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MS 3133 Yuchi texts

Collector:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Extent:
2 Notebooks
81 Items (ca. 81 pages)
Culture:
Yuchi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Notebooks
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3133
Topic:
Creek  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3133, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3133
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3133

MS 1278 Yuchi Text and Vocabulary

Collector:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Creator:
Holden, Washington  Search this
Allen, Joe  Search this
Extent:
88 pages
Culture:
Yuchi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
1904
Scope and Contents:
Also Vocabulary in small paper covered notebook containing 34 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1278
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Creek  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1278, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1278
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1278

MS 1796 Sketch of the Yuchi Language

Collector:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Extent:
108 items (ca. 108 pages)
Culture:
Yuchi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1796
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Creek  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1796, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1796
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1796

MS 2084 Catawba verbs, grammatical notes, and vocabulary

Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Informant:
Owl Mrs  Search this
Brown, Mrs  Search this
Extent:
275 items (cards )
Culture:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1920s?
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2084
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2084, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2084
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2084

MS 4152 Letter to John R. Swanton

Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Addressee:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Culture:
Penobscot Indians  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
September 3, 1933
Scope and Contents:
Concening bird names in Delaware and Penobscot languages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4152
Topic:
Delaware Indians  Search this
Zoology -- Bird names  Search this
Penobscot Indians  Search this
Zoology -- Bird names  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4152, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4152
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4152

MS 4220 Letter to John R. Swanton

Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Extent:
2 Pages
Culture:
Algonquian Indians  Search this
Tutelo Indians  Search this
Powhatan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Letters
Date:
June 26, 1933
Scope and Contents:
Suggest that the word "warrenuncood" is a Powhatan Algonquian synonym for the Tutelo-Occaneechi.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4220
Local Note:
Autograph letter signed
Place:
Gloucester Massachusetts
Topic:
Algonquin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters
Citation:
Manuscript 4220, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4220
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4220

MS 4278 Catawba linguistic and miscellaneous notes

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Extent:
49 Pages
19 Items (slips )
Culture:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
1922 ?
Scope and Contents:
Catawba vocabulary, grammatical notes, kinship terms, ethnobotany, and ethnological notes. Letter from Speck concerns the exchange of Catawba material with Swanton.
Also includes a letter of Frank Speck to Swanton, January 6, 1922
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4278
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4278, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4278
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4278

MS 4351-a Oklahoma Delaware Ceremonies, Feasts and Dances

Collector:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Extent:
24 Pages
Culture:
Delaware Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
1937
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4351-a
Topic:
Rituals, formulas and ceremonies -- Delaware  Search this
Dance -- Delaware  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4351-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4351A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4351a

MS 4351-b A Study of the Delaware Indian Big House Ceremony

Collector:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Extent:
82 Pages
Culture:
Delaware -- Indian Big House Ceremony  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
1937
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4351-b
Topic:
Indian Big House Ceremony -- Delaware  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4351-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4351B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4351b

MS 4364 Bibliography of Frank G. Speck

Collector:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Extent:
18 Pages
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
1903-1947
Scope and Contents:
This Manuscript contains some few items not given in American Anth. Volume 53, Number 1, 1951, the Speck bibliography by John Witthoft. The published list is the more complete of the two. MCB.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4364
Citation:
Manuscript 4364, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4364
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4364

MS 1777 Catawba texts

Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Owl, Sampson Mrs  Search this
Brown, Margaret Wiley  Search this
Gordon, Sally Brown  Search this
Blue, Sam  Search this
Extent:
186 Pages
Culture:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
1921-1928
Scope and Contents:
Informants: December, 1921 and (January - February, 1923,) Mrs. Sampson Owl, Cherokee Agency, North Carolina, February, 1922, Mrs. Margaret Wiley Brown, Catawba Nation, South Carolina, December, 1927-January 1928, Sally Brown Gordon and Sam Blue, Catawba Nation, South Carolina.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1777
Citation:
Manuscript 1777, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1777
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1777

MS 2450-b Catawba-English vocabulary prepared from Gatschetʹs English-Catawba vocabulary, probably by John R. Swanton

Creator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Informant:
Owl Mrs  Search this
Extent:
400 Items (Ca. cards Ca. 400 cards)
Culture:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1918
Scope and Contents:
BAE 2450b, while mostly Swanton and Gatschet (q.v.), has some additions and corrections in pencil in what appears to be Speckʹs hand and using some symbols he used but Swanton and Gatschet did not (e.g., ; for glottal stop; instead of n for nasalization; for ). The only informant referred to is "Mrs. O," "Mrs. Owl" (on cards for im, ʹsleepʹ; Iʹse, ʹCrawfishʹ; PI hi)--may Speckʹs notes here thus date from before 1921? Speck 1934 page xviii refers to rechecking with informants materials previously recorded by others.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2450-b
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2450-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2450B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2450b

MS 4069 Letters received by John R. Swanton

Collector:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Correspondent:
Semmes, Raphael, 1890-1952  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Creator:
Dalrymple, Edwin A., 1818-1881  Search this
Extent:
7 Pages
Culture:
Pamunkey Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Received from Raphael Semmes, Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, Maryland, 1940, containing transcript of a Manuscript Pamunkey vocabulary in MHS, recorded by the Reverend Edwin A. Dalrymple in January, 1844; several annotated transcripts of same by Swanton; and Autograph Letter Signed to Swanton by Frank G. Speck, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, April 21, 1940 (1 page), stating that the numerals in the Dalrymple vocabulary are really "a counting-out rhyme used in a game."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4069
Local Note:
manuscript document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4069, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4069
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4069

MS 4231 Chickasaw notes for Swanton

Collector:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Addressee:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Creator:
Mikey, Josiah  Search this
Extent:
29 Pages
Culture:
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Newsclippings
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
The material includes: Note on Biloxi; list of villages where the Biloxi lived; origin legend of Choctaw and Chickasaw; Chickasaw ethnology and linguistics; letter from Josiah Mickey to Dr. Speck; brief stories, etc. and newsclipping, "How Indians catch fish."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4231
Topic:
Names, place -- Biloxi  Search this
Folklore -- Choctaw  Search this
Folklore -- Chickasaw  Search this
Fishing  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newsclippings
Citation:
Manuscript 4231, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4231
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4231

MS 4891 Reprint of "Notes on Chickasaw Ethnology and Folklore" annotated by John R. Swanton

Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Collector:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
9 Pages
Culture:
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Reprint of "Notes On Chickasaw Ethnology and Folk-Lore," pages 50-58, Journal of American Folk-Lore, Volume XX, 1907, Washongton, D. C. Printed document with A. notations by John R. Swanton. Also bibliographic reference to the Chickasawa in Pennsylvania with the Shawnees. No date. Autograph document by John R. Swanton. 1 slip.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4891
Local Note:
printed document with A. notations
Topic:
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Folklore  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4891, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4891
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4891

MS 2734 Truman Michelson Stockbridge notes and texts, with copies by Frank Speck

Creator:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Dick, Lucius  Search this
Miller, Edwin  Search this
Miller, Alfred  Search this
Peters, Sterling  Search this
Butler, Agnes  Search this
Robertson, Bernice  Search this
Informant:
Quinney, Jameson "Sot"  Search this
Translator:
Dick, William  Search this
Extent:
140 Pages
Culture:
Mahican Indians  Search this
Brotherton Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Field notes
Vocabulary
Narratives
Manuscripts
Date:
1914
circa 1940s-1950s
Scope and Contents:
Notes and texts on Stockbridge collected by Truman Michelson during his fieldwork in Wisconsin in 1914, with handwritten copies of his notes made by Frank Speck during the 1940s and 1950s. Michelson's notes consist mainly of vocabularies with small amounts of data on the history, population, and racial composition of the tribe and brief notes on the people who knew the language. A few words were collected from a Brotherton informant. The Stockbridge texts include strict interlineal translations and separate free translations. Speck's copies of the notes are in an order different from Michelson's originals. They are incomplete, in part because Speck omitted some vocabulary items when informants agreed as to their form. Speck's material also includes a copy of the report on Michelson's work in Explorations and field work of the Smithsonian Institution, 1914, pages 90-93 (1 page typescript).

All Stockbridge texts are by Jameson "Sot" Quinney, with some translated by William Dick. Other people that Michelson worked with include Lucius Dick (Brotherton), Edwin Miller, Alfred Miller, Sterling Peters, Agnes Butler (previously cataloged as Agnus Butler), and Bernice Robertson (previously cataloged as Robinson; see note below).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2734
Local Note:
Regarding Bernice Robertson's surname: In Michelson's notes, Bernice Robertson's name appears with "Robertson" crossed out and "Robinson" written in. According to Ives Goddard (2007, November 20), "Frank T. Siebert, Jr., collected some words from the same woman in 1935, and he refers to her as Bernice Robertson in notes he sent to Morris Swadesh (APS, Swadesh papers, Freeman Guide #2081 or 2083). I also heard him mention her many times, since he liked to point out that she was one of the last speakers of Mahican even though to look at her she was African American. In his own field notes (1937) Swadesh first wrote Robison and Robeson, but changed this to Robinson. (Robison is a possible mishearing of Roberston, if this name is unfamiliar; less likely that Swadesh would not have caught the common name Robinson.) In his typed list of informants, however, he writes 'Bernice Robertson' (APS as above)."
Topic:
Mahican language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Brothertown  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Vocabulary
Narratives
Manuscripts
Citation:
Manuscript 2734, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2734
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2734
Additional Online Media:

George L. Nelson papers

Creator:
Nelson, George L.  Search this
Names:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear Feet
Culture:
Rappahannock  Search this
Powhatan  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Letters
Writings
Articles
Speeches
Date:
1920-1925
Summary:
The George L. Nelson papers consist of documents belonging to Chief Nelson and left in the posession of his daughter Waneta Swain. The bulk of these documents relate to the work done by Chief Nelson in establishing the Rappahannock Indian Association in 1922 and the activities that led to the recognition of the tribe as part of the larger Virginia Indians Powhatan Confederacy. Chief George L. Nelson was born and raised in Indian Neck, VA.
Scope and Contents:
The George L. Nelson papers consist of documents belonging to Chief Nelson and left in the possession of his daughter Waneta Swain. The bulk of these documents relate to the work done by Chief Nelson in establishing the Rappahannock Indian Association in 1921 and the activities that led to the recognition of the tribe as part of the larger Virginia Indians Powhatan Confederacy. These includes letters, speeches, notes and membership lists. These papers also include letters and articles from Frank Speck, an anthropologist from the University of Pennsylvania, who maintained a relationship with Nelson and his family. Additionally these records includes notes and documents written by Chief Nelson regarding the Racial Integrity act (Bill No. 68) which was enacted in 1924. There are three family photographs which were accompanied by a newspaper clipping announcing the 50th wedding anniversary of Mr. and Mrs. George L. Nelson.
Arrangement:
This collection has been arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Biographical / Historical:
Chief George L. Nelson (Rappahannock) was born circa 1883 in Indian Neck, Virginia to parents Samuel and Virginia Nelson. A member of the Rappahannock community, Nelson began working to incorporate his tribe under the state laws of Virginia. The Rappahannock Indian Association was founded in 1921 with George Nelson as Chief. In the early 1920's anthropologist Frank Speck spent time among the Rappahannock photographing Nelson and other community members.

Nelson married Polena Sensenbaugh daughter to Simon and Louisa born 1888 in South Whitely, Indiana in 1908. They became acquainted while Nelson was on his way home following a trip around the world with the Navy. George and Polena had 11 children, six sons and five daughters and the family eventually moved to Millville, New Jersey. Nelson died in 1960 in Cumberland, New Jersey. Nelson's daughter Waneta Swain Ackerman (born Waneta Pocahontas Nelson) bequeathed her father's papers to the National Museum of the American Indian in 2005.

Speck, Frank. "The Rappahannock Indians of Virginia," Indian Notes and Monographs, Volume V, No. 3. Museum of the American Indian Heye Foundation, 1925.
Related Materials:
Photographs of Chief George Nelson and family were taken both by Frank Speck and Frederick Johnson in the 1920's and can be found in their photo collections.

Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection (NMAI.AC.001.032) Frederick Johnson photograph collection (NMAI.AC.001.038)
Provenance:
The Chief George L. Nelson papers were donated to NMAI in 2005 by the Estate of Waneta P. Swain, daughter to Nelson, along with an outfit worn by Nelson which can be found in the object collections (NMAI Object 265403).
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Virginia  Search this
Race discrimination -- Law and legislation -- Virginia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters
Writings
Articles
Speeches
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); George L. Nelson Papers, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.018
See more items in:
George L. Nelson papers
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-018
Additional Online Media:

MS 2842-c Miscellaneous material collected for a contemplated second edition of the Handbook of American Indians (Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 30)

Creator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Gerard, William R. (William Ruggles), 1841-  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology -- Bulletins  Search this
Extent:
8 Boxes
Culture:
American Indian  Search this
Iroquoian  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
In various hands, including those of Gatschet, Speck, Hodge, Mooney, Hewitt, Gerard, and others. Box 1: "Indians Generally." and sections under the name of stocks. In various hands (not recognised by MCB 10/58). Box 2: Mostly Iroquoian. Gatschet, Hewitt. Box 6: Names, place and tribal. Biographical sketches removed 1957 and placed in larger file of same in Bureau of American Ethnology Archives office. Box 7: Not arranged. Gatschet, Mooney, et al. Box 8: Place name file. Aats-Yuba; apparently in good alphabetical order. Some used in Handbbook.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2842-c
Topic:
Names, place -- American Indian  Search this
Names, tribal -- American Indian  Search this
Bulletins, Bureau of American Ethnology -- Bulletin 30  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2842-c, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2842C
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2842c

MS 4846 Correspondence between BAE authors and the BAE Editorʹs office

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology Editor  Search this
Carmichael, Leonard  Search this
Johnson, F.  Search this
Correspondent:
Adams, William Yewdale  Search this
Alphonse, Rev. E.S.  Search this
Bass, William Marvin, III  Search this
Basso, Keith  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Biese, L. P.  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bowers, Alfred W.  Search this
Boyd, Mark F.  Search this
Bunzel, Ruth Leah, 1898-1990  Search this
Caldwell, Warren W.  Search this
Cancillius, D.  Search this
Capron, Louis Bishop, 1891-1971  Search this
Chafe, William  Search this
Coe, Joffre Lanning  Search this
Coe, Michael  Search this
Colton, Harold Sellers, 1881-1970  Search this
Cooper, Paul L. (Paul Lemen), 1909-1961  Search this
Davis, I.  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Devereux, George  Search this
Dorsey, H. W.  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Evans, Clifford, Jr  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005  Search this
Fisher, E. M.  Search this
Flannery, Kent Vaughn  Search this
Flannery, Regina  Search this
Fogelson, Raymond D.  Search this
Follett, W. I.  Search this
Fowke, Gerard, 1855-1933  Search this
Gearing, Frederick O., 1922-  Search this
Gentry H. S.  Search this
Gifford, Edward Winslow  Search this
Goggin, John M.  Search this
Goldfrank, Esther Schiff  Search this
Grange, R. T., Jr  Search this
Griffin, James B. (James Bennett), 1905-1997  Search this
Gulick, John  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Hass, Mary  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Henry, J.  Search this
Hickerson, Harold  Search this
Hickerson, Joseph Charles, 1935-  Search this
Hilger, Marie Inez, Sister, 1891-1977  Search this
Hoffman, B.  Search this
Holland, C. G.  Search this
Holzinger, C. H.  Search this
Howard, James H., 1925-1982 (James Henri)  Search this
Hoyme, Lucile Eleanor  Search this
Jelks, Edward  Search this
Jones, J. A.  Search this
Keyes, I.  Search this
Kilpatrick, F. and A.  Search this
Kissell, Mary Lois  Search this
Krieger, Herbert W. (Herbert William), 1889-1970  Search this
Kupferer, Harriet J.  Search this
Kurath, G.  Search this
Kutsche, P.  Search this
Ladd, J.  Search this
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932  Search this
Landy, D.  Search this
Le Claire, P.  Search this
Lewis, M. G.  Search this
Lounsbury, Floyd Glenn  Search this
Malouf, Carling I. (Carling Isaac), 1916-2007  Search this
Mangelsdorf  Search this
Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967  Search this
Mason  Search this
Mattes, Merrill, J.  Search this
Merriam, A. P.  Search this
Metcalf, George, 1900-1975  Search this
Meyer, G.  Search this
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Miller, Carl F.  Search this
Mills, J. E.  Search this
Morley, Sylvanus Griswold  Search this
Murrill, R.  Search this
Neuman, R.  Search this
Oberg, Kalvero  Search this
O'Bryan, A.  Search this
Olbrechts, Frans M., 1899-1958  Search this
Osborne, Douglas  Search this
Oswalt, W.  Search this
Palmer, M. H.  Search this
Parsons, Elsie Worthington Clews, 1874-1941  Search this
Petersen, Karen Daniels  Search this
Pierson, D.  Search this
Radin, Paul, 1883-1959  Search this
Rands, R. L.  Search this
Rhodes, Willard, 1901-1992  Search this
Roberts, Helen H. (Helen Heffron), 1888-1985  Search this
Roth, William P.  Search this
Shimkin, Demitri Boris  Search this
Shiner, Joel L.  Search this
Smith, C.  Search this
Smith, Homer Garner  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Spencer, Robert  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Squier, Robert J.  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Teit, James Alexander, 1864-1922  Search this
Thomas, R. K.  Search this
Tooker, Elizabeth  Search this
Tschopik, Harry S. Jr.  Search this
Tsien Y. Y.  Search this
Van Stone, James W.  Search this
Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie, 1903-1988  Search this
Vogt, Evon Zartman  Search this
Wallace, A.  Search this
Wallace, W. J.  Search this
Webb, William S. (William Snyder), 1882-1964  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Weiant, C. W. (Clarence Wolsey), 1897-1986  Search this
Weltfish, Gene, 1902-1980  Search this
Wheeler, Richard Page  Search this
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Wilder, C. S.  Search this
Willey, Gordon R. (Gordon Randolph), 1913-2002  Search this
Wood, Raymond  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Ackerknecht, Erwin H.  Search this
Beals, Ralph L. (Ralph Leon), 1901-1985  Search this
Boyd W.  Search this
Collier, Donald, 1911-1995  Search this
Cooper, John M. (John Montgomery), 1881-1949  Search this
De Avile, B.  Search this
De Gandia, E.  Search this
Frenguelli, Joaquín, 1883-1958  Search this
Gillin, John, 1907-1973  Search this
Gilmore, R. M.  Search this
Goldman, Irving, 1911-2002  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Henckel, C.  Search this
Horton, D.  Search this
Imbelloni, J.  Search this
Kubler, G. A.  Search this
La Barre, Weston, 1911-1996  Search this
Levi-Strauss, C.  Search this
Lipkind, William, 1904-1974  Search this
Lowie, Robert Harry, 1883-1957  Search this
McBryde, F. W.  Search this
McCown, T. D.  Search this
Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967  Search this
Miller, R. R.  Search this
OʹNeale, Lila M.  Search this
Parks, E. T.  Search this
Pourchet, M. J.  Search this
Powers, N.  Search this
Riley, M. W.  Search this
Root, W. C.  Search this
Rouse, Irving, 1913-2006  Search this
Rowe, John Howland, 1918-2004  Search this
Sauer, Carl  Search this
Steggerda, Morris  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972  Search this
Stone, D.  Search this
Stout, D. C.  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Wilson, E. A.  Search this
Science Information Services  Search this
Names:
Hunter College  Search this
Extent:
3 Volumes
4 Boxes
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Volumes
Date:
1927-1967
Scope and Contents:
Also records of galley and page proofs.
Arrangement:
Letters are arranged alphabetically by author, except for a separate file relating to the Handbook of South American Indians (BAE-B 143).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4846
Topic:
Handbook of Middle American Indians  Search this
Isleta Indians  Search this
Policy  Search this
River Basin Survey Bulletin-Final Costs  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4846, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4846
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4846

Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection

Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Former owner:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1428 negatives (photographic)
40 Photographic prints (black & white)
Culture:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Mistassini Cree  Search this
Lorette Huron  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Montagnais Innu  Search this
Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg (Maniwaki Algonquin) [River Desert]  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Six Nations  Search this
Penobscot  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Wampanoag  Search this
Nauset  Search this
Mohegan  Search this
Niantic  Search this
Pequot  Search this
Nanticoke  Search this
Rappahannock  Search this
Chickahominy  Search this
Pamunkey  Search this
Mattaponi  Search this
Nansemond  Search this
Catawba  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Machapunga (Pungo River)  Search this
Innu  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Place:
Massachusetts
Maine
Maryland
Virginia
Canada
Delaware
North Carolina
Date:
1909-1937
Summary:
The Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection includes portraits of individuals and families, as well as scenic shots and landscape views made between 1909 and 1937. Speck was an anthropologist and ethnographer, a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, and worked on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation collecting ethnographic materials across the Eastern United States and Canada. His collection of photographs includes materials from native communities ranging from Newfoundland to Ontario in Canada and from Maine to South Carolina in the United States.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection includes negatives and a small amount of prints made by Speck throughout the course of his career as an anthropologist and ethnographer. The majority of the photographs in this collection were made while Speck conducted field trips on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation between 1924 and 1932, though there are photographs from before and after this time. This collection has been arranged into Series by geographical location and then into subseries by culture group or community. Series 1: Newfoundland and Labrador: Innu, Mushuaunnuat, 1916-1935; Series 2: Quebec: Innu, Mistassini Cree, Lorette Huron, Wawenock, Mohawk, Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg, 1910-1937; Series 3: New Brunswick and Nova Scotia: Maliseet, Mi'kmaq, 1909-1917; Series 4: Ontario: Six Nations/Grand River (Naticoke, Mohawk, Cayuga, Mahican, Tutelo), Oneida Nation, 1914-1937; Series 5: Maine and New Hampshire: Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, Abenaki, 1910-1924; Series 6: Massachussets and Rhode Island: Wampanoag, Nauset, 1914-1931; Series 7: Connecticut: Mohegan, Niantic, Schaghticoke, Pequot, 1912-1931; Series 8: Delaware: Nanticoke and Rappahanock, 1911-1925; Series 9: Virginia and Maryland: Rappahanock, Chickahominy, Pamunkey, Mattaponi, Nansemond, Potomac, Accomac, Powhatan, 1915-1924; Series 10: North Carolina and South Carolina: Catawba, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1915-1930.

Many of Frank Speck's photographs are individual and family portraits of community members, many identified, posed outdoors in front of homes and community buildings. There are also landscape views as well as photographs taken during community events. There are a small amount of photographs that have now been restricted due to cultural sensitivity though for the most part Speck did not photograph culturally sensitive activities.
Arrangement:
The collection is intellectually arranged in 10 Series by geographic region and within each series by culture group. The negatives are physically arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck was born on November 8, 1881 in Brooklyn, New York. He studied under the prominent linguist John Dyneley Prince and anthropologist Franz Boas at Columbia University, receiving his BA in 1904 and MA in 1905. He received his Ph.D. in 1908 from the University of Pennsylvania. His doctoral dissertation on the ethnography of the Yuchi became a basis for an article which later appeared in the Handbook of American Indians. That same year Speck became an assistant in the University of Pennsylvania Museum and an instructor in anthropology at the University. He was made assistant professor in 1911, and professor and chairperson of the department in 1925, a position which he held until his death in 1950. Speck was the founder of the Philadelphia Anthropological Society, and was vice-president of the American Anthropological Association from 1945-46. Speck's research concentration was on the Algonkian speaking peoples. Speck studied every aspect of a culture: language, ethnobiology, technology, decorative art, myths, religion, ceremonialism, social organization, and music. Collecting material culture was also an integral part of Speck's fieldwork. His collections can be found in museums around the world, one of which is the National Museum of the American Indian. He is the author of numerous books and articles. Frank G. Speck died February 6, 1950. (A. Irving Hallowell, American Anthropologist, Vol. 53, No. 1, 1951)
Related Materials:
The Frank G. Speck Papers can be found at the American Philosophical Society (Mss.Ms.Coll.126) along with additional photographic materials by Speck.
Frank Speck published extensively in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation publications; "Indian Notes" and "Indian Notes and Monographs." These publications are avialable through the Smithsonian Institution Libraries or online on the Internet Archive.
Separated Materials:
A small amount of notes from Speck's field work can be found in the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records (NMAI.AC.001) in Box 273, Folder 18 through Box 274 Folder 2.

Close to 4000 ethnographic and archeological items were collected by Speck for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) and are now in the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) collection. For more information about these objects contact the NMAI Collections Department.
Provenance:
The majority of the negatives were gifted to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) by Frank Speck in 1927. The group of Nanticoke photographs were purchased by the MAI in 1915 and smaller amounts of photographs were gifted and purchased by the MAI between 1923 and 1942.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Maine  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Maryland  Search this
Indians of North America -- Massachusetts  Search this
Indians of North America -- Canada  Search this
Indians of North America -- Delaware  Search this
Indians of North America -- Midwest  Search this
Indians of North America -- Virginia  Search this
Indians of North America -- North Carolina  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographic prints
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank Speck photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.032
See more items in:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-032
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