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John Paul Hitchcock, (painting)

Painter:
Oakley, Violet 1874-1961  Search this
Subject:
Hitchcock, John Paul  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Butler Institute of American Art 524 Wick Avenue Youngstown Ohio 44502 Accession Number: 970-O-119
Topic:
Portrait male  Search this
Control number:
IAP 42831554
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_54295

Portrait of Rabindranath Tagore

Artist:
Violet Oakley, 10 Jun 1874 - 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Rabindranath Tagore, 1861 - 1941  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 111.8 × 91.4cm (44 × 36")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1930
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Rabindranath Tagore: Male  Search this
Rabindranath Tagore: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Rabindranath Tagore: Nobel Prize  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Drexel University Collection
Object number:
1389 DUC
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1389_DUC

Rabindranath Tagore

Artist:
Violet Oakley, 10 Jun 1874 - 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Rabindranath Tagore, 1861 - 1941  Search this
Medium:
Pastel and charcoal on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 43.2 × 30.5cm (17 × 12")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1930
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Rabindranath Tagore: Male  Search this
Rabindranath Tagore: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Rabindranath Tagore: Nobel Prize  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Drexel University Collection
Object number:
5330
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_5330

The Nawab Khan

Artist:
Violet Oakley, 10 Jun 1874 - 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Sir Umar Hayat Khan Tiwana  Search this
Medium:
Charcoal and pastel or chalks on brown handmade wove paper
Dimensions:
22 1/4 x 15 in. (56.1 x 38.1 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1929
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Costume\Headgear  Search this
Sir Umar Hayat Khan Tiwana: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
Object number:
1983.10.9 PAFA
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1983.10.9_PAFA

U.N. Series -- U.S.S.R.

Artist:
Violet Oakley, 10 Jun 1874 - 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Andriei Gromyko, 18 Jul 1909 - Jul 1989  Search this
Medium:
Pencil, charcoal and white chalk on buff paper
Dimensions:
Sheet (Accurate): 33 x 50.8cm (13 x 20")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1946
Topic:
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Writing implement\Pen  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table\Writing table  Search this
Andriei Gromyko: Male  Search this
Andriei Gromyko: Politics and Government\Diplomat  Search this
Andriei Gromyko: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
Andriei Gromyko: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador\United Nations  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Woodmere Art Museum
Object number:
285G
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_285G

Amelita Galli-Curci

Artist:
Violet Oakley, 10 Jun 1874 - 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Amelita Galli-Curci, 18 Nov 1882 - 26 Nov 1963  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 14.5 × 9 cm (5 11/16 × 3 9/16")
Mount: 35.6 × 21.6 cm (14 × 8 1/2")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1910
Topic:
Amelita Galli-Curci: Female  Search this
Amelita Galli-Curci: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Amelita Galli-Curci: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Violet Oakley Memorial Foundation
Object number:
NPG.83.25
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.83.25

U.N. Series -- Secretary General Trygve Lie

Artist:
Violet Oakley, 10 Jun 1874 - 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Trygve Lie, 1896 - 1968  Search this
Medium:
Pencil and crayon on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet (Accurate): 50.8 x 38.4cm (20 x 15 1/8")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1946
Topic:
Trygve Lie: Male  Search this
Trygve Lie: Politics and Government\Statesman  Search this
Trygve Lie: Politics and Government\Secretary General of UN  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Woodmere Art Museum
Object number:
279G
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_279G

Amelita Galli-Curci

Artist:
Violet Oakley, 10 Jun 1874 - 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Amelita Galli-Curci, 18 Nov 1882 - 26 Nov 1963  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 14.5 × 9 cm (5 11/16 × 3 9/16")
Mount: 35.7 × 21.6 cm (14 1/16 × 8 1/2")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1910
Topic:
Amelita Galli-Curci: Female  Search this
Amelita Galli-Curci: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Amelita Galli-Curci: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Violet Oakley Memorial Foundation
Object number:
NPG.83.24
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.83.24

Emanuel Prinz von Hohenzollern Sigmaringen

Artist:
Violet Oakley, 10 Jun 1874 - 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Emanuel Prinz von Hohenzollern Sigmaringen  Search this
Medium:
Pastel on buff paper
Dimensions:
Image (Accurate): 44.5 x 30.5cm (17 1/2 x 12")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1949
Topic:
Emanuel Prinz von Hohenzollern Sigmaringen: Male  Search this
Emanuel Prinz von Hohenzollern Sigmaringen: Rulers and Nobility\Prince  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Woodmere Art Museum
Object number:
1984.10.3
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1984.10.3

Dimitri Mitropoulos

Artist:
Violet Oakley, 10 Jun 1874 - 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Dimitri Mitropoulos, 18 Feb 1896 - 2 Nov 1960  Search this
Medium:
Charcoal and chalk on paper
Dimensions:
51.5cm x 33.5cm (20 1/4" x 13 3/16"), Accurate
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1940
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Dimitri Mitropoulos: Male  Search this
Dimitri Mitropoulos: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Dimitri Mitropoulos: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist  Search this
Dimitri Mitropoulos: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Violet Oakley Memorial Foundation
Object number:
NPG.83.15
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.83.15

Amelita Galli-Curci

Artist:
Violet Oakley, 10 Jun 1874 - 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Amelita Galli-Curci, 18 Nov 1882 - 26 Nov 1963  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 14.5 × 9 cm (5 11/16 × 3 9/16")
Mount: 35.8 × 21.7 cm (14 1/8 × 8 9/16")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1910
Topic:
Amelita Galli-Curci: Female  Search this
Amelita Galli-Curci: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Amelita Galli-Curci: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Violet Oakley Memorial Foundation
Object number:
NPG.83.23
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.83.23

Amelita Galli-Curci

Artist:
Violet Oakley, 10 Jun 1874 - 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Amelita Galli-Curci, 18 Nov 1882 - 26 Nov 1963  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 14.5 × 9 cm (5 11/16 × 3 9/16")
Mount: 35.6 × 21.6 cm (14 × 8 1/2")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1910
Topic:
Amelita Galli-Curci: Female  Search this
Amelita Galli-Curci: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Amelita Galli-Curci: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Violet Oakley Memorial Foundation
Object number:
NPG.83.22
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.83.22

Beatrice Harrison

Artist:
Violet Oakley, 10 Jun 1874 - 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Beatrice Harrison, 9 Dec 1892 – 10 Mar 1965  Search this
Medium:
Black, red and white chalk on tan laid paper
Dimensions:
59.5cm x 43.1cm (23 7/16" x 16 15/16")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
n.d.a.
Topic:
Costume\Hair Accessory  Search this
Music\Musical instrument\Cello  Search this
Beatrice Harrison: Female  Search this
Beatrice Harrison: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Cellist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Website: https://www.metmuseum.org/
Object number:
1978.294.1 MMA
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1978.294.1_MMA

U.N. Series -- China

Artist:
Violet Oakley, 10 Jun 1874 - 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Dr. P. C. Chang  Search this
Medium:
Pencil and black & white conte on buff paper
Dimensions:
Sheet (Accurate): 47.7 x 33.3cm (18 3/4 x 13 1/8")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1946
Topic:
Dr. P. C. Chang: Male  Search this
Dr. P. C. Chang: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador\United Nations  Search this
Dr. P. C. Chang: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Chinese  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Woodmere Art Museum
Object number:
288g
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_288g

U.N. Series -- Egypt

Artist:
Violet Oakley, 10 Jun 1874 - 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Hafex Afifi Pasha  Search this
Medium:
Black & white conte on black paper
Dimensions:
Sheet (Accurate): 25.7 x 33.3cm (10 1/8 x 13 1/8")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1946
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Printed Material\Papers  Search this
Printed Material\Papers  Search this
Hafex Afifi Pasha: Male  Search this
Hafex Afifi Pasha: Health and Medicine\Physician  Search this
Hafex Afifi Pasha: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Hafex Afifi Pasha: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador\United Nations  Search this
Hafex Afifi Pasha: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Egyptian  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Woodmere Art Museum
Object number:
298G
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_298G

Dimitri Mitropoulos

Artist:
Violet Oakley, 10 Jun 1874 - 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Dimitri Mitropoulos, 18 Feb 1896 - 2 Nov 1960  Search this
Medium:
Pastel on paper
Dimensions:
52.3cm x 33.2cm (20 9/16" x 13 1/16"), Accurate
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1940
Topic:
Dimitri Mitropoulos: Male  Search this
Dimitri Mitropoulos: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Dimitri Mitropoulos: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist  Search this
Dimitri Mitropoulos: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Violet Oakley Memorial Foundation
Object number:
NPG.83.14
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.83.14

Richard Murray research material regarding mural painting in the United States

Creator:
Murray, Richard N., 1942-2006  Search this
Names:
American Academy in Rome  Search this
Hotel de Ville (Paris, France)  Search this
Alexander, John White, 1856-1915  Search this
Blashfield, Edwin Howland, 1848-1936  Search this
Cox, Kenyon, 1856-1919  Search this
La Farge, John, 1835-1910  Search this
Low, Will Hicok, 1853-1932  Search this
Mowbray, H. Siddons (Harry Siddons), 1858-1928  Search this
Norton, John Warner, 1876-1934  Search this
Oakley, Violet, 1874-1961  Search this
Parrish, Maxfield, 1870-1966  Search this
Sargent, John Singer, 1856-1925  Search this
Steichen, Edward, 1879-1973  Search this
Wyeth, N. C. (Newell Convers), 1882-1945  Search this
Extent:
20.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1896-2006
bulk 1970-2006
Summary:
The Richard Murray research material regarding mural painting in the United States measures 20.5 linear feet and dates from 1896 to 2006 with the bulk of the material dating from 1970 to 2006. The collection is comprised of Murray's extensive research files, scattered writings, and photographic materials for his life-long research on mural painting in the United States.
Scope and Contents:
The Richard Murray research material regarding mural painting in the United States measures 20.5 linear feet and dates from 1896 to 2006 with the bulk of the material dating from 1970 to 2006. The collection is comprised of Murray's extensive research files, scattered writings, and photographic materials documenting his life-long research on mural painting in the United States.

Mural research files are organized by city, state, artist, and general mural research. The files contain photocopies of printed material, notes, photographs, and correspondence. Artists with extensive documentation include John White Alexander, Edwin Blashfield, Kenyon Cox, John LaFarge, Will H. Low, H. Siddons Mowbray, John Warner Norton, Violet Oakley, Maxfield Parrish, John Singer Sargent, Eduard Steichen, and N.C. Wyeth. Other files consist of bibliographies, a mural catalog and index, hand-drawn statistical graphs, and files on murals in Chicago, New York, and Washington, D.C.

Writings include drafts of articles "Painted Words: Murals in the Library of Congress" and "Progressive Era Murals in Chicago's Public Schools." There are also writings by others. Subject files consist of compiled notes, photographs, printed materials, and photocopies on general art related topics such as European art history and theory, art criticism, the life of an artist, the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, immigration, and decorative arts.

Photographic materials include photographs and negatives of the American Academy in Rome, the Hotel de Ville, and public and private murals throughout various cities. The series also includes two microfilm reels of the Kenyon Cox papers with an index, and a small amount of Murray's personal photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 4 series.

Series 1: Mural Research Files, 1896-2006 (15.2 linear feet; Boxes 1-16, OV 22)

Series 2: Writings, circa 1990s-2006 (0.4 linear feet; Box 16)

Series 3: Subject Files, 1967-2000 (1.0 linear feet; Boxes 16-17)

Series 4: Photographic Materials, 1916-2006 (3.9 linear feet; Boxes 17-21)
Biographical / Historical:
Richard Murray (1942-2006) was a curator, educator, and museum administrator in Washington, D.C.

Murray received a bachelor of arts from California State University in San Jose in 1968 and a M.A. in art history and theory from the University of Chicago in 1970. As a research fellow at the National Collection of Fine Arts (NCFA), now the Smithsonian American Art Museum, he began his dissertation research on mural paintings in the United States. Murray's research on American mural painting continued for decades. Although never officially published, the research project was titled "Hope and Memory: Mural Painting in the United States, 1876-1920." He authored numerous articles about mural painters and painting. Murray also conducted extensive research and organized exhibitions on painters Abbott Handerson Thayer and Elihu Vedder at the Smithsonian American Art Museum.

In the 1970s, Murray worked as an assistant to the NCFA director and assisted in the preparation of the seminal bicentennial exhibition entitled America as Art. From 1979 to 1983, Murray was director of the Birmingham Museum of Art in Alabama. In 1983, he returned to Washington, D.C. and served as director of the Smithsonian Institution Archives of American Art until 1987, when he accepted the position of chief curator and assistant director of the Smithsonian American Art Museum. He remained in this position until his death in 2006.
Related Materials:
Also available at the Archives of American Art is Richard Murray research material regarding Abbott Handerson Thayer, 1948-2004, bulk 1994-2001.
Separated Materials:
Research files on Abbott Handerson Thayer found within this collection were separated and filed with the AAA collection, Richard Murray research materials on Abbott Handerson Thayer, 1948-2004, bulk 1994-2001.
Provenance:
The bulk of the Richard Murray research material regarding mural painting in the United States was donated in 2006 by Murray's wife Marciela Murray. Additional files were transferred from the Smithsonian American Art Museum in 2009 and 2014 via Rachel Kase in the curatorial office.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Richard Murray research material regarding mural painting in the United States is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Curators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Mural painting and decoration, American  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Richard Murray research material regarding mural painting in the United States, 1896-2006, bulk 1970-2006. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.murrrich
See more items in:
Richard Murray research material regarding mural painting in the United States
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-murrrich

Violet Oakley papers

Creator:
Oakley, Violet, 1874-1961  Search this
Names:
Pennsylvania State Capitol (Harrisburg, Pa.)  Search this
Extent:
56.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Diaries
Glass plate negatives
Renderings
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Visitors' books
Sketches
Date:
1841-1981
Summary:
The papers of painter, stained glass artist, and muralist Violet Oakley measure 56.4 linear feet and date from 1841-1981. Found within the papers are biographical materials; personal and business correspondence; writings, including essays, lectures, and project drafts; diaries and journals; financial material; artwork; printed material, including scrapbooks; and photographs, 3 albums, 322 glass plate negatives, and 1600 film negatives of Oakley, her family and friends, and her work.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter, stained glass artist, and muralist Violet Oakley measure 56.4 linear feet and date from 1841-1981. Found within the papers are biographical materials; personal and business correspondence; writings, including essays, lectures, and project drafts; diaries and journals; financial material; artwork; printed material, including scrapbooks; and photographs, 3 albums, 322 glass plate negatives, and 1600 film negatives of Oakley, her family and friends, and her work.

Biographical materials include certificates, family records, curriculum vitae, and identification cards, and studio guest books. About one-half of the collection is comprised of correspondence with family, friends, and business associates. Writings include Oakley's notes, essays and lectures, and writings related to 16 of her major artworks and publications, including her work on the Pennsylvania Capitol murals in Harrisburg. Diaries and journals include Oakley's travel notes and research on planned artworks.

Financial materials include a catalog of artworks and price lists, accounting records, and art supply receipts. Artwork includes early childhood juvenilia, a sketchbook, sketches of travel and friends, architectural renderings, and artwork by others. Printed materials include books, clippings, exhibition catalogs, programs, and reproductions of artwork by Oakley and others. Photographic materials include photographs, albums, and negatives depicting Oakley, her friends and family, her studio at Cogslea, and reproductions of artwork.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series. A comprehensive index of individidual correspondents for the chronological correspondence is found in the first folder of the chronological correspondence in box 5, folder 41. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers, but listed where they fall intellectually within the collection.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1841-1970 (2.8 linear feet; Boxes 1-3, OV 69, OV 71)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1857-1979 (26.7 linear feet; Boxes 3-30)

Series 3: Notes and Writings, 1899-1976 (10.6 linear feet; Boxes 30-38, 58-64, OV 66, OV 70)

Series 4: Diaries and Journals, 1891-1958 (0.9 linear feet, Boxes 38-39)

Series 5: Financial Material, 1874-1977 (3.1 linear feet; Boxes 39-42)

Series 6: Artwork, 1883-1955 (0.7 linear feet; Boxes 43-43, 64, OV 67, OV 71)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1866-1981 (7.3 linear feet, Boxes 43-50, 65, OV 67)

Series 8: Photographs, 1890-1980 (5.3 linear feet; Boxes 50-57, 65, OV 68)
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, muralist, and stained glass designer Violet Oakley (1874-1961) lived and worked in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and was known for her Renaissance-revival style of art and the series of murals she completed for the Pennsylvania State Capitol.

Born in Bergen Heights, New Jersey, to a family of artists, both of Violet Oakley's grandfathers were painters and members of the National Academy. In 1892, she began her art studies at the Art Students' League and traveled abroad a year later to study in Paris at the Academie Montparnasse, and in England with Charles Lazar. Upon her return to the states in 1896, she continued her studies at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, and at Drexel Institute with Howard Pyle.

For fourteen years, Oakley shared her early studios at Red Rose Inn and Cogslea Estate with fellow artists and illustrators Elizabeth Shippen Green and Jessie Willcox Smith. These two studio homes were managed by their friend Henrietta Cozens in a cooperative arrangement which allowed all three artists to focus on their work as commercial artists. Early in her career, Oakley designed covers for magazines such as Collier's Weekly and Century Magazine, and also found work as a stained glass designer for the Church Glass and Decorating Company of New York. In 1900, she received her first major commission to design and execute two large murals and six stained glass pieces for the All Angels' Church in New York City.

In 1902 Oakley was approached by architect Joseph Huston to design 13 murals for the Governor's reception room in the new Pennsylvania State Capitol in Harrisburg. She eventually completed two additional mural commissions for the Capitol's Senate (1911-1920) and Supreme Court (1917-1927) chambers. Her studies of William Penn in connection with her murals for the State Capitol inspired Oakley to work for international peace and eventually led to the publication of a portrait folio depicting League of Nations delegates (1932). Other significant works include murals, panels, and stained glass commissions completed for the Vassar College Alumni house, Charlton Yarnall house (Philadelphia), and Cuyuhoga County courthouse.

While working as an established artist, Oakley also taught courses at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, arranged a yearly lecture series, and published folios and other writings on topics ranging from art history to Christian Science under the Coslea Studios imprint. Her later studio, Lower Cogslea, was shared by artist and lifelong companion Edith Emerson, who after Oakley's death in 1961, established a memorial foundation in her name.

Oakley was the first woman elected to the National Society of Mural Painters, was a recipient of the Gold Medal of Honor of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, and was the first woman to receive the Gold Medal of Honor from the Architectural League of New York. Her writings include The Holy Experiment: A Message to the World from Pennsylvania (1922) and Law Triumphant: The Opening of the Book of Law (1933).
Related Materials:
Also found among the holdings of the Archives of American Art are the Violet Oakley Memorial Foundation records and the Violet Oakley autograph and photograph. The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts holds the Violet Oakley Foundation Art Collection, and the Philadelphia Museum of Art holds the Violet Oakley Collection.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reels 1204, P12, 1187-1188, 1272, and 1194-1195).

Reel 1204 consists of two scrapbooks (circa 1896-1952) containing clippings from magazines of illustrations by Violet Oakley and her sister, Hester, and of Violet's murals for the State Capitol at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Reel P12 is of a scrapbook (1898-1936) containing a photograph of Oakely at her easel, clippings, and letters. Reels 1187-1188 consist of five scrapbooks (1920-1962) containing letters, clippings, exhibition announcements, catalogs, and awards. One of the scrapbooks is devoted to "The Holy Experiment", a limited edition publication by Oakley which commemorating William Penn, and which includes reproductions of Oakley's capitol murals in Harrisburg.

Reel 1272 contains two albums (circa 1900-1949) containing photos of Oakley working on murals in her studio, as well as her works of art, including stained glass windows at the Church of All Angels, New York; murals at the Harrisburg State Capitol; preliminary drawings and site photographs of "Dante's Window"; the lunettes and window for the Yarnall House; murals and preliminary drawings for the Cuyahoga Court House; the mural and dedication ceremonies for the Vassar Alumnae House; and photos and printed material on "Divine Presence--Christ at Geneva," "The Life of Moses," "Great Women of the Bible," and triptychs for the Army and Navy.

Reels 1194-1195 cobsist of photograph albums (circa 1870-1960) containing photographs of the Oakley and Swain families, of Violet Oakley, Edith Emerson, Jessie Willcox Smith, Elizabeth Shippen Green, friends, her home, Oakley's "Red Rose" studio in Villanova, Pennsylvania, her "Cogslea" studio in Philadelphia, and of her works of art, mainly portraits of her friends and of delegates to the League of Nations.

Lent materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Violet Oakley first loaned the Archives of American Art materials for microfilming in 1959. Edith Emerson, Oakley's longtime friend and companion, donated and lent papers for microfilming in 1977 and 1984. The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, who had received the papers from Emerson's estate, donated two feet of materials in 1988.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' research center in Washington, D.C.
Rights:
The Violet Oakley papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Women artists -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Stained glass artists -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Muralists -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Artists' materials  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- United States  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Diaries
Glass plate negatives
Renderings
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Visitors' books
Sketches
Citation:
Violet Oakley papers, 1941-1981. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.oaklviol
See more items in:
Violet Oakley papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-oaklviol
Additional Online Media:

Chronological

Collection Creator:
Oakley, Violet, 1874-1961  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Folder 22-33
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1912
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' research center in Washington, D.C.
Collection Rights:
The Violet Oakley papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Violet Oakley papers, 1941-1981. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Violet Oakley papers
Violet Oakley papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-oaklviol-ref100

Chronological

Collection Creator:
Oakley, Violet, 1874-1961  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Folder 34-41
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1913, January-June
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' research center in Washington, D.C.
Collection Rights:
The Violet Oakley papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Violet Oakley papers, 1941-1981. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Violet Oakley papers
Violet Oakley papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-oaklviol-ref101

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