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Maure man drawing water from a well, north of Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1967
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, North of Tombuktu. Water well in the desert Sahara; 674-1
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Tombouctou (Mali)  Search this
Maure (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0797
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Tombouctou
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref3254

Maure man, north of Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1967
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, North of Tombuktu. Water well in the desert Sahara; 674-2
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Tombouctou (Mali)  Search this
Maure (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0798
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Tombouctou
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref3255

Maure men drawing water from a well, north of Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1967
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, North of Tombuktu. Water well in the desert Sahara; 674-3
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Tombouctou (Mali)  Search this
Maure (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0799
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Tombouctou
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref3256

Maure men drawing water from a well, north of Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1967
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, North of Tombuktu. Water well in the desert Sahara; 674-4
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Tombouctou (Mali)  Search this
Maure (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0800
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Tombouctou
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref3257

Maure man herding cattle, north of Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1967
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, North of Tombouctou on the edge of the Sahara Maure tents from [straw.] Throught the mats sand and wind come through. Besides mats as beds and some pots the tents contain nothing else. ; 675-1
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Tombouctou (Mali)  Search this
Maure (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0802
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Tombouctou
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref3259

Maure family in front of a tent, north of Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1967
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, North of Tombouctou on the edge of the Sahara Maure tents from [straw.] Throught the mats sand and wind come through. Besides mats as beds and some pots the tents contain nothing else. ; 675-2
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Tombouctou (Mali)  Search this
Maure (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0803
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Tombouctou
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref3260

Maure children outside of a tent, north of Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1967
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, North of Tombouctou on the edge of the Sahara Maure tents from [straw.] Throught the mats sand and wind come through. Besides mats as beds and some pots the tents contain nothing else. ; 675-3
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Tombouctou (Mali)  Search this
Maure (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0804
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Tombouctou
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref3261

Maure tent, north of Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1967
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, North of Tombouctou on the edge of the Sahara Maure tents from [straw.] Throught the mats sand and wind come through. Besides mats as beds and some pots the tents contain nothing else. ; 675-4
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Tombouctou (Mali)  Search this
Maure (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0805
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Tombouctou
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref3262

Maure tent, north of Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1967
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, North of Tombouctou on the edge of the Sahara Maure tents from [straw.] Throught the mats sand and wind come through. Besides mats as beds and some pots the tents contain nothing else. ; 675-5
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Tombouctou (Mali)  Search this
Maure (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0806
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Tombouctou
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref3263

Soudan Maures, frère et sœur

Creator:
Albaret (Kayes)  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of African Art (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
1 Postcard (collotype., b&w, 14 x 9 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Culture:
Maure (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Africa
Mali
Date:
circa 1920
Scope and Contents:
Printed caption on recto reads: "Soudan. - Maures. - Frère et Sœur."
Translated caption reads: "Sudan. - Maure. - Brother and Sister."
Manuscript message on verso.
Local Numbers:
EEPA ML-20-03
General:
Title source: Postcard caption.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Portrait photography -- Africa  Search this
Costume -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA ML 2012-001-1609
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 28: Mali (ML)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref6023

Kayes (Soudan) Femmes Maures

Creator:
Albaret (Kayes)  Search this
Impriméries Réunies de Nancy  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of African Art (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
1 Postcard (collotype., b&w, 9 x 14 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Culture:
Maure (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Africa
Mali
Mali, -- Kayes Region, -- Kayes
Date:
circa 1914
Scope and Contents:
Printed caption on recto reads: "50. Kayes (Soudan). - Femmes Maures."
Translated caption reads: "50. Kayes (Sudan). - Maure Woman."
Logo on recto: "Impr. Réunies de Nancy."
Additional printed text on recto reads: "Collection Albaret, Kayes."
Postmarked postage stamp on recto; manuscript messge and address on verso.
Local Numbers:
EEPA ML-20-05
General:
Title source: Postcard caption.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Portrait photography -- Africa  Search this
Costume -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA ML 2012-001-1611
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 28: Mali (ML)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref6025

The trading and transporting of salt, Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (b&w, 35mm.)
Culture:
Maure (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Place:
Africa
Mali
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
"Salt from most sources in Africa requires preparation before it can be used or traded. Almost all the salt used by ordinary people in the last five centuries was obtained from local sources. Only the few, particularly rich sources were more intensively exploited and the product traded over distances of up to 1,000 kilometers. The most famous deposits are in the deserts of Mauritania and Mali. After the destruction of Taghaza site (Mali), Taodeni (Mali) took its place and in 1975 was still producing several thousand tons of salt a year. From 16 square kilometers of salt pans, laborers, mainly convicts, mined the salt in 60-kilogram slabs from shallow trenches. Caravans still exported the slabs to Tombouctou." [Vogel J., 1997: Encyclopedia of Precolonial Africa, Altamira Press]. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon was on assignment for Westinghouse Film and traveled to Africa from October 26, 1970 to end of March 1971.
Local Numbers:
EENG-VII-2, 2.
General:
Title source: Index card based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
Typed index card reads, "R 1 Mal. Mali. Timbuctu. Loading salt slabs onto boats. 12/1970. EE. neg.no. VII-2, 2." The card was written in 1977-79 by Archives staff using source provided by photographer.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Transportation  Search this
Industries  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EENG 04967
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref32047

The trading and transporting of salt, Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (b&w, 35mm.)
Culture:
Maure (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Place:
Africa
Mali
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
"Salt from most sources in Africa requires preparation before it can be used or traded. Almost all the salt used by ordinary people in the last five centuries was obtained from local sources. Only the few, particularly rich sources were more intensively exploited and the product traded over distances of up to 1,000kilometers. The most famous deposits are in the deserts of Mauritania and Mali. After the destruction of Taghaza site (Mali), Taodeni (Mali) took its place and in 1975 was still producing several thousand tons of salt a year. From 16 square kilometers of salt pans, laborers, mainly convicts, mined the salt in 60-kilogram slabs from shallow trenches. Caravans still exported the slabs to Tombouctou." [Vogel J., 1997: Encyclopedia of Precolonial Africa, Altamira Press]. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon was on assignment for Westinghouse Film and traveled to Africa from October 26, 1970 to end of March 1971.
Local Numbers:
EENG-VII-2, 1.
General:
Title source: Index card based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
Typed index card reads, "R 1 Mal. Mali. Timbuctu. Loading salt slabs onto boats. 12/1970. EE. neg.no. VII-2, 1." The card was written in 1977-79 by Archives staff using source provided by photographer.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Transportation  Search this
Industries  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EENG 04968
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref32048

The trading and transporting of salt, Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (b&w, 35mm.)
Culture:
Maure (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Place:
Africa
Mali
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
"Salt from most sources in Africa requires preparation before it can be used or traded. Almost all the salt used by ordinary people in the last five centuries was obtained from local sources. Only the few, particularly rich sources were more intensively exploited and the product traded over distances of up to 1,000kilometers. The most famous deposits are in the deserts of Mauritania and Mali. After the destruction of Taghaza site (Mali), Taodeni (Mali) took its place and in 1975 was still producing several thousand tons of salt a year. From 16 square kilometers of salt pans, laborers, mainly convicts, mined the salt in 60-kilogram slabs from shallow trenches. Caravans still exported the slabs to Tombouctou." [Vogel J., 1997: Encyclopedia of Precolonial Africa, Altamira Press]. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon was on assignment for Westinghouse Film and traveled to Africa from October 26, 1970 to end of March 1971.
Local Numbers:
EENG-VII-2, 3.
General:
Title source: Index card based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
Typed index card reads, "R 1 Mal. Mali. Timbuctu. Loading salt slabs onto boats. 12/1970. EE. neg.no. VII-2, 3." The card was written in 1977-79 by Archives staff using source provided by photographer.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Transportation  Search this
Industries  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EENG 04969
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref32049

The trading and transporting of salt, Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (b&w, 35mm.)
Culture:
Maure (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Place:
Africa
Mali
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
"Salt from most sources in Africa requires preparation before it can be used or traded. Almost all the salt used by ordinary people in the last five centuries was obtained from local sources. Only the few, particularly rich sources were more intensively exploited and the product traded over distances of up to 1,000kilometers. The most famous deposits are in the deserts of Mauritania and Mali. After the destruction of Taghaza site (Mali), Taodeni (Mali) took its place and in 1975 was still producing several thousand tons of salt a year. From 16 square kilometers of salt pans, laborers, mainly convicts, mined the salt in 60-kilogram slabs from shallow trenches. Caravans still exported the slabs to Tombouctou." [Vogel J., 1997: Encyclopedia of Precolonial Africa, Altamira Press]. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon was on assignment for Westinghouse Film and traveled to Africa from October 26, 1970 to end of March 1971.
Local Numbers:
EENG-VII-2, 5.
General:
Title source: Index card based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
Typed index card reads, "R 1 Mal. Mali. Timbuctu. Loading salt slabs onto boats. 12/1970. EE. neg.no. VII-2, 5." The card was written in 1977-79 by Archives staff using source provided by photographer.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Transportation  Search this
Industries  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EENG 04970
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref32050

The trading and transporting of salt. Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (b&w, 35mm.)
Culture:
Maure (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Place:
Africa
Mali
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
"Salt from most sources in Africa requires preparation before it can be used or traded. Almost all the salt used by ordinary people in the last five centuries was obtained from local sources. Only the few, particularly rich sources were more intensively exploited and the product traded over distances of up to 1,000kilometers. The most famous deposits are in the deserts of Mauritania and Mali. After the destruction of Taghaza site (Mali), Taodeni (Mali) took its place and in 1975 was still producing several thousand tons of salt a year. From 16 square kilometers of salt pans, laborers, mainly convicts, mined the salt in 60-kilogram slabs from shallow trenches. Caravans still exported the slabs to Tombouctou." [Vogel J., 1997: Encyclopedia of Precolonial Africa, Altamira Press]. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon was on assignment for Westinghouse Film and traveled to Africa from October 26, 1970 to end of March 1971.
Local Numbers:
EENG-VII-2, 9A.
General:
Title source: Index card based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
Typed index card reads, "R 1 Mal. Mali. Timbuctu. Boats carrying salt slabs on the Niger River. 12/1970. EE. neg.no. VII-2, 9A." The card was written in 1977-79 by Archives staff using source provided by photographer.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Transportation  Search this
Industries  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EENG 04971
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref32051

The trading and transporting of salt, Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (b&w, 35mm.)
Culture:
Maure (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Place:
Africa
Mali
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
"Salt from most sources in Africa requires preparation before it can be used or traded. Almost all the salt used by ordinary people in the last five centuries was obtained from local sources. Only the few, particularly rich sources were more intensively exploited and the product traded over distances of up to 1,000kilometers. The most famous deposits are in the deserts of Mauritania and Mali. After the destruction of Taghaza site (Mali), Taodeni (Mali) took its place and in 1975 was still producing several thousand tons of salt a year. From 16 square kilometers of salt pans, laborers, mainly convicts, mined the salt in 60-kilogram slabs from shallow trenches. Caravans still exported the slabs to Tombouctou." [Vogel J., 1997: Encyclopedia of Precolonial Africa, Altamira Press]. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon was on assignment for Westinghouse Film and traveled to Africa from October 26, 1970 to end of March 1971.
Local Numbers:
EENG-VII-2, 10A.
General:
Title source: Index card based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
Typed index card reads, "R 1 Mal. Mali. Timbuctu. Boats carrying salt slabs on the Niger River. 12/1970. EE. neg.no. VII-2, 10A." The card was written in 1977-79 by Archives staff using source provided by photographer.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Transportation  Search this
Industries  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EENG 04972
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref32052

Dromedary camels on caravan route, Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (b&w, 35mm.)
Culture:
Tuaregs  Search this
Maure (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Place:
Africa
Mali
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Tombouctou (Timbuktu) is populated by Songhay, Tuareg, Fulani, and Moorish people, and is about 15km north of the River Niger. It is also at the intersection of an east-west and a north-south Trans-Saharan trade across the Sahara to Araouane. It was important historically (and still is today) as an entrepot for rock-salt from Taoudenni (Taodeni). Its geographical setting made it a natural meeting point for nearby African populations and nomadic Berber and Arab peoples from the north. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon traveled to Africa from March 17, 1970 to July 17, 1970.
Local Numbers:
EENG-IV-10, 7.
General:
Title source: Index card based on photographer's notes.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Transportation  Search this
Animals -- Africa  Search this
Domestic animals  Search this
Mammals  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EENG 09344
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref36422

Dromedary camels on caravan route, Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (b&w, 35mm.)
Culture:
Tuaregs  Search this
Maure (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Place:
Africa
Mali
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Tombouctou (Timbuktu) is populated by Songhay, Tuareg, Fulani, and Moorish people, and is about 15km north of the River Niger. It is also at the intersection of an east-west and a north-south Trans-Saharan trade across the Sahara to Araouane. It was important historically (and still is today) as an entrepot for rock-salt from Taoudenni (Taodeni). Its geographical setting made it a natural meeting point for nearby African populations and nomadic Berber and Arab peoples from the north. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon traveled to Africa from March 17, 1970 to July 17, 1970.
Local Numbers:
EENG-IV-10, 8.
General:
Title source: Index card based on photographer's notes.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Transportation  Search this
Animals -- Africa  Search this
Domestic animals  Search this
Mammals  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EENG 09345
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref36423

Dromedary camels on caravan route, Tombouctou, Mali

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic) (b&w, 35mm.)
Culture:
Tuaregs  Search this
Maure (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Place:
Africa
Mali
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Tombouctou (Timbuktu) is populated by Songhay, Tuareg, Fulani, and Moorish people, and is about 15km north of the River Niger. It is also at the intersection of an east-west and a north-south Trans-Saharan trade across the Sahara to Araouane. It was important historically (and still is today) as an entrepot for rock-salt from Taoudenni (Taodeni). Its geographical setting made it a natural meeting point for nearby African populations and nomadic Berber and Arab peoples from the north. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon traveled to Africa from March 17, 1970 to July 17, 1970.
Local Numbers:
EENG-IV-10, 9.
General:
Title source: Index card based on photographer's notes.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Transportation  Search this
Animals -- Africa  Search this
Domestic animals  Search this
Mammals  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EENG 09346
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref36424

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