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Mary Constance Kloss collection of Acee Blue Eagle papers and artwork

Source:
Kloss, Mary Constance, 1911-2004  Search this
Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Names:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Former owner:
Kloss, Mary Constance, 1911-2004  Search this
Extent:
2.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1931-1932
undated
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains letters, photographs, and artwork received by Mary Constance Kloss from Acee Blue Eagle, as well as newspaper clippings about Blue Eagle collected by Kloss.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series: (1) Papers; and (2) Artwork.
Biographical / Historical:
Born in 1911, Mary Constance "Connie" Kloss grew up in Oklahoma as an only child. She attended the University of Oklahoma and around 1931 met Acee Blue Eagle; the two dated for a time. When Kloss's father was killed in an accident, she left college to live with her mother. Kloss married Meyer Dorf around 1971. She died in 2004.

Born Alex McIntosh in 1907, Acee Blue Eagle was a celebrated Muskogee-Creek-Pawnee-Wichita artist, dancer, and teacher. Blue Eagle attended Haskell Indian Industrial Training Institute (Now Haskell Indian Nations University) as well as the Chilocco Indian Agricultural School, graduating high school in 1928. He then entered Bacone Indian College and the University of Oklahoma, where his art took shape under Oscar B. Jacobson, director of UO's School of Art, and earned a BFA in 1932.

In 1934 Blue Eagle painted murals for the Works Progress Administration. In 1935 he lectured at Oxford, after which he helped to establish the art program at Bacone, teaching there for several years. In 1938, his work was shown at the Grand Central art galleries in New York City, which afforded him national recognition. Many exhibits followed over the years. During World War II Blue Eagle served in the Air Force. After the war, he joined the art faculty of the Oklahoma State University Technological School, a post he kept until his death. Blue Eagle died in 1959.
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds NAA.1973-51, the Acee Blue Eagle papers and artwork.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Adrienne Dorf, stepdaughter of Mary Constance Kloss, in 2019.
Identifier:
NAA.2019-22
See more items in:
Mary Constance Kloss collection of Acee Blue Eagle papers and artwork
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2019-22

Letters from Acee Blue Eagle to Mary Constance Kloss

Collection Source:
Kloss, Mary Constance, 1911-2004  Search this
Collection Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
1 Folder (7 letters)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1931
Scope and Contents:
Most letters and some envelopes have little drawings and embelleshments; one letter discusses Blue Eagle formally changing his name from Alex McIntosh to Acee Blue Eagle.
See more items in:
Mary Constance Kloss collection of Acee Blue Eagle papers and artwork
Mary Constance Kloss collection of Acee Blue Eagle papers and artwork / Series 1: Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2019-22-ref1

Photographs of Acee Blue Eagle

Collection Source:
Kloss, Mary Constance, 1911-2004  Search this
Collection Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
1 Folder (6 photographic prints)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Includes two signed studio portraits of Blue Eagle as well as several snapshots of Blue Eagle wearing dance and other regalia. Also includes Blue Eagle's calling card.
See more items in:
Mary Constance Kloss collection of Acee Blue Eagle papers and artwork
Mary Constance Kloss collection of Acee Blue Eagle papers and artwork / Series 1: Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2019-22-ref3

Newspaper clippings regarding Acee Blue Eagle

Collection Source:
Kloss, Mary Constance, 1911-2004  Search this
Collection Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
1 Folder
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1934-1946
undated
See more items in:
Mary Constance Kloss collection of Acee Blue Eagle papers and artwork
Mary Constance Kloss collection of Acee Blue Eagle papers and artwork / Series 1: Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2019-22-ref4

MS 2011-22 Letters from Acee Blue Eagle to Betty Meilink

Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
3 Letters
Culture:
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Letters
Correspondence
Date:
1952
Scope and Contents:
Letters from Acee Blue Eagle to Betty Meilink about his travels and activities.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2011-22
Other Archival Materials:
See also Acee Blue Eagle Papers
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Creek (Muskogee)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Citation:
Manuscript 2011-20, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.MS2011-22
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2011-22

Acee Blue Eagle papers

Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Names:
Abbott, Mae  Search this
Beaver, Fred  Search this
Bosin, Blackbear, 1921-1980  Search this
Campbell, Walter S.  Search this
Dale, Edward E.  Search this
Debo, Angie, 1890-1988  Search this
Dja, Devi  Search this
Echohawk, Brummett T., 1922-2006  Search this
Fairbanks, Charles H. (Charles Herron), 1913-1985  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Field, Dorothy  Search this
Gilcrease, Thomas, 1890-1962  Search this
Houser, Allan, 1914-1994  Search this
Howe, Oscar, 1915-1983  Search this
Jackson, Oscar B.  Search this
Lemos, Pedro de  Search this
Marriott, Alice  Search this
Martinez, Julian, -1943  Search this
Martínez, María Montoya  Search this
McCombs, Solomon, 1913-1980 (Creek)  Search this
Medicine Crow, Joseph, 1913-2016  Search this
Mirabel, Eva  Search this
Momaday, Al  Search this
Pond, Charles E.  Search this
Rowan, Edward B.  Search this
Shears, Glen E.  Search this
Sheets, Nan  Search this
Steinke, Bettina, 1913-1999  Search this
Sunrise, Riley  Search this
Te Ata  Search this
Whitehorse, Roland Noah, 1920-1998  Search this
Extent:
673 paintings (visual works) (approximate)
30 Linear feet (55 document boxes and 8 oversize boxes)
Culture:
Creek Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Paintings (visual works)
Date:
1907 - 1975
Summary:
Acee Blue Eagle was a Pawnee-Creek artist, poet, dancer, teacher, and celebrity. The papers relate to both Blue Eagle's personal and professional life. Also included are some materials of Blue Eagle's friend Mae Abbott and a collection of art by other Indians.
Scope and Contents:
This collection reflects the life and work of Acee Blue Eagle, internationally famed Indian artist of Oklahoma. Identified for his brilliant paintings of tribal ceremonies, legend and dance, Blue Eagle's work is represented in numerous private collections and museums both in this country and abroad.

A portion of the papers contains correspondence. Fan mail written by school children to Chief Blue Eagle of the Chief Blue Eagle television program is included. Letters regarding Blue Eagle's participation in Indian festivals and events, art shows and exhibitions, speaking engagements on Indian life and culture are found in the collection. Personal correspondence is included; most frequent correspondents are Devi Dja, Mae Abbott, and Charles E. Pond. There are approximately 100 letters from Devi Dja, approximately 90 to or from Mae Abbott, and approximately 36 from Charles E. Pond. Some letters addressed to these individuals from other friends and acquaintances are also within this collection.

Photographs comprise a large portion of the Blue Eagle collection. Included are not only portraits of the artist himself and photographs of his art work, but a large number of prints of Blue Eagle in full costume and other Indians engaged in tribal ceremonies, identified by tribe, whenever possible. Photographs of Mae Abbott, Devi Dja and the latter's Balinese dance troupe are identified. A file of negatives is arranged in the same subject order as the prints. Newspaper and magazine clippings regarding Blue Eagle's work and activities are also included in the collection. These clippings have not been arranged. In addition, Mae Abbott's recipes and notes for her cookbook, wood blocks, greeting cards and other miscellaneous publications can be found in the collection. These items have been sorted but not arranged.

Within the collection are also over 600 pieces of artwork. A good number are by Blue Eagle while most are by other Native artists. Artists whose are work are represented in the collection include Fred Beaver, Harrison Begay, Archie Blackowl, Woodrow Crumbo, Allan Houser, Ruthe Blalock Jones, Quicy Tahoma, Pablita Verde, and members of the Kiowa Five (Spencer Asah, James Auchiah, Stephen Mopope, Monroe Tsatoke).
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged into six series: 1) Personal; 2) Collections; 3) Artwork; 4) Television; 5) Correspondence; 6) Photographs.
Biographical / Historical:
Acee Blue Eagle was an artist, poet, dancer, teacher, and celebrity. Born Alex C. McIntosh in 1907, Blue Eagle attended Indian schools in Anadarko, Nuyaka, and Euchee, Oklahoma, and the Haskell and Chilocco Indian schools. Advanced study came at Bacone Indian College and the University of Oklahoma. At the latter, he studied with Oscar B. Jacobson. Privately he studied with Winold Reiss. Discrepancies exist in the records regarding his early life: born in either Anadarko or Hitchita, Oklahoma; he's cited as both Pawnee-Creek and 5/8 Creek without any Pawnee blood; his mother is either Mattie Odom, the first wife of Solomon McIntosh or Ella Starr, McIntosh's second wife.

A prolific painter who, for the sake of authenticity, carried out research in libraries and museums, Blue Eagle was an outstanding American Indian artist of the 1930s-1950s. His paintings hung in many exhibits, including the Exposition of Indian Tribal Arts, 1932-1933; International Art Exhibition of Sport Subjects at Los Angeles, 1932; Chicago Century of Progress Exposition, 1934; a one-man show at the Young Galleries in Chicago; National Exhibition of Art at the Rockefeller Center in New York, 1936; a one-man show at the Washington, D.C., Arts Club, 1936; Museum of Modern Art, 1941; Northwest Art Exhibition at Spokane, Washington, 1944; a one-man show at the Gilcrease Institute in Tulsa, Oklahoma, 1953; An Exposition of American Indian Painters in New York, 1955; and a one-man show at the Philbrook Art Center in Tulsa, 1957. Between 1946 and 1965, over fifty galleries hung his paintings. Some pieces are among the permanent holdings of many institutions.

In 1934, Blue Eagle joined the Work Projects Administration (WPA) Public Works of Art Project, painting murals in public buildings. In 1935 at Oxford University, he participated in a program of the International Federation of Education and lectured on Indian art. A tour of Europe followed. He taught at Bacone Indian College from 1935-1938 where he founded the art program and became Director of Art. He also taught at the University of Kansas extension division in 1949 and Oklahoma State Technical College beginning in 1956. During World War II, he served in the United States Army Air Force; and, following the war, he spent a few years attempting to get into the movies. During 1946-1952, he was married to his second wife, a famous Balinese dancer, Devi Dja, and became involved in her career, an involvement that was briefly reflected in his art. However, Dja and Blue Eagle divorced and Blue Eagle lived with Mae Wadley Abbott for the last years of his life. During the 1950s, he had a television show for children on a Tulsa-Muskogee station. Acee Blue Eagle died on June 18, 1959 of a liver infection.

Sources Consulted

Martindale, Rob. Muskogee Paying Tribute to Blue Eagle. Biographical/Genealogical data, Box 1, Acee Blue Eagle Collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

West, Juanita W. 1967. Acee Blue Eagle: A.C. McIntosh. Biographical/Genealogical data, Box 1, Acee Blue Eagle Collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

1907 -- Born August 17, 1907 on the Wichita Reservation, north of Anadarko, Oklahoma

1928 -- Graduated Chilocco High School

1929-1934 -- Attended Bacone College, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma State Tech

1935 -- Toured United States and Europe giving lecture-exhibition program, "Life and Character of the American Indian"

1935-1938 -- Established and headed art department at Bacone College at Muskogee

1936 -- Exhibited at the National Exhibition of Art, Rockefeller Center, New York

1942-1945 -- World War II, U.S. Air Force (Army)

1947-49 -- Free-lance work in New York and Chicago

1951-52 -- Artist-in-residence at Oklahoma Tech

1950-54 -- Conducted TV program, Muskogee, OklahomaToured U.S. West Coast exhibiting and lecturing about ways to improve TV programs for children

1958 -- Named Indian-of-the-Year by the American Indian Expostion at Anadarko, Oklahoma

1959 -- Died June 18, 1959
Related Materials:
Other materials relating to Acee Blue Eagle at the National Anthropological Archives include correspondence in the Solomon McCombs papers, 1914-1972, and correspondence with Betty Meilink under Manuscript 2011-20.
Provenance:
Acee Blue Eagle's private papers and collection of paintings were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Mrs. Mae Abbott of Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on access.
Rights:
Literary property rights to unpublished material in the collection in the National Anthropological Archives has been given to the public.
Topic:
Indian art -- North America  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Citation:
Acee Blue Eagle Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1973-51
See more items in:
Acee Blue Eagle papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1973-51
Additional Online Media:

Papers

Collection Source:
Kloss, Mary Constance, 1911-2004  Search this
Collection Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1931-1946
undated
Scope and Contents:
The papers series contains a small amount of material including letters from Blue Eagle to Kloss, photographs of Blue Eagle, and newspaper clippings.
Identifier:
NAA.2019-22, Series 1
See more items in:
Mary Constance Kloss collection of Acee Blue Eagle papers and artwork
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2019-22-ref2

Artwork

Collection Source:
Kloss, Mary Constance, 1911-2004  Search this
Collection Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
2.25 Linear feet
7 Drawings
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
1932
undated
Scope and Contents:
The artwork series consists of six small ink drawings and one painting. The drawings are small vignettes or cartoons of people and are all signed Alex McIntosh. The painting depicts a Native American man making smoke signals, and is signed Acee Blue Eagle and dated 1932.
Identifier:
NAA.2019-22, Series 2
See more items in:
Mary Constance Kloss collection of Acee Blue Eagle papers and artwork
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2019-22-ref5

All American Indian Days, Sheridan, Wyoming

Collection Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
2 Folders
Container:
Box 51
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1954
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Literary property rights to unpublished material in the collection in the National Anthropological Archives has been given to the public.
Collection Citation:
Acee Blue Eagle Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Acee Blue Eagle papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1973-51-ref1010

Native American Cultural Events

Collection Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
3 Folders
Container:
Box 52
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Literary property rights to unpublished material in the collection in the National Anthropological Archives has been given to the public.
Collection Citation:
Acee Blue Eagle Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Acee Blue Eagle papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1973-51-ref1012

Financial Papers and Receipts

Collection Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
2 Folders
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Literary property rights to unpublished material in the collection in the National Anthropological Archives has been given to the public.
Collection Citation:
Acee Blue Eagle Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Acee Blue Eagle papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1973-51-ref123

Devi Dja

Collection Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
3 Folders
Container:
Box 7
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Contains Devi Dja's professional engagements in the US, as well as an annotated Biographical sketch and notes for a television interview
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Literary property rights to unpublished material in the collection in the National Anthropological Archives has been given to the public.
Collection Citation:
Acee Blue Eagle Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Acee Blue Eagle papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1973-51-ref231

Mae Abbott's Cookbook

Collection Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
3 Folders
Container:
Box 8
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Documentation, draft, and final copies.
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Literary property rights to unpublished material in the collection in the National Anthropological Archives has been given to the public.
Collection Citation:
Acee Blue Eagle Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Acee Blue Eagle papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1973-51-ref233

Collections

Collection Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
8 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1923-1960
Scope and Contents:
This series contains an assortment of Acee Blue Eagle's personal collections. His interest in different art mediums and Native American culture can be seen throughout his collections.

SUBSERIES: NATIVE AMERICAN This subseries consists of Acee Blue Eagle's collection of Native American materials, including newspaper and magazine clippings on Native American topics; Native American magazines and serial publications; and books published by Native American. See also Series 3. Artwork, Subseries: Other for Blue Eagle's collection of Native American artwork.

SUBSERIES: BOOKS This subseries includes Acee Blue Eagle's book collection, specifically children's books, coffee table books, art books, and miscellaneous books. See also Series 2. Collections, Subseries: Native American for Acee Blue Eagle's collection of Native American books.

SUBSERIES: NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS Arranged chronologically and by subject.

SUBSERIES: OTHER PRINTED MATERIALS This subseries includes collections of GI cartoons, postcards, and greeting cards.
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Literary property rights to unpublished material in the collection in the National Anthropological Archives has been given to the public.
Collection Citation:
Acee Blue Eagle Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1973-51, Series 2
See more items in:
Acee Blue Eagle papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1973-51-ref235

Fort Berthold Agency News Bulletin

Collection Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
3 Folders
Container:
Box 10
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Literary property rights to unpublished material in the collection in the National Anthropological Archives has been given to the public.
Collection Citation:
Acee Blue Eagle Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Acee Blue Eagle papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1973-51-ref282

Fan mail

Collection Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
2 Folders
Container:
Box 40
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Literary property rights to unpublished material in the collection in the National Anthropological Archives has been given to the public.
Collection Citation:
Acee Blue Eagle Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Acee Blue Eagle papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1973-51-ref3014

Photographs of All American Indian Days, Sheridan, Wyoming

Collection Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
2 Folders
Container:
Box 56
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1954 - 1954
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Literary property rights to unpublished material in the collection in the National Anthropological Archives has been given to the public.
Collection Citation:
Acee Blue Eagle Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Acee Blue Eagle papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1973-51-ref3017

G.I. Cartoons

Collection Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
2 Folders
Container:
Box 23
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Literary property rights to unpublished material in the collection in the National Anthropological Archives has been given to the public.
Collection Citation:
Acee Blue Eagle Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Acee Blue Eagle papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1973-51-ref575

American Indian Themes

Collection Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
2 Folders
Container:
Box 26
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Literary property rights to unpublished material in the collection in the National Anthropological Archives has been given to the public.
Collection Citation:
Acee Blue Eagle Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Acee Blue Eagle papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1973-51-ref640

Unarranged

Collection Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Extent:
3 Folders
Container:
Box 26
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Literary property rights to unpublished material in the collection in the National Anthropological Archives has been given to the public.
Collection Citation:
Acee Blue Eagle Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Acee Blue Eagle papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1973-51-ref641

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