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Jacob Kainen papers

Creator:
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Kainen, Ruth Cole.  Search this
Names:
Addison Gallery of American Art  Search this
Australian National Gallery  Search this
Baltimore Museum of Art  Search this
British Museum  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
Corcoran School of Art (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Middendorf Gallery  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
Acton, David, 1953-  Search this
Agee, William C.  Search this
Berman, Avis  Search this
Broun, Elizabeth  Search this
Butler, Bryce  Search this
Cole, Phoebe  Search this
Fine, Ruth, 1941-  Search this
Fort Wayne Museum of Art  Search this
Frohlich, Newton, 1936-  Search this
Gilkey, Gordon  Search this
Gorky, Arshile, 1904-1948  Search this
Halesz, Piri  Search this
Harrison, Carol  Search this
Holden, Donald  Search this
Holladay, Wilhelmina Cole, 1922-  Search this
Hopps, Walter  Search this
Jackson, John Baptist, 1701-1780?  Search this
Jordon, Jim  Search this
Kalonyme, Louis  Search this
Lunn, Harry, 1933-1998  Search this
Morse, Peter  Search this
Nordland, Gerald  Search this
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Pollack, Jerome  Search this
Powell, Richard J., 1953-  Search this
Purcell, Ann  Search this
Rand, Harry  Search this
Reynolds, Jock  Search this
Ries, Martin, 1926-  Search this
Solman, Joseph, 1909-2008  Search this
Steinberg, Leo  Search this
Taylor, Joshua Charles, 1917-  Search this
Taylor, Prentiss, 1907-1991  Search this
Tejera, V. ((Victorino))  Search this
Thornton, Valerie  Search this
Weber, Joanne  Search this
Extent:
33.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Diaries
Transcripts
Videotapes
Visitors' books
Lectures
Prints
Greeting cards
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Date:
1905-2009
bulk 1940-2001
Summary:
The papers of painter, printmaker, and curator Jacob Kainen measure 33.3 linear feet and date from 1905 to 2009, with the bulk of the material from 1940-2001. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence/subject files including personal correspondence to and from friends and family members and professional correspondence and records concerning Kainen's activities as an artist, curator, teacher, and art collector. The collection also contains biographical material, writings, diaries, calendars, inventories, interview transcripts, printed material, photographs, works of art by other artists, and nine scrapbooks.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of painter, printmaker, and curator Jacob Kainen measure 33.3 linear feet and date from 1905 to 2009, with the bulk of the material from 1940-2001. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence/subject files including personal correspondence to and from friends and family members and professional correspondence and records concerning Kainen's activities as an artist, curator, teacher, and art collector. The collection also contains biographical material, writings, diary and journal entries, calendars, inventories, interview and "dialog" transcripts, printed material, photographs, works of art by other artists, and nine scrapbooks.

Biographical materials include items concerning Kainen's career as a curator and artist, in addition to a useful bibliography, detailed biographical outline, and a copy of an FBI report compiled on him. Also included are five videocassette recordings of Kainen.

Alphabetical correspondence/subject files comprise the bulk of the collection and include both Jacob's and Ruth's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, artists, art critics, curators, museums, arts organizations, galleries, and many others. There is a significant amount of correspondence with David Acton, the Addison Gallery of Art and Jock Reynolds, William Agee, Australian National Gallery, Baltimore Museum of Art, Avis Berman, the British Museum, Brooklyn Museum, Elizabeth Broun and the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Bryce Butler, Pheobe Cole, the Corcoran Gallery and School of Art, Richard Field, Ruth Fine, Fort Wayne Museum of Art, Newton Frohlich, Gordon Gilkey and the Pacific Northwest College of Art, Arshile Gorky, Piri Halesz, Carol Harrison, Donald Holden, Wilhelmina Holladay, John Baptist Jackson, Jim Jordon, Lou Kantor, Harry Lunn Jr., Middendorf Gallery, National Gallery of Art, Peter Morse, Gerald Nordland, Francis O'Connor, Jerome Pollack, Richard Powell, Ann Purcell, Harry Rand, Martin Ries, Joseph Solman, Leo Steinberg, Prentiss Taylor, Victorino Tejera, Valerie Thornton, Joanne Weber, and numerous family members.

Writings are by and about Jacob Kainen. Kainen's writings include articles, lectures, exhibition catalog essays, notes, travel notebooks, short stories, poems, and written statements about his artistic motivations and justifications. There are writings about Kainen by Avis Berman, Ruth Cole Kainen, and others. The bulk of the numerous diary entries are from Ruth Cole Kainen's diaries, many of which concern Jacob and their family. There are also annotated and revised diary entries. There is one folder of diary entries and one folder of journal entries by Jacob Kainen and two dismantled journal-like notebooks. The papers include daily calendars and travel itineraries from 1972 through 2001.

The papers include transcripts of formal interviews and informal conversations with Jacob Kainen. Transcripts are of informal dinner, telephone, and general conversations between friends, colleagues, artists, and Ruth Cole Kainen. Included are conversations with Avis Berman, Walter Hopps, Harry Rand, Joshua Taylor, and several others. Many of these transcripts were also annnotated by Jacob and Ruth Kainen. Also found are numerous transcripts of more formal interviews with Kainen by art historians, art critics, and students.

There are inventories, appraisals, and lists of sold and not sold paintings, as well as color photographs of some of Kainen's works of art. Also found are inventories of the Kainens' art collection. Printed materials include Kainen's exhibition catalogs and announcements, clippings of articles by and about Jacob Kainen, and an exhibition guestbook.

Photographs are of Kainen with his family and friends, at exhibition openings, and working in his studios. Works of art by others includes handmade greeting cards, limited edition prints, and portfolios given to Jacob Kainen. Nine scrapbooks containing news clippings and exhibition publications document the entirety of Kainen's career as an artist.
Arrangement:
The Jacob Kainen papers are arranged into 11 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1938-2001 (Boxes 1, 32; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence/Subject Files, 1936-2003 (Boxes 1-12, 32-33; 11.8 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1920s-2002 (Boxes 12-13, 33; 1.6 linear feet)

Series 4: Diaries, circa 1952-2002 (Boxes 13-18, 33-38; 10.0 linear feet)

Series 5: Calendars, 1953-2008 (Boxes 18-20, 38; 1.7 linear feet)

Series 6: Transcripts, circa 1975-1994 (Boxes 20-21, 38; 1.4 linear feet)

Series 7: Inventories, 1927-2001 (Boxes 21-22; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1938-2003 (Box 22, 38, OV 31; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 9: Photographs, 1905-2000 (Boxes 22-25, 38, OV 31; 3.3 linear feet)

Series 10: Works of Art by Others, 1942-2000 (Boxes 25-26, OV 31; 1.2 linear foot)

Series 11: Scrapbooks, 1936-1998 (Boxes 27-30, 38; 1.3 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Jacob Kainen (1909-2001) was a painter, printmaker, and curator who worked primarily in Washington, D.C.

Born on December 7, 1909 in Waterbury, Connecticut, Jacob Kainen moved with his family to New York City in 1918. Kainen studied at the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn from 1927 until 1930, and at the Art Student's League. In the early 1930s, Kainen became involved in social causes and formed close friendships with the early abstractionists, including John Graham, Arshile Gorky, and Stuart Davis. He joined the Artists' Union and a contributor to its journal, Art Front, along with Stuart Davis and Harold Rosenberg. Jacob's participation in the Artists' Union was later investigated by the FBI.

From 1935 until 1942, Kainen worked for the Graphic Arts Division of the Works Progress Administration in New York City and began exhibiting with the New York School. It was during this period that he married Bertha Friedman. Jacob and Bertha had two sons together, Dan and Paul, and divorced in 1968.

In 1942, Kainen made a life-changing decision to leave New York City and move to Washington, D.C. to accept what he thought would be a temporary position as a scientific aide in the Division of Graphic Arts at the Smithsonian Institution. Kainen quickly became Assistant Curator and Curator in 1946. He served as Curator for twenty years, completely reshaping the department and building the graphic arts collection. His print exhibitions brought the work of S.W. Hayter, Josef Albers, Adja Yunkers, Louis Lozowick, Karl Schrag, José Guerrero, Louis Schanker, Werner Drewes, and Boris Margo to Washington audiences - graphic work that might not have been shown that early in the area.

1947 marked the opening of the Washington Workshop Center for the Arts, where Kainen served as a teacher and guide to several important artists, helping to make the workshop a magnet for new talent and instrumental in furthering the careers of several artists. Although Kainen taught Gene Davis and Alma Thomas and introduced Morris Louis to Leon Berkowitz, he never considered himself a member of the "Washington Color School."

In 1949, the Corcoran Gallery of Art held a retrospective of Kainen's prints and three years later Kenneth Noland organized Kainen's first painting retrospective at Catholic University. Kainen's paintings from the 1940s illustrated a shift away from social realism toward abstract expressionism. In 1956, Jacob Kainen received a grant from the American Philosophical society to conduct research in Europe for his monograph on the English woodcut artist, John Baptist Jackson. He traveled to Europe again in 1962 to study paintings and prints from the Mannerist Period.

From 1966 until 1970, Kainen worked as the Curator of prints and drawings at the National Collection of Fine Arts (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum). He married Ruth Cole in February of 1969. Kainen retired from the Smithsonian a year later to devote himself full-time to his art, but continued to serve as a special consultant to the Smithsonian American Art Museum for nineteen years. In 1971 and 1972, Kainen taught painting and the history of printmaking at the University of Maryland. A retrospective of Kainen's paintings was held in 1993 at the National Museum of American Art (SAAM).

Throughout his artistic career, Kainen experimented with different mediums and explored different styles, yet he identified himself as a painter. Jacob Kainen participated in at least twenty-five one man shows and several group exhibitions. His works are in collections across the United States and abroad, including the National Gallery of Art, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the British Museum. He worked in his studio up until the time of his death on March 19, 2001 at his home in Chevy Chase, Maryland.
Related Material:
Found among the holdings of the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview of Jacob Kainen conducted by Avis Berman in 1982 for the Archives' "Mark Rothko and His Times" oral history project. Also found are microfilm copies of Bertha Kainen's correspondence with Avis Berman regarding Berman's essay about Jacob Kainen.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels 565, 2147-2149, and 2200) including correspondence, writings by Kainen, and papers relating to the Smithsonian Institution Loyalty Board's investigation of Jacob Kainen from 1942-1954. Most, but not all, of the loaned materials were included in later gifts. Loaned materials not donated at a later date remain with the lender and are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
Jacob and Ruth Kainen first lent the Archives of American Art material for microfilming from 1973-1981, the bulk of which was included in the later gifts. Papers were then donated in multiple accretions between 1981-2007 by Jacob and Ruth Kainen, and in 2009 from the estate of Ruth Kainen via executor Teresa Covacevich Grana. Also in 2003, eight photographs of Jacob and Ruth Kainen were transferred from the National Portrait Gallery to the Archives of American Art.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Jacob Kainen papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Curators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Painters -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Painting, Modern -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Painting, Abstract -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Art teachers -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Printmakers -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Diaries
Transcripts
Videotapes
Visitors' books
Lectures
Prints
Greeting cards
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Jacob Kainen papers, 1905-2008, bulk 1940-2001. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kainjaco
See more items in:
Jacob Kainen papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kainjaco
Additional Online Media:

Frances V. O'Connor, Washington, D.C. letter to Audrey McMahon, New York, N.Y.

Creator:
O'Connor, Francis V., 1937-  Search this
McMahon, Audrey, 1890-1981  Search this
Subject:
Federal Art Project (N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1968 Dec. 11
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
New deal art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11883
See more items in:
Audrey McMahon papers, 1935-1980
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_11883
Additional Online Media:

Edward Laning papers, 1880-1983

Creator:
Laning, Edward, 1906-1981  Search this
Subject:
Lucioni, Luigi  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart  Search this
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Section of Fine Arts  Search this
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Financial records  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Mural painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5834
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208674
AAA_collcode_laniedwa
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208674

Rosalind Bengelsdorf Browne papers, 1927-1978

Creator:
Bengelsdorf, Rosalind, 1916-1979  Search this
Subject:
Kootz, Samuel Melvin  Search this
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Browne, Byron  Search this
American Abstract Artists  Search this
Federal Art Project (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Abstract  Search this
Exhibition catalogs  Search this
Art  Search this
Painters  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Art critics  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6850
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208977
AAA_collcode_bengrosa
Theme:
Diaries
Women
Art Movements and Schools
Lives of American Artists
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208977

Max Arthur Cohn papers, 1928-1978

Creator:
Cohn, Max Arthur, 1903-1998  Search this
Subject:
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Barr, Norman  Search this
McCausland, Elizabeth  Search this
Gottlieb, Harry  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
Topic:
Serigraphers  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Business records  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7267
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209418
AAA_collcode_cohnmax
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209418

Emanuel Benson papers, 1924-1967

Creator:
Benson, Emanuel, 1904-1971  Search this
Subject:
Greene, Balcomb  Search this
Knaths, Karl  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Wolff, Gustave  Search this
Grosz, George  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault  Search this
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Marin, John  Search this
Kandinsky, Wassily  Search this
Calder, Alexander  Search this
Lipchitz, Jacques  Search this
Machen, Arthur  Search this
Davis, Stuart  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
Index of American Design  Search this
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Art centers  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8881
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211066
AAA_collcode_benseman
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211066

Jacob Kainen papers, 1905-2009, bulk, 1940-2001

Creator:
Kainen, Jacob, 1909-2001  Search this
Subject:
Nordland, Gerald  Search this
Pollack, Jerome  Search this
Frohlich, Newton  Search this
Weber, Joanne  Search this
Steinberg, Leo  Search this
Butler, Bryce  Search this
Kainen, Ruth Cole  Search this
Acton, David  Search this
Holladay, Wilhelmina Cole  Search this
Taylor, Prentiss  Search this
Purcell, Ann  Search this
Morse, Peter  Search this
Taylor, Joshua C. (Joshua Charles),  Search this
Jordon, Jim  Search this
Halesz, Piri  Search this
Berman, Avis  Search this
Gorky, Arshile  Search this
Thornton, Valerie  Search this
Reynolds, Jock  Search this
Gilkey, Gordon  Search this
Hopps, Walter  Search this
Cole, Phoebe  Search this
Harrison, Carol  Search this
Jackson, John Baptist  Search this
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Kalonyme, Louis  Search this
Lunn, Harry  Search this
Ries, Martin  Search this
Solman, Joseph  Search this
Agee, William C.  Search this
Rand, Harry  Search this
Powell, Richard J.  Search this
Fine, Ruth  Search this
Broun, Elizabeth  Search this
Tejera, V. (Victorino)  Search this
Holden, Donald  Search this
Field, Richard  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Baltimore Museum of Art  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
Addison Gallery of American Art  Search this
British Museum  Search this
Corcoran School of Art (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
Australian National Gallery  Search this
Fort Wayne Museum of Art  Search this
Middendorf Gallery  Search this
Pacific Northwest College of Art  Search this
Topic:
Transcripts  Search this
Art  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Greeting cards  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Visitors' books  Search this
Diaries  Search this
Prints  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Curators  Search this
Video recordings  Search this
Painting, Abstract  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Lectures  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9025
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211214
AAA_collcode_kainjaco
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211214
Additional Online Media:

Bendor Mark papers, 1930-1984

Creator:
Mark, Bendor, 1912-1995  Search this
Subject:
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Federal Art Project (N.Y.)  Search this
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9038
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211227
AAA_collcode_markbend
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211227

Francis V. O'Connor papers, 1920-2009

Creator:
O'Connor, Francis V., 1937-  Search this
Subject:
Works Progress Administration  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
National Endowment for the Arts  Search this
United States.Work Projects Administration  Search this
Topic:
Art historians  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9095
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211289
AAA_collcode_oconfran
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211289
Additional Online Media:

David Smith miscellaneous papers, [ca. 1940]-1964

Creator:
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Subject:
Stead, Christina  Search this
Blake, William J. (William James),  Search this
Dehner, Dorothy  Search this
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Topic:
Exhibition catalogs  Search this
Sculpture, Modern  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Art metal-work  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Medals  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10463
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213874
AAA_collcode_smithdav
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213874

Audrey McMahon papers, 1935-1980

Creator:
McMahon, Audrey, 1890-1981  Search this
Subject:
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Cahill, Holger  Search this
Somervell, Brehon Burke  Search this
Works Progress Administration  Search this
Federal Art Project (N.Y.)  Search this
Federal Art Project (N.J.)  Search this
Topic:
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6093
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216235
AAA_collcode_mcmaaudr
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216235
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Stanton L. Catlin, 1989 July 1-September 14

Interviewee:
Catlin, Stanton Loomis, 1915-1997  Search this
Interviewer:
O'Connor, Francis V., 1937-  Search this
Topic:
Art museums  Search this
Museums  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Museum directors  Search this
Educators  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5454
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215546
AAA_collcode_catlin89
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215546
Additional Online Media:

Francis V. O'Connor papers

Creator:
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Names:
Federal Art Project  Search this
National Endowment for the Arts  Search this
United States. Work Projects Administration  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Extent:
23.4 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1920-2009
Summary:
The papers of New York art historian Francis O'Connor measure 23.4 linear feet and date from 1920-2009. Found within the papers are artist and exhibition files, questionnaires, transcripts, writings, project files, and printed material that pertain to O'Connor's research and publications on the New Deal and the Federal Arts Project of the Works Progress Administration.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of New York art historian Francis O'Connor measure 23.4 linear feet and date from 1920-2009. Found within the papers are artist and exhibition files, questionnaires, transcripts, writings, project files, and printed material that pertain to O'Connor's research and publications on the New Deal and the Federal Arts Project of the Works Progress Administration.

The "NCFA Library" consists of research materials collected, created, and compiled during the course of O'Connor's research project supported by the National Endowment for the Humanities for his books Federal Support for the Visual Arts (1969) and Art for the Millions (1973). Files contain administrative records, artists' files, and questionnaires and essays that document the administration of New Deal art projects. The files were collated by O'Connor into a set that remains intact.

The publications series consists of additional research and administrative materials specifically related to O'Connor's four publications on the WPA/FAP and New Deal artists: Federal Support for the Visual Arts: The New Deal and Now (1969), New Deal Art Projects: An Anthology of Memoirs (1972), Art for the Millions (1973), and Federal Art Patronage Notes (newsletter, 1974-1984).

New Deal research files are more general research materials collected by or sent to O'Connor in the course of his academic career. These include information on New Deal administrators and state specific WPA projects; photocopies of original WPA activity and reports; and New Deal scholarship, academic symposia, and conferences.

New Deal exhibitions include announcement and catalogs of contemporary New Deal art exhibitions in the U.S. from the 1960s to the 1990s. Project files are related to three publically and privately funded New Deal research projects O'Connor directed or participated in. Printed materials consists of press coverage of federal arts patronage in the United States dating from the 1960s to 2008.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 6 series. There is some overlap in series reflecting O'Connor's original order.

Series 1: NCFA Library, 1920-1974 (6.7 linear feet; Boxes 1-7, OV 28)

Series 2: Publications, 1939-1985 (4.3 linear feet; Boxes 7-11, BV 25-26, OV 27)

Series 3: New Deal Research Files, 1930-2009 (5.6 linear feet; Boxes 11-16)

Series 4: New Deal Exhibitions, 1961-1997 (1.4 linear feet; Boxes 17-18)

Series 5: Project Files, 1935-1999 (2 linear feet; Boxes 18-20)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1963-2008 (3.4 linear feet; Boxes 20-24)
Biographical / Historical:
New York art historian and poet Francis O'Connor (1937- ) is best known for his research and writings on the New Deal art programs of the Depression and the Roosevelt Administration. O'Connor received his Ph. D. from Johns Hopkins University in 1965 and taught contemporary European and American art history at the University of Maryland from 1964 to 1970. While at Maryland, he organized the country's first comprehensive exhibition of New Deal art programs since their ending in 1943. From 1967 to 1968, he also headed a research program for the National Endowment for the Arts to analyze the effectiveness of New Deal art patronage, which eventually led to the publication of Federal Support for the Visual Arts: The New Deal and Now (1969), New Deal Art Projects: An Anthology of Memoirs (1972), Art for the Millions (1973).

In addition to his work on New Deal art patronage, throughout the 1980s and 1990s, O'Connor continued to teach and lecture at universities, consulted on federally and privately funded research projects, and published critical essays for exhibition catalogs, anthologies and academic journals. He is a member of the College Art Association, International Association of Art Critics, and founded the Association of Independent Historians of Art in 1982.
Separated Materials:
Bound assemblies of periodicals were transferred to the Smithsonian Art Libraries in 2010, which retained relevant volumes and made final decisions regarding disposition of any remaining items.
Provenance:
The papers were donated by Francis O'Connor to the National Collection of Fine Arts, now the Smithsonian American Art Museum, which subsequently transferred the papers, with O'Connor's permission, to the Archives of American Art in 1974. In 2010, O'Connor donated an additional 15.8 linear feet of papers to the Archives.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings and electronic media with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. The Artists' Questionanaires require permission from each artist before publishing, quoting, or reproducing. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Francis V. O'Connor papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Francis O'Connor has retained any intellectual property rights, including copyright, he may possess. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
Citation:
Francis V. O'Connor papers, 1920-2009. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.oconfran
See more items in:
Francis V. O'Connor papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-oconfran

Research, Drafts and Notes

Collection Creator:
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Extent:
3 floppy discs
Container:
Box 19, Folder 17-19
Type:
Archival materials
Floppy discs
Date:
circa 1968-1996
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings and electronic media with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. The Artists' Questionanaires require permission from each artist before publishing, quoting, or reproducing. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Francis V. O'Connor papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Francis O'Connor has retained any intellectual property rights, including copyright, he may possess. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Francis V. O'Connor papers, 1920-2009. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Francis V. O'Connor papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-oconfran-ref1006

Printed Material

Collection Creator:
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Extent:
3.4 Linear feet (Boxes 20-24)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1963-2008
Scope and Contents:
Materials comprise of clippings, reports, press releases, and miscellaneous printed material that document the history of federal arts patronage in the United States after the New Deal. These materials were gathered by O'Connor as part of the preliminary research for an unwritten book project.
Arrangement:
Materials retain O'Connor's topical and chronological arrangements.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings and electronic media with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. The Artists' Questionanaires require permission from each artist before publishing, quoting, or reproducing. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Francis V. O'Connor papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Francis O'Connor has retained any intellectual property rights, including copyright, he may possess. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Francis V. O'Connor papers, 1920-2009. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.oconfran, Series 6
See more items in:
Francis V. O'Connor papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-oconfran-ref1018

Publications

Collection Creator:
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Extent:
4.3 Linear feet (Boxes 7-11, BV 25-26, OV 27)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1939-1985
Scope and Contents:
This series contains research files and administrative materials related to O'Connor's publications on the WPA/FAP and New Deal artists, Federal Support for the Visual Arts: The New Deal and Now (1969), New Deal Art Projects: An Anthology of Memoirs (1972), Art for the Millions (1973), and Federal Art Patronage Notes (publication, 1974-1984). Documents include correspondence with publishers, research notes, financial records, drafts, proofs, and final reports.
Arrangement:
The series is arranged as 4 subseries. Materials are arranged by document type.

2.1: -- Federal Support for the Visual Arts: The New Deal and Now -- , 1939-1985

2.2: -- New Deal Art Projects: An Anthology of Memoirs -- , 1968-1972

2.3: -- Art for the Millions -- , 1965-1973

2.4: -- Federal Art Patronage Notes -- , 1971-1985
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings and electronic media with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. The Artists' Questionanaires require permission from each artist before publishing, quoting, or reproducing. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Francis V. O'Connor papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Francis O'Connor has retained any intellectual property rights, including copyright, he may possess. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Francis V. O'Connor papers, 1920-2009. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.oconfran, Series 2
See more items in:
Francis V. O'Connor papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-oconfran-ref778

NCFA Library

Collection Creator:
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Extent:
6.7 Linear feet (Boxes 1-7, OV 28)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1920-1973
Scope and Contents:
These materials comprise primary source documentation covering the administration of the WPA/FAP (Works Progress Administration/Federal Arts Project) and its activities in New York City and State collected or created during O'Connor's National Endowment for the Humanities' sponsored research project, Federal Support for the Visual Arts (1969), and his subsequent book, Art for the Millions (1973).
Arrangement:
The series is arranged as 4 subseries. Materials retain O'Connor's original folder headings and arrangement and were compiled as a distinct set of research materials for the National Collection of Fine Arts Libary. There is some overlap with Series 2.

1.1: WPA/FAP NY Administrative Records, 1935-1969

1.2: WPA/FAP Artists' Files, 1936-1971

1.3: GSA Artists' Employment History Records, 1936-1973

1.4: WPA Artists' Essays, 1920-1965
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings and electronic media with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. The Artists' Questionanaires require permission from each artist before publishing, quoting, or reproducing. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Francis V. O'Connor papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Francis O'Connor has retained any intellectual property rights, including copyright, he may possess. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Francis V. O'Connor papers, 1920-2009. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.oconfran, Series 1
See more items in:
Francis V. O'Connor papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-oconfran-ref83

New Deal Research Files

Collection Creator:
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Extent:
5.6 Linear feet (Boxes 11-16)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1930-2009
Scope and Contents:
Materials are of New Deal research collected by or sent to O'Connor in the course of his academic career. These include photocopies of original WPA/FAP correspondence and reports; biographical material on WPA administrators; printed material and notes on scholarly conferences and symposia; final reports on the WPA/FAP; drafts and final copies of academic research by fellow scholars; and printed material on WPA/FAP state specific projects. The events subseries also contains a symposium panel discussion on 1 sound cassette.
Arrangement:
The series is arranged as 6 subseries. Materials for administrators, scholars, and states are arranged alphabetically by name. Events and reports are arranged chronologically, and research is arranged by document type.

3.1: Administrators, 1940-2009

3.2: Events, 1935-1986

3.3: Reports, 1969

3.4: Scholars, 1967-2002

3.5: States, 1940-1987

3.6: WPA/FAP Research, 1930-1997
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings and electronic media with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. The Artists' Questionanaires require permission from each artist before publishing, quoting, or reproducing. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Francis V. O'Connor papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Francis O'Connor has retained any intellectual property rights, including copyright, he may possess. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Francis V. O'Connor papers, 1920-2009. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.oconfran, Series 3
See more items in:
Francis V. O'Connor papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-oconfran-ref847

50th Anniversary Decade, FDR

Collection Creator:
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Extent:
1 sound cassette
Container:
Box 13, Folder 1-3
Type:
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Date:
circa 1982-1983
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings and electronic media with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. The Artists' Questionanaires require permission from each artist before publishing, quoting, or reproducing. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Francis V. O'Connor papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Francis O'Connor has retained any intellectual property rights, including copyright, he may possess. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Francis V. O'Connor papers, 1920-2009. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Francis V. O'Connor papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-oconfran-ref877

New Deal Exhibitions

Collection Creator:
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet (Boxes 17-18)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1961-1997
Scope and Contents:
Announcements, catalogs, and supporting press coverage of New Deal art exhibitions in the U.S. gathered by O'Connor from the 1960s to the 1990s. Many of these catalogs provide historical background for the 1943 transfer of art from WPA Federal Art Centers to art institutions across the country. The series includes additional correspondence and planning documentation for the University of Maryland's Decade of Federal Art Patronage (1966), which was curated by O'Connor.
Arrangement:
Materials are arranged chronologically.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings and electronic media with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. The Artists' Questionanaires require permission from each artist before publishing, quoting, or reproducing. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Francis V. O'Connor papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Francis O'Connor has retained any intellectual property rights, including copyright, he may possess. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Francis V. O'Connor papers, 1920-2009. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.oconfran, Series 4
See more items in:
Francis V. O'Connor papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-oconfran-ref937

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