This collection is comprised of field notes and original specimen bags from the Hudson-Meng Paleo-Indian site near Crawford, Sioux County, Nebraska. The site, on lands owned by Nebraska State Forest, was excavated between 1971 and 1977 under USDA permit by Chadron State College. The field notes are associated with a collection of approximately 2,500 lithic artifacts and faunal remains held by the Department of Anthropology.
Biographical / Historical:
The Hudson-Meng site is located in the Oglala National Grassland near Crawford, Nebraska. The remains of hundreds of bison were first exposed in the 1950s during the construction of a pond by local rancher Albert Meng. The site was first excavated by Larry Agenbroad of Chadron State College from 1971-1977. Agenbroad's investigations discovered the remains of some 120-125 bison directly associated with Paleoindian-aged Alberta projectile points. The bonebed was dated to about 9,820 Radiocarbon Years Before the Present (RCYBP) and was the first Alberta site to ever be directly dated. Later excavations were conducted by researchers from the University of Wyoming, Colorado State University and St. Cloud State University. In 1997 an enclosure was completed over a central portion of the bonebed and each summer, the site is open to the public for interpretive tours.
NAA MS 1992-12
Other Archival Materials:
The Department of Anthropology of the National Museum of Natural History holds 2,500 lithic artifacts and faunal remains from the Hudson-Meng site. Please see catalog numbers 533,627-534,821 and accession number 361,218.
Manuscript 1992-12, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
For comments and corrections on this set of drawings (especially those published in George Phebus' book) cf. National Anthropological Archives Correspondence File, June, 1976; Arthur O. Roberts letter of April 2, 1976 to W. Sturtevant forwarded to National Anthropological Archives, June 1976.
Graphite, ink, crayon and watercolor on paper.
Found summer, 1967 in Smithsonian Institution Department of Anthropology storage; transmitted to National Anthropological Archives by George Phebus, Processing Lab, February, 1972. (Catalog Number 260,447, Accession Number 51,115, transferred from U. S. Department of Interior, Bureau of Education, January 27, 1910.)
Photographs collected by Marjorie Meriweather Post relating to American Indians. They include images of Post's home at Camp Topridge, Geronimo, Buffalo Bill Cody, Indian chiefs and US officials at Pine Ridge in 1891, and Princess Angeline. Additionally, there are lithographs of Caa-tou-see and Shin-Ga-Ba-Wossinis, and a B. Picart engraving of American Indians circling a burial mound and a newspaper clipping ("Out of Human Skin") in a squirrel pelt frame.
Marjorie Meriweather Post (1887-1973) was a Washington, D.C., businesswoman, philanthropist, and collector of decorative art objects. Her father Charles W. Post was the owner of Postup Cereal Company, later General Foods Corporation. In 1973, Marjorie Post's philanthropy earned her the first ever James Smithson Society Medal, the Smithsonian Institution's highest benefactor award. After her death, Post willed her Hillwood estate to the Smithsonian along with her American Indian artifact collection at Camp Topridge.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 75-46
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds the Marjorie Merriweather Post papers (MS 7278).
The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds the records of Post's Hillwood Estate, 1960-1976 (SIA RS00740).
Related Archival Materials note:
Timeche, Bruce Hahai-I Wuhti (Pour Water Woman/Kachina Mother/Kachina Grandmother) Wearing Mask and in Costume and Holding Basket Tray 1957 AAH5661NA (GEAC)00098249 USNM ACC 75046
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Photo lot 75-46, Marjorie Meriweather Post photograph collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America Search this
Scope and Contents:
With scattered Manuscript annotations by William L. Paul.
Biographical / Historical:
Mr Paul, a Seattle attorney, was in Washington and testified before the Insular Affairs Committee on July 13, 1968; he left the volume with Dr Washburn at that time. Mr Paul's mother was a Tlingit and he was brought up in Ketchikan, Alaska. He was in his eighties in 1968.
Supplement to The Peoples Herald, December 3, 1903. Miscellaneous information including some concerning Mary Means, the widow of Moses Keokuk; some of Keokuk's descendants; Henry C. Jones, including William Jones, the ethnologist.
Also includes typed letter to Editor of Science, June 7, 1887, on the subject "Do the enactments of the legislative bodies of this country tend toward justice or injustice ?" 13 pages. Letter from Alexander Graham Bell to Professor W. J. McGee, which accompanied a letter sent by Mr Bell to Secretary Langley regarding the death of Major Powell; the letter dated September 27, 1902.
Includes the following: 1. Article on the Seven Ancient Cities on the cliffs of Arizona, in Major Powell's handwriting (incomplete). 10 pages. 2. Notes on method of dealing with the Indian (incomplete)- 7 pages in Major Powell's handwriting. 3. Notes on Pueblos, their customs, industries, etc. Very blurred letter-press copy, handwritten, no date. 6 pages. 4. Historical notes on the villages of the Southwest. 8 pages. Major Powell's handwriting ? 5. Copy of letter (typewritten) to Hon. H. M. Teller, U. S. Senate, dated February 1880, embodying a report on the Uinta Reservation of Utah Territory. 7 pages. Also carbon copy, incomplete. Same as Ute # 3751; removed to this file. 6. Notes on social organization in general. 14 pages. 7. Bibliographical notes on the Hopi (Shinumo), Zuni, Keres, and Tewan. 7 pages. 8. Testimony of Major Powell before Comm. on Indian Affairs January 13, 1874 ? (incomplete) 57 pages. 9. Paper read before the Philosophical Society, Washington, D. C. 1874. (late in April or early in May). 22 pages.
NAA MS 4024-g
Examined by Don Fowler, 1/68.
The following item 5 Copy of letter to Hon. H. M. Teller is restricted; needs repair, 1954. MCB.