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Sterling Drug, Inc. Records

Creator:
Sterling Drug, Inc.  Search this
Winthrop Chemical Company  Search this
Bayer Company  Search this
Donor:
History Factory (Chantilly, Virginia)  Search this
History Factory (Chantilly, Virginia)  Search this
Names:
Eastman Kodak Co.  Search this
Extent:
120 Cubic feet (261 boxes, 16 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Brochures
Advertisements
Manuals
Catalogs
Price lists
Financial records
Photographs
Press releases
Newsletters
Clippings
Date:
1867-1993
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains domestic and foreign advertising for both pharmaceutical and consumer health care products; sales and marketing materials for pharmaceuticals aimed at physicians, such as brochures, package inserts, reports, catalogs, price lists, manuals; the company's business and administrative papers, including annual reports, news releases, clippings, newsletters and publications, financial and corporate files, histories, and photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into four series. In most instances, original folder titles were retained. In circumstances where there was no folder title, the processing archivist created one derived from the nature of the materials. The contents of some folders were combined.

Series 1: Products, 1946-1948

Series 2: Advertising, 1902-1984

Series 3: Sales and Marketing, 1881-1979

Series 4: Corporate, 1896-1993
Historical:
Sterling Drug was founded in Wheeling, West Virginia in 1901 by two childhood friends, William E. Weiss and Albert H. Diebold, to manufacture and sell a pain-relieving preparation called "Neuralgine." The company's original name was Neuralgyline. Within a few years, Weiss and Diebold realized that expansion required more product lines and that this would be best obtained by acquisition. This policy continued throughout the life of the organization. At least 130 companies were acquired directly or indirectly between 1902 and 1986. In 1913, Weiss and Diebold established intangible assets (trademarks, patents, and copyrights) and tangible assets (offices and plants). By 1914, the company set-up proprietary agencies for overseas trading. Weiss and Diebold changed the name of the company in 1917 from Neuralgyline, which was difficult to say, to Sterling Products.

Sterling Products benefited from World War I. Because supplies of drugs from Germany were cutoff by the Allied blockade, they established the Winthrop Company to manufacture the active ingredients. After the war, Sterling acquired the American Bayer Company in December 1918. They established a separate subsidiary, the Bayer Company, to market Bayer Aspirin. During the 1930s, Winthrop made Sterling a leader in the pharmaceutical field with such renowned products as Luminal, the original phenobarbitol; Salvarsan and Neo-Salvarsan, the first effective drugs in the treatment of syphilis; Prontosil, the first of the sulfa drugs; and Atabrine, the synthetic antimalarial that replaced quinine during World War II. The company expanded overseas in 1938, and eventually operated about seventy plants in about forty countries. Sterling was especially profitable in Latin America. By 1942, the use of Sterling Products as a name was confusing and could not be licensed to conduct business in some states. Therefore, the company namechanged to Sterling Drug, Inc.

In 1988, in order to avoid a hostile takeover by Hofmann-LaRoche, Sterling became a division of Eastman Kodak and remained one until 1994 when Kodak disposed of its health-related businesses. This left Sterling broken up with Sanofi purchasing Sterling's ethical business; Nycomed of Norway purchasing the diagnostic imaging; and SmithKline Beecham purchasing the worldwide over-the counter pharmaceutical business.

Source

Collins, Joseph C. and John R. Gwilt. "The Life Cycle of Sterling Drug, Inc." Bulletin for the History of Chemistry, Volume 25, Number 1, 2000.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

NW Ayer and Sons Incorporated Advertising Agency Records (AC0059)

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series: Patent Medicines (NMAH.AC.0060)

Parke-Davis Company Records (NMAH.AC.0001)

Norwich Eaton Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Records (NMAH.AC.0329)

Syntex Collection of Pharmaceutical Advertisements (NMAH.AC.0821)

Garfield & Company Records (NMAH.AC.0820)

Materials at the National Museum of American History

Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collection

Division of Medicine and Science holds artifacts related to Sterling Drug, Inc. that include a banner, flag, product packaging, memorabilia, a colander, and a soap dispenser. See accessions 2001.0314, 2004.0129, and 2018.5001.
Provenance:
Collection donated to the Archives Center by the History Factory through Bruce Weindruch (President and CEO), in 2001.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research, but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Antibiotics  Search this
Anesthesia  Search this
advertising  Search this
Analgesics  Search this
Barbiturates  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Pharmaceutical industry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records -- 20th century
Brochures
Advertisements -- 20th century
Manuals
Catalogs
Price lists
Financial records
Photographs -- 20th century
Press releases
Newsletters -- 20th century
Clippings
Citation:
Sterling Drug, Inc. Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0772
See more items in:
Sterling Drug, Inc. Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0772
Additional Online Media:

Monkey, Able

Materials:
Preserved Rhesus Monkey
Dimensions:
3-D: 12.7 x 35.6cm (5 x 14 in.)
Type:
EQUIPMENT-Experiment Specimen
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from the Army Ballistic Missile Agency
Inventory Number:
A19840869000
Restrictions & Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19840869000
Additional Online Media:

The veterinary technician's pocket partner Marisa Bauer

Author:
Bauer, Marisa  Search this
Physical description:
xxviii, 452 pages color illustrations 18 cm
Type:
Handbooks, manuals, etc
Handbooks and manuals
Date:
2010
Topic:
Veterinary medicine  Search this
Animal health technicians  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1110212

United States Navy Galapagos Expedition, 1941 : miscellaneous notes (1 of 3)

Collection name:
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers, 1907-1978
Physical Description:
1 field book
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 101
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Place:
Colón, Archipiélago de
Ecuador
Date Range:
1941
Start Date:
1941
End Date:
1941
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007231
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers, 1907-1978
See more records associated with this person:
Schmitt, Waldo L. (Waldo Lasalle), 1887-1977
See more records associated with this expedition:
United States Navy Galapagos Expedition (1941-1942)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI1497
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Additional Online Media:

Laparoscopy in zoological medicine

Author:
Bush, R. Mitchell  Search this
Wildt, David E.  Search this
Seager, S. W.  Search this
Kennedy, S.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1978
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Animals  Search this
Veterinary medicine  Search this
Animal health  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_92439

The art and science of giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) immobilization/anesthesia

Author:
Raath, J. P.  Search this
Bush, R. Mitchell  Search this
Grobler, Douw  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2002
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Animals  Search this
Veterinary medicine  Search this
Animal health  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_93472

Anesthesia in female white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) using Telazol and Xylazine

Author:
Bush, R. Mitchell  Search this
Ware, Lisa H.  Search this
Monfort, Steven L.  Search this
McShea, William J.  Search this
Murray, Suzan  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2000
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Animals  Search this
Veterinary medicine  Search this
Animal health  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_69343

Reversible Anesthesia of Captive California Sea Lions (Zalophus californianus) with Medetomidine, Midazolam, Butorphanol, and Isoflurane

Author:
Spelman, Lucy H.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2004
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Animals  Search this
Veterinary medicine  Search this
Animal health  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_70196

Anesthesia of Boma-captured Lichtenstein's Hartebeest (Sigmoceros lichtensteinii) with a Combination of Thiafentanil, Medetomidine, and Ketamine

Author:
Lance, W.  Search this
Bush, R. Mitchell  Search this
Grobler, Douw  Search this
Citino, Scott B.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2002
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Animals  Search this
Veterinary medicine  Search this
Animal health  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_67967

Negative Log Book Number 3, (72-1 to 72-11410)

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Archives Smithsonian Photographic Services  Search this
Physical description:
Ink on paper
Type:
Logs (records)
Date:
1972
Topic:
Photography--History  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 10-001 [SIA_10-001_NLB03]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_367100
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Negative Log Book Number 3, (72-1 to 72-11410) digital asset number 1

Negative Log Book Number 18, (86-5143 to 88-15270)

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Archives Smithsonian Photographic Services  Search this
Physical description:
Ink on paper
Type:
Logs (records)
Collection descriptions
Date:
1986
1986-1988
Topic:
Photography--History  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 10-001 [SIA_10-001_NLB18]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_367115
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  • View Negative Log Book Number 18, (86-5143 to 88-15270) digital asset number 1

Emmett Bryan Carmichael (1895-1985)

Subject:
Carmichael, Emmett B (Emmett Bryan) 1895-  Search this
University of Alabama  Search this
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Topic:
Biochemistry  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-0354]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_290827

Exhibition Records, 1983

Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Department of Exhibits  Search this
Subject:
Pain and Its Relief (Exhibition) (1983: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Physical description:
1 oversize folder
Type:
Posters
Collection descriptions
Date:
1983
Topic:
Analgesia--Exhibitions  Search this
Anesthesia--History--Exhibitions  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 08-054
See more items in:
Exhibition Records 1955-1994 [National Museum of American History (U.S.) Office of Exhibits, Audiovisual, and Services]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_275864

facemask, anesthesia

Measurements:
overall: 5 3/16 in x 2 3/4 in x 4 in; 13.208 cm x 6.985 cm x 10.16 cm
Object Name:
facemask, anesthesia
Credit Line:
Gift of the S. S. White Dental Manufacturing Company
ID Number:
MG.M-09484
Catalog number:
M-09484
Accession number:
232230
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1405356

Flagg's ether inhaler

User:
Flagg, John Foster Brewster  Search this
Physical Description:
glass; natural sponge; wood; paper; ink; grass; horn; metal; textile (overall material)
Measurements:
overall, inhaler: 10 1/4 in x 14 in x 12 in; 26.035 cm x 35.56 cm x 30.48 cm
overall, breathing tube, coiled: 2 in x 8 5/8 in x 16 in; 5.08 cm x 21.9075 cm x 40.64 cm
overall: 11 in x 12 1/2 in x 12 in; 27.94 cm x 31.75 cm x 30.48 cm
tube: 2 in x 2 1/2 in x 33 in; 5.08 cm x 6.35 cm x 83.82 cm
Object Name:
Inhaler, Ether
ether inhaler
inhaler, anesthesia
Date made:
about 1846
Credit Line:
Gift of University of Pennsylvania School of Dentistry
ID Number:
MG.M-09244
Catalog number:
M-09244
Accession number:
218383
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_723559
Additional Online Media:

anesthesia inhaler

Measurements:
overall: 3 1/2 in x 6 1/4 in x 6 in; 8.89 cm x 15.875 cm x 15.24 cm
Object Name:
anesthesia inhaler
Credit Line:
Gift of the S. S. White Dental Manufacturing Company
ID Number:
MG.M-09487
Catalog number:
M-09487
Accession number:
232230
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_735171

Simplex No. 1

Measurements:
overall: 4 1/2 in x 6 19/32 in x 3 29/32 in; 11.43 cm x 16.764 cm x 9.906 cm
Object Name:
anesthesia inhaler
Date made:
ca 1890
Credit Line:
Gift of the S. S. White Dental Manufacturing Company
ID Number:
MG.M-09485
Catalog number:
M-09485
Accession number:
232230
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_735176

Esmarch's Chloroform Bottle

Physical Description:
glass (bottle material)
cork (stopper material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 1/2 in x 5 1/2 in x 2 7/8 in; 3.81 cm x 13.97 cm x 7.3025 cm
Object Name:
anesthesia
chloroform, drop bottle
Credit Line:
Gift of Eleanor P. Custis
ID Number:
MG.M-07845
Catalog number:
M-07845
Accession number:
223292
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_735163

Polyclinic Never-Leaking Ether Bottle

Physical Description:
glass (overall material)
rubber (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 7/8 in x 9 in x 3 1/8 in; 4.7625 cm x 22.86 cm x 7.9375 cm
Object Name:
Bottle, Ether
drop bottle, anesthesia
anesthesia
ether
Date made:
ca 1890s
Credit Line:
Gift of Eleanor P. Custis
ID Number:
MG.M-07846
Catalog number:
M-07846
Accession number:
223292
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_735178

inhaler, anesthesia

Measurements:
overall: 3 1/2 in x 5 3/4 in x 3 1/2 in; 8.89 cm x 14.605 cm x 8.89 cm
Object Name:
Inhaler, Anesthesia
Credit Line:
W. Harry Archer, D.D.S.
ID Number:
MG.M-07110
Catalog number:
M-07110
Accession number:
218892
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_727798

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