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Expedition History, 1919-1920

Creator:
Smithsonian-Universal Film Manufacturing Company African Expedition (1919-1920)  Search this
Subject:
Porter, Henry  Search this
Kohler, Henry N  Search this
Scott, George  Search this
Horne, Pliny  Search this
Thierry, Edward M  Search this
Stowell, William 1885-1919  Search this
Shantz, H. L (Homer LeRoy) 1876-1958  Search this
Raven, Henry Cushier 1889-1944  Search this
Heller, Edmund 1875-1939  Search this
Universal Film Manufacturing Company  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
United States Department of Agriculture  Search this
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Place:
Ujiji (Tanzania)
Victoria Falls (Zambia and Zimbabwe)
Cape Town (South Africa)
Rhodesia and Nyasaland
Tanganyika, Lake
German East Africa
Uganda
Africa
Date:
1919
1919-1920
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Botany  Search this
Local number:
SIA AH00414
See more items in:
Expedition History 1919-1920 [Smithsonian-Universal Film Manufacturing Company African Expedition (1919-1920)]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_292704

African Postcard Collection

Collector:
National Museum of African Art (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of African Art (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
61 Volumes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Postcards
Place:
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Côte d'Ivoire
Mozambique
Morocco
Mali
Namibia
Rwanda
Niger
Nigeria
Somalia
South Africa
Sierra Leone
Sudan
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Zimbabwe
Zambia
Uganda
Senegal
Kenya
Liberia
Ghana
Guinea
Mauritania
Madagascar
Malawi
Djibouti
Ethiopia
Gabon
Egypt
Eritrea
Africa
Date:
1898-[ongoing]
Summary:
This collection includes postcards from 45 African countries. Subjects include agriculture; animals; artists; body arts; cityscapes; cultural landscapes; dance; education; expeditions; flora; industry; leaders; marketplaces; medicine; military; missionaries; music; portraits; recreation; rites and ceremonies; and transportation, among many other topics.
Arrangement note:
Arranged by country and topic
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-1985-014
Additional Online Media:

M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection

Photographer:
Patterson, M. Marvin Breckinridge  Search this
Names:
Hatch, Olivia Stokes  Search this
Extent:
113 Photographic prints ((0.4 cubic feet), black and white, 8 x 10 in. or smaller )
3 Photographs ((1 folder), color)
7 manuscripts (document genre) ((4 folders), publications)
47 contact sheets ((0.2 cubic feet), black and white)
Culture:
Shona (African people)  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Zulu (African people)  Search this
Xhosa (African people)  Search this
Ila (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Manuscripts (document genre)
Contact sheets
Publications
Place:
Zanzibar
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Africa
Kenya
Luxor (Egypt)
Sudan
Tanzania
Uganda
Date:
1932, circa 1960s-1970s
bulk 1932
Summary:
The collection measures 0.65 cubic feet, dates from 1932 - circa 1970s, and is primarily comprised of photographs taken by M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson during her trip with Olivia Stokes Hatch from Capetown, South Africa, to Cairo, Egypt in 1932. The photographs document the peoples of Africa in Egypt, Kenya, South Africa, Sudan, Tanganyika (now Tanzania), Uganda, Congo (Democratic Republic) and Zanzibar, including the Baila, San, Shona, Xhosa and Zulu peoples. There are also some publications and contact sheets in the collection.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes 113 black and white photographic prints taken by M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson during her trip with Olivia Stokes Hatch from Capetown, South Africa, to Cairo, Egypt in 1932; 3 color photographic prints taken in 1971 of mbira, pipes, and a sculpture; publications; and contact sheets. Many of the photographs from the 1932 trip were published in Olivia's African Diary: Cape Town to Cairo," (Washington, D.C.: Eastern Press, 1980).

The photographs document the peoples of Africa in Egypt, Kenya, South Africa, Sudan, Tanganyika (now Tanzania), Uganda, Congo (Democratic Republic) and Zanzibar, including the Baila, San, Shona, Xhosa and Zulu peoples. Subjects include a bride and groom at Lovedale, South Africa; dancers at the Crown Mine near Johannesburg, South Africa; flower vendors in Cape Town, South Africa; two leading elders at Amanzimtoti, South Africa; a craftsman making spears; a tanner in the Sudan; miners with their wives in Katanga (now Shaba), Belgian Congo (now Democratic Republic of the Congo); schoolboys in the Sudan; a Shona man; women lining-up to receive rations in the Belgian Congo; workers pouring gold at the Crown Mine near Johannesburg, South Africa; and a Zulu woman at a market in Durban, Natal, South Africa.

Depicted architecture includes the Queen Hatshepsut's room at Karnak, Luxor, Egypt; and the ruins of Great Zimbabwe. Images of the natural world include a mountain at Cape Town, South Africa; a park in Port Elizabeth, South Africa; and Victoria Falls, Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). Finally, there are numerous images of animals, including egrets, ostriches and wildebeests.

Photographs from the collection were published in the Boston Herald (July 31, 1933) and the Crown Colonist (August 1933).
Arrangement note:
Arranged in three series. Series 1 is arranged by country. Series 2 is arranged in chronological order.

Series 1: Photographs, 1932, 1971 (Boxes 1-3, 116 items, 0.4 cubic feet)

Series 2: Publications, circa 1960s-1970s (Box 3, 4 folders)

Series 3: Contact Sheets, 1932 (Box 3, 0.2 cubic feet)
Biographical/Historical note:
Photographer, broadcaster, and filmmaker Mary Marvin Breckinridge Patterson (1905-2002), grandchild of Vice President John Cabell Breckinridge, was a photographer, broadcaster and filmmaker. Following graduation from Vassar College in 1928, Breckinridge worked for the Frontier Nursing Service (a group comprised mainly of women that provided medical services to remote areas in Appalachia), earned a pilot's license (the first woman in Maine to do so), and assisted in the office of the Democratic National Committee. In 1932 she traveled to Africa where she documented the peoples and places throughout the continent.

She enrolled in the Clarence White School of Photography in New York in 1933, taking trainings on photographic developing and printing. She then worked in the office of Democratic congresswoman, and distant relative, Isabella Selmes Greenway, but soon returned to the Clarence White School of Photography for a longer course of study. Following graduation, she began selling photographs and sometimes articles in several magazines, including LIFE, Harper's Bazar, and Town and Country. Her film credits include "She Goes to Vassar" (1931), a film that provides an overview of college life at Vassar, and "The Forgotten Frontier", a documentary about the activities of the Frontier Nursing Service, a group comprised mainly of women that provided medical services to remote areas in Appalachia.

Travelling to Europe in 1939 on photojournalism assignments, Breckinridge was in Switzerland when the Nazis invaded Poland, starting World War II. She traveled to London to photograph the evacuation of English children, one of only four American photographers in England for the first months of the war. Edward Murrow hired her as the first female news broadcaster for the CBS World News Roundup to report from Europe. As the only female member of "The Murrow Boys", an elite group of only eleven broadcasters handpicked by Murrow, she broadcasted 50 reports from seven countries.

While working in Berlin, she married Foreign Service Officer Jefferson Patterson. She resigned from CBS, hoping to resume her career in photojournalism, but State Department policies restricted her ability to publish. The couple was posted in Peru, Belgium, Egypt, the Balkans and Uruguay.
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Photographs
Publications
Citation:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson collection, EEPA 1985-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-009
See more items in:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-1985-009
Additional Online Media:

Murchison Falls, Uganda

Photographer:
Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Patterson, M. Marvin Breckinridge  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (black and white)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1932
General:
Original number: III 27; published in Crown Colonist, September 1933
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Uganda  Search this
Collection Citation:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson collection, EEPA 1985-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-009, Item EEPA 1985-009-0082
See more items in:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection / Photographs / 1.6: Uganda
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-009-ref793

Murchison Falls, Uganda

Photographer:
Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Patterson, M. Marvin Breckinridge  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (black and white)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1932
General:
Original number: III 28
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Uganda  Search this
Collection Citation:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson collection, EEPA 1985-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-009, Item EEPA 1985-009-0083
See more items in:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection / Photographs / 1.6: Uganda
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-009-ref794

People resting in shade, Uganda

Photographer:
Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Patterson, M. Marvin Breckinridge  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (black and white)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1932
General:
Original number: M V 12
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Uganda  Search this
Collection Citation:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson collection, EEPA 1985-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-009, Item EEPA 1985-009-0085
See more items in:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection / Photographs / 1.6: Uganda
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-009-ref796

Boys pushing large island of sudd away from the Lake Albert steamer, Coryndon at Pakwach, Uganda

Photographer:
Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Patterson, M. Marvin Breckinridge  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (black and white)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1932
General:
Original number: M V 49
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Pakwach  Search this
Uganda  Search this
Collection Citation:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson collection, EEPA 1985-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-009, Item EEPA 1985-009-0086
See more items in:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection / Photographs / 1.6: Uganda
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-009-ref797

People waiting for river steamer to land at Pakwach, Uganda

Photographer:
Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Patterson, M. Marvin Breckinridge  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (black and white)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1932
General:
Original number: M V 60
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Pakwach  Search this
Uganda  Search this
Collection Citation:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson collection, EEPA 1985-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-009, Item EEPA 1985-009-0087
See more items in:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection / Photographs / 1.6: Uganda
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-009-ref798

Line of boys waiting to board the river steamer, Pakwach, Uganda

Photographer:
Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Patterson, M. Marvin Breckinridge  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (black and white)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Place:
Uganda
Date:
1932
General:
Original number: M V 64
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson collection, EEPA 1985-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-009, Item EEPA 1985-009-0089
See more items in:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection / Photographs / 1.6: Uganda
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-009-ref800

Father and son, Uganda

Photographer:
Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Patterson, M. Marvin Breckinridge  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (black and white)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1932
General:
Original number: M V 82
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Uganda  Search this
Collection Citation:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson collection, EEPA 1985-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-009, Item EEPA 1985-009-0092
See more items in:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection / Photographs / 1.5: Kenya
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-009-ref803

Man smoking pipe, Uganda

Photographer:
Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Patterson, M. Marvin Breckinridge  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (black and white)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1932
General:
Original number: M V 87
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Uganda  Search this
Collection Citation:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson collection, EEPA 1985-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-009, Item EEPA 1985-009-0093
See more items in:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection / Photographs / 1.5: Kenya
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-009-ref804

Man holding pipe, Uganda

Photographer:
Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Patterson, M. Marvin Breckinridge  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (black and white)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1932
General:
Original number: M V 88
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Uganda  Search this
Collection Citation:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson collection, EEPA 1985-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-009, Item EEPA 1985-009-0094
See more items in:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection / Photographs / 1.5: Kenya
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-009-ref805

Man smoking pipe, Uganda

Photographer:
Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Patterson, M. Marvin Breckinridge  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (black and white)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1932
General:
Original number: M V 89
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Uganda  Search this
Collection Citation:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson collection, EEPA 1985-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-009, Item EEPA 1985-009-0095
See more items in:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection / Photographs / 1.5: Kenya
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-009-ref806

Locusts on road near the Kenya Uganda border

Photographer:
Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Patterson, M. Marvin Breckinridge  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (black and white)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1932
General:
Original number: M IV 91; published in the Crown Colonist, August 1933
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Uganda  Search this
Collection Citation:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson collection, EEPA 1985-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-009, Item EEPA 1985-009-0096
See more items in:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection / Photographs / 1.5: Kenya
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-009-ref807

Francis P. Conant Papers

Creator:
Conant, Francis  Search this
Names:
Hunter College. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Goldschmidt, Walter, 1913-2010  Search this
Naguib, Mohammed, 1901-  Search this
Extent:
20 Linear feet ((43 boxes) plus 25 digital storage media and 5 map folders )
Culture:
Southern Bauchi languages  Search this
Suk (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field recordings
Maps
Field notes
Manuscripts
Electronic records
Correspondence
Sound recordings
Photographs
Place:
Africa, French-speaking West
Sahara
Egypt
Ethiopia
Uganda
West Pokot District (Kenya)
Bauchi Province (Nigeria)
Belgian Congo
Finland
Morocco
Sudan
Date:
1946-2011
bulk 1953-2008
Summary:
The papers of Francis P. Conant document his anthropological work and, to a lesser extent, his previous career as a journalist and photographer. Francis Paine Conant was a cultural anthropologist who pioneered the use of satellite data in anthropology. He conducted fieldwork in Nigeria and Kenya, and his research interests spanned cultural ecology, AIDS, malaria, and sex and gender studies. He was also Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Hunter College, where he taught from 1962 to 1995.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Francis P. Conant document his anthropological work and, to a lesser extent, his previous career as a journalist and photographer. The bulk of the collection consists of his field work in Africa, specifically his doctoral research among the Barawa in Nigeria during the 1950s; his work among the Pokot in Kenya for Walter Goldschimdt's Culture and Ecology in East Africa Project during the 1960s; and his later research among the Pokot during the 1970s incorporating remote sensing tools. These materials include his dissertation, field notes, kinship charts, maps, correspondence, photographs, and sound recordings. The collection also contains photographs, correspondence, and writings relating to the Bernheim-Conant expedition through Africa. Among the photos are Polaroids of Mohammad Naguib, first president of Egypt. Also present in the collection are his published and unpublished academic writings, his writings and correspondence as a news correspondent in Finland, and files from courses that he taught. In addition, the collection contains some of Conant's digital files, which have not yet been examined. Overall there is little correspondence in the collection, aside from some letters scattered throughout the collection relating to his research and writings (both as an academic and a journalist).
Arrangement:
Collection is organized into 9 series: 1) Nigeria, 1956-1960, undated; 2) Kenya, 1961-1974, undated; 3) Remote Sensing, 1967, 1971, 1976-1984, 1991-1992, 2002; 4) Bernheim-Conant Expedition, 1953-1956; 5) Writings, 1960-1966, 1974-1995, 2000-2006, undated; 6) University Files, 1956-1957, 1961, 1970, 1972, 1982-1995, undated; 7) Biographical Files and Letters, circa 1940, CIRCA 1946-1947, 1951, 1955, 1979, 1989-1991, 1996-2000, 2007-2011, undated; 8) Sound Recordings, 1956-1965, 1971, 1977-1978, undated; 9) Digital Files
Biographical / Historical:
Francis Paine Conant was a cultural anthropologist who pioneered the use of satellite data in anthropology. He conducted fieldwork in Nigeria and Kenya, and his research interests spanned cultural ecology, AIDS, malaria, and sex and gender studies. He was also Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Hunter College, where he taught from 1962 to 1995.

Conant was born on February 27, 1926 in New York City. After graduating from Phillips Exeter Academy, he deferred college to enlist in the U.S. Army in 1944. He served as a field artillery observer for the 294th Field Artillery Battalion and helped liberate two concentration camps during World War II. After he was honorably discharged in 1946, he attended Cornell University, where he obtained his B.A. in 1950. While at Cornell, a Finnish student invited Conant to Finland to help relocate families, farms, and livestock further from the Russian border, a protective measure against another Russian invasion. Conant accepted his invitation and took time off from his academic studies to spend several months in Finland in 1947, as well as a summer in 1949.

After graduating from Cornell, Conant attended University of Iowa's graduate writing program for a short time. Dissatisfied with the program, he worked briefly for the Carnegie Endowment, during which time he occasionally served as a personal driver for Alger Hiss. In 1951, he returned to Finland to pursue a career in journalism. He worked for United Press International until 1953.

From December 5, 1953 to May 26, 1954, Conant traveled throughout Africa as part of the Bernheim-Conant Expedition for the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH). The expedition was led by Claude Bernheim, the father of his first wife, Miriam. They traveled 16,000 miles through Northern Central and Eastern Africa, collecting film footage and material culture for the museum. Conant served as the writer and photographer for the expedition, publishing illustrated articles in the New York Times and Natural History Magazine.

He later returned to Africa as a doctoral student at Columbia University, where he earned his PhD in Anthropology in 1960. After studying the Hausa language at the International African Institute in London, he traveled to Nigeria as a Fellow of the Ford Foundation to carry out his fieldwork in Dass Independent District, Bauchi Province. Working among the Barawa that live in the mountains of Dass, he focused on their religion and its impact on the technology, social and political organization, and structure of their society. His dissertation was titled "Dodo of Dass: A Study of a Pagan Religion of Northern Nigeria." During his fieldwork, he also collected data on rock gongs, which were first identified and written about by Bernard Fagg in 1955.

In 1961 to 1962, Conant was a research associate for Walter Goldschmidt's Culture and Ecology in East Africa Project. The purpose of the project was to conduct a controlled comparison of four different East African societies and the farmers and pastoralists within each tribe. Conant was assigned to conduct ethnographic research among the Pokot in West Pokot District in Kenya. This research would form the basis of his remote sensing work in the same area more than a decade later. Conant was first introduced to remote sensing data in 1974 when his colleague Priscilla Reining showed him Landsat imagery of one his former fieldwork sites. He was inspired by the potential applications of satellite data to study cultural and ecological relationships. In 1975, he and Reining organized a workshop on "Satellite Potentials for Anthropological Studies of Subsistence Activities and Population Change." He incorporated remote sensing tools in his 1977 to 1980 study of the changing cultivation patterns and management of livestock in West Pokot District. His research combined traditional fieldwork (which included data he had collected in the 1960s), LANDSAT data, and geospatial data collected from the ground.

Later in his career, Conant's research interests expanded to include the spread of diseases, specifically AIDS and malaria. He, along with Priscilla Reining, John Bongaarts, and Peter Way found that uncircumcised men were 86% more likely to contract HIV than circumcised men. Their findings were published in their paper "The Relationship Between Male Circumcision and HIV Infection in African Populations" (1989). His research on malaria focused on the spread of the disease during African prehistory.

Conant taught briefly at Columbia University and was an Assistant Professor at University of Massachusetts, at Amherst in 1960-1961. Most of his academic career was spent at Hunter College, where he served as Chair of the Anthropology Department several times. He also founded and headed the college's Research Institute in Aruba.

Conant was a Fulbright Senior Research Fellow at Oxford University's Pitts Rivers Museum in 1968-1969. He was also a fellow of the American Anthropological Association, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the International African Institute, the New York Academy of Sciences, and the Royal Anthropological Institute. In addition, he was actively involved with the Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal.

Conant died at the age of 84 on January 29, 2011.

Sources Consulted

Bates, Daniel G. 2011. Francis P. Conant: A Tribute to a Friend of Human Ecology. Human Ecology 39(2): 115.

Bates, Daniel and Oliver Conant. Francis P. Conant. Anthropology News. 52(5): 25.

Conant, Veronika. Email message to Lorain Wang, October 22, 2013.

[Curriculum Vitae], Series 7. Biographical Files and Letters, Francis Conant Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Francis P. Conant. http://www.hunter.cuny.edu/anthropology/faculty-staff/in-remembrance/francis-p.-conant [accessed August 23, 2013].

1926 -- Born February 27 in New York City, New York

1944-1946 -- Enlists in Army and serves in World War II as a flash ranger in 294th Field Artillery Battalion

1950 -- Earns B.A. from Cornell University in English and Russian, minor in Engineering

1953-1954 -- AMNH Bernheim-Conant Expedition to northern Africa

1957 -- Conducts language studies at the International African Institute

1957-1959 -- Conducts fieldwork in northern Nigeria

1960 -- Earns PhD in Cultural Anthropology from Columbia University

1960-1961 -- Assistant Professor, Anthropology, University of Massachusetts at Amherst

1961-1962 -- Research Associate for Culture and Ecology in East Africa Project directed by Walter Goldschimdt

1962 -- Joins faculty at Hunter College

1968-1969 -- Fulbright Senior Research Fellow, Oxford University, Pitt-Rivers Museum

1977-1980 -- Sets up remote sensing monitoring area in West Pokot district in Kenya. Studies changing cultivation patterns and management of livestock

1995 -- Retires from Hunter College; Emeritus Professor

2011 -- Dies on January 29 at the age of 84
Related Materials:
For additional materials at the National Anthropological Archives relating to Francis Conant, see the papers of Priscilla Reining and John Lawrence Angel. His film collection is at the Human Studies Film Archives.

Artifacts and film collected during the Bernheim-Conant Expedition, his doctoral research in Nigeria, and his fieldwork in Kenya during the 1960s and 70s are at the American Museum of Natural History. He also deposited collections at the Pitts River Museum at the University of Oxford.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Francis Conant's widow Veronika Conant in 2012.
Restrictions:
The Francis P. Conant Papers are open for research. Access to the Francis P. Conant Papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Remote sensing  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Musical instruments -- Nigeria  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Subsistence farming -- Kenya  Search this
Subsistence herding -- Kenya  Search this
Human ecology  Search this
Landsat satellites  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field recordings
Maps
Field notes
Manuscripts
Electronic records
Correspondence
Sound recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Francis P. Conant Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2012-13
See more items in:
Francis P. Conant Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2012-13
Additional Online Media:

Hauling hippopotamus to the shore of Victoria Nyanza, equatorial Africa. 10557 Interpositive

Topic:
EAST AFRICAN HUNTING TRIP
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Africa
Uganda
Victoria Nyanza
Local Numbers:
RSN 24171
General:
Same as RSN 27641
Currently stored in box 3.2.36 [31].
Copy and Version Identification Note:
116330
Collection Restrictions:
Researchers should view the positive videodisc image first or locate the image in SIRIS on the World Wide Web. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center.

A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.,Contact David Haberstich, 633-3721.

Digital image files linked to item-level records in SIRIS Webpac.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Hippopotamus  Search this
hunters  Search this
Jungles  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 24081-24180
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref21937

Hauling a hippopotamus to the shore of Victoria Nyanza, equatorial Africa. 10557 Interpositive

Topic:
AFRICA TOUR-Uganda
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (4" x 5")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Africa
Uganda
Victoria Nyanza
Local Numbers:
RSN 27641
General:
Same as RSN 24171
Currently stored in box 3.2.57 [83].
Collection Restrictions:
Researchers should view the positive videodisc image first or locate the image in SIRIS on the World Wide Web. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center.

A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.,Contact David Haberstich, 633-3721.

Digital image files linked to item-level records in SIRIS Webpac.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Hippopotamus  Search this
hunters  Search this
Jungles  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 27633-27740
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref25399

The beginning of the historic Nile, flowing from Victoria Nyanza. [Active no. 10559 : non-stereo interpositive.]

Topic:
AFRICA TOUR-Uganda
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Africa
Nile River -- Uganda
Uganda
Victoria Nyanza (Uganda)
Local Numbers:
RSN 27642
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.57 [83].
Collection Restrictions:
Researchers should view the positive videodisc image first or locate the image in SIRIS on the World Wide Web. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center.

A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.,Contact David Haberstich, 633-3721.

Digital image files linked to item-level records in SIRIS Webpac.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Lakes -- Uganda  Search this
Rapids -- Uganda  Search this
Rivers -- Uganda  Search this
Waterfalls -- Uganda  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 27633-27740
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref25400

Chez les Pères Blancs de l'Ouganda La Chasse du Missionaire

Creator:
Fides Photo  Search this
Braun & Compagnie (France)  Search this
White Fathers Mission  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of African Art (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
1 Postcard (collotype., b&w, 9 x 14 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Place:
Africa
Uganda
Date:
c. 1910
Scope and Contents:
Text on recto reads: "66. Afrique - Chez les Pères Blancs de l'Ouganda - La Chasse du Missionaire. Fides Photo. Hélio Braun, Paris."
Translated postcard caption reads, "66. Africa - Among the White fathers in Ouganda. Missonary's hunt. "
Additional text on verso reads: "Propagation de la Foi. Paris - 5, rue Monsieur (VII). Lyon - 12, rue Sala."
Local Numbers:
EEPA KE-40-07
General:
Title source: Postcard caption.
Image indexed by catalogue number or subject.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Missionaries  Search this
Hunting -- Africa  Search this
Animals -- Africa  Search this
Hippopotamus  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA KE 2009-010-094
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 23: Kenya (KE)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref5271

Uganda

Collection Collector:
National Museum of African Art (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
1 Postcard (b&w, 14 x 9 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Place:
Africa
Uganda
Date:
c. 1910
Scope and Contents:
Text on verso reads: "Genuine Curteich-Chicago "C.T. Art-Colortone" Post Card (Reg. U.S. Pat. Off.)."
General:
Title source: Postcard caption.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Hairstyles -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA UG 1995-001-015
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 46: Uganda (UG)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref8471

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