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Paul Bartsch

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7418, Photograph Collection
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Photograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7418-refidd1e385

Richard S. Houbrick, 1977, 1986

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7418, Photograph Collection
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Photograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7418-refidd1e540

Catalogue of Marginellidae & Land-Shells in the Collection of John H. Redfield

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Container:
Box 71 of 74
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 73, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks, Records
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Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0073-refidd1e14650

Correspondence

Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Extent:
13 cu. ft. (13 record storage boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Date:
1920-2007
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of incoming and outgoing divisional correspondence concerning specimen identification, data exchanges, manuscripts, grant proposals, exhibits, and other activities of the Division of Mollusks.
Topic:
Mollusks  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Invertebrates  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 08-172, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks, Correspondence
Identifier:
Accession 08-172
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Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa08-172

Photograph Collection

Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Extent:
1 cu. ft. (2 document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Date:
1888-1988 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
This collection was maintained by the Division of Mollusks. It contains photographs of Division curators including William H. Dall, Paul Bartsch, Robert Edwards Carter Stearns, Charles Torrey Simpson, Harald A. Rehder, Robert Tucker Abbott, Joseph Rosewater, and Richard S. Houbrick; malacologists, invertebrate zoologists, and other scientists including Henry Hemphill, John Brooks Henderson, Jr., Charles W. Johnson, Carlos de la Torre, and James Zetek; annual meetings of the American Malacological Union, 1974-1986; the Pele Expedition, 1967; and National Museum of Natural History exhibitions.
Topic:
Invertebrates  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Malacologists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7418, Photograph Collection
Identifier:
Record Unit 7418
See more items in:
Photograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7418
Additional Online Media:

Records

Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Extent:
58.76 cu. ft. (39 record storage boxes) (9 document boxes) (26 tall document boxes) (9 microfilm reels)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Black-and-white photographs
Clippings
Books
Manuscripts
Letterpress copybooks
Date:
1851-1982 and undated
Introduction:
The Archives would like to thank the staff of the Division of Mollusks for their cooperation in transferring the records to the Archives. We especially appreciate the help of Clyde Roper, Richard Houbrick, and Michael Sweeney.
Descriptive Entry:
This collection provides comprehensive documentation of the operation and activities of the Division of Mollusks from its establishment in 1880 until 1982. A small amount of records predate the formal creation of the Division. The collection is also a major source of information on the professional careers of William H. Dall, Paul Bartsch, Charles Torrey Simpson, Robert Edwards Carter Stearns, Harald A. Rehder, Joseph P. E. Morrison, Joseph Rosewater, and Clyde F. E. Roper.

The majority of the collection consists of a large file of incoming and outgoing correspondence (Series 1) that documents all aspects of the Division's work. The correspondence provides a wealth of information for researchers interested in the history of malacology during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Many of the foremost workers in the field corresponded with the staff of the Division. Henry A. Pilsbry, William J. Clench, S. Stillman Berry, William G. Binney, Edward S. Morse, Carlos de la Torre, Addison E. Verrill, and Joshua L. Bailey are just a few of the outstanding malacologists represented by letters. The correspondence is also helpful in illustrating the early history and activities of the American Malacological Union, the development of the Smithsonian collection of mollusks, and everyday activities of the Division. Divisional correspondence is also housed in two other series. Series 2 contains letters exchanged between the Division and the Smithsonian Institution, United States National Museum, and various United States government agencies. This correspondence documents the administration of the Division by its parent organizations, as well as cooperative efforts with other government bureaus to increase and care for the national collection of mollusks. Also included are many letters relating to William H. Dall's official duties as a paleontologist with the United States Geological Survey. Series 3 consists of bound letterpress books containing copies of outgoing letters, 1885-1937.

A large series of specimen related records includes catalogues of individual collections; report books in which specimen identifications were recorded; invoices; requisitions; and log books which contain notations on everyday activities of the Division. The remainder of the collection consists of annual reports, 1884-1969, and miscellaneous administrative records.

For additional records relating to the history of the Division of Mollusks, researchers should consult the William H. Dall Papers (Record Unit 7073), the Paul Bartsch Papers (Record Unit 7089), and the Harald A. Rehder Interviews (Record Unit 9519).
Historical Note:
The origin of the mollusk collections under the care of the Smithsonian Institution predates the formal establishment of the Department of Mollusks in 1880. Collections of shells began arriving at the Institution from many of the early exploring expeditions conducted during the 1840s and 1850s. Voluntary assistance in arranging and describing the collections was provided by many eminent invertebrate zoologists including Augustus Addison Gould, Philip Pearsall Carpenter, Isaac Lea, William Greene Binney, William Stimpson, and Thomas Bland.

The Department of Mollusks was created as an administrative unit of the United States National Museum (USNM) in 1880. As a result of an administrative reorganization of the USNM in 1897, the name was changed to the Division of Mollusks. In 1914, the Division was merged with the Division of Marine Invertebrates under the latter title. In 1921, the Division of Mollusks regained independent status. At that time the coral and helminthological collections were turned over to the Division's care.

William H. Dall's association with the Smithsonian began in 1865 when he came under the influence of Spencer F. Baird while preparing for his role on the Western Union Telegraph Expedition. After he returned from Alaska in 1868, Dall was given space in the Smithsonian Building to arrange his collections and prepare his scientific reports. While Dall spent the majority of his career as a paleontologist with the United States Geological Survey, he also served as Honorary Curator of the Division of Mollusks from 1880 until his death in 1927. Dall was the author of over 1,600 scientific papers on both recent and fossil mollusks.

Paul Bartsch, an authority on West Indian land shells, was appointed Aid in 1896. He served as Assistant Curator, 1906-1916, and Curator, 1916-1946. After his retirement he was an Associate in Zoology until his death in 1960. Harald A. Rehder joined the staff in 1932 as Senior Scientific Aid. He was promoted to Assistant Curator, 1934-1942; Associate Curator, 1942-1946; Curator, 1946-1965; and Senior Zoologist, 1965-1980. Rehder specialized in the study of the marine mollusks of the Indo-Pacific region. He maintained the title of Zoologist Emeritus until his death in 1996.

Other staff members of the Division of Mollusks have included Robert Edwards Carter Stearns, Assistant Curator, 1884-1893, and Associate in Zoology, 1894-1909; Charles Torrey Simpson, Aid, 1889-1902; William B. Marshall, Aid, 1895-1896, 1903-1914, and Assistant Curator, 1914-1934; Horace G. Richards, Assistant Curator, 1932; Joseph P. E. Morrison, Senior Scientific Aid, 1934-1942, Assistant Curator, 1942-1946, and Associate Curator, 1946-1974; R. Tucker Abbott, Assistant Curator, 1946-1949, and Associate Curator, 1949-1954; Joseph Rosewater, Associate Curator, 1961-1969, and Curator, 1969-1985; Clyde F. E. Roper, Associate Curator, 1966-1972, and Curator, 1972 - ; Richard S. Houbrick, Associate Curator, 1977-1978, and Curator, 1978 - ; and Arthur H. Clarke, Associate Curator, 1977-1980.
Topic:
Mollusks  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Invertebrates  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Clippings
Books
Manuscripts
Letterpress copybooks
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 73, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 73
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0073
Additional Online Media:

Box 1

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7418, Photograph Collection
See more items in:
Photograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7418-refidd1e243

Box 2

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 08-172, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa08-172-refidd1e1054

Box 13

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 08-172, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa08-172-refidd1e10654

Box 1

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 08-172, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa08-172-refidd1e181

Box 3

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 08-172, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa08-172-refidd1e2060

Box 4

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 08-172, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa08-172-refidd1e3030

Box 5

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 08-172, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa08-172-refidd1e4097

Box 6

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 08-172, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa08-172-refidd1e4752

Box 7

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 08-172, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa08-172-refidd1e5600

Box 8

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 08-172, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa08-172-refidd1e6424

Box 9

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 08-172, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa08-172-refidd1e7236

Box 10

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 08-172, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa08-172-refidd1e8194

Box 11

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 08-172, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa08-172-refidd1e8750

Box 12

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 08-172, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mollusks, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa08-172-refidd1e9684

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