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George Henry Mills Collection

Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Names:
United States. Navy. Naval Airship Program  Search this
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Extent:
13.39 Cubic feet (24 legal document boxes; 7 flatboxes)
14.95 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Publications
Maps
Photographs
Correspondence
Date:
circa 1920s-1950s
bulk 1930-1949
Summary:
The George Henry Mills Collection was donated to the National Air and Space Museum in 1994 by Mills' daughter, Mrs. Georgia Mills Head.
Scope and Contents:
The George Henry Mills Collection consists of 14.59 cubic feet (14.47 linear feet) of material collected from his naval career, 1918-1948. A large part of the collection is made up of records of Mills' service during World War II as the commander of the Atlantic Fleet's airship formations. The collection also includes records of his service as an official Navy observer aboard the German rigid airships Graf Zeppelin and Hindenburg. Of particular interest are records of the period before and immediately after the entry of the United States into World War II: the pre-war build-up of the Navy's LTA program, the "Neutrality Patrols" as the Navy fought an undeclared war against Germany, and of the harrowing early days of the Battle of the North Atlantic as German U-boats roamed the eastern coast of the United States. Mills maintained an extensive correspondence with many of the leading figures of LTA: Charles E. Rosendahl, Garland Fulton, and Scott E. Peck --their letters provide a unique picture of the Navy LTA program during its most active and successful period.

The collection also includes numerous technical reports on aspects of LTA flight, training material, photographs, clippings and articles on LTA.
Arrangement note:
The George H. Mills Collection is arranged in the following series:

Series I: Naval career of George H. Mills

Series II: Correspondence

Series III: General LTA Papers

Series IV: General Naval Papers

Series V: Publications, Articles, Clippings

Series VI: Lectures, Speeches, Papers

Series VII: Miscellaneous Papers

Series VIII: Photographs

Series IX: Scrapbooks; Oversized Material
Biographical/Historical note:
George Henry Mills (1895-1975), Naval officer and airship aviator, was a member of the U.S. Navy's inner circle of advocates of lighter than air (LTA) flight. Mills was born on August 5, 1895 in Rutherfordton, North Carolina, the son of John Craton Mills and Nora Poole Mills. He attended Bingham Military School in Asheville, North Carolina, and entered the U.S. Naval Academy in 1914. Mills graduated from the Academy in June, 1918 and served in various fleet and shore assignments (a chronology of Mills' naval service will be found in the notes to Series I on page 2). He married Leonore Wickersham of Corning, NY in 1923; their daughter, Georgia Lee Mills, was born in 1928.

Mills was assigned to LTA training at Naval Air Station Lakehurst, New Jersey in 1931. He completed his training in 1932 and served in the Navy's LTA fleet through the 1930's. Mills flew as an observer on board the Graf Zeppelin in 1934 and on the Hindenburg in 1936. In 1935, Mills survived the crash of the USS Macon off the California coast. Mills returned to Lakehurst, serving there in various assignments; he was made commanding officer of NAS Lakehurst in January, 1940.

At Lakehurst, Mills organized blimp patrols as part of the Navy's Neutrality Patrol and helped coordinate the Navy's rapid buildup of the LTA program. When Airship Patrol Group One was formed in January 1942, Mills was named commanding officer; in December 1942 he commanded Airship Wing Thirty. In July 1943, Mills was assigned as the commander of Fleet Airships, Atlantic - the chief of the Navy's LTA forces in the Atlantic Theater. George Mills was promoted to the rank of Commodore in November 1943.

In 1945, Mills returned to sea as the captain of the troopship USS Hermitage. Before retirement from the Navy in 1949, Mills served as the chief of the Naval Airship Training and Experimentation Command (CNATE) at NAS Lakehurst.

After leaving the Navy, Mills settled in North Carolina and worked for the Equitable Life Insurance Company, and later for the National Securities and Research Corporation. Mills served one term in the North Carolina State Legislature from 1950 to 1952. George H. Mills died on October 24, 1975, the same day as his longtime LTA colleague and friend, Garland Fulton, whose papers are also part of the collections of the National Air and Space Archives. They were buried on the same day in Arlington National Cemetery.
Chronology:
Chronology of George H. Mills' Naval Service

1914 -- June 14 - Entered U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland

1918 -- June 6 - Graduated from the Academy, Class of 1919; commissioned Ensign, USN September 21 - Service aboard USS New Mexico. Promoted to Lieutenant (JG)(Temporary)

1920 -- June 1 - Promotion to Lieutenant (JG)

1922 -- First LTA flight as gunnery spotter on captive balloon on USS New Mexico June 3 - Promotion to Lieutenant

1923 -- September 25 - Assigned as personal aide to RADM George W. Williams, Commandant, Sixth Naval District, Charleston, SC June 20 - Assigned as divisions communication officer on staff of VADM Henry A. Wiley, Battleship Division, Battle Fleet

1929 -- June 5 -Assistant gunnery officer and senior watch officer, USS Pensacola

1924 -- August 5 - Served as aide and flag secretary to RADM Williams as Commander Destroyer Squadrons, Scouting Fleet. Served on USS Concord, USS Dobbin, USS Whitney

1925 -- September - Continued as aide when RADM Williams was relieved by RADM Noble E. Irwin

1931 -- June 1 - Ordered to NAS Lakehurst for LTA instruction. Training flights on free and captive balloons and on airships Los Angeles (ZR-3), Akron (ZRS-4), J-3, J-4, K-1 and ZMC-2

1932 -- June 16 - Finished LTA training; designated naval aviator, lighter-than-air, # 3925

1927 -- June 30 - Officer-in-charge, naval recruiting for North and South Carolina, Raleigh, North Carolina

1933 -- September 1 - Promotion to Lieutenant Commander

1934 -- May 14 - Ordered on temporary duty as naval observer on the Graf Zeppelin. Made three round trips aboard the Graf Zeppelin between Friedrichshafen and cities in South America August 9 - Ordered to NAS Lakehurst as Operations Officer October 14 - Ordered to NAS Sunnyvale (later NAS Moffett Field) as tactical officer, pilot and navigational watch on USS Macon (ZRS-4)

1935 -- February 12 - USS Macon crashes off Point Sur, California. Mills is rescued after three hours in the water April 15 - Ordered to NAS Lakehurst as operations and mooring officer

1936 -- November 4 - Ordered to Newport News for fitting out USS Yorktown August - Naval observer aboard Hindenburg on round trip flights between Lakehurst and Frankfort, Germany

1937 -- September 30 – Assigned as gunnery officer, USS Yorktown September 12 – October 2 - Training in chemical warfare at Gas Warfare School, Edgewood Arsenal, MD

1939 -- July 1 - Promotion to Commander June – Assigned as executive officer, NAS Lakehurst

1940 -- January 15 - Appointed commanding officer, NAS Lakehurst

1941 -- July - Temporary duty, Airship Board, Washington

1942 -- December 1 - Appointed Commander, Fleet Airship Wing Thirty June 17 - Promotion to Captain January 2 - Appointed Commander, Airship Patrol Group One

1943 -- November 5 - Promotion to Commodore July 1 - Appointed Commander, Fleet Airships, Atlantic

1945 -- July 23 - Awarded Legion of Merit July 10 - Appointed captain, USS Hermitage (AP-54). Reverts to rank of captain

1946 -- August 5 - Appointed commander, NAS Moffett Field

1947 -- September 26 - Appointed chief, Naval Airship Training and Experimentation Command (CNATE)

1949 -- June 30 - Retirement from U.S. Navy

Abbreviations

ADM -- Admiral

ASW -- Anti-submarine warfare

ATC -- Air Transport Command

BuAer -- Bureau of Aeronautics (US Navy)

CDR -- Commander

CNATE -- Naval Airship Training and Experimentation Command

Cong -- Congress

GHM -- George Henry Mills

LTA -- Lighter than air flight

MAD -- Magnetic anomaly detector (often found as magnetic airborne detector)

NACA -- National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

NAS -- Naval Air Station

NATS -- Naval Air Transport Service

ND -- No date

RADM -- Rear admiral

RN -- Royal Navy

Sess -- Session

VADM -- Vice Admiral

WPA -- Works Project Authority

ZNP -- Patrol airship

ZP -- Airship squadron
Provenance:
Georgia M. Head, Gift, 1994, 1994-0022, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Airships  Search this
Antisubmarine aircraft  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Publications
Maps
Photographs
Correspondence
Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1994.0022
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1994-0022
Additional Online Media:

Portraits of GEORGE HENRY MILLS

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 22, Folder 29
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref544

GEORGE HENRY MILLS's appointment as commodore, Lakehurst

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 22, Folder 30
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
November 5, 1943
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref545

GEORGE HENRY MILLS and CDR A.L. Cope

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 22, Folder 31
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref546

GEORGE HENRY MILLS and C.E. Rosendahl

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 22, Folder 32
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref547

GEORGE HENRY MILLS and E.J. Sullivan

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 22, Folder 33
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref548

Mrs. G.H. Mills and CDR W.A. Cockell, Jr.

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 22, Folder 34
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref549

Group photographs

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 22, Folder 35
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref550

Radio broadcast photographs

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 22, Folder 36
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref551

Snapshots

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 22, Folder 37
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
c.1930
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref552

Unidentified USN officers

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 22, Folder 38
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref553

K-89 & K-114 ferry flights -- Weeksville, NC to Kindley Field, Bermuda, April 1945

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 23, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref554

German submarine U-858 escorted by K-76 off Cape May, NJ

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 23, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
May 1945
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref555

Blimp operations off USS Mindoro

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 23, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
March 1950
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref556

NAS Elizabeth City, NC

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 23, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1942
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref557

NAS Glynco, GA

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 23, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1943
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref558

Guantanamo, Cuba -- CARIBEX 50

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 23, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
March 1950
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref559

NAS Hitchcock, TX -- commissioning ceremony

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 23, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
May 1943
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref560

NAS Houma, LA

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 23, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1943
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref561

NAS Lakehurst, NJ

Collection Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Container:
Box 23, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1941-1944
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
George Henry Mills Collection / Series 8: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1994-0022-ref562

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