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Joseph C. Farber photographs of American Indian life

Creator:
Farber, Joseph C., 1903-  Search this
Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) -- Exhibitions.  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Gorman, R. C. (Rudolph Carl), 1932-  Search this
Extent:
6,000 contact prints (circa 6000 contact prints (proof sheets))
6,000 acetate negatives (circa)
8 color transparencies
1,000 Items (circa 1000 enlarged prints: silver gelatin (some mounted for exhibition))
Culture:
Arctic peoples  Search this
Piegan Indians  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Quinault Indians  Search this
Tlingit Indians  Search this
Pima Indians  Search this
Tewa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Lummi Indians  Search this
Haida Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Kootenai Indians  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Mohave Indians  Search this
Mikasuki Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Blackfoot Confedera  Search this
Chehalis Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Cocopa Indians  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Acoma Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Contact prints
Acetate negatives
Color transparencies
Photographs
Place:
North Carolina
New York
New Mexico
Montana
South Dakota
Oklahoma
Arizona
California
Florida
Minnesota
Alaska
Alberta
Washington (State)
Barrow, Point (Alaska)
Yuma County (Ariz.)
Taos (N.M.)
Date:
circa 1970-1975
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made as part of Joseph C. Farber's project to document modern American Indian everyday life. Represented tribes include the Acoma, Apache, Blackfoot, Chehalis, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Cocopa, Dakota, Eskimo, Haida, Kiowa, Kutenai, Lummi, Mohave, Mohawk, Navaho, Northern Athabascan, Onandaga, Pima, Pueblo, Quinalt, Seminole, Taos, Tlingit, and Zuni. Subject coverage is broad and varies from tribe to tribe. Included are portraits, as well as totem poles, carving, weaving, pottery, painitng, landscapes, boats and canoes, ceremonial regalia, camps, classes and vocational training, homes and traditional dwellings, construction projects, rodeos and powwows, dances, industries (including lumber), herding and ranching, agriculture, stores and storefronts, cliff dwellings, parades, crab cleaning, fishing, games, health care, legal processes, music, office work, sewing, vending, and a funeral. There are also photographs of R. C. Gorman (and a letter from Gorman to Farber) and Fritz Shoulder (some in color).

Farber's travels included Alaska (Point Barrow, Dead Horse, Glacier Bay, Haines, Hoona, Hydaberg, Ketchikan, Mount McKinley, Prudhoe Bay, Saxman, and Sitka); Alberta (Blackfeet Reservation); Arizona (Canyon de Chelly, Cocopa Reservation, Flagstaff, Kayenta, Monument Valley, Pima Reservation, Quechan Reservation, Mojave Reservation, and Yuma); California (Alcatraz, Oakland, and San Francisco); Florida (Big Cypress Reservation; Miccosukee Reservation); Minnesota (Minneapolis and Nett Lake); Montana (Northern Cheyenne Reservation); New Mexico (Acoma, Gallup, Navajo Forest, Picuris, Puye, San Ildefonso, Santa Clara, Santa Fe, Taos, San Ildefonso, Santa Clara, and Tesuque); New York (New York City and Onandaga Reservation); North Carolina (Cherokee Reservation); Oklahoma (Anadarko, Apache, Lawton, Stilwell, and Tahlequah); South Dakota (Rosebud and Wounded Knee); and Washington (Lummi Reservation, Nisqually River, Puyallup River, and Quinalt Reservation).
Biographical/Historical note:
Joseph C. Farber (1903-1994) was a successful New York businessman and professional photographer. He studied with Edward Steichen at the New York Camera Club in the 1920s. The prints in this collection resulted from a five-year project that involved travelling to Indian communities throughout the United States to document modern American Indian life. The project resulted in a book, Native Americans: 500 Years After (1975), as well as exhibits, including one in the National Museum of Natural History in 1976-1977.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 78-1, NAA ACC 95-3
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Farber's photographs, previously located in Photo Lot 95-3 have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 78-1. These photographs were also made by Joseph C. Farber and form part of this collection.
The National Museum of American History Archives Center holds the Joseph Farber Papers and Photographs, circa 1962-1990.
See others in:
Joseph C. Farber photographs of American Indian life, circa 1970-1974
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Photographs published in Farber's books still under copyright. Reproduction permission from artist's estate.
Topic:
Dwellings  Search this
Vocational education  Search this
Canoes and canoeing  Search this
Boats and boating  Search this
Dance  Search this
Powwows  Search this
Rodeos  Search this
Building  Search this
handicrafts  Search this
Totem poles  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Livestock  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 78-1, Joseph C. Farber photographs of American Indian life, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.78-1
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-78-1

Lawrence H. Walkinshaw Papers, 1961-1969, 1984

Creator:
Walkinshaw, Lawrence H  Search this
Subject:
Walkinshaw, Lawrence H  Search this
Physical description:
0.5 cu. ft. (1 document box)
Type:
Manuscripts
Collection descriptions
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Color negatives
Color transparencies
Place:
Florida
Michigan
Date:
1961
1961-1969
1961-1969, 1984
Topic:
Birds  Search this
Kirtland's warbler  Search this
Ornithology  Search this
Cranes (Birds)  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 84-105
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_229339

MS 4282 Miscellaneous American Indian manuscripts

Collector:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Creator:
Payne, John Howard, 1791-1852  Search this
Padilla, Augustin Davila  Search this
Catesby, Mark, 1683-1749  Search this
Culture:
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Contents: John Howard Payne's account of the Green Corn Dance of the Cherokee ?, from the Continental Monthly, Volume I, 1862, reprinted in the Journal of the Oklahoma Historical Society with notes by Dr J. R. Swanton. Father Augustin Davila Padilla's account of the De Luna expedition. Spanish census of the Indians in some villages of Indian refugees in Florida. The Indians of Chicora, from Latin edition of Peter Martyr's "De Orbe Novo." A section of Mark Catesby's "Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands" bearing on Indians. A "Relation a La Louisiane" by an unidentified French author, in the Ayer Collection of Americana at the Newberry Library, Chicago. The Choctaw section and some minor portions have been printed in Memoirs of the American Anthropological Association and elsewhere. George Stiggins' Creek History from the Manuscript in the Draper Collection in the Library of the Wisconsin Historical Society. Ca. 100 sheets. Title: "A Historical narration of the Genealogy traditiona and downfall of the Ispocoga or Creek tribe written by one of the tribe." "Photocopies of parts of the Memorias of Juan A. de Morfi, the original of which is in the Library of Congress. Parts on Indians translated and printed by Chabot and used from his translation by Myself. May 25, 1944." --John R. Swanton.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4282
Topic:
Dance -- Cherokee ?  Search this
Censuses -- American Indian -- Florida  Search this
Creek (Muskogee)  Search this
Florida -- census of Indians  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4282, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4282
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4282

Glendale Saving, Dreams, undated [drawing]

Artist:
Burger, Stan  Search this
Collection Creator:
Orange Bowl Committee  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Place:
Florida
Miami (Fla.)
Scope and Contents:
Vaughn Parades, Inc., Miami Florida.
Biographical / Historical:
Vaughn Parades, Inc., Miami Florida.
Local Numbers:
AC1191-0000230.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Parades  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Collection Citation:
Orange Bowl Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Orange Bowl Collection
Orange Bowl Collection / Series 7: Oversize Float Renderings / Born Digital Orange Bowl Float Renderings
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1191-ref2948

Jackie Hughes Flashettes, presented by Weekley Asphalt, Hallanddale, Florida, undated. Vaughn Parades, Inc., Miami, Florida. [drawing]

Collection Creator:
Orange Bowl Committee  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Place:
Florida
Miami (Fla.)
Local Numbers:
AC1191-0000242.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Parades -- 1940-1950  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Collection Citation:
Orange Bowl Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Orange Bowl Collection
Orange Bowl Collection / Series 7: Oversize Float Renderings / Born Digital Orange Bowl Float Renderings
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1191-ref2949

Ethel Cutler Freeman papers

Creator:
Freeman, Ethel Cutler, 1886-1972  Search this
Names:
American Museum of Natural History  Search this
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Extent:
61.03 Linear feet (114 boxes)
Culture:
Seminole Indians  Search this
Maasai (African people)  Search this
Culture  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Florida
Date:
1934-1972
Summary:
Ethel Cutler Freeman was an amateur Seminole specialist and research associate with the American Museum of Natural History. Her papers also reflect field work among the Arapaho, Shoshoni, Navaho, Pueblo, Hopi, Kickapoo, and people of the Virgin Islands, the Bahama Islands, and Haiti, and the music and chants of Africa, including those of the Maasai, Zulu, and Pygmies. A small amount of material relates to the Hoover Commission on Indian Affairs, of which Freeman was a member. Correspondents include several Seminole Indians and government officials, personal acquaintances, organizations, and associates of the American Museum of Natural History.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the anthropological interests of Ethel Cutler Freeman. The papers in this collection include her notes and diaries, published articles, unfinished manuscripts, and source materials. The bulk of the collection is material relating to the Seminole Indians of Florida.

Mrs. Freeman also made several trips to the Southwest and Mexico to study such tribes as the Arapaho, Shoshone, Navajo, Pueblo, and Hopi. There is substantial information from these studies included in this collection. She also made less extensive studies of various other cultures in the Virgin Islands, the Bahamas, and Haiti. In 1950, she studied tribal music and chants of several African tribes and the material from these studies forms the major portion of Series 7.

The collection also contains several sound recordings made by Freeman and numerous photographs, negatives, and slides. During rehousing, additional materials including index cards and notebooks from field trips were located and incorporated into the collection. A small amount of material relates to the Hoover Commission on Indian Affairs, of which Freeman was a member.

Correspondents include several Seminole Indians and government officials, personal acquaintances, organizations, and associates of the American Museum of Natural History as well as Dean Amadon, Richard Archbold, Conrad M. Arensberg, Dana W. Atchley, Jacques Barzun, Ruth Benedict, Leonard J. Brass, Louis Capron, Frances Densmore, Margery S. Douglas, John W. Griffin, A.J. Hanna, Ronald F. Lee, Margaret Mead, Robert Cushman Murphy, Kenneth W. Porter, Harry L. Shapiro, Howard Sharp, Frank Speck, Charlton W. Tebean, and Clark Wissler.

Although the majority of the collection spans the years 1934 to 1972, there are some items with dates that fall outside of this range. Some published materials are dated as early as 1822 and one note is dated 1975 and was added to the collection after Freeman's death in 1972. The folders containing these items have been dated accordingly, but these outlier dates have not affected the dates of the sub-series or series.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 15 series: (1) Biographical information and miscellaneous personal papers, 1939-1971; (2) Correspondence, 1936-1972; (3) Manuscripts, 1936-1971; (4) Source Material, 1934-1970; (5) Seminole Indians, 1934-1972; (6) North American Indians, 1936-1971; (7) Cultures other than North American Indian, 1943-1970; (8) Meetings, 1956-1968; (9) Printed materials, 1936-1972; (10) Pamphlets, 1935-1970; (11) Population and Material Culture, 1939, 1951-1963; (12) Sound recordings, 1940-1958, 1969-1970; (13) Lists of Photographs, 1939-1970; (14) Photographs, 1936-1971; (15) Index Cards, undated
Biographical Note:
Ethel Cutler Freeman was born in 1886 in Morristown, New Jersey. Freeman was the daughter of a prosperous family, which gave her the opportunity to study abroad in England at Mademoiselle Marie Souvestre's Academy for girls. After studying in England, Freeman returned to the United States and was married to Leon S. Freeman, a New York broker, in 1909.

By 1934, Freeman had become bored with the typical social activities available to her; while discussing the matter with a friend, Marcellus Hartley Dodge, she described herself as having a "brain full of cobwebs." Dodge, a former trustee at Columbia University, suggested that Freeman enroll in some courses at Columbia. Acting on Dodge's advice, Freeman started taking graduate courses in psychology and sociology at Columbia University, but soon became fascinated with anthropology. During her studies at Columbia, Freeman spent time in the western United States studying the Arapaho and Shoshone while her husband recuperated from a horse riding accident; it was at this point that she developed a taste for field work and an interest in Native American cultures. After completing her studies, Freeman decided that she wanted to study the Seminole people of Florida, near whom she and her family owned a winter home in Naples.

Back on the East Coast, Freeman met Dr. Clark Wissler, then Curator of the Indian Division of the American Museum of Natural History. Wissler was supportive of Freeman's aspirations to continue her anthropological studies, but balked at her expressed interest in the Seminole, whom at that time had a reputation for not being open to contact with outsiders. Undaunted, Freeman contacted W. Stanley Hansen, the man in charge of Seminole settlement; after repeated correspondence with Hansen convinced him she was no mere hobbyist, he agreed to help her make connections within the Seminole community.

Freeman made two visits to the Big Cypress Reservation for the American Museum of Natural History with a government representative before taking her 14-year-old daughter, Condict, and 12-year-old son, Leon Jr., for an extended stay with a group of Seminoles at the heart of the Everglades in February of 1940. After that first winter stay with the Seminoles, Freeman spent virtually every winter living within their remote communities and studying their culture. Over time, Dr. Wissler became impressed by Freeman's thorough and insightful reports and analysis of her findings among the Seminoles and got the American Museum of Natural History to back her winter field studies. Eventually Freeman's work gained her a reputation for being an expert on Seminole culture, which often placed her in the role of consultant to government agencies on issues dealing with Seminole and broader Native American concerns.

As a result of her long acquaintance with the Seminoles, Freeman also became interested in how different groups of Native Americans and other cultures adapted to changes brought about by contact with modern society. Freeman made several trips to the Southwestern United States and Mexico to study such tribes as the Arapaho, Shoshone, Navajo, Pueblo, Choctaw, and Hopi; she also made less extensive studies of various other cultures in the Virgin Islands, the Bahamas, and Haiti. In 1950, Freeman went to Africa to study tribal music and chants of several tribes. Much later, in 1968, the American Museum of Natural History sent Freeman to Portugal to study local costumes.

In the 1940s, Freeman took part in publishing studies for the Department of Agriculture about the Seminoles and worked as an advocate for the Navajo, who at that time were in tense relations with the United States government over their living conditions. From 1947 to 1957, Freeman worked as a representative for the American Civil Liberties Union on the National Coordinating Committee for Indian Affairs; she also was a member of the Indian Rights Committee for the American Civil Liberties Union from 1946 to 1966. From 1948 to 1950, Freeman served as a member of the Hoover Commission for Reorganization of Government within the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Throughout her studies in the field and her activities as an advocate for Native American rights, Freeman published her work frequently and gave many talks at a variety of conferences and special events. In 1964, Freeman traveled to Moscow to deliver her paper, "The Correlation between Directed Culture Change and Self Determination," at the 7th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences; she attended the same conference series the following year in Japan to deliver another paper, entitled "Lawlessness in an Indian Tribe as a Microcosm of a World Trend." Freeman continued visiting and studying the Seminoles in Florida late into her career, making her last visit the year before her death.

Ethel Cutler Freeman passed away on July 14th, 1972.

Sources Consulted

Letter to Mrs. Margaret Blaker, Archivist at the Smithsonian Institution's Anthropological Archives; Washington, D.C. from Ethel Cutler Freeman. Dated April 24, 1972. Located in vertical files, folders on Ethel Cutler Freeman, in the reading room of the National Anthropological Archives.

"Morristown Anthropologist; Mrs. Leon Freeman Likes Seminole Indians." Newark Sunday News, February 16, 1947.

"New Vernon Woman, Indian Authority." The Morris Observer, October 13, 1955.

"She's 'Hooked' On Seminole Indians: Leading Authority On That World." Daily Record, March 6, 1970.

"The Sentinel Visits--Indian Authority Mrs. Leon Freeman: Who Is Now Working To Rescue A Nation." Sunday Sentinel, February 2, 1947.

Chronology

1886 -- Born in Morristown, New Jersey.

1909 -- Married Leon S. Freeman.

1934 -- Began taking graduate courses at Columbia University in philosophy before changing to anthropology.

1936 -- Field work with the Arapaho and Shoshone.

1938 -- Joined American Anthropological Association. First became associated with American Museum of Natural History.

1939-1943 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1940-1948 -- Special Field Assistant, American Museum of Natural History.

1943 -- Joined American Ethnological Society.

1944 -- Field work in Mexico searching for a lost tribe of Seminoles; studied the Mascogas, Papagos, and Kickapoo.

1945 -- Field work in New Mexico, studying the Pueblo and Navajo.

1946 -- Joined the Society of Women Geographers. Field work with the Navajo, Papago, and Hopi.

1946-1948 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1947 -- Field work with the Navajo, Papago, and Pueblo.

1947-1957 -- Represented the American Civil Liberties Union on the National Coordinating Committee for Indian Affairs.

1947-1966 -- Member Indian Rights Committee, American Civil Liberties Union.

1948 -- Appointed first female trustee of the American Institute of Anthropology. Became Field Associate, American Museum of Natural History.

1948-1950 -- Member Hoover Commission for Reorganization of Government – Bureau of Indian Affairs.

1949 -- Field work in the Bahamas, studying native culture.

1950 -- Field work in Africa, studying the Zulu, Masai, and pygmy peoples.

1951 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1952 -- Field work studying native cultures of the Virgin Islands and Haiti.

1953-1955 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1955-1957 -- Acting Chairman, American Civil Liberties Union.

1957 -- Field work studying Mexican Seminoles.

1957-1958 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1959 -- Attended annual meeting of American Anthropological Association in Mexico City.

1960-1965 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1963 -- Field work in Oklahoma, studying Seminoles.

1964 -- Presented paper, "The Correlation between Directed Culture Change and Self Determination" VII International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Moscow.

1968 -- Studied costumes of Portugal for American Museum of Natural History.

1965 -- Presented paper, "Lawlessness in an Indian Tribe as a Microcosm of a World Trend" VIII International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Tokyo and Kyoto, Japan.

1970-1971 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1972 -- Field work in Portugal and the Azores. Died, July 14.

Selected Bibliography

1942 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "We Live with the Seminoles," Natural History 49, no. 4 (April 1942): 226-236.

1944 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "The Seminole Woman of the Big Cypress and Her Influence in Modern Life," América Indígena 4, no. 2 (April 1944), 123-128.

1960 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "Culture Stability and Change among the Seminoles of Florida." In Men and Cultures: Selected Papers of the Fifth International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Philadelphia, September 1-9, 1956, edited by Anthony F.C. Wallace, 249-254. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1960. Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "Directed Culture-Change and Selfdetermination in Superordinate and Subordinate Societies," Proceedings of the 7th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences 4, Moscow (August 1964), 85-90.

1961 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "The Happy Life in the City of Ghosts: An Analysis of a Mikasuki Myth," The Florida Anthropologist 14, nos. 1-2 (March-June 1961), 23-36.

1964 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "Directed Culture-Change and Selfdetermination in Superordinate and Subordinate Societies," Proceedings of the 7th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences 4, Moscow (August 1964), 85-90.

1965 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "Two Types of Cultural Response to External Pressures Among the Florida Seminoles," Anthropological Quarterly 38, no. 2 (April 1965), 55-61.

1968 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "Lawlessness in an Indian Tribe as a Microcosm of a World Trend," Proceedings of the VIIIth International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, 1968, Tokyo and Kyoto (Tokyo: Science Council of Japan, 1968) 191-193.
Related Materials:
Photo lot 62, W. Stanley Hanson photographs of Seminole Indians in Florida, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

Objects donated by Ethel Cutler Freeman held in Department of Anthropology collections in accession 319549.

The Ah-Tah-Thi-Ki Museum on the Big Cypress Seminole Indian Reservation also holds an Ethel Cutler Freeman collection.
Separated Materials:
Film materials were transfered to the Human Studies Film Archive under the accession numbers HSFA 1986.11.8 (African footage) and HSFA 1986.11.9 (Seminole footage).
Provenance:
The papers of Ethel Cutler Freeman were left to the National Anthropological Archives by the terms of her will. Her son, Leon Freeman, Jr., donated the collection to NAA in August 1972.
Restrictions:
By Ethel Freeman's instructions, the collection was restricted for ten years dating from the receipt and signing of the release forms on October 12, 1972. Literary property rights to the unpublished materials in the collection were donated to the National Anthropological Archives.
Seminole recordings cannot be accessed without the permission of the Seminole Tribe.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Navajo Indians  Search this
Language and languages  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Music  Search this
Citation:
Ethel Cutler Freeman papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.XXXX.0166
See more items in:
Ethel Cutler Freeman papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-xxxx-0166

J. M. McDonnell photograph collection of China, Peru, and the Philippines

Creator:
McDonnell, J. M.  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. Air Corps  Search this
Extent:
1 colored positive
180 Negatives (circa 180 negatives: nitrate (mostly stereographic))
38 film positives (nitrate (mostly stereographic))
Culture:
Chinese  Search this
Filipinos  Search this
Peruvians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Colored positive
Negatives
Film positives
Photographs
Place:
Paris
Philippines
Peru
China
Ohio
Cape Cod (Mass.)
Florida
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
circa 1930-1949
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made and collected by J. M. McDonnell in China, Peru, and the Philippines, as well as Florida, Cape Cod, Ohio, Paris, and Washington, DC. They include images of people, markets, harbors, architecture, transportation, and tourist sites such as the Forbidden City and the Great Wall in China. Many photographs were likely made while McDonnell was on military assignment, particularly those of Lima, Peru, and Manila, in the Philippines.
Biographical/Historical note:
J. M. McDonnell was a captain in the US Army Air Corps who was stationed in Manila in 1930. In 1946, he was promoted to colonel and moved to Washington, DC, to work with the War Department.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 89-24
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 89-24, J. M. McDonnell photograph collection of China, Peru, and the Philippines, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.89-24
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-89-24

Specimen Records, 1835-1894 and undated

Creator:
United States National Museum Division of Plants  Search this
Subject:
Vasey, George 1822-1893  Search this
Rydberg, Per Axel 1860-1931  Search this
Simpson, Joseph H  Search this
Nealley, Greenleaf C  Search this
Mearns, Edgar Alexander 1856-1916  Search this
Ward, Lester Frank 1841-1913  Search this
Franceschi, Emanuel Francesco  Search this
Jenny, Walter P  Search this
Coville, Frederick V (Frederick Vernon) 1867-1937  Search this
Sabine, Edward Sir 1788-1883  Search this
Physical description:
0.25 cu. ft. (1 half document box)
Type:
Field notes
Collection descriptions
Place:
California
Jamaica
South Dakota
Florida
Texas
Mexico
Colorado
Utah
Wyoming
Guadalupe Island (Mexico)
Nebraska
Baffin Bay (North Atlantic Ocean)
Date:
1835
1835-1894
1835-1894 and undated
Topic:
Plants  Search this
Botany  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 12-438
See more items in:
Specimen Records 1856-1952 [United States National Museum Division of Plants]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_363004

Jason Richard Swallen Field Notes, 1925-1963

Creator:
Swallen, Jason R (Jason Richard) 1903-1991  Search this
Subject:
Swallen, Jason R (Jason Richard) 1903-1991  Search this
Physical description:
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
Type:
Field notes
Collection descriptions
Place:
United States
Canada
Mexico
Brazil
Honduras
South Africa
Florida
Texas
California
Colorado
Louisiana
Georgia
Oregon
Utah
Arkansas
Tennessee
Date:
1925
1925-1963
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Plants  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 12-411
See more items in:
Field Book Project 1855-2010
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_355678

William R. Maxon Field Notes, 1899-1948

Creator:
Maxon, William R (William Ralph) 1877-1948  Search this
Subject:
Standley, Paul Carpenter 1884-1963  Search this
Maxon, William R (William Ralph) 1877-1948  Search this
Killip, Ellsworth Paine 1890-  Search this
Physical description:
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
Type:
Field notes
Collection descriptions
Maps
Place:
Maryland
Washington (D.C.)
Virginia
North Carolina
Florida
Jamaica
Panama
Costa Rica
Cuba
Nicaragua
Date:
1899
1899-1948
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Plants  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 12-151
See more items in:
Field Book Project 1855-2010
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_353565

Biltmore Herbarium Field Books, 1897-1905

Creator:
Biltmore Herbarium  Search this
Subject:
Boynton, Charles Lawrence  Search this
Harbison, T. G (Thomas Grant) 1862-1936  Search this
Biltmore Herbarium  Search this
Physical description:
4 cu. ft. (4 record storage boxes)
Type:
Field notes
Collection descriptions
Scientific illustrations
Artifacts
Place:
Louisiana
Georgia
Mississippi
Virginia
West Virginia
North Carolina
South Carolina
Florida
Alabama
Arkansas
Texas
Tennessee
Kentucky
Date:
1897
1897-1905
Topic:
Plants  Search this
Botany  Search this
Hawthorns  Search this
Goldenrods  Search this
Panicum  Search this
Carex  Search this
Galium  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-249
See more items in:
Field Book Project 1855-2010
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_308803

Frederick Vernon Coville Field Books, 1890-1934

Creator:
Coville, Frederick V (Frederick Vernon) 1867-1937  Search this
Subject:
Coville, Frederick V (Frederick Vernon) 1867-1937  Search this
Physical description:
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
Type:
Field notes
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Place:
Oregon
Death Valley (Calif. and Nev.)
California
Florida
North Carolina
Virginia
Maryland
Maine
Idaho
Utah
Wyoming
Alaska
Arizona
Nebraska
Washington (D.C.)
Canada
Washington (State)
Date:
1890
1890-1934
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Plants  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-253
See more items in:
Field Book Project 1855-2010
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_307022

Lawrence H. Walkinshaw Papers, 1986

Creator:
Walkinshaw, Lawrence H  Search this
Subject:
Walkinshaw, Lawrence H  Search this
Physical description:
0.25 cu. ft. (1 half document box)
Type:
Manuscripts
Collection descriptions
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Place:
Florida
Date:
1986
Topic:
Birds  Search this
Ornithology  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 86-099
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_229375

Gene M. Stirling photograph album of archeological excavations

Collector:
Stirling, Gene M.  Search this
Extent:
56 Prints (silver gelatin)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Illinois -- Antiquities
Florida -- Antiquities
Date:
1930-1932
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of photographs documenting archeological excavations at Powell Farm in Fairmont, Illinois, 1931; Safety Harbor, Florida, 1930; and Canaveral, Florida, 1932. The photographs are mounted on unbound pages from a photograph album and the covers are included with collection.
Biographical/Historical note:
Gene M. Stirling was a Harvard-educated archeologist who led excavations for the Smithsonian Institution and Bureau of American Ethnology.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 86-55
General note:
The collector of the photographs has been identified largely on the basis of the images' content, including views of Gene Stirling's work in Illinois.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs as well as writings by Stirling can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4307.
Correspondence from Stirling can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Matthew Williams Stirling's correspondence file, Frank Maryl Setzler's papers, and the Division of Archeology Reference File for 1828-1962.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 86-55, Gene M. Stirling photograph album of archeological excavations, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.86-55
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-86-55

Richard E. Stearns photographs of archeological sites and artifacts

Creator:
Stearns, Richard E., (Archaeologist)  Search this
Extent:
26 color prints
22 Sketches
600 Prints (circa, silver gelatin and contact prints (including stereographic images))
325 Negatives (circa)
3 Maps
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Color prints
Sketches
Prints
Negatives
Maps
Drawings
Photographs
Place:
Horry County (S.C.) -- Antiquities
Virginia -- Antiquities
Maryland -- Antiquities
Glynn County (Ga.) -- Antiquities
Florida -- Antiquities
Washington (D.C.) -- Antiquities
Sussex County (Del.) -- Antiquities
Date:
circa 1930-1960
Scope and Contents note:
The collection includes photographs of excavations and artifacts relating to Stearns' archeological work in Delaware, the District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, and Virginia. There are also some sketches of artifacts and excavation sites, as well as notes on pictured artifacts. One photo album relates to Stearns' work in Florida, while the other contains photographs of various sites in Maryland, including Conowingo.

The collection relates to work in Sussex County in Delaware; the District of Columbia; Bay, Collier, Flagler, Franklin, St. Johnʹs, St. Lucie, and Volusia counties in Florida, Glynn County in Georgia; Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Calvert, Cecil, Charles, Frederick, Harford, Howard, Kent, Montgomery, Prince Georges, Queen Anneʹs, and St. Maryʹs counties in Maryland; Horry County in South Carolina; and Loudon and Page counties in Virginia.
Biographical/Historical note:
Richard E. Stearns (1902-1969) was a commercial photographer and amateur archeologist of Maryland's prehistory. He was known for his photographic documentation, particularly of sites and specimens, most notably at Conowingo, a large village site on the Susquehanna River. In the 1930s, he became a curator for the Department of Archeology of the Natural History Society of Maryland, a position he held for over thirty years. In the 1940s, Stearns published Nicholas Yinger's investigations of the Hughes site, as well as his own investigations of sites in Maryland.
Local Call Number(s):
USNM ACC 160002, USNM ACC 187165, USNM ACC 188274, USNM ACC 191329, USNM ACC 247561, USNM ACC 308221, NAA Photo Lot 73-40
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The Smithsonian Institution Department of Anthropology holds artifacts donated by Stearns, in accessions 163264, 176236, 182055, 183968, 186144, 188274, 200211, 202602, 247561, and 308221.
Additional photos by Stearns can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4524.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 73-40, Richard E. Stearns photographs of archeological sites and artifacts, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.73-40
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-73-40

William D. Boehmer photographs of Seminole Indians

Creator:
Boehmer, William D.  Search this
Names:
Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
400 Negatives (circa, nitrate)
2,200 Negatives (circa, acetate)
2,200 Prints (circa 2200 prints (enlargements), silver gelatin)
32 color negatives (acetate, 35 mm)
250 Negatives (circa, acetate, 35 mm)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Prints
Color negatives
Photographs
Place:
Big Cypress Reservation (Fla.)
Florida
Brighton Reservation (Fla.)
Date:
circa 1939-1963
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made during William Boehmer's time teaching on the Brighton and Big Cypress Reservations. They depict day schools, classes, students and other Seminole Indians (including the Osceola family), celebrations (including Field Days, a pow wow, and Civilian Conservation Corps Achievement Day), handicrafts, agriculture, meetings, and Seminole dances.
Biographical/Historical note:
William D. Boehmer (d. 1991) was an Educational Field Agent for the Bureau of Indian Affairs and taught on reservations in Florida. In 1938, he moved to Brighton, Florida, with his wife, Edith M. Boehmer, to teach at the Seminole Indian Agency. When the school closed in 1954, Boehmer began working with other Seminole groups, including those at the Big Cypress Reservation and the Hollywood Seminole Reservation.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 18
Reproduction Note:
Enlargements and prints made from original negatives by the Smithsonian Institution, circa 1966-1972.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs by Boehmer of Seminole Indians held in National Anthropological Archives MS 4526.
The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries hold an oral history with William Boehmer.
Restrictions:
Nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Schools  Search this
Harvesting  Search this
Dance  Search this
Handicraft  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 18, William D. Boehmer photographs of Seminole Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.18
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-18

Frank Hamilton Cushing photograph collection relating to excavations on the west coast of Florida

Collector:
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Photographer:
Sawyer, Wells, 1863-1960  Search this
Extent:
300 Prints (circa, albumen and silver gelatin (some copy prints))
1 Drawing
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Drawings
Photographs
Place:
Marco Island (Fla. : Island)
Tarpon Springs (Fla.)
Florida -- Antiquities
Date:
1895-1896
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of photographs collected by Frank Hamilton Cushing that document archeological sites at Key Marco and Tarpon Springs, Florida. Photographs include views of scenery, sites, excavations, a few objects in situ, and other objects after excavation and cleaning. The photographs may have been made by Wells Moses Sawyer, photographer and artist for Cushing's expeditions in Florida.
Biographical/Historical note:
Frank Hamilton Cushing (1857-1900) was curator of the ethnological department of the United States National Museum and an ethnologist for the Bureau of American Ethnology (1876-circa 1886), best known for his work with at Zuni. In 1895 and 1896, he went to Florida due to ailing health and undertook archeological work on Florida's western coast with the joint sponsorship of the Bureau of American Ethnology and Dr. William Pepper of the University of Pennsylvania. He embarked on reconnaissance in May-June 1895 and conducted large-scale explorations in December 1895-April 1896.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The original negatives for the prints and some additional negatives not printed are in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 14 subject and geographic file of negatives.
The artifacts depicted in these photographs were likely divided between the Department of Anthropology collections at the Smithsonian Institution and the University of Pennsylvania's museum.
The National Anthropological Archives also holds Cushing's papers (MS 2009-06, MS 4780, and MS 1847), photographs (MS 1839), and manuscripts relating to Cushing's work in Florida (MS 2527, MS 2526, MS 1849-b, MS 1849-a, MS 1848, MS 1846, MS 1844-b, MS 1844-a, MS 1842, MS 1841, and MS 1840)
The Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University also holds some of the Frank Hamilton Cushing papers, 1876-1892.
See others in:
Frank Hamilton Cushing photograph collection relating to excavations on the west coast of Florida, 1895-1896
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 2, Frank Hamilton Cushing photograph collection relating to excavations on the west coast of Florida, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2

The richest of all Perfumes [trade card]

Topic:
Ethnic Imagery Project, Archives Center
Creator:
Murray & Lanman (lanman amp kemp advertiser)  Search this
Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, d. 1969  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper.)
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Trade cards
Place:
Florida
Scope and Contents:
Woman in pink dress/kimono and yellow underskirt with oriental umbrella holding vial of perfume. To her left is a fountain. Back text expounds on Florida Water Perfume.
Local Numbers:
AC0060-0000136-1.tif (AC Scan No.)

AC0060-0000136-2.tif (Scan No.)
General:
Cosmetics, Box 3, Folder Murray & Lanman.
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
advertising  Search this
Perfumes  Search this
Kimonos  Search this
Genre/Form:
Trade cards
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Cosmetics
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Cosmetics / Oversize/Digital Objects / Cosmetics
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-cosmetics-ref550
Additional Online Media:

Marineland, Florida

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1949
General:
Strip number: 5004, 5005; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Marineland 1949
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Florida  Search this
United States  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-065004
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / Marineland, Florida
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref11099

Dolphin tamer feeding dolphin at Marineland, Florida

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1949
General:
Strip number: 5004, 5005; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Marineland 1949
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Florida  Search this
United States  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-065005
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / Marineland, Florida
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref11100

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