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Holger Cahill papers, 1910-1993, bulk 1910-1960

Creator:
Cahill, Holger, 1887-1960  Search this
Subject:
Abbott, Berenice  Search this
Morris, Carl A.  Search this
Knaths, Karl  Search this
Weisenborn, Rudolph  Search this
Miller, Dorothy Canning  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor  Search this
De Rivera, José Ruiz  Search this
Ward, Lynd Kendall  Search this
Roosevelt, Eleanor  Search this
Brown, Samuel Joseph  Search this
Scaravaglione, Concetta Maria  Search this
Segal, George  Search this
Hopkins, Harry Lloyd  Search this
Speck, Walter Edward  Search this
Rowan, Edward Beatty  Search this
Olds, Elizabeth  Search this
Artists' Union (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Federal Music Project (U.S.)  Search this
Federal Art Project (U.S.)  Search this
Treasury Relief Art Project  Search this
Federal Theatre Project (U.S.)  Search this
American Council of Learned Societies  Search this
Cartoonists Guild  Search this
Index of American Design  Search this
Shakers  Search this
The Design Laboratory (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
American Artists' Congress.  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Photograph albums
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Prints
Government records
Drawings
Slides (photographs)
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Public officers  Search this
Arts administrators  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Federal aid to the public welfare  Search this
United States  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6730
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208855
AAA_collcode_cahiholg
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208855
Additional Online Media:

Federal Art Project, Photographic Division collection, circa 1920-1965, bulk 1935-1942

Creator:
Federal Art Project. Photographic Division  Search this
Subject:
Gorky, Arshile  Search this
Goodman, Bertram  Search this
Greenwood, Marion  Search this
Hovell, Joseph  Search this
Dehn, Virginia Engleman  Search this
Ennis, George Pearse  Search this
Zorach, William  Search this
Dehn, Adolf Arthur  Search this
Bloch, Lucienne  Search this
De Rivera, José Ruiz  Search this
Barthe, Richmond  Search this
Evergood, Philip Howard  Search this
Seltzer, Leo  Search this
Robbins, David  Search this
Burke, Selma  Search this
Guston, Philip  Search this
Horn, Sol  Search this
Cahill, Holger  Search this
Herman, Andrew  Search this
Berger, Andrew  Search this
Hord, Donal  Search this
Brann, Louise  Search this
Criss, Francis  Search this
Chodorow, Eugene  Search this
Karp, William  Search this
Shuster, Will  Search this
Alston, Charles Henry  Search this
Calapai, Letterio  Search this
Blanch, Lucile Lundquist  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Arenal, Luis  Search this
Refregier, Anton  Search this
Bolotowsky, Ilya  Search this
Davis, Stuart  Search this
Gershoy, Eugenie  Search this
McMahon, Audrey  Search this
Abbott, Berenice  Search this
Benson, John Howard  Search this
Levi, Julian E. (Julian Edwin)  Search this
Laning, Edward  Search this
Olds, Elizabeth  Search this
Works Progress Administration  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
Federal Art Project (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Federal Art Project (Wash.)  Search this
Federal Music Project U.S.  Search this
Federal Theatre Project U.S.  Search this
Federal Writers' Project U.S.  Search this
United States.Work Projects Administration  Search this
Federal Art Project.Graphic Arts Division  Search this
Museum Of The City Of New York  Search this
Federal Art Project.Easel Division  Search this
Federal Art Project.Poster Division  Search this
Harlem Art Center  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
Theater and state  Search this
Art centers  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Federal aid to the public welfare  Search this
Music and state  Search this
Art  Search this
Photography  Search this
Children's art  Search this
Artists  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5467
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216466
AAA_collcode_fedeartp14
Theme:
African American
Latino and Latin American
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216466
Additional Online Media:

Elizabeth Olds papers, 1917-1976

Creator:
Olds, Elizabeth, 1896-1991  Search this
Subject:
Brancusi, Constantin  Search this
Miró, Joan  Search this
Hemingway, Ernest  Search this
Pound, Ezra  Search this
LÔeger, Fernand  Search this
Luks, George Benjamin  Search this
Blatas, Arbit  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Works of art
Exhibition catalogs
Topic:
Serigraphers  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Serigraphy  Search this
Painters  Search this
Illustrators  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6970
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209099
AAA_collcode_oldseliz
Theme:
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209099

Adolf Dehn papers, 1912-1987

Creator:
Dehn, Adolf Arthur, 1895-1968  Search this
Dehn, Virginia Engleman, 1922-2005  Search this
Subject:
Lake, Eileen Hall  Search this
Goetsch, Gustav F. (Gustav Frederick),  Search this
Thayer, Scofield  Search this
Eastman, Max  Search this
Spruance, Benton  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Zigrosser, Carl  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Castellón, Federico  Search this
Olds, Elizabeth  Search this
Smith, William Arthur  Search this
Mitchell, Olivia Dehn  Search this
Grosz, George  Search this
Robinson, Boardman  Search this
Shane, Fred  Search this
Kuh, Frederick  Search this
Gág, Wanda  Search this
Freeman, Joseph  Search this
Kertesz, Andre  Search this
Dehn, Mura  Search this
Hayter, Stanley William  Search this
Christ-Janer, Albert  Search this
Weyhe Gallery  Search this
Atelier Desjobert  Search this
Type:
Manuscripts
Poems
Sketches
Etchings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Painting  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7446
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209604
AAA_collcode_dehnadop
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209604
Additional Online Media:

ACA Galleries records, 1917-1963

Creator:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Mumford, Lewis  Search this
Burliuk, David  Search this
Valente, Alfredo  Search this
Young, Arthur Henry  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph  Search this
Dondero, George Anthony  Search this
Pickens, Alton  Search this
Evergood, Philip Howard  Search this
McCausland, Elizabeth  Search this
Newman, Arnold  Search this
Cahill, Holger  Search this
Weber, Max  Search this
Gwathmey, Robert  Search this
Gropper, William  Search this
Olds, Elizabeth  Search this
Baron, Herman  Search this
Soyer, Moses  Search this
Refregier, Anton  Search this
Abbott, Berenice  Search this
American Contemporary Art Gallery  Search this
American Artists' Congress.  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Writings
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Gallery directors  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Politics in art  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8772
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210955
AAA_collcode_acagall
Theme:
The Art Market
New Deal
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210955
Additional Online Media:

Kenneth and Emma-Stina Prescott research material on artists, 1919-2001, bulk 1973-1991

Creator:
Prescott, Kenneth Wade, 1920-  Search this
Prescott, Emma-Stina  Search this
Subject:
Greenbaum, Dorothea S.  Search this
Browne, Byron  Search this
De Creeft, José  Search this
Slonem, Hunt  Search this
Goulet, Lorrie H.  Search this
Maitin, Samuel C. (Samuel Calman)  Search this
Chapin, James  Search this
Olds, Elizabeth  Search this
Hunt, Richard  Search this
Anuszkiewicz, Richard  Search this
Diller, Burgoyne  Search this
Levine, Jack  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Interviews
Topic:
Art historians  Search this
Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9563
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211764
AAA_collcode_preskenn
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211764
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Edward Landon, 1975 Apr. 17-May 28

Interviewee:
Landon, Edward August, 1911-1984  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
Rebay, Hilla  Search this
Mauer, Alfred  Search this
Strand, Paul  Search this
Perry, Marvo  Search this
Weber, Max  Search this
Stein, Gertrude  Search this
Abbott, Berenice  Search this
Gottlieb, Harry  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia  Search this
Olds, Elizabeth  Search this
Rogers, William T.  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Hartley, Dennis  Search this
Marin, John  Search this
McCausland, Elizabeth  Search this
Sabbath, Bernie  Search this
Bridgman, George Brant  Search this
Mark, Henry  Search this
Dove, Arthur Garfield  Search this
Hughes, Marian  Search this
Lozowick, Louis  Search this
Artists' Union (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Federal art project (Mass.)  Search this
National Serigraph Society  Search this
Artists' Congress  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Artist colonies  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Printing  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12109
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212814
AAA_collcode_landon75
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212814
Additional Online Media:

Federal Art Project, Photographic Division collection

Creator:
Federal Art Project. Photographic Division  Search this
Names:
Federal Art Project (N.Y.)  Search this
Federal Art Project (Wash.)  Search this
Federal Art Project -- Photographs  Search this
Federal Art Project. Easel Division  Search this
Federal Art Project. Graphic Arts Division  Search this
Federal Art Project. Poster Division  Search this
Federal Music Project (U.S.) -- Photographs  Search this
Federal Theatre Project (U.S.) -- Photographs  Search this
Federal Writers' Project U.S. -- Photographs  Search this
Harlem Art Center  Search this
United States. Work Projects Administration  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Abbott, Berenice, 1898-1991  Search this
Alston, Charles Henry, 1907-1977  Search this
Arenal, Luis  Search this
Barthé, Richmond, 1901-1989  Search this
Benson, John Howard, 1901-1956  Search this
Berger, Andrew  Search this
Blanch, Lucile, 1895-1981  Search this
Bloch, Lucienne, 1909-1999  Search this
Bolotowsky, Ilya, 1907-1981  Search this
Brann, Louise, 1906-  Search this
Burke, Selma, 1900-  Search this
Cahill, Holger, 1887-1960  Search this
Calapai, Letterio, 1902-1993  Search this
Chodorow, Eugene, 1910-2000  Search this
Criss, Francis, 1901-1973  Search this
Davis, Stuart, 1892-1964  Search this
De Rivera, José Ruiz, 1904-1985  Search this
Dehn, Adolf, 1895-1968  Search this
Dehn, Virginia E. (Virginia Engleman), 1922-2005  Search this
Ennis, George Pearse, d. 1936  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Gershoy, Eugenie, 1901?-1983 or 6  Search this
Goodman, Bertram, 1904-1988  Search this
Gorky, Arshile, 1904-1948  Search this
Greenwood, Marion, 1909-1970  Search this
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980  Search this
Herman, Andrew  Search this
Hord, Donal, 1902-1966  Search this
Horn, Sol  Search this
Hovell, Joseph, 1897-  Search this
Karp, William, 1905-  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Laning, Edward, 1906-  Search this
Levi, Julian E. (Julian Edwin), 1900-1982  Search this
McMahon, Audrey, 1900?-1981  Search this
Olds, Elizabeth, 1896-1991  Search this
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Robbins, David  Search this
Seltzer, Leo, 1916-  Search this
Shuster, Will  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966  Search this
Extent:
12.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
circa 1920-1965
bulk 1935-1942
Summary:
The Federal Art Project, Photographic Division collection dates from circa 1920-1965, with the bulk of the records spanning the active years of the Federal Art Project (FAP), 1935-1942. The collection comprises 12.4 linear feet of mostly photographic prints and negatives that document primarily artwork produced by artists employed by the FAP. A smaller number of photographs also document other programs of the FAP, such as art classes and community centers, exhibitions by children and adults, artwork installed in public buildings, project divisions, and demonstrations of art processes by FAP artists.
Scope and Content Note:
The Federal Art Project (FAP), Photographic Division collection dates from circa 1920-1965, with the bulk of the records spanning the active years of the FAP: 1935-1942. The collection comprises 12.4 linear feet of photographic prints and negatives, including photos of FAP artists and the artwork created by them, and other activities of the FAP in communities throughout New York City and other states. Photographers include Andrew Herman, Sol Horn, David Robbins, Leo Seltzer, and others.

Artist files comprise three-quarters of the collection and consist primarily of photographs of artwork, as well as scattered photos of artists at work, including: Charles Alston, Luis Arenal, Richmond Barthe, John Benson, Andrew Berger, Lucille Blanch, Lucienne Bloch, Ilya Bolotowsky, Luise Brann, Selma Burke, Letterio Calapai, Eugene Chodorow, Francis Criss, Stuart Davis, Adolf Dehn, Virginia Dehn, Jose de Rivera, George Pearse Ennis, Philip Evergood, Eugenie Gershoy, Bertram Goodman, Arshile Gorky, Marion Greenwood, Philip Guston, Donal Hord, Joseph Hovell, William Karp, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Edward Laning, Julian Levi, Audrey McMahon, Elizabeth Olds, Anton Refregier, Will Shuster, William Zorach, and others.

The remainder of the collection consists of files documenting related activities and programs of the FAP, arranged by subject. The bulk of these files document the activities of the New York City FAP, including free art classes and art exhibitions for adults and children, exhibitions at the Harlem Art Center, and the work of FAP branches including the Easel Division, the Graphic Arts Division, and the Poster Division.

Other subjects documented include federal and community art centers in eleven states, most extensively Washington State; other WPA projects such as the Federal Theater Project, the Federal Music Project, and the Federal Writers' Project; buildings decorated with FAP artwork; art processes as demonstrated by FAP artists; special events; and people involved with the FAP, including director Holger Cahill.

One folder contains images that appear to have been taken by Berenice Abbott for the exhibition Changing New York (1935), for the Museum of the City of New York in collaboration with the WPA.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 2 series:

Series 1: Artist Files, circa 1920-1965 (Boxes 1-24; 9.6 linear feet)

Series 2: Subject Files, 1934-1956 (Boxes 25-32; 2.8 linear feet)
Historical Note:
The Federal Art Project (FAP) was one of the Depression-era work-relief programs of the Federal Works Progress Administration (WPA). The program was founded in August 1935 to provide employment for artists and to implement visual arts programs in local communities across the country.

Together with the Federal Music Project, the Federal Theater Project, and the Federal Writers' Project, the FAP formed part of the WPA's Federal Project No. 1. The WPA became the Work Projects Administration in 1939 when it fell under the administrative hand of the newly created Federal Works Agency; concurrently the Federal Art Project was officially re-named the Federal Art Program.

Under the direction of Holger Cahill, the goals of the FAP fell into three main areas: production of artwork, art education through art classes and community centers, and art research through the Index of American Design. During the course of the program, artists created murals and other works of art for many non-Federal government buildings such as schools, hospitals, and libraries. Separate photographic divisions were set up in several states, most notably in New York City, to document the work of artists employed by the program, activities in art education such as classes for children and adults, community center outreach programs, and other "Federal 1" projects, including the Federal Theater and Music Projects. Employees of the photographic division were also involved in other assignments, such as creating exhibitions and photo murals.

The Federal Art Project ended in 1943.
Related Material:
Among the holdings of the Archives of American Art are related collections, including the Federal Art Project of the Work Projects Administration records, 1935-1948. Additional FAP records are held by the National Archives and Records Administration in Washington D.C.
Provenance:
The collection was anonymously donated to the Archives of American Art in the late 1950s.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Federal Art Project, Photographic Division collection is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
African American artists -- New York (State) -- New York -- Photographs  Search this
Children's art -- United States -- Photographs  Search this
Photography  Search this
Art -- United States -- Exhibitions -- Photographs  Search this
Art -- United States -- Study and teaching -- Photographs  Search this
Art centers  Search this
Federal aid to the public welfare -- Photographs  Search this
Theater and state -- United States -- Photographs  Search this
Music and state -- United States -- Photographs  Search this
Federal aid to the arts -- Photographs  Search this
Art and state -- United States -- Photographs  Search this
Art -- Technique  Search this
Artists -- United States -- Photographs  Search this
Art -- Exhibitions  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Federal Art Project, Photographic Division collection, circa 1920-1965, bulk 1935-1942. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.fedeartp14
See more items in:
Federal Art Project, Photographic Division collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-fedeartp14
Additional Online Media:

Adolf Dehn papers

Creator:
Dehn, Adolf, 1895-1968  Search this
Names:
American Artists Group  Search this
Associated American Artists  Search this
Atelier Desjobert  Search this
Kennedy Galleries  Search this
University of Missouri Press  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Castellón, Federico, 1914-1971  Search this
Christ-Janer, Albert, 1910-1973  Search this
Dehn, Mura  Search this
Dehn, Virginia E. (Virginia Engleman), 1922-2005  Search this
Eastman, Max, 1883-1969  Search this
Freeman, Joseph  Search this
Gag, Wanda, 1893-1946  Search this
Goetsch, Gustav F. (Gustav Frederick), 1877-1969  Search this
Grosz, George, 1893-1959  Search this
Hayter, Stanley William, 1901-1988  Search this
Kuh, Frederick, 1895-1978  Search this
Lake, Eileen Hall  Search this
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954  Search this
Mitchell, Olivia Dehn  Search this
Olds, Elizabeth, 1896-1991  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Robinson, Boardman, 1876-1952  Search this
Shane, Fred, 1906-  Search this
Smith, William Arthur, 1918-1989  Search this
Spruance, Benton, 1904-1967  Search this
Thayer, Scofield, b. 1889  Search this
Zigrosser, Carl, 1891-  Search this
Photographer:
Kertész, André  Search this
Extent:
6.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Sketches
Etchings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Poems
Date:
1912-1987
Summary:
The papers of printmaker and painter Adolf Dehn measure 6.6 linear feet and date from 1912-1987. The collection contains extensive correspondence, as well as writings, exhibition announcements, catalogs, clippings, invoices, receipts, legal documents, scrapbooks, artwork, and photographs. There is also scattered correspondence of Virginia Dehn, mostly concerning her husband Adolf Dehn.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of printmaker and painter Adolf Dehn measure 6.6 linear feet and date from 1912-1987. The collection contains extensive correspondence, as well as writings, exhibition announcements, catalogs, clippings, invoices, receipts, legal documents, scrapbooks, artwork, and photographs. There is also scattered correspondence of Virginia Dehn, mostly concerning her husband Adolf Dehn.

Found within the biographical materials are several address books, official travel documents, exhibition price lists, and a biographical sketch.

Correspondence, both personal and business, makes up the bulk of this collection. Dehn maintained long friendships with many fellow artists and his correspondence includes letters from Aaron Bohrod, Federico Castellon, Albert Christ-Janer, Wanda Gág, Gustav Goetsch, George Grosz, Reginald Marsh, Elizabeth Olds, Abraham Rattner, Boardman Robinson, Frederick Shane, William Smith, and Benton Spruance. Additional notable correspondents include print dealer and curator Carl Zigrosser; journalists Max Eastman, Joseph Freeman, Frederick Kuh; editor Scofield Thayer, and his former wife, the Russian dancer Mura Dehn (neé Tsiperovitch). Business correspondence includes letters from art schools, associations, museums, and galleries affiliated with Dehn, including the Weyhe Gallery; Associated American Artists, a gallery that promoted American art to the middle classes; and the Kennedy Gallery, which represented the Dehn estate upon the artist's death. There is also correspondence from companies and organizations that commissioned commercial work from Dehn, such as greeting card publisher, American Artists Group . Finally the correspondence of Virginia Dehn includes letters to and from the University of Missouri Press related to the publication of Adolf Dehn Drawings and condolence cards and letters from friends and associates after the Adolf Dehn's death in May 1968.

Writings include manuscripts for Adolf Dehn's manual on painting technique, Watercolor, Gouache, and Casein Painting (Studio Publications, 1955), as well as his entries on technique and watercolor painting for Encyclopedia Britannica. Writings by others includes the catalog Adolf Dehn Drawings, prepared by his wife Virginia Dehn, and published in 1971 by the University of Missouri Press. There is also a journal with handwritten poems attributed to Eileen Hall Lake.

Printed materials consists of exhibition announcements and catalogs from galleries featuring Dehn's work including the Weyhe Gallery and Associated American Artists; art school brochures and newsletters from programs which Dehn attended or taught; and newspaper and magazine clippings including examples of his editorial cartoons, which appeared in The Liberator, The New Yorker, and Vanity Fair, among other publications as well as clippings of news items related to the artist. This series also includes examples of Dehn's commercial work, such as book covers, calendars, and Christmas cards. Additional similar printed materials can be found in the scrapbooks. Artwork consists of only a few sketches attributed to Dehn, others to Eileen Lake Hall, and an etching by S.W. Hayter.

Dehn is well documented through numerous photographs, both alone and with others, including a portrait by the renowned photographer André Kertész. Additional vintage photographs include Dehn with family members, friends, and a series of photographs taken with his wife, Virginia Dehn at Atelier Desjobert, where he had been making lithographs since the 1920s.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 8 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1920-1968 (Box 1; 10 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1919-1982 (Boxes 1-4; 3.75 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1920-1971 (Boxes 4-5; 0.25 linear feet)

Series 4: Financial Records, 1936-1965 (Box 5; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 5: Printed Materials, circa 1915-1987 (Boxes 5-6; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, 1912-1968(Boxes 6-7; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1920-1945 (Box 6; 3 folders)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1912-1961 (Boxes 6 and 8; 7 folders)
Biographical Note:
Adolf Dehn (1895-1968) was well-known for his drawings, lithographs and watercolors which satirically chronicled the social and political milieu of his times, as well as poetic landscapes, many of which depicted the rolling hills and farmlands of his native Midwest. Although he worked mostly in New York, Dehn also spent substantial time traveling and working in Europe, the Middle East, South America, and the American mid-west.

Dehn was born on a farm in Waterville, Minnesota on November 22, 1895, he began his formal art education in 1914 at the Minneapolis School of Art (currently known as the Minneapolis College of Art and Design). As a student, his drawings were featured in the school's humor journal, The Minne-Ha-Ha and by 1917 he had published his first drawing in one of his favorite political journals, The Masses. Later that year he and fellow Minneapolis School of Art student Wanda Gág were among a select group of art students nationwide who won scholarships to the Art Students League of New York. After only eight months in New York, however, Dehn was drafted into the Army to serve in the final months of World War I, but he proclaimed himself as a conscientious objector and was sent to Camp Wadsworth in South Carolina for several months.

Dehn returned to New York, where his friend and mentor Boardman Robinson introduced him to lithography through the master printer George Miller and brought him to the Weyhe Gallery to meet Carl Zigrosser, an avid supporter of American printmakers. However, he soon left New York for Europe in September 1921 where he spent most of the following eight years. There he traveled with his sketchbooks to the cafes and opera houses of Berlin, Paris, and Vienna, as well as on hiking trips in the Alps. He became friends with the poet E.E. Cummings, Scofield Thayer, editor of The Dial, who published many of his drawings, and met the German artist, George Grosz, whose work he so admired. In addition to The Dial, his satirical drawings of jazz-age entertainments and European cafe life also appeared in , The Liberator, Jugend, Vanity Fair, and Simplicissimus. Finally during his stint in Europe, Dehn met and married the Russian dancer Mura Tsiperovitch. They were married in Vienna in 1926, but divorced sometime in the early 1930s.

Unfortunately Dehn's return to the United States coincided with the Great Depression of 1929 and sales of his work were slim. However in the 1930s, The New Yorker and Vogue began to publish his work. He continued to work in lithography and returned to Paris to work at the Atelier Desjobert, the print studio with whom he worked most closely throughout his life. In the late 1930s, Dehn began working in watercolors, mostly rural landscapes, and had a one man show of works in his new medium at Weyhe Gallery in 1938. In 1939 Dehn traveled through the Southwest and Mexico on his first Guggenheim Fellowship (he was awarded his second in 1951).

By the 1940s Dehn was an active member of both the American Artists Group and Associated American Artists; both organizations sought to popularize contemporary American Art, primarily through reproductions of fine art prints and commercial use of artists' designs on greeting card, calendars, and even wall paper. Appreciation for his lithographs and watercolors grew, and along with it his recognition. He also taught art classes a few summers; in the late 1930s at Stephens College, Columbia, Missouri where his friend Albert Janner-Christ was head of the art department and in the early 1940s at the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, where friend and mentor Boardman Robinson was the director. In 1955 he published Watercolor, Gouache, and Casein Painting, a manual on technique. Throughout the rest of his life he continued to travel, not only returning to Europe, but also visiting Afganistan, Cuba, Haiti, and a trip to Venuzuala on assignment from Standard Oil to document the oil industry there. On many of his later trips, he was accompanied by his wife, fellow artist, Virginia Engleman Dehn, whom he had married in November 1947.

Near the end of his long career, Dehn was elected in 1961 to the National Academy of Design as a full academician. He was later elected to the National Academy of Arts and Letters. After his death in 1968, his wife Virginia worked with the University of Missouri Press on the catalog Adolf Dehn Drawings (Columbia: University of Missouri, 1971).
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming. Reel 287 contains printed materials, including exhibition announcements, catalogs, magazines, and newspaper and magazine clippings. After filming, these materials were transferred to the Smithsonian American Art Museum/National Portrait Gallery Library. Reels 2938-2939 include 750 letters from Adolf Dehn to various family members. This material was returned to the lender and is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Adolf Dehn papers were donated in several installments from 1966 to 1985 by Adolf Dehn and his wife Virginia. Dehn's sisters, Viola Dehn Tiala and Olivia Dehn Mitchell, separately donated additional materials in 1971 and 1972. Olivia Dehn Mitchell also loaned the Archives letters from Adolf in 1983 for microfilming. Finally in 1989, Lillian Morrison, a friend and editor, donated a published book of Mura Dehn's poetry and a four page draft of a letter signed by Adolf Dehn.
Restrictions:
Use of originals requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Adolf Dehn papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painting -- Technique  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Printmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Graphic arts -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Sketches
Etchings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Poems
Citation:
Adolf Dehn papers, 1912-1981. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dehnadop
See more items in:
Adolf Dehn papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dehnadop

Cirque D'hiver, (painting)

Painter:
Olds, Elizabeth 1896-1991  Search this
Medium:
Pastel and watercolor on paper
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1926
Topic:
Architecture interior--Civic--Theater  Search this
Figure group  Search this
Performing Arts--Circus--Bareback Rider  Search this
Control number:
IAP 8F030003
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_461635

Red, Blue, and Gray, (painting)

Painter:
Olds, Elizabeth 1896-1991  Search this
Medium:
Oil on board
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Provincetown Art Association and Museum 460 Commercial Street Provincetown Massachusetts 02657
Date:
1959
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Control number:
IAP 22490184
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_474557

The ACA Galleries records

Creator:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Names:
American Contemporary Art Gallery  Search this
Abbott, Berenice, 1898-1991  Search this
Baron, Herman, 1892-1961  Search this
Burliuk, David, 1882-1967  Search this
Cahill, Holger, 1887-1960  Search this
Dondero, George A. (George Anthony), 1883-1968  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Gropper, William, 1897-1977  Search this
Gwathmey, Robert, 1903-1988  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph, 1910-1981  Search this
McCausland, Elizabeth, 1899-1965  Search this
Mumford, Lewis, 1895-1990  Search this
Olds, Elizabeth, 1896-1991  Search this
Pickens, Alton  Search this
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Soyer, Moses, 1899-1974  Search this
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987  Search this
Valente, Alfredo  Search this
Weber, Max, 1881-1961  Search this
Young, Art, 1866-1943  Search this
Photographer:
Newman, Arnold, 1918-2006  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Writings
Photographs
Date:
1917-1963
Summary:
The scattered records of the ACA (American Contemporary Art) Galleries date from 1917 through 1963 and include writings by founder Herman Baron, artists Philip Evergood and Anton Refregier, and art critic Elizabeth McCausland; printed materials; and photographs of Baron, ACA artists, art collectors, works of art, and exhibitions. Correspondence is with David Burliuk, Philip Evergood, William Gropper, Lewis Mumford, Moses Sawyer, Max Weber, and others. Also found is a small group of Herman Baron's personal papers.
Scope and Content Note:
The scattered records of the ACA (American Contemporary Art) Galleries date from 1917 through 1963 and include writings by founder Herman Baron, artists Philip Evergood and Anton Refregier, and art critic Elizabeth McCausland; printed materials; and photographs of Baron, ACA artists, art collectors, works of art, and exhibitions. Correspondence is with David Burliuk, Philip Evergood, William Gropper, Lewis Mumford, Moses Sawyer, Max Weber, and others. Also found is a small group of Herman Baron's personal papers.

The records are a rich resource for documenting the Social Realist artists and the militant socialist artists during the great depression and the post-World War II era of "McCarthyism".

Correspondence with ACA artists consists of letters from Philip Evergood, David Burliuk, William Gropper, Robert Gwathmey, Joseph Hirsch, Lewis Mumford, Elizabeth Olds, Alton Pickens, Moses Soyer, Max Weber, and Art Young. Some of the letters concern the socialist and communist views of some of the artists, including responses to Congressional Representive George A. Dondero's public statements and attacks on modern art as a conspiracy to spread communism in the United States. There is a letter written by Holger Cahill to the editor of Time magazine concerning WPA artists. Also found is a letter from Raphael Soyer written to the ACA Galleries concerning the American Artists' Congress.

Writings include Herman Baron's written history of the ACA Galleries and scattered pages of Baron's book on Joe Jones and William Gropper. There are essays and writings by art critic Elizabeth McCausland, and artists Anton Refregier and Philip Evergood. Printed materials consist of ACA publications, newspaper clippings, published articles, printed illustrations by Philip Evergood, and printed materials about Congressman Dondero.

Photographs are of David Burliuk, Bruce Calder, Nicolai Cikovsky, Hy Cohen, Robert Cronbach, Alexander Dobkin, Philip Evergood, Mike Gold, Chaim Gross, William Gropper, Joe Jones, Mervin Jules, Irene Rice Pereia, Geri Pine, Philip Reisman, Vic Shifreen, Harry Sternberg, Moses Soyer, Raphael Soyer, James Baare Turnbull, Nicky Walker, Abraham Walkowitz, Nat Werner, and Art Young. Photographers include Berenice Abbott, Arnold Newman, and Alfredo Valente. Additional photographs are of unidentified installations or exhibitions.

Herman Baron's personal papers include letters written to his wife and friends during World War I, writings by Baron for various magazines including Glazier's Journal. Personal photographs are of Herman Baron in his army uniform. There is also an obituary for Herman Baron written by art critic Elizabeth McCausland.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, circa 1930s-1960s (Box 1; 0.25 linear feet)

Series 2: Writings and Notes, 1938-circa 1960s (Box 1; 8 folders)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1939-1960 (Box 2; 4 folders)

Series 4: Photographs, circa 1930s-circa 1960s (Box 2; 0.25 linear feet)

Series 5: Herman Baron Personal Papers, circa 1910s, 1940s-1960s (Box 2-3; 0.3 linear feet)
Historical Note:
Herman Baron, Stuart Davis, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, and Adolf Dehn founded the American Contemporary Art (ACA) Galleries on August 16, 1932. Located at 1269 Madison Avenue in New York City, the galleries' first show featured watercolorist Hy Cohen. Baron encouraged freedom of expression and did not censor the artworks displayed in his gallery. As a result, the gallery became an outlet for generally unknown and socially conscious artists, including the Social Realists.

Born in Lithuania in 1892, Herman Baron immigrated to the United States as a child. He served in World War I and later attended New York University. Baron founded and edited Glazier's Journal (later Glass Digest) in 1924 as the first journal for the professional glazing trade. Additionally, he wrote short stories and plays for American Hebrew and Young Israel.

In response to economic issues facing the art market during the depresssion of 1930s, ACA Galleries organized relief efforts to financially support their artists. During this period, the gallery became closely allied with militant artists' organizations and some of the more politically radical artists. In 1935, the ACA Galleries and Herman Baron hosted the first meeting of the American Artists' Congress in the gallery space.

The ACA Galleries featured exhibitions of works by artists David Burliuk, Stuart Davis, Philip Evergood, William Gropper, Robert Gwathmey, Joe Jones, Rockwell Kent, Lee Krasner, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Lewis Mumford, Louise Nevelson, Alton Pickens, Moses Soyer, Raphael Soyer, Max Weber, Art Young, and others. Baron also organized exhibitions of many artists employed by or associated with the Works Progress Administration of the federal arts program. Due to the progressive nature of the works of art found in the ACA Galleries, Herman Baron came under considerable criticism during the McCarthy Era. Baron was condemned by Representative George A. Dondero for supporting "un-American" sympathies and was forced often to defend his gallery and artists.

For years the gallery focused on artists rights and supporting the work of artists, rather than a profit. In the 1950s, a shift occurred when Baron's nephew Sidney Bergen initiated professional business practices and transformed the gallery into a profitable venture. Now located at 529 West 20th Street in New York City, ACA Galleries continues to promote and support various social causes.
Related Material:
The Archives of American Art holds the Herman Baron papers, dating from 1937-1967 which were donated by Syracuse University, George Arents Research Library in 1984. Some exhibition catalogs may be found here.
Provenance:
Ella Baron, widow of the ACA Galleries' founder Herman Baron, donated the records to the Archives of American Art in 1965 and 1966.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The ACA Galleries records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Politics in art  Search this
Gallery directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Writings
Photographs
Citation:
ACA Galleries records, 1917-1963. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.acagall
See more items in:
The ACA Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-acagall
Additional Online Media:

Grant Wood letter to Edward B. Rowan

Creator:
Wood, Grant, 1891-1942  Search this
Rowan, Edward Beatty, 1898-1946  Search this
Subject:
Olds, Elizabeth  Search this
Daughters of the American Revolution  Search this
Public Works of Art Project (Iowa)  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1934 Feb. 6
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13878
See more items in:
Edward Beatty Rowan papers, 1929-1946
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13878
Additional Online Media:

Interview with Elizabeth Olds

Creator:
Olds, Elizabeth, 1896-1991  Search this
Type:
Sound Recording
Date:
1983 May 5
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)16069
See more items in:
Kenneth and Emma-Stina Prescott research material on artists, 1919-2001, bulk 1973-1991
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_16069

Elizabeth Olds

Subject:
Olds, Elizabeth  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1937
Topic:
Art and state  Search this
Artists at or with their work  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Printmaking  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)2309
See more items in:
Federal Art Project, Photographic Division collection, circa 1920-1965, bulk 1935-1942
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_2309
Additional Online Media:

Elizabeth Olds

Photographer:
Herman, Andrew  Search this
Subject:
Olds, Elizabeth  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1937 June 5
Topic:
Art and state  Search this
Artists at or with their work  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Printmaking  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)2850
See more items in:
Federal Art Project, Photographic Division collection, circa 1920-1965, bulk 1935-1942
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_2850
Additional Online Media:

Adolf Dehn, Elizabeth Olds and Reginald Marsh

Subject:
Dehn, Adolf Arthur  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Olds, Elizabeth  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
ca. 1937
Topic:
Art and state  Search this
Artists in groups  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)3268
See more items in:
Federal Art Project, Photographic Division collection, circa 1920-1965, bulk 1935-1942
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_3268
Additional Online Media:

A Sacred Profession Is Open to College Graduates

Artist:
Elizabeth Olds, born Minneapolis, MN 1896-died Sarasota, FL 1991  Search this
Printer:
George C. Miller, born New York City 1894-died Burlington, VT 1965  Search this
Medium:
lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
image: 9 3/4 x 12 7/8 in. (24.8 x 32.7 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1936
Topic:
Figure group\male  Search this
Dress\ceremonial\academic dress  Search this
Occupation\beggar  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
1984.31.38
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1984.31.38

The Nun's Union Demands Shorter Hours for Prayer

Artist:
Elizabeth Olds, born Minneapolis, MN 1896-died Sarasota, FL 1991  Search this
Printer:
George C. Miller, born New York City 1894-died Burlington, VT 1965  Search this
Medium:
lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
sheet and image: 12 3/4 x 19 1/4 in. (32.4 x 48.8 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1936
Topic:
Figure group\female  Search this
Occupation\religion\nun  Search this
Recreation\church\prayer  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
1984.31.4
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1984.31.4

Burlesque

Artist:
Elizabeth Olds, born Minneapolis, MN 1896-died Sarasota, FL 1991  Search this
Printer:
George C. Miller, born New York City 1894-died Burlington, VT 1965  Search this
Medium:
lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
image: 14 1/2 x 10 3/4 in. (36.8 x 27.4 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
ca. 1935-1945
Topic:
Figure group\female  Search this
Performing arts\dance  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
1984.31.40
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1984.31.40

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