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Klaus Perls, Raoul Dufy, and Marcelle Berr de Turique

Subject:
Perls, Klaus G.  Search this
Perls Galleries  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1950 Nov. 16
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10782
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10782
Additional Online Media:

Marc Chagall and Klaus Perls

Subject:
Perls, Klaus G.  Search this
Perls Galleries  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1965 Apr. 9
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10784
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10784
Additional Online Media:

Dina Vierny and Klaus Perls

Subject:
Maillol, Aristide  Search this
Perls, Klaus G.  Search this
Perls Galleries  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1970
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10787
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10787
Additional Online Media:

Darrel Austin and Klaus Perls

Subject:
Perls, Klaus G.  Search this
Perls Galleries  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1982
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10789
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10789
Additional Online Media:

Perls Galleries building

Subject:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
ca. 1954
Topic:
Buildings  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10790
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10790
Additional Online Media:

Alexander Calder

Photographer:
Gotfryd, Bernard  Search this
Subject:
Calder, Alexander  Search this
Perls Galleries  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1970 Oct. 29
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10793
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10793

Alexander Calder standing by stabile The 100 yard dash

Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Calder, Alexander  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
not before 1969
Topic:
Sculpture, Abstract  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)12936
See more items in:
Dorothy C. Miller papers, 1853-2013, bulk 1920-1996
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_12936
Additional Online Media:

Peter A. Bradley papers, 1966-1976, 2003, 2014

Creator:
Bradley, Peter A., 1940-  Search this
Subject:
Gelfman, Robert  Search this
Calder, Alexander  Search this
Lowenthal, Karl S.  Search this
Noland, Kenneth  Search this
Perls Galleries  Search this
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
Painters  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15724
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)284194
AAA_collcode_bradpete
Theme:
African American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_284194
Additional Online Media:

Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997

Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Miró, Joan  Search this
Picasso, Pablo  Search this
Dudensing, F. Valentine  Search this
Streisand, Barbra  Search this
Calder, Alexander  Search this
Priebe, Karl J.  Search this
Canaday, John Edwin  Search this
Luce, Claire  Search this
Ford, Henry  Search this
Hitchcock, Alfred  Search this
Garbo, Greta  Search this
Cafritz, Gwendolyn  Search this
de Menil, Adelaide  Search this
Cafritz, Morris  Search this
Luce, Henry  Search this
Austin, Darrel  Search this
Perls, Klaus G.  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Pierre Matisse Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
James Corcoran Gallery  Search this
Fujikawa Gallery  Search this
Galerie Maeght  Search this
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Illustrated letters  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Drawings  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6120
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216333
AAA_collcode_perlgall
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216333
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Klaus G. Perls, 1993 Jan. 19

Interviewee:
Perls, Klaus G., 1912-2008  Search this
Interviewer:
Hadler, Mona  Search this
Subject:
Calder, Alexander  Search this
Perls Galleries  Search this
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12889
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215267
AAA_collcode_perls93
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215267

Schames, Samson

Collection Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Container:
Box 35, Folder 45
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1950-1955
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Perls Galleries records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-perlgall-ref1773

Picasso, Pablo, 7009-9864

Collection Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Container:
Box 71, Folder 35
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1908-1969
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Perls Galleries records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-perlgall-ref3736

Perls Galleries records

Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Names:
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Fujikawa Gallery  Search this
Galerie Maeght  Search this
James Corcoran Gallery  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Pierre Matisse Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Austin, Darrel, 1907-  Search this
Cafritz, Gwendolyn  Search this
Cafritz, Morris, 1886?-1964  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Canaday, John, 1907-1985  Search this
De Menil, Adelaide  Search this
Dudensing, F. Valentine, 1892-1967  Search this
Ford, Henry, 1917-1987  Search this
Garbo, Greta, 1905-1990  Search this
Hitchcock, Alfred, 1899-  Search this
Luce, Claire  Search this
Luce, Henry, III, 1925-2005  Search this
Miró, Joan, 1893-  Search this
Perls, Klaus  Search this
Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973  Search this
Priebe, Karl J., 1914-1976  Search this
Streisand, Barbra  Search this
Extent:
79.6 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Illustrated letters
Drawings
Photographs
Date:
1937-1997
Summary:
The records of the Perls Galleries measure 79.6 linear feet and date from 1937 to 1997. Founded by Klaus Perls in 1937 and operating until 1997, the gallery dealt primarily in modern French art and the artwork of Alexander Calder. Found within the records are extensive correspondence (circa 44 linear feet) with artists, dealers, galleries, museums, and collectors; photographs and negatives of inventory and other artwork; exhibition files, scattered financial records; and exhibition catalogs and clippings.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the Perls Galleries measure 79.6 linear feet and date from 1937 to 1997. Founded by Klaus Perls in 1937 and operating until 1997, the gallery dealt primarily in modern French art and the artwork of Alexander Calder. Found within the records are extensive correspondence (circa 44 linear feet) with artists, dealers, galleries, museums, and collectors; photographs and negatives of inventory and other artwork; exhibition files, scattered financial records; and exhibition catalogs and clippings.

Correspondence primarily discusses sales (and includes invoices), loans, and exhibitions, as well as more routine activities such as gallery maintenance, the printing of exhibition catalogs and letterhead, and the shipment, framing, or restoration of artwork. Many letters enclose photographs, negatives, or slides of artwork, and clippings. A few letters contain oversize architectural or engineering drawings, and a small handful of letters are illustrated.

Correspondents include artists such as Darrell Austin, Joan Mir, Pablo Picasso, and Karl Priebe; galleries such as the Corcoran Gallery, Fujikawa Galleries, Galerie Maeght, and the Pierre Matisse Gallery; museums such as the Art Institute of Chicago, the Museum of Modern Art, the National Gallery of Art, and the Whitney Museum of Modern Art; collectors such as Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz, Adelaide de Mnil, Valentine Dudensing, and Henry Ford, II; and celebrity clients such as Greta Garbo, Alfred Hitchcock, Henry and Clare Booth Luce, and Barbra Streisand.

The records contain nearly thirty-two linear feet of photographs and negatives. Photographs are of artists and the inventory of the gallery's artwork. Additional photographs represent artwork either by artists not represented by the gallery or not included in the gallery's inventory. Most of the photographs are black and white. Over fifteen linear feet of negatives are of gallery stock. Photographs are also found in the exhibition files.

There is a relatively small amount of records relating to exhibitions, loans, and sales. Found are exhibition lists, schedules, invitations and announcements, photographs of exhibition installations, press releases, and records of loans to other institutions and galleries. Sales records include artist lists, inventory lists, invoices, pick up and delivery receipts, and price lists.

Printed materials include a large number of clippings and an incomplete run of catalogs from Perls Galleries exhibitions between 1939 and 1980.

The collection also includes ten original pencil drawings from John Canaday's series entitled My Beautiful Girls and a reproduction of eight drawings from the same series
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1937-1995 (Boxes 1-44, OV 81-83; 43.6 linear feet)

Series 2: Negatives, circa 1937-1995 (Boxes 44-59; 15.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Photographs, circa 1937-1995 (Boxes 60-75, OV 84; 16.1 linear feet)

Series 4: Exhibition, Loan, and Sales Records, 1937-1995 (Boxes 76-78; 2.1 linear feet)

Series 5: Clippings Files, 1943-1989 (Box 78; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Exhibition Catalogs, 1939-1980 (Boxes 78-79; 1.4 linear feet)

Series 7: Drawings by John Canaday, circa 1967-1972 (Box 80; 0.3 linear feet)
Historical Note:
Klaus Perls (b. 1912, d. 2008) formally opened Perls Galleries in New York in 1937, and ran it with his wife Amelia until its closing in 1997. The gallery dealt in contemporary French artists of the School of Paris, such as Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso, but also acted as the primary representative of Alexander Calder beginning in 1954. In the 1970s Mr. Perls developed an interest in art from Benin and built an important collection of African sculpture, some of which was later donated to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Amelia Perls died in 2002, and Klaus Perls died in 2008.

Klaus Perls was born in 1912 in Berlin in a house Mies van der Rohe designed for his parents, who owned an art gallery specializing in Impressionists, post-Impressionists, Old Master paintings, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and African sculpture. Perls studied Art History in Hamburg and Munich but completed his PhD in Basel, Switzerland in 1933 after the Nazi government stopped awarding degrees to Jews. His dissertation covered the complete works of 15th-century French painter Jean Fouquet.

Before moving to New York in 1935, Perls worked for his mother, Kaethe Perls, in her Paris gallery that she opened in 1932 after splitting up with Klaus' father Hugo. He spent his first two years in New York selling paintings through other art dealers, primarily paintings shipped or recommended to him by his mother from Paris that were not selling well in the Depression-era French art market. These were primarily the work of Maurice Utrillo, Marie Laurencin, Raoul Dufy and Maurice de Vlaminck. In 1937 he formally established his own gallery, the Perls Galleries, on East 58th Street and continued to specialize in French and European contemporary art. Around the same time, his older brother Frank opened a gallery in Beverly Hills, California.

Klaus Perls was familiar with other New York dealers specializing in modern European art such as Valentine Dudensing and Pierre Matisse, but he tried to distinguish himself by catering to young collectors. When the war restricted the international art trade and his mother was forced to flee France during the Occupation, Perls began dealing in contemporary American artists such as Darrel Austin and Karl Priebe.

Perls married Amelia Blumenthal, fondly known as "Dolly," in 1940, and she became his business partner.

After the war, the international art market exploded, and the Perls made frequent buying trips to Europe. The Perls Galleries continued to sell primarily contemporary French art and gained an early reputation as a staunch defender of modern art by European artists such as Picasso, Modigliani, Braque, Lger, Soutine and Pascin. Perls prepared catalogues raisonns on Soutine and Pascin.

Klaus Perls was one of the founding members of the Art Dealer's Association, whose initial mission was to clean up the reputation of the art market following a series scandals involving fake antiquities that flourished in the 1960's. Perls was the Association's second president, after Pierre Matisse.

In 1954 Perls Galleries moved to 1016 Madison Avenue, a building that served as both gallery and home for the Perls. The same year Perls became Alexander Calder's dealer after the death of Calder's previous dealer, Curt Valentin. Perls explained his inclusion of Calder, a rare American among his stable of European artists, by saying that Calder's roots lay in France and that Calder bridged Europe and America the way Perls felt he did himself. In 1970, Calder designed the terrazzo sidewalk in front of the gallery and often resided in the Perls' home during long visits to New York City. Perls Galleries later handled Calder's estate and functioned as a quasi-archives of Calder's works, holding more than 7,000 negatives depicting Calder's art and preparing a Calder catalogue raisonn.

Klaus was named as a third-party defendant in the 1969 World War II looted art case Menzel v. List. When Erna Menzel sued Albert List for ownership of a Chagall painting confiscated from Menzel by the Nazis, List in turn sued Perls, who had sold him the painting in 1955, having purchased it himself from a Paris art dealer. The court awarded the Chagall painting to Menzel and ordered Perls to pay List the appreciated value of the painting.

Perls began building an important collection of African artwork and fell in love with art from Benin in the 1970's. In 1991 he donated more than 150 pieces of royal art from Benin to the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

The Perls closed their gallery in 1997; Amelia Perls died in 2002, and Klaus Perls died in 2008.
Related Material:
Among the resources relating to the Perls Galleries in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Klaus Perls done by Mona Hadler on January 19, 1993.
Provenance:
The records were donated in 1997 by Douglas Mayhew, associate and legal representive of Klaus G. and Amelia B. Perls.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Perls Galleries records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Genre/Form:
Illustrated letters
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.perlgall
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-perlgall
Additional Online Media:

Peter A. Bradley papers

Creator:
Bradley, Peter, 1940-  Search this
Names:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Gelfman, Robert  Search this
Lowenthal, Karl S.  Search this
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-2010  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1966-1976
2003
2014
Summary:
The papers of African American painter and former art dealer Peter A. Bradley measure 0.3 linear feet and date from 1966 to 1976 with additional material dating from 2003 and 2014. The papers include correspondence from Klaus Perls, Anthony Caro, Robert Gelfman and attorney Karl S. Lowenthal. Included with correspondence is a recommendation for Bradley written by Klaus Perls. The papers include photographs of Alexander Calder and his family, as well as a photograph of Bradley with Calder's work at Perls Galleries, Bradley with Kenneth Noland and Bradley with Steven Cannon. Printed material consists of a 1971 Picasso exhibition catalog and a 2014 issue of Gulf Coast. Also included are architectural plans and notes for Bradley's studio designed by John Johansen as well as personal financial information.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of African American painter and former art dealer Peter A. Bradley measure 0.3 linear feet and date from 1966 to 1976 with additional material dating from 2003 and 2014. The papers include correspondence from Klaus Perls, Anthony Caro, Robert Gelfman and attorney Karl S. Lowenthal. Included with correspondence is a recommendation for Bradley written by Klaus Perls. The papers include photographs of Alexander Calder and his family, as well as a photograph of Bradley with Calder's work at Perls Galleries, Bradley with Kenneth Noland and Bradley with Steven Cannon. Printed material consists of a 1971 Picasso exhibition catalog and a 2014 issue of Gulf Coast. Also included are architectural plans and notes for Bradley's studio designed by John Johansen as well as personal financial information.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection the papers are arranged as one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Peter A. Bradley (1940–) is an African American painter and former art dealer in New York. He served as the associate director of the Perls Galleries in New York from 1968 to 1975.

Bradley was born in Connellsville, Pennsylvania and grew up alongside celebrated jazz musicians such as Miles Davis and Thelonious Monk, whose music influenced the colorful abstract work he is known for. He is credited with influencing the "New New Painters" movement in the late 1970s and curated The Deluxe Show in 1971, which is viewed as one of the earliest racially integrated modernist art exhibitions. His work is held in the permanent collections of the Museum of Modern Art and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, as well as The Museum of Fine Arts Houston, among others. He is a recipient of an Andy Warhol Foundation Exhibition Grant and a two-time recipient of the Pollock Krasner Award.
Provenance:
The papers were donated to the Archives of American Art by Peter A. Bradley in 2009 and 2018.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
Citation:
Peter A. Bradley papers, 1966-1976, 2003, 2014. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bradpete
See more items in:
Peter A. Bradley papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bradpete

Raykis, Vladimir

Collection Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Container:
Box 33, Folder 48
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1939-1946
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Perls Galleries records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-perlgall-ref1671

Exhibition, Loan, and Sales Records

Collection Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Extent:
(Boxes 76-78; 2.1 linear feet)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1937-1995
Scope and Contents note:
There is a relatively small amount of records relating to exhibitions, loans, and sales. Found are exhibition lists, schedules, invitations and announcements, photographs of exhibition installations, press releases, and records of loans to other institutions and galleries. Sales records include artist lists, inventory lists, invoices, pick up and delivery receipts, and price lists.
Arrangement note:
The Exhibition, Loan, and Sales Records series is arranged by record type into three subseries:

Subseries 1: Exhibition Records, 1937-1994

Subseries 2: Loan Records, 1964-1995

Subseries 3: Sales Records, 1937-1994
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Perls Galleries records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.perlgall, Series 4
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-perlgall-ref3978

Exhibition Records

Collection Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1937-1994
Scope and Contents note:
The exhibition records include attendance records, lists of artwork, price lists, schedules, nvitations and announcements, photographs, press releases, and publicity materials. Exhibition catalogs can be found in Series 6. The folder of photographs of the Aristide Maillol exhibitition in 1970 also includes photographs of Maillol's model, Dina Vierny, posing with sculptures of her.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Perls Galleries records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.perlgall, Subseries 4.1
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-perlgall-ref3979

Photographs, Alexander Crags and Critters

Collection Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Container:
Box 76, Folder 32
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
October 15 - November 16, 1974
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Perls Galleries records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-perlgall-ref4011

Modigliani, Amadeo, Returned January 1992, 13958

Collection Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Container:
Box 70, Folder 34
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1918
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Perls Galleries records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-perlgall-ref3695

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Extent:
(Boxes 1-44, OV 81-83; 43.6 linear feet)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1937-1995
Scope and Contents note:
This series consists of original incoming correspondence and duplicate copies of outgoing correspondence documenting gallery exhibits, loans, sales, and routine maintenance activities. Correspondence is with artists, galleries, museums, collectors, dealers, publications, and staff while the Perls traveled. Also found is correspondence concerning routine business affairs such as framing, restoration, and shipping; gallery-related services such as locksmiths and window and drapery cleaners; and business-related services such as accounting, taxes, and legal representation. A handful of project files relating to the commission or installation of Calder sculptures in public spaces follows the Calder correspondence file.

Significant correspondents include artists Darrell Austin, Joan Mir, Pablo Picasso, and Karl Priebe; galleries such as the Corcoran Gallery, Fujikawa Galleries, Galerie Maeght, and the Pierre Matisse Gallery; museums such as the Art Institute of Chicago, the Museum of Modern Art, the National Gallery of Art, and the Whitney Museum of Modern Art; collectors such as Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz, Adelaide de Mnil, Valentine Dudensing, and Henry Ford, II; and celebrity clients such as Greta Garbo, Alfred Hitchcock, Henry and Clare Booth Luce, and Barbra Streisand.

Many letters enclose photographs, negatives, or slides of artwork and contain requests for the artwork to be identified, authenticated, or appraised. Additional letters enclose clippings mentioning Perls or the gallery, or discussing artists collected by Perls, notable art world figures or trends, or exhibitions at Perls Galleries or other galleries including artwork loaned by Perls Galleries. A few letters include oversize architectural or engineering drawings, usually relating to the installation of Calder stabiles.

A small handful of letters from Carol Blanchard, Robert and Elodie Osborn, and Karl Priebe are illustrated, and original artwork can be found in the Adelaide Milton de Groot file.

Many of the correspondence files include copies of invoices for artwork sold and occasional provenance information, useful to supplement the relatively small amount of sales records in the collection.

Two color photographs of Calder painting one of his sculptures can be found in the Marcel Fleiss file, and a black and white photograph of Calder standing in front of the terrazzo sidewalk he designed for the Perls Galleries entrance can be found in the Newsweek Magazine file.

Court records and attorney correspondence regarding the 1969 World War II looted art case Menzel v. List can be found in the Ralph F. Colin, Allan D. Emil, and Albert A. List files.
Arrangement note:
Correspondence is arranged alphabetically by correspondent and thereunder approximately in reverse chronological order. Each alphabetical section is completed by miscellaneous files containing correspondence with individuals and organizations, also arrange alphabetically, with whom Perls Galleries exchanged fewer than five letters.

Many of the records in this series are brittle and require careful handling. Many of the records alphabetized under the letter G have suffered from previous water damage.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Perls Galleries records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.perlgall, Series 1
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-perlgall-ref14

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