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Preparatory Drawing for "American Airlines to New York" Poster

Designer:
Edward McKnight Kauffer, American, active England, 1890–1954  Search this
Client:
American Airlines, Fort Worth, Texas, USA  Search this
Type:
graphic design
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Made in:
USA
Place depicted:
New York City, New York
Date:
ca. 1948
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. E. McKnight Kauffer
Accession Number:
1963-39-161
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1963-39-161

Design for "American Airlines, Sweden"

Designer:
E. McKnight Kauffer, American, 1890–1954  Search this
Client:
American Airlines, Fort Worth, Texas, USA  Search this
Medium:
Brush and gouache, pen and ink, graphite, collage on paper
Type:
graphic design
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Made in:
USA
Date:
ca. 1950
Accession Number:
1991-22-2
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1991-22-2
Additional Online Media:

Design for "American Airlines, Paris"

Designer:
E. McKnight Kauffer, American, 1890–1954  Search this
Client:
American Airlines, Fort Worth, Texas, USA  Search this
Medium:
Brush and gouache, collaged photograph, graphite on paper
Type:
graphic design
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Made in:
New York, New York, United States
Date:
ca. 1950
Accession Number:
1991-22-3
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1991-22-3
Additional Online Media:

Design for "Round the World Fly With Pan American"

Designer:
E. McKnight Kauffer, American, 1890–1954  Search this
Client:
Pan American World Airways, New York, New York, USA  Search this
Medium:
Brush and gouache on board
Type:
graphic design
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Date:
ca. 1950
Accession Number:
1991-22-5
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1991-22-5
Additional Online Media:

Paris

Designer:
E. McKnight Kauffer, American, 1890–1954  Search this
Client:
American Airlines, Fort Worth, Texas, USA  Search this
Medium:
Offset lithograph on paper, lined
Type:
graphic design
Poster
Object Name:
Poster
Made in:
USA
Place depicted:
Paris
Date:
1950
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. E. McKnight Kauffer
Accession Number:
1963-39-141
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1963-39-141
Additional Online Media:

Design for "Chicago"

Designer:
E. McKnight Kauffer, American, 1890–1954  Search this
Client:
American Airlines, Fort Worth, Texas, USA  Search this
Medium:
Brush and gouache on paper, mounted on thick white paper
Type:
graphic design
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Made in:
USA
Place depicted:
Chicago
Date:
ca. 1948
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. E. McKnight Kauffer
Accession Number:
1963-39-162
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1963-39-162
Additional Online Media:

Paris

Designer:
E. McKnight Kauffer, American, 1890–1954  Search this
Client:
American Airlines, Fort Worth, Texas, USA  Search this
Medium:
Offset lithograph on paper, mounted on board
Type:
graphic design
Print
Object Name:
Print
Made in:
USA
Place depicted:
Paris, France
Date:
ca. 1948
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. E. McKnight Kauffer
Accession Number:
1963-39-164-d
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1963-39-164-d
Additional Online Media:

American Airlines to Ireland

Designer:
E. McKnight Kauffer, American, 1890–1954  Search this
Client:
American Airlines, Fort Worth, Texas, USA  Search this
Medium:
Offset lithograph on paper, mounted on board
Type:
graphic design
Print
Object Name:
Print
Made in:
USA
Place depicted:
Ireland
Date:
ca. 1948
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. E. McKnight Kauffer
Accession Number:
1963-39-164-j
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1963-39-164-j
Additional Online Media:

Studies for Various Campaigns

Designer:
E. McKnight Kauffer, American, 1890–1954  Search this
Medium:
Graphite on tracing paper
Type:
graphic design
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Made in:
New York, New York, United States
Date:
ca. 1948
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. E. McKnight Kauffer
Accession Number:
1963-39-615
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1963-39-615
Additional Online Media:

Study for "American Airlines to Europe"

Designer:
E. McKnight Kauffer, American, 1890–1954  Search this
Client:
American Airlines, Fort Worth, Texas, USA  Search this
Medium:
Brush and blue, black gouache, graphite on tracing paper
Type:
graphic design
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Made in:
USA
Date:
ca. 1948
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. E. McKnight Kauffer
Accession Number:
1963-39-617
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1963-39-617
Additional Online Media:

Lee Ya-Ching Papers

Creator:
Ya-Ching, Lee  Search this
Extent:
11.9 Cubic feet (22 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scripts (documents)
Photographs
Maps
Scrapbooks
Date:
1938-1970
Summary:
This collection consists of 11.9 cubic feet of material chronicling Lee Ya-Ching's role as a pilot trying to raise funds for China during World War II. The collection contains the following types of material: correspondence, both official and personal; maps; publications; newspapers; invitation; programs from events; lecture notes; scripts from radio shows; photographs, both official and snapshots; trip schedules and agendas; address books; scrapbooks; and official paperwork and licenses.
Scope and Content note:
This collection consists of 11.9 cubic feet of material chronicling Lee Ya-Ching's role as a pilot trying to raise funds for China during World War II. The collection contains the following types of material: correspondence, both official and personal; maps; publications; newspapers; invitations; programs from events; lecture notes; scripts from radio shows; photographs, both official and snapshots; trip schedules and agendas; address books; scrapbooks; and official paperwork and licenses.
Arrangement:
This collection of materials listed in the finding aid is arranged into two series, Ms Lee's personal papers and her professional papers. Within each series, items are arranged by material type then chronologically. No attempt was made to translate foreign language material in the collection.
Biographical/Historical note:
Lee Ya-Ching was born in Canton, China in 1912. As an only child who lost her mother at a young age, Ya-Ching was raised by her father and grandmother. Under her father's guidance she learned many skills, including martial arts, some previously restricted to male children. Ya-Ching attended English schools in Hong Kong and Shanghai and at the age of 16 was sent to London to attend finishing school.

In 1929 at the age of 17, Ya-Ching went to Geneva, Switzerland. It is there that she took her first ride in an airplane and vowed to learn how to fly. She enrolled in Ecole Aero Club de Suisse and, in 1934, became the first woman to receive a pilot's license from the school. Determined to continue her education, Ya-Ching went to the United States and attended the Boeing School of Aeronautics in Oakland, California in 1935. In November of that year she became the first woman licensed through the Boeing School. Upon completion of her training at the Boeing school Ya-Ching returned to China and began campaigning for a Chinese pilot's license, eventually obtaining the license in 1936. Seeing a need to train new pilots, Ya-Ching and some fellow pilots opened a civilian flying school in Shanghai in 1936.

When Japan invaded China in 1937, Ya-Ching volunteered to fly for her country, but was refused. Undeterred, she served her country by establishing hospitals. Leaving Shanghai for Hong Kong just before the city fell, she was finally given the opportunity to fly for China by piloting Red Cross planes ferrying supplies from Hong Kong to Canton. Realizing that China needed aid and supplies, Ya-Ching embarked on a Goodwill Tour of the United States and Canada in 1938. When the war prevented her return to China, Ya-Ching continued the tour expanding her appearances into South America.

Not much is known of Ya-Ching's life after the war. She returned to Hong Kong for a number of years. In the 1960's she returned to California, where she died in 1998 at the age of 86.

Time Line of Lee Ya-Ching

xxxx -- The following timeline covers key events in Ya-Ching's life, as well world events. Events involving Ya-Ching are shown in normal type world events are shown in italics.

1909 -- M. Vallon flies first plane in China

1911 -- China ousts the 2000 year old Imperial System for a Republic

April 16, 1912 -- Lee Ya-Ching is born in Canton, China

1916 -- Ya-Ching's mother dies of tuberculosis

1917 -- China enters World War 1 on the side of the Allies

1926 -- Begins career as a movie actress

1928 -- Leaves the film industry and goes to school in England

1929 -- The CCP (Chinese Communist Party) is ousted from China Goes to Switzerland

September 1931 -- Japan seizes control of Manchuria

November 1931 -- CCP resurfaces in China and forms the Chinese Soviet Republic in Jiangxi Province

May 1932 -- Amelia Earhart becomes first woman to solo across the Atlantic

1933 -- Begins flying lessons at Geneva's Cointrin-Ecole d'Aviation

1934 -- Receives her pilot's license from Ecole Aéro Club de Suisse

1935 -- Attends and receives license from the Boeing School of Aeronautics in Oakland, California

1935 -- Falls out of an aerobatic plane, earning her membership in the Caterpillar Club

1936 -- Receives her pilot's license from the Chinese Government First domestic airline established in China Opens a civilian flying school in Shanghai

1937 -- Flies for the Red Cross ferrying supplies from Hong Kong to Canton Japan invades China Earns Hong Kong commercial pilot's license Helps establish hospitals in Shanghai

1938 -- Begins goodwill tour of United States and Canada

1939 -- Appears in US film Disputed Passage with Dorothy Lamour

1940 -- Flies "Estrella China" to Caribbean, Central and South America Aids Ruth Nichols in raising money for Relief Wings

1941 -- Begins working for United China Relief

December 7, 1941 -- Bombing of Pearl Harbor forces American entry into World War II

1944 -- Begins Goodwill and Fund Raising tour of South America and Caribbean

August 1945 -- Atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, followed by Japanese surrender and end of World War II

1946 -- Returns to China and retires

1946 -- Fighting between CCP and KMT (Nationalist party) resumes

October 1949 -- KMT retreats to Taiwan Mao Zedong establishes the People's Republic of China

1950 -- Receives Hong Kong private pilot's license

1963 -- Receives Hong Kong Special Purpose Pilot's license

1971 -- Permanently moves to the United States

1997 -- British rule ends in Hong Kong

January 28, 1998 -- Dies at the age of 86
Provenance:
Pax Cheng and Mary Wolfson, Gift, 2007, NASM.2008.0009.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Civilian relief  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- China  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scripts (documents)
Photographs
Maps
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Lee Ya-Ching Papers, NASM.2008.0009, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2008.0009
See more items in:
Lee Ya-Ching Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2008-0009
Additional Online Media:

Boeing 367-80 Jet Transport

Manufacturer:
Boeing Aircraft Co.  Search this
Dimensions:
Height 19' 2": Length 73' 10": Wing Span 129' 8": Weight 33,279 lbs.
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1954
Credit Line:
Gift of the Boeing Company
Inventory Number:
A19730272000
Restrictions & Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
Boeing Aviation Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19730272000
Additional Online Media:

Partners in the Sky Initiative: Smithsonian's National Zoo and Conservation Biology Institute

Creator:
National Zoo  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2014-02-05T22:12:25.000Z
Topic:
Zoology;Animals;Veterinary medicine;Animal health  Search this
Youtube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNZP
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNZP
Data Source:
National Zoo
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_sfHAjH46eNs

Virgin Hyperloop One | The Road Ahead: Reimagining Mobility

Creator:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2018-12-14T23:07:02.000Z
Topic:
Design  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
cooperhewitt
YouTube Channel:
cooperhewitt
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_TKLyzRJ23AQ

Civility in the Workplace

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2013-05-03T20:04:57.000Z
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
airandspace
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_4CXSt_8uctA

Setting Commercial Air Routes with Charles and Anne Lindbergh

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2017-05-15T15:42:29.000Z
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
airandspace
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_DoRT5-pB620

The Airplane's Family Tree: From the Wright Brothers to Today - STEM in 30

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2017-12-16T14:49:41.000Z
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
airandspace
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_OmUghmmxme8

Douglas DC-3: Most Successful Airliner

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2017-07-05T15:44:15.000Z
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
airandspace
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_e_zskQVsD9w

Fast Forward: The Concorde and the Future of Supersonic Flight

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2019-12-30T21:12:58.000Z
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
airandspace
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_o70dfsKRFV8

Did Flight 1713 Pilots Miss a Crucial Step Before Takeoff?

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2019-03-26T15:30:00.000Z
Youtube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_27pCqhRUtcY

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