania Mexicana de Aviacion, S.A. will be referred to in this finding aid as PAA and CMA respectively.]

This collection consists mainly of Elton Ross Silliman's business papers. These papers relate to his career with PAA and its subsidiary, CMA. Both companies had Silliman operating out of Mexico, Central America, northern South America, and the Caribbean and interacting with many Latin Americans prominent in the fields of aviation, government, and industry. Consequently, much of the correspondence, handbooks, and newspaper clippings are in the Spanish language. No attempt was made during processing to translate these materials. Included in these papers are PAA and CMA expense and financial reports, photographs and miscellaneous materials. This collection also includes a small amount of materials (personal correspondence) pertaining to Silliman's personal life – in particular, his interest in hunting rifles and the death of his father in 1950.
Arrangement:
Silliman's papers are arranged both chronologically and alphabetically. Correspondence, financial reports, photographs, newspaper clippings, and miscellaneous materials are organized by the former method. Handbooks and directories are grouped alphabetically by title.

The following series are recognizable within the collection:

Series I: Correspondence - Professional

Series II: Correspondence - Personal

Series III: Financial Reports

Series IV: Handbooks and Directories

Series V: Photographs

Series VI: Newspaper Clippings

Series VII: Miscellaneous Materials
Biographical/Historical note:
Elton Ross Silliman was an airline executive and manager in Latin America for Aerovias Centrales, S.A., Pan American Airways (PAA), Inc. and PAA subsidiary, Compania Mexicana de Aviacion, S.A. (CMA). As an American citizen living and working in this field throughout Central America and Mexico for several decades, he helped develop and expand U.S. commercial air service south of the Rio Grande. During 1931-32, he organized Aerovias Centrales, S.A. in Mexico. He joined PAA in 1933 as the company's special representative in Central America, Panama, Venezuela, and the Dutch West Indies. In 1943, Silliman became general manager for CMA. He retired from this position in the 1960s.
Provenance:
Mrs. Elton R. Silliman, Gift, 1989, 1989-0050
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, Please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- Mexico  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Reports
Financial records
Citation:
Elton Ross Silliman Papers, Acc. 1989-0050, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1989.0050
See more items in:
Elton Ross Silliman Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1989-0050
Additional Online Media:

Transportes Aereos Centro-Americanos (TACA) de Venezuela Photographs

Names:
Transportes Aereos Centro-Americanos (TACA) de Venezuela  Search this
Transportes Aereos Centroamericanos  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic Feet (One folder)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Venezuela -- description and travel
Date:
circa 1947
Summary:
This collection consists of eleven black and white snapshots of Transportes Aereos Centro-Americanos (TACA) de Venezuela.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of eleven black and white snapshots possibly taken by Ted Bazett, circa 1947. The images show the following: Venezuelan airports, including Maiquetia; aircraft, including TACA's Douglas DC-3s and a British West Indian Airways Lockheed Model 18 Lodestar; and unidentified pilots and personnel.
Arrangement:
No arrangment as there are just 11 photographs.
Biographical / Historical:
Transportes Aereos Centro-Americanos (TACA) de Venezuela was founded on August 18, 1944. The establishment of the company was part of the plan to set up subsidiary TACA companies in all South American countries. In January of 1945 TACA de Venzuela, in cooperation with its sister company TACA de Colombia, opened nonstop service from Caracas to Bogota followed by expansion including direct service betwen Marachaibo to Bogota. By 1950, however, the TACA empire collapsed; the Venezuelan branch was liquidated and Linea Aeropostal Venezolana took over the routes.
Provenance:
Unknown, Gift, 2019, NASM.2019.0011
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Douglas DC-3  Search this
Citation:
Transportes Aereos Centro-Americanos (TACA) de Venezuela Photographs, NASM.2019.0011, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2019.0011
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2019-0011

Humphrey Toomey NYRBA Papers

Creator:
Toomey, Humphrey, 1900-1974  Search this
Names:
New York, Rio and Buenos Aires Line (NYRBA)  Search this
Pan American World Airways, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
0.51 Cubic Feet (2 boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Maps
Telegrams
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Memorandums
Date:
bulk 1929 - 1933
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of .5 cubic ft of documentary material chronicling Humphrey Toomey's aviation career with the New York, Rio and Buenos Aires Line (NYRBA). The following types of material are included in this collection: Navy and Air Corps strip maps used on the Bridgeport, Connecticut to Buenos Aires flight; correspondence; telegrams; memorandums; reports; employment agreements with NYRBA; sanitary bills of health at different ports; NYRBA 1930 annual report and brochure; NYRBA time schedules; copies of Toomey's passports; small brown notebook with notes; black and white photographs; newspaper articles; and the insignia of the NYRBA. There are also a few items from Toomey's early Pan American career, including a film, report, and related material on Toomey's aerial expedition of the lower Amazon system in October of 1933.
Biographical / Historical:
Humphrey Toomey (1900-1974) graduated from the Naval Academy in 1922 as an aeronautical engineer. Following his training and service as a naval aviator, Toomey resigned from the Navy in 1929 to pilot a Sikorsky S-38 on a flight from Bridgeport, Connecticut to Buenos Aires. This flight laid the groundwork for the commercial routes to South America for the New York, Rio and Buenos Aires Line (NYRBA). Toomey was a pilot for NYRBA from 1929 until it was acquired in 1930 by Pan American Airways (PAA). Toomey then worked for PAA as Chief Pilot and Operations Manager for their Brazil-Argentina sector. In this capacity Toomey established a series of airports for PAA and organized the Brazilian national airline, PAA do Brazil. In 1933, Toomey made the first official survey flight up the Amazon River, which won him membership in the New York Explorers Club. During World War II he managed the Military Contact Division of PAA, and from 1946 to 1952 he served as Manager of the Latin American Division in Miami , Florida. In 1952, Toomey returned to Rio de Janeiro as PAA Vice President for Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay. Toomey retired from PAA in 1962 and was the recipient of many awards, including the Brazilian "Ordem Nacional do Cruzeiro do Sul."
Provenance:
Gailbraith "Gail" Toomey, Gift, 2006
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- South America  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Telegrams
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Memorandums
Citation:
Humphrey Toomey NYRBA Papers, Accession number 2006-0068, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0068
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2006-0068

Captain Michael Gitt Papers

Creator:
Gitt, Michael.  Search this
Names:
Air Lines Pilots Association (ALPA)  Search this
Colonial Airlines  Search this
Eastern Airlines, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
3.56 Cubic Feet ((4 boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Technical manuals
Legal documents
Financial records
Maps
Date:
bulk 1930s-1970s
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of approximately three cubic feet of the papers of Captain Michael Gitt. Included in the collection are the following types of material: flight logs and licenses; applications for employment; aerial negatives and photographs of the New York City area; correspondence, mostly to colleagues at Colonial Airways and ALPA: several Colonial Airways newsletters; material relating to his employment at Colonial Airways, including aircraft manuals for the DC-2 and DC-3; rosters and documentation relating to the Retired Eastern Pilots Association; and legal briefs and correspondence associated with his age discrimination case against Eastern Airlines in 1969.
Biographical / Historical:
Captain Michael Gitt (1908-2002) was a pilot for several airlines from 1940 until 1968, most notably Colonial Airways, where he began his airline career, and for Eastern Airlines, from which he retired as a Senior Captain in 1968. Gitt was also extremely active with the Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA) from 1946-1956, and served as chairman of numerous negotiating committees. Gitt filed one of the first pilot age discrimination suits against Eastern Airlines in 1969; F. Lee Bailey served as one of his lawyers in that case. After his retirement from the airlines, Gitt began a second career when he became director of Marine Activities for the Park District of Great Neck. Besides his work and many civic and community organizations that he was involved with, Gitt also fulfilled a dream during the 1970s by earning his glider pilot license.
Provenance:
Patricia and Brian Gitt, Gift, 2003
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Discrimination in employment  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Technical manuals -- 20th century
Legal documents
Financial records
Maps
Citation:
Captain Michael Gitt Papers, Accession 2003-0033, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2003.0033
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2003-0033

South American Aviation Travel Scrapbooks

Creator:
Swope, Robert Bricker  Search this
Names:
Eastern Airlines, Inc.  Search this
PANAGRA (Pan American-Grace Airways Inc)  Search this
Pan American World Airways, Inc.  Search this
SCADTA (Sociedad Colombo-Alemana de Transportes Aereos)  Search this
Swope, Lydia L.  Search this
Swope, Robert Bricker  Search this
Extent:
0.36 Cubic Feet ((1 letter document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Postcards
Maps
Ephemera
Correspondence
Brochures
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1939, 1946
Scope and Contents:
The three scrapbooks contain a detailed log of Mr. Swope's South American travels. Objects include: many photos, some from the air (some of the 1946 photos are in color); plane tickets; plane schedules; plane routes; airline brochures; correspondence from airlines ( Pan American, Eastern, Panagra, Scadta); hotel reservations and correspondence; travel brochures; maps; business cards; passport; itineraries; postcards; and telegrams.
Biographical / Historical:
Robert Bricker Swope was born in 1888 and worked as an executive in Washington D.C. Mr. Swope took two trips by plane to South America and was accompanied by his wife Lydia L. Swope on the second trip.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Keith R. Bailey, Gift, 1991, 1991-0064, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Airlines  Search this
Air travel  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Central America  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- South America  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Maps
Ephemera
Correspondence
Brochures
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
NASM.1991.0064
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1991-0064

Airline Brochures and Route Maps

Extent:
0.2 Cubic Feet ((4 folders))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Brochures
Maps
Date:
bulk 1950s-1960s
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 49 brochures and route maps produced by the following airlines: Air France; Air Madagascar; Aloha Airlines; American Airlines; Ansett-ANA; British European Airlines (BEA); Delta Air Lines: Hawaiian Airlines; Inter-Island Airways; Japan Air Lines; Northwest Airlines; Northwest Orient Airlines; Quantas; Pan American Airlines (Pan Am); Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS); Trans-Australia Airlines; United Airlines; and Union Transports Aeriens (UTA).
Provenance:
Raymond Fosberg, Gift, 1990
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Brochures
Maps
Citation:
Airline Brochures and Route Maps, Accession 1990-0089, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1990.0089
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1990-0089

Republic Feeder Airlines Collection

Creator:
Republic Airlines  Search this
Names:
Air West  Search this
Bonanza Air Lines  Search this
Hughes Air West  Search this
North Central Airlines  Search this
Pacific Air Lines  Search this
Southern Airways  Search this
Southwest Airways  Search this
West Coast Airlines  Search this
Wisconsin Central Airlines  Search this
Extent:
7.63 Cubic Feet ((7 records center boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Press releases
Newsletters
Reports
Maps
Publications
Photographs
Correspondence
Date:
1945-1983
bulk [ca. 1950s-1960s]
Scope and Contents:
The collection consisted of miscellaneous material, including annual reports for all companies, route maps, photographs of various aircraft used, and publicity stickers, stamps, and notices. Press releases and newsletters are held for some of the companies. Much of the collection of press releases, progress reports, and information packets centers on the Boeing 727 series, the Boeing 747SP series, and the McDonnell Douglas DC-9 series. This collection also includes Bonanza Air Lines negatives.
Biographical / Historical:
This collection consist of various materials belonging to a group of airlines that eventually came under Republic Airlines. The product of mergers, this airline found its start in the small, postwar feeder airlines of the Mid- and Southwest. The nine small companies that became Republic include: West Coast Airlines, Wisconsin Central Airlines, North Central Airlines, Southwest Airways, Southern Airways, Bonanza Air Lines, Pacific Air Lines, Air West, and finally, Hughes Air West.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Minnesota Historical Society, Gift, 1989, 1989-0134, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Boeing 727 Family  Search this
Douglas DC-9 Family  Search this
Boeing 747SP (747-100SP)  Search this
Local service airlines  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Air travel  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Press releases
Newsletters
Reports
Maps
Publications
Photographs
Correspondence
Identifier:
NASM.1989.0134
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1989-0134

William John Eck: First Pan American Airlines Transatlantic Flight Scrapbook

Extent:
0.33 Cubic Feet (1 scrapbook)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Azores
New York, New York
Date:
June 12, 1939, through April 22, 1940
bulk June 28, 1939, through July 4, 1939
Summary:
This collection consists of a scrapbook, "To Europe By Air," assembled by railroad executive William J. Eck to document his trip June 28 to July 4, 1939, on Pan American Airways' (PAA) first transatlantic passenger flight on the Boeing Model 314 Clipper "Dixie Clipper" flying boat and containing information on its crew, passengers, and ports of call.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a scrapbook, "To Europe By Air," assembled by William J. Eck to document his trip on Pan American Airways' (PAA) first transatlantic passenger flight, and containing information on the Boeing Model 314 Clipper "Dixie Clipper" (r/n NC-18605) flying boat and its crew, passengers, and ports of call. The scrapbook is particularly rich in ephemera, with many illustrations trimmed from brochures used to embellish the black paper album pages. Contents include ephemera from the Pennsylvania Railroad (on which Eck started and ended his trip from his home in Washington, D. C.), Pan American Airways (PAA), Air France, Hotel Aviz (Lisbon), Splendide Hotel (Marseille), Hotel Plaza-Athenée (Paris), and various tourist sites; photographs; telegrams; greeting cards; maps; menus; post cards; postage stamps; a first day cover; newspaper clippings (predominantly in English, but also in Portuguese and French); PAA receipts and press releases; copy photographs of Eck's PAA tickets, ticket folder, and baggage claim check; photographs of commemorative cigarette cases presented to Eck and PAA pilot R. O. D. Sullivan; and clippings and ephemera relating fellow passengers' stories: Russell Sabor, James McVittie (who continued on to Chicago immediately after landing in New York on the return trip), Gwladys Whitney (Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney), Anne Lyon Haight (Mrs. Sherman Post Haight, who also flew aboard the Clipper that inaugurated the mail route between North and South America in 1931). Also included is a transcript of interviews with the passengers recorded on board the "Dixie Clipper" during the eastbound flight: Russell Sabor, William J. Eck, Mrs. Sherman Haight, Captain Torkild Rieber, Clara Adams, C. V. Whitney, Mrs. Juan Trippe, Mr. and Mrs. Graham B. Grosvenor, Mr. and Mrs. E. O. McDonnell, Roger Lapham, James McVittie, and Louis Gimbel; and on the westbound flight: J. Carroll Cone (Manager of the Atlantic Division of Pan American Airways Company).
Arrangement:
The scrapbook is arranged chronologically.
Biographical / Historical:
William John Eck (1876-1957) graduated from Iowa State University in 1895 with a degree in electrical engineering and went to work in the telephone industry. In 1898, at the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, Eck joined the United States Army and was sent to the Philippines; after a year Eck transferred to the U.S. Quartermaster Department and spent his next three years at sea, eventually making a trip around the world. After leaving the Army, Eck switched to the railroad business, joining the Southern Railway in 1905. Over time, travel—particularly air travel—became a serious hobby for Eck, and by the early 1930s, he had become a pioneer passenger on several early airline routes. In 1931, after chatting to Pan American Airways (PAA) pilots on a flight to Santiago, Chile, Eck contacted PAA to apply for a ticket on PAA's first transatlantic passenger flight, whenever that might occur. Eight years later, Eck was delighted to be contacted by PAA with the news that he had been designated Passenger No. 1 on the historic flight, departing Port Washington, New York, on Wednesday, June 28, 1939, aboard the Boeing Model 314 "Dixie Clipper." The flight, carrying 22 passengers, was made via Horta, Azores, with an overnight stay at Lisbon, Portugal, on June 29, finishing at Marseille, France, on June 30. Eck continued on to Paris via a land-based Air France flight. Eck and many of the outbound passengers were also on the return flight of the "Dixie Clipper," departing Marseilles on Sunday, July 2, and following the same route to return to New York on Tuesday, July 4, 1939. At the time of the flight Eck, a resident of Washington, D. C., was Assistant to the Vice President, Southern Railway Company. The newspapers noted that Eck, a widower who had recently married his second wife, Emily Magdalene Kleb, three months earlier on March 20, 1939, was unable to take her along on the flight as he had only the single ticket bought well before their marriage.
Provenance:
Unknown gift, circa 1940-1967.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Pan American World Airways, Inc. -- Memorabilia  Search this
Boeing Model 314 Clipper Family  Search this
Citation:
William John Eck: First Pan American Airlines Transatlantic Flight Scrapbook, Acc. XXXX.0309, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0309
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0309
Additional Online Media:

Philatelic and First Day Cover Collection

Extent:
1.99 Cubic Feet ((5 boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Postage stamps
Cachets (Philately)
Date:
bulk 1918-1999
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of philatelic items and first day covers from a variety of sources including flown items, cacheted covers, stamps, and first day covers. Flown items in the collection include letters from the first flights of various air mail routes; a letter carried aboard the first flight of the ZRS-4 Akron; a commemorative envelope from the First Flight Transpacific Westbound/Eastbound to Guam flown by the Pan American Clipper in 1935 which is signed by the crew and contains a narrative about the flight inside the envelope; an envelope flown aboard a special autogiro flight from Bolling Field; a letter carried on the Zeppelin LZ 129 Hindenburg that is stamped "Intended for the first eastbound trip of Airship 'HINDENBURG' in 1937. Could not be forwarded on account of accident to Airship on May 6, 1937"; a postcard and envelope carried aboard the first American Airlines non-stop flight from Los Angeles, CA to Washington, DC; a letter from the first flight of various Lufthansa routes; items carried aboard a flight commemorating the 50th anniversary of Calbraith Perry Rodgers' transcontinental flight; items from flights commemorating the 50th anniversary of air mail; a commemorative envelope flown on the first flight of the McDonnell Douglas DC-10; an oversized envelope with various postmarks and stamps from the Air Force Association's Around the World Flight in December 1949; two "Astro Letter" forms and an envelope flown by a Rocket Research Institute rocket during the time of the Apollo 16 flight; an envelope, in a commemorative folder, flown by Arnold Palmer in a Learjet 36 on an around the world record flight; balloon mail from the Atmosat America Balloon; a commemorative envelope containing a card of information flown from London to Auckland, New Zealand by Jean Batten; an envelope carried aboard the first flight of the Cessna 650 Citation III; items flown aboard the first solo transatlantic balloon flight by Joseph W. Kittinger, Jr.; two envelopes, signed by Henry T. "Dick" Merrill, flown during the 1927 Anglo-American Goodwill Coronation Flight from New York to London; two envelopes flown aboard Handley Page Dart Herald H.P.R.7 aircraft during two separate flights commemorating the 60th anniverary of scheduled air services at Cricklewood Airport; a cover carried aboard a 1937 Pan American Airways Martin (Glenn L.) Model 130 Hawaii Clipper flight from Hawaii to California; an envelope carried by Richard E. Byrd during his second Antarctic expedition; a letter carried on the first Transcontinental & Western Air Service air express flight from St. Louis, Missouri in 1931; a letter carried on Peoria (Illinois) Airport's first airmail flight; a cacheted cover flown aboard the Westinghouse Sentinel 1000 airship in 1993 to mark the bicentennial of America's first manned flight; and an envelope flown by sailplane to commemorate the dedication of the National Soaring Landmark in San Diego, CA. There are also aviation and space related stamps in the collection issued by the United States; Liberia; Rhodesia; Tanzania; India; Singapore; France; Germany; Hungary; Romania; Iceland; Peru; Brazil; Paraguay; Poland; and the Soviet Union. Stamps and cacheted and first day covers in the collection commemorate people and events such as the Wright Brothers; air mail; balloons; Amelia Earhart; U.S. Navy flights; Charles Lindbergh's New York to Paris flight; the 1929 National Air Races, Women's Air (Powder Puff) Derby; Blanche Stuart Scott; Glenn Curtiss; Robert Hutchings Goddard; Calbraith Perry Rodgers; Canadian aviation history; the Concorde; Alfred V. Verville; Richard E. Byrd; John F. Kennedy Space Center; the launch of Apollo 16; Apollo 17; the first flight of the Clancy Sky Baby; Floyd Bennett Field; satellites; the first emergency parachute jump, made by Harold R. Harris in 1922; the 50th anniversary of the blind flight made by James Harold "Jimmy" Doolittle in a Consolidated NY-2 (Husky) in 1929; the 50th anniversary of the first east to west transatlantic flight; the Viking Lander spacecraft; Edward Goodman and Elmer Ambrose Sperry; Pioneer 10; Jules Verne; the tenth anniversary of the Apollo 11 lunar landing; the triple launching of the USS Antietam, USS Chicago, and the USS Los Angeles from the Philadelphia Navy Yard; Walter Hinton; Hermann Julius Oberth; Henri Coanda; Harry Richman and Henry T. "Dick" Merrill's 1936 round-trip transatlantic flight; the 100th anniversary of the Smithsonian Institution; World War II; James A. Mollison; Ellington Field; International Philatelic Week; the 1938 Chicago International Air Show; Space Shuttle Mission STS-41 (36, 6 Oct 90) [note: this cacheted cover contains a ticket for the Kennedy Space Center Spaceport]; the USS Ranger; Enid Field Army Flying School; the dedication of Randolph Field; the 1937 All American Air Maneuvers in Miami, Florida; America's Model Plane Classic National Outdoor Championships held in Atlanta, Georgia in 1937; the USS Lexington; and airships including the LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin, Enterprise N1A, ZRS-4 Akron, and the ZRS-5 Macon. One item in the collection is a photocopy of an Apollo 11 commemorative envelope flown to the moon in the personal kit of Edwin "Buzz" Eugene Aldrin, Jr. and signed (on the original) by Aldrin, Michael Collins, and Neil Alden Armstrong. The collection also includes an incomplete series of Smithsonian "Milestones of Flight" commemorative envelopes. There are two philatelic souvenirs made of squares of white cloth, possibly beta cloth, which bear the Apollo 17 mission insignia along with space related stamps and a Houston postmark. There is also one newsclipping in the collection about Charles Kingsford-Smith and there is one black and white photograph that accompanies two postcards commemorating Rheinhold Tiling. A number of the items in this collection are autographed.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Space flight  Search this
Zeppelin LZ 129 Hindenburg  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Apollo Project  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postage stamps
Cachets (Philately)
Citation:
Philatelic and First Day Cover Collection, Acc. XXXX-0473, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0473
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0473

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