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George Tooker papers, 1930-1973

Creator:
Tooker, George, 1920-  Search this
Subject:
Lynes, George Platt  Search this
Laning, Edward  Search this
Isaacson, Robert  Search this
Ginzburg, Ralph  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
French, Margaret  Search this
Wescott, Glenway  Search this
Gonzalez, Xavier  Search this
Wheeler, Monroe  Search this
Kirstein, Lincoln Edward  Search this
Kirstein, Fidelma  Search this
French, Jared  Search this
Bishop, Isabel  Search this
Cadmus, Paul  Search this
Bachinski, Walter  Search this
Dix, Otto  Search this
Christopher, William R. (William Rodolphus)  Search this
Perlin, Bernard  Search this
Peterson, Joan  Search this
Stamos, Theodoros  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Topic:
Drawings  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Costume designers  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Painters  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Set designers  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9251
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211446
AAA_collcode_tookgeor
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211446
Additional Online Media:

Terrain Gallery records, circa 1950s-2005, bulk 1955-1985

Creator:
Terrain Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Stamos, Theodoros  Search this
Longo, Vincent  Search this
Abeles, Sigmund  Search this
Bourdon, David  Search this
Bragar, Philip F.  Search this
Campbell, Lawrence  Search this
Rush, Andrew  Search this
Siegel, Eli  Search this
Ashton, Dore  Search this
Koppelman, Dorothy  Search this
Koppelman, Chaim  Search this
Jacobs, Harold  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
HeBss, Thomas B.  Search this
Leiber, Gerson August  Search this
Milton, Peter Winslow  Search this
Kramer, Hilton  Search this
Wilson, Carrie  Search this
Ward, Lynd Kendall  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Topic:
Transcripts  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Art  Search this
Aesthetic Realism  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13588
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)268633
AAA_collcode_terrgall
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_268633
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Val Laigo, 1989 July 12

Interviewee:
Laigo, Val M., 1930-1992  Search this
Interviewer:
Lau, Alan Chong  Search this
Subject:
Katayama, Mits  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente  Search this
Horiuchi, Paul  Search this
Jones, Quincy  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Washington, James W. (James Winston)  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Voorhees, Clark G. (Clark Greenwood)  Search this
Okada, Frank S. (Frank Sumio)  Search this
Dusanne, Zoe  Search this
Ritchie, Bill  Search this
Chong, Fay  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Tamayo, Rufino  Search this
Callahan, Kenneth L.  Search this
Bennett, Doug  Search this
Picasso, Pablo  Search this
University of Washington  Search this
Seattle University  Search this
Charles and Emma Frye Art Museum  Search this
Foster/White Gallery  Search this
Mexico City College  Search this
Topic:
Sound recordings  Search this
Painters  Search this
Computer art  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Asian American artists  Search this
Muralists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12747
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)224926
AAA_collcode_laigo89
Theme:
Asian American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_224926

Oral history interview with John Marshall, 2001 April 5

Interviewee:
Marshall, John, 1936-  Search this
Interviewer:
Herman, Lloyd E., 1936-  Search this
Subject:
Penington, Ruth E. (Ruth Esther)  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Clague, John  Search this
Scott, Michael  Search this
Solberg, Ramona L.  Search this
Griffin, Gary  Search this
Takaezu, Toshiko  Search this
Bacorn, Don  Search this
Lutz, Winifred Ann  Search this
Hauberg, Anne Gould  Search this
Smith, Paul J.  Search this
Lannan, J. Patrick  Search this
Bates, Kenneth F. (Kenneth Francis)  Search this
Metcalf, Bruce  Search this
Miller, John Paul  Search this
Miller, Fred  Search this
DuSell, Lee  Search this
Cleveland Institute of Art  Search this
Society of North American Goldsmiths  Search this
Carnegie Institute of Technology  Search this
Syracuse University  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Grove City College  Search this
Carnegie Museum of Art  Search this
Topic:
Interviews  Search this
Metal-workers  Search this
Jewelers  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Religious articles  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13311
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)226985
AAA_collcode_marsha01
Theme:
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_226985
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Merry Renk, 2001 January 18-19

Interviewee:
Renk, Merry, 1921-2012  Search this
Interviewer:
Fisch, Arline M., 1931-  Search this
Subject:
Bates, Kenneth F. (Kenneth Francis)  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Hall, Doris  Search this
Curtis, Earle  Search this
Tawney, Lenore  Search this
Brynner, Irena F.  Search this
Asawa, Ruth  Search this
Cunningham, Imogen  Search this
Tajiri, Shinkichi  Search this
Godfrey, Mary Jo Slick  Search this
Guermonprez, Trude  Search this
Oliver, Olive  Search this
Brancusi, Constantin  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
De Patta, Margaret  Search this
750 Studio  Search this
American Craft Council  Search this
Institute of Design (Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Metal Arts Guild  Search this
Mobilia Gallery  Search this
School of Industrial Design (Trenton, N.J.)  Search this
University of California, BerkeleyDept. of Art  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Enamelers  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Enamel and enameling  Search this
Jewelers  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Jewelry making  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11961
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)227005
AAA_collcode_renk01
Theme:
Craft
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_227005
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Walter Nottingham, 2002 July 14-18

Interviewee:
Nottingham, Walter, 1930-2012  Search this
Interviewer:
Owen, Carol, 1936-  Search this
Subject:
Kaufman, Glen  Search this
Crane, Jim  Search this
Knodel, Gerhardt  Search this
Moran, Lois  Search this
Drutt, Helen Williams  Search this
Merritt, Francis Sumner  Search this
Penning, Pauline  Search this
Larsen, Jack Lenor  Search this
Ross, Shelley  Search this
Strengell, Marianne  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Miller, Don  Search this
Rossbach, Ed  Search this
Nottingham, Karron  Search this
Constantine, Mildred  Search this
Johnson, Meda  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Catholic Church  Search this
United States  Search this
St. Cloud State University  Search this
University of Wisconsin--River Falls  Search this
Topic:
Art  Search this
Weavers  Search this
Self-taught artists  Search this
Weaving  Search this
Crocheting  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Fiber artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12090
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)238990
AAA_collcode_nottin02
Theme:
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_238990
Additional Online Media:

Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984

Creator:
Nordness, Lee, 1922-1995  Search this
Subject:
Crawford, Ralston  Search this
Aronson, David  Search this
Gikow, Ruth Levine  Search this
Hebald, Milton  Search this
Prestopino, Gregorio  Search this
D'Arista, Robert  Search this
Williams, Hiram  Search this
Meigs, Walter  Search this
Levi, Julian E. (Julian Edwin)  Search this
Kearns, James  Search this
Lebrun, Rico  Search this
Zerbe, Karl  Search this
Gibran, Kahlil  Search this
Grippe, Peter J.  Search this
Blaustein, Al H.  Search this
Kachadoorian, Zubel John  Search this
Guglielmi, Louis  Search this
Forms and Objects (Firm)  Search this
Little Studio  Search this
Talent Discovery Company  Search this
Nordness Gallery  Search this
Lee Nordness Galleries  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Museum  Search this
Johnson Wax  Search this
American Art Expositions (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Metromedia, Inc  Search this
Topic:
Art dealers  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7232
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209372
AAA_collcode_nordlee
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209372
Additional Online Media:

Fabert, Jacques

Collection Creator:
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Container:
Box 74, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1966-1967
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Lee Nordness business records and papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nordlee-ref1945

Fabert, Jacques

Collection Creator:
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Container:
Box 33, Folder 20
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1966-1967
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Lee Nordness business records and papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nordlee-ref1110

Fabert, Jacques

Collection Creator:
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Container:
Box 98, Folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1968-1970
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Lee Nordness business records and papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nordlee-ref2346

Fabert, Jacques

Collection Creator:
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Container:
Box 74, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1968-1974
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Lee Nordness business records and papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nordlee-ref3162

Fabert, Jacques, Scrapbook

Collection Creator:
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Container:
Box 74, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1960s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Lee Nordness business records and papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nordlee-ref3163

Fabert, Jacques, Scrapbook

Collection Creator:
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Container:
Box 74, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1960s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Lee Nordness business records and papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nordlee-ref3164

Lee Nordness floorplan sketch for Wendell Castle

Creator:
Nordness, Lee, 1922-1995  Search this
Castle, Wendell, 1932-  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
1966 Nov. 4
Topic:
Furniture design  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)12747
See more items in:
Wendell Castle papers, 1965-1975
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_12747
Additional Online Media:

Lee Nordness, New York, N.Y. letter to Wendell Castle, Rochester, N.Y

Creator:
Nordness, Lee, 1922-1995  Search this
Castle, Wendell, 1932-  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1966 Nov. 4
Topic:
Dealers  Search this
Furniture  Search this
Furniture designers  Search this
Interior design  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)207
See more items in:
Wendell Castle papers, 1965-1975
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_207

Wendell Castle, Rochester, N.Y letter to Lee Nordness, New York, N.Y.

Creator:
Castle, Wendell, 1932-  Search this
Nordness, Lee, 1922-1995  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1966
Topic:
Furniture  Search this
Furniture design  Search this
Furniture designers  Search this
Interior design  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)208
See more items in:
Wendell Castle papers, 1965-1975
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_208

An Art Program

Creator:
Nordness, Lee, 1922-1995  Search this
Subject:
S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
1968 February 13
Topic:
Art patrons  Search this
Corporations  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)206
See more items in:
Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_206
Additional Online Media:

Lee Nordness business records and papers

Creator:
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Names:
American Art Expositions (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Museum.  Search this
Forms and Objects (Firm)  Search this
Johnson Wax  Search this
Lee Nordness Galleries  Search this
Little Studio  Search this
Metromedia, Inc  Search this
Nordness Gallery  Search this
Talent Discovery Company  Search this
Aronson, David, 1923-  Search this
Blaustein, Al H., 1924-2004  Search this
Collie, Alberto  Search this
Crawford, Ralston, 1906-1978  Search this
D'Arista, Robert, 1929-  Search this
Gibran, Kahlil, 1922-  Search this
Gikow, Ruth, 1915-1982  Search this
Grippe, Peter, 1912-  Search this
Guglielmi, Louis, 1906-1956  Search this
Hebald, Milton  Search this
Kachadoorian, Zubel, 1924-  Search this
Kearns, James  Search this
Lebrun, Rico, 1900-1964  Search this
Levi, Julian E. (Julian Edwin), 1900-1982  Search this
Meigs, Walter, 1918-1988  Search this
Prestopino, Gregorio  Search this
Williams, Hiram  Search this
Zerbe, Karl, 1903-1972  Search this
Extent:
117.5 Linear feet (Boxes 1-121)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Date:
circa 1931-1992
bulk 1954-1984
Summary:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers measure 117.5 linear feet and date from circa 1931 to 1992 with the bulk of materials dating from 1954 to 1984. The records document seven New York City art-related companies with which Nordness was involved: Talent Discovery Company, The Little Studio, Ltd., American Art Expositions, Inc., Nordness Gallery, Inc., Lee Nordness Galleries Art Advisory Section, Inc., Lee Nordness Galleries Exhibition Section, Inc., and Forms & Objects, Inc. Records include correspondence, artist's files, business and legal records, inventories, financial and sales records, printed materials, scrapbooks, and photographic materials. Also found is a small group of personal papers.
Scope and Contents:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers measure 117.5 linear feet and date from circa 1931 to 1992 with the bulk of materials dating from 1954 to 1984. The records document seven New York City art-related companies with which Nordness was involved: Talent Discovery Company, The Little Studio, Ltd., American Art Expositions, Inc., Nordness Gallery, Inc., Lee Nordness Galleries Art Advisory Section, Inc., Lee Nordness Galleries Exhibition Section, Inc., and Forms & Objects, Inc. Records include correspondence, artist's files, business and legal records, inventories, financial and sales records, printed materials, scrapbooks, and photographic materials. Also found is a small group of personal papers.

More than half of the collection documents Lee Nordness' primary businesses, Nordness Gallery, Inc. and Lee Nordness Galleries Art Advisory Section, Inc. Business correspondence, artist's files, extensive project files, business and legal records, financial and sales records, inventories, printed materials, scrapbooks, and photographic materials reveal Nordness' role as an art dealer of contemporary American artwork and art consultant to companies and organizations. The records document his ability to adapt to changing external markets as well as his own interests, from dealing primarily in paintings and sculpture to promoting American fine crafts. Artists from Nordness' permanent roster are represented, including David Aronson, Al Blaustein, Alberto Collie, Ralston Crawford, Robert D'Arista, Kahlil Gibran, Ruth Gikow, Peter Grippe, Louis Guglielmi, Milton Hebald, Zubel Kachadoorian, James Kearns, Rico Lebrun, Julian Levi, Walter Meigs, Gregorio Prestopino, Hiram Williams, and Karl Zerbe. Companies and organizations represented include S.C. Johnson & Son, Co., Metromedia, and Cooper-Hewitt, National Museum of Design. Because materials from Nordness Gallery, Inc. and Art Advisory Section were often interfiled and related, the records were not separated into different series.

The records of Lee Nordness Galleries Exhibition Section, Inc. document the exhibition and sale of artwork through correspondence, artist's files, business records, financial and sales records, and scrapbooks for artists and exhibition seasons. Forms & Objects, Inc. contains correspondence, lecture notes, public relations files, business records, financial and sales records, scrapbooks and photographic materials related to American fine crafts.

The organization and press surrounding the monumental exhibitions Art:USA:58 and Art:USA:59 are illustrated in the correspondence, banking records, founding documents, newspaper clippings, paid bill receipts, and sales invoices of the American Art Expositions, Inc. records. Photographs of the Art:USA:59 artists taken by Fred Darrah are also found here.

The bulk of the records of The Little Studio, Inc. are financial records and sales invoices. Lee Nordness' involvement in the gallery is also documented through correspondence and business records. The records of Talent Discovery Company are primarily financial, including banking records, receipts, and tax records. Also found are shipping records, correspondence, and inventory cards.

There are few personal papers of Lee Nordness, the bulk of which are related to his involvement with his tenant cooperative. Also found is scattered correspondence, a scrapbook, and travel documents.

Records for the various companies were co-mingled upon accession. AAA has attempted to place papers in Nordness' original order based on discussions with Nordness and evidence from the records. However, researchers should note there is significant interfiling of the companies' records throughout the collection, especially scrapbooks and photographs. Researchers are strongly encouraged to use dates and keywords to help discover related materials throughout all series.

Abbreviations were often written by the gallery in the upper left-hand corner of a document to indicate to which company the record should be filed. Abbreviations used include: Nordness Gallery, "NG" or "LN"; Art Advisory Section, "AA" or "LN"; Exhibition Section, "ES" or "E/S"; Forms & Objects, "F/O"; American Art Expositions, "AAE"; The Little Studio, "TLS"; and, Talent Discovery Company, "TDC."
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series:

Series 1: Nordness Gallery, Inc. and Lee Nordness Galleries Art Advisory Section, Inc., circa 1938-1992, bulk 1958-1982 (67.8 linear feet; Boxes 1-67, 117-119)

Series 2: Lee Nordness Galleries Exhibition Section, Inc., 1938-1985 (25.5 linear feet; Boxes 68-93, 120, FC 122)

Series 3: Forms & Objects, Inc., circa 1931, circa 1959-1984 (13.5 linear feet; Boxes 93-106, 120)

Series 4: American Art Expositions, Inc., 1955-1968 (1.4 linear feet; Boxes 106-107)

Series 5: The Little Studio, Inc., 1947-1969 (7.7 linear feet; Boxes 108-115, 121)

Series 6: Talent Discovery Company, 1953-1957 (0.9 linear feet; Boxes 115-116, 121)

Series 7: Personal Papers of Lee Nordness, 1948-1976 (0.7 linear feet; Box 116)
Biographical / Historical:
New York City gallerist and entrepreneur Lee Nordness (1922-1995) was born in Olympia, Washington. He studied art in college and received a bachelor's degree from Uppsala University in Sweden. From 1954-1956, Nordness ran a small gallery, Talent Discovery Company, out of his apartment in New York City. Around 1955, Nordness became the director of The Little Studio, Ltd., a gallery started by Richard Kollmer in 1952 to showcase moderately priced artwork by young artists. Nordness took over the business in 1957; it closed in April 1963.

In 1958, Nordness incorporated American Art Expositions, Inc. to organize Art:USA:58, a large exposition of contemporary American art held at Madison Square Garden. The following year Art:USA:59 was held at the New York Coliseum.

Lee Nordness opened his own gallery, Nordness Gallery, Inc., in December 1957 on Madison Avenue. The gallery promoted a roster of contemporary painters and sculptors, including David Aronson, Al Blaustein, Alberto Collie, Ralston Crawford, Robert D'Arista, Kahlil Gibran, Ruth Gikow, Peter Grippe, Milton Hebald, Zubel Kachadoorian, James Kearns, Julian Levi, Walter Meigs, Gregorio Prestopino, Hiram Williams, Karl Zerbe, and the estates of Louis Guglielmi and Rico Lebrun. In 1966, Lee Nordness reorganized his businesses. He closed Nordness Gallery and opened Lee Nordness Art Advisory Section, an art consulting service to corporations, collectors, museums, and individuals, and Lee Nordness Galleries Exhibition Sections, Inc. to handle exhibitions and the sale of paintings and sculptures.

Lee Nordness had an interest in American crafts and, beginning in 1968, he added a permanent roster of American craftmakers to exhibit alongside paintings and sculpture. He opened Forms & Objects, Inc. to handle the exhibition and sales of fine crafts such as ceramics, fiber, glass, metal and wood. With a need for additional exhibition space, the gallery moved a few blocks off Madison Avenue to 236-238 East 75th Street.

Nordness traveled the globe to assemble prominent collections for clients, such as Art:USA, a collection of contemporary works by 102 American artists for S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Art:USA traveled throughout the United States and Europe in the mid-late 1960s before being donated to the National Collection of Fine Arts (Smithsonian Institution). In the late 1960s, he assembled a collection of 300 American craft objects for S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. called Objects:USA, which toured throughout the United States and Europe. This collection was disassembled in the late 1970s, many of the works donated to the Museum of Arts and Design, formerly the Museum of Contemporary Craft.

Nordness closed his New York galleries in the mid-1980s. Soon after, he moved to Belfair, Washington and opened Lee Nordness Galleries, Inc. in 1986. He passed away in 1995 in Washington.
Separated Materials:
Three microfilm reels of material were loaned to the Archives of American Art by Lee Nordness in 1959 regarding American Art Exposition, Inc.'s Art:USA 58 and Art:USA:59. Microfilm includes correspondence, catalogs, visitor lists, press releases, lists of artwork, financial records, and advertising materials and is available on reels NAU1, NAU2 and NAU3.

Later, in 1964 and 1969, Lee Nordness loaned original materials for microfilming compiled by Nordness Gallery about the careers of Gregorio Prestopino, Julian E. Levi, and Lee Gatch, including correspondence, exhibition materials, biographical information, clippings, and photographs. Loaned material is available on reels N69-21 and D169. Original materials were returned to Nordness, but some may have been included in later donations and those originals have been integrated with the other donated records.

The contents of microfilm reels are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in several increments by Lee Nordness in 1976, 1986 and as a bequest in 1996. Original materials were also lent by Nordness in 1964 and 1969 for microfilming, some of which may have been included in subsequent donations.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Citation:
Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.nordlee
See more items in:
Lee Nordness business records and papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-nordlee
Additional Online Media:

Terrain Gallery records

Creator:
Terrain Gallery  Search this
Names:
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Abeles, Sigmund, 1934-  Search this
Ashton, Dore  Search this
Bragar, Philip F., 1925-  Search this
Campbell, Lawrence  Search this
Hess, Thomas B.  Search this
Jacobs, Harold, 1932-  Search this
Koppelman, Chaim, 1920-2009  Search this
Koppelman, Chaim, 1920-2009 -- Photographs  Search this
Koppelman, Dorothy  Search this
Koppelman, Dorothy -- Photographs  Search this
Kramer, Hilton  Search this
Leiber, Gerson August, 1921-  Search this
Longo, Vincent, 1923-  Search this
Milton, Peter, 1930-  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad, 1913-1967 -- Photographs  Search this
Rush, Andrew  Search this
Siegel, Eli, 1902-  Search this
Stamos, Theodoros, 1922-1997  Search this
Ward, Lynd, 1905-1985  Search this
Wilson, Carrie  Search this
Interviewer:
Bourdon, David  Search this
Extent:
5.3 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Transcripts
Date:
circa 1950s-2005
bulk 1955-1985
Summary:
The records of the Terrain Gallery measure 5.3 linear feet and date from circa 1950s-2005, bulk 1955-1985. The bulk of the records consists of exhibition files that document over one hundred and forty exhibitions as well as the gallery's relationship with artists. The collection includes founding documents, correspondence, artists' files, writings and an interview, financial records, scrapbooks, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the Terrain Gallery measure 5.3 linear feet and date from circa 1950s-2005, bulk 1955-1985. The bulk of the records consists of exhibition files that document over one hundred and forty exhibitions as well as the gallery's relationship with artists. The collection includes founding documents, correspondence, artists' files, writings and an interview, financial records, scrapbooks, and photographs.

Founding documents include statements of purpose, notes outlining plans for establishing a gallery, letters, and lists of expenses. Included are several versions of the gallery's manifesto "For the Union of Aesthetics and Ethics," drafted by founding members Martha Baird, Louis Dienes, Nat Herz, Chaim and Dorothy Koppelman, Sheldon Kranz, Barbara Lekberg, Nancy Starrels, and others.

Correspondence consists of letters between Dorothy Koppelman and artists, museums, and arts organizations. Subjects discussed are the scheduling of exhibitions and the gallery's lending of artwork to cultural institutions. Included are Dorothy's letters to art critics, including Dore Ashton, Thomas Hess, and Hilton Kramer seeking press coverage for the gallery's exhibitions. Among the additional frequent correspondents are Sigmund Abeles, American Federation of Arts, Philip Bragar, Lawrence Campbell, Museum of Modern Art (New York), Peter Milton, Lee Nordness, Andrew Rush, and Lynd Ward. Also found are scattered letters from Chaim Koppelman, Eli Siegel, and Theodoros Stamos.

Artists' files document approximately seventy artists and include curriculum vitae, letters, and scattered materials, e.g., exhibition brochures and invitations. Exhibition files provide an overview of the gallery's dealings with artists, museums, and the press, with the bulk of the material dating from 1955-1985. Materials include biographical information, correspondence, sales of artwork, printed material, photographs of exhibition installations and artwork.

Writings and an interview contain annotated typescripts and handwritten drafts on Aesthetic Realism by Chaim and Dorothy Koppelman and others. Included are several draft versions of David Bourdon's interview with Chaim and Dorothy Koppelman. The Koppelmans discuss the influence of Aesthetic Realism in their personal and professional lives as well as the critical response by the press and others to Aesthetic Realism's place in art history.

Financial and legal records consist of ledgers, financial reports, sales and loans, and consignment receipts, with the majority of the records dating from 1955-1983; scattered legal materials document the incorporation of the Terrain Gallery with the Aesthetic Realism Foundation.

Five scrapbooks contain a variety of exhibition materials: letters, statements about the gallery, lists, announcements, and printed material. Two of the five scrapbooks chronicle the gallery's early exhibitions from 1955 through 1960. The other scrapbooks document three exhibitions held at the Terrain Gallery.

Photographs are of Chaim and Dorothy Koppelman, Harold Jacobs, Gerson Leiber, Vincent Longo, Ad Reinhardt, and others. There are a few photographs of artwork by Michael Ponce de Leon and Edith Schloss.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series:

Series 1: Founding Documents, 1953-1966 (Box 1; 0.1 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1950s-1981 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Artists' Files, circa 1950s-2001 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 4: Exhibition Files, circa 1950s-2005 (Boxes 1-4, 6; 3.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Writings and Interview, 1955-1974 (Boxes 4-5; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 6: Financial and Legal Records, 1955-1984 (Box 5; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Scrapbooks, 1955-2000 (Boxes 5, 6; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 8: Photographs, 1957-circa 1980s (Box 5; 0.1 linear feet)
Historical Note:
The Terrain Gallery is an art gallery in New York, N.Y., established in 1955 by Dorothy Koppelman (1920-) and informed by the guiding philosophy of Eli Siegel's Aesthetic Realism. The Terrain has as its motto as stated by Siegel, "In reality opposites are one; art shows this" and also gave rise to the Aesthetic Realism Foundation, a not-for-profit educational foundation."

In 1954, Dorothy Koppelman (1920-) and her husband artist Chaim Koppelman (1920-2009) formed a partnership with colleagues—artists, writers, photographers—to establish the Terrain Gallery. The gallery's first home was at 20 West 16th Street in New York City, and then moved to 39 Grove Street, New York, N.Y. from 1963- 1973; in 1973, the gallery moved to its present address at 141 Greene Street. Simultaneously, the Terrain Gallery gave rise to the Aesthetic Realism Foundation, a not-for-profit educational foundation. Terrain Gallery continues to give exhibitions and presentations based on Eli Siegel's statement: "All beauty is a making one of opposites, and the making one of opposites is what we are going after in ourselves."

The Terrain has featured paintings, sculptures, watercolors, and graphics, as well as photographic exhibitions, which have shown the work of both younger and established artists. Representative art photographers have included Ralph Hattersley, David Bernstein, Louis Dienes, Nat Herz, Lou Bernstein, Andre Kertesz, Steve Poleskie, Len Bernstein, and Harvey Spears. Every exhibition has included comment by artists and critics about how opposites are one in the technique and form of the works of art on view. Chaim Koppelman, for many years, headed the gallery's Print Division; printmakers such as Will Barnet, Leonard Baskin, Robert Conover, Edmond Casarella, Vincent Longo, and Nicholas Krushenick were frequent exhibitors. Though the Terrain does not maintain a stable of artists, the gallery has represented many well-known artists, including Richard Anuszkiewicz, Robert Blackburn, Lois Dodd, William King, Chaim and Dorothy Koppelman, Roy Lichtenstein, Harold Krisel, Larry Rivers, Clare Romano, and Arnold Schmidt.

Beginning in 1955 with a series of talks by the Seurat Art Club, the gallery has held lectures, seminars, and dramatic presentations that are open to artists, scholars, and the general public. As part of its educational outreach, the Terrain Gallery publishes catalogs, broadsides, announcements, and monographs. Eli Siegel's seminal fifteen questions, "Is Beauty the Making One of Opposites?" was published in Terrain Gallery's opening announcement, February 26, 1955, and subsequently reprinted in The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, and elsewhere.

Bennett Schiff, art critic for a major New York newspaper, wrote in June, 1957, "There probably hasn't been a gallery before this like the Terrain, which devotes itself to the integration of art with all of living according to an esthetic principle which is part of an entire, encompassing philosophic theory…Aesthetic Realism: 'The art of liking oneself through seeing the world, art, and oneself as the aesthetic oneness of opposites'…the theory developed by Eli Siegel….It is a building, positive vision."

In 1972, the Terrain Gallery appointed Carrie Wilson to serve as co-director with Dorothy Koppelman. The following year, the Terrain became part of the Aesthetic Realism Foundation which includes in its curriculum courses in the visual arts. The Terrain Gallery continues to hold exhibitions and presentations based on the principles of Aesthetic Realism. Chaim Koppelman died in 2009 in New York City. Dorothy Koppelman (1920-) is a consultant on the faculty of the Aesthetic Realism Foundation, and serves as one of the gallery's coordinators with Carrie Wilson, Marcia Rackow, Nancy Huntting, Dale Laurin, Donita Ellison, and Dan McClung.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is the Chaim and Dorothy Koppelman papers, circa 1930s-2006, bulk 1942-2005.
Provenance:
The Terrain Gallery records were donated by Chaim and Dorothy Koppelman in 2006.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Terrain Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Aesthetic Realism  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Transcripts
Citation:
The Terrain Gallery records, circa 1950s-2005, bulk 1955-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.terrgall
See more items in:
Terrain Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-terrgall
Additional Online Media:

George Tooker papers

Creator:
Tooker, George, 1920-2011  Search this
Names:
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Bachinski, Walter  Search this
Bishop, Isabel, 1902-1988  Search this
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Christopher, William R, 1924-1973  Search this
Dix, Otto, 1891-1969  Search this
French, Jared, 1905-1988  Search this
French, Margaret  Search this
Ginzburg, Ralph  Search this
Gonzalez, Xavier, 1898-1993  Search this
Isaacson, Robert  Search this
Kirstein, Fidelma  Search this
Kirstein, Lincoln, 1907-  Search this
Laning, Edward, 1906-  Search this
Lynes, George Platt, 1907-1955  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Perlin, Bernard, 1918-  Search this
Peterson, Joan, 1933-  Search this
Stamos, Theodoros, 1922-1997  Search this
Wescott, Glenway, 1901-  Search this
Wheeler, Monroe, 1899-  Search this
Extent:
1.5 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Transcripts
Sketches
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Date:
circa 1930-1973
Summary:
The papers of painter George Tooker measure 1.5 linear feet and date from circa 1930 to 1973. The papers document Tooker's personal and professional life through biographical material, correspondence, project files, printed material, artwork and one sketchbook, and 209 photographs, including some taken by noted photographer George Platt Lynes.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter George Tooker measure 1.5 linear feet and date from circa 1930 to 1973. The papers document Tooker's personal and professional life through biographical material, correspondence, project files, printed material, artwork and one sketchbook, and 209 photographs, including some taken by noted photographer George Platt Lynes.

Biographical material consists of an address book, resume, biographical essay, and papers regarding Tooker's education.

Correspondence is with friends, colleagues, and organizations. Correspondents include Isabel Bishop, Paul Cadmus, Walter Bachinski, William Christopher, Otto Dix, Jared and Margaret French, Ralph Ginzburg, Xavier Gonzalez, Robert Isaacson, Edward Laning, Lincoln Kirstein, Lee Nordness, Bernard Perlin, Joan Peterson, Theodore Stamos, Bridget Tichenor, and others.

Project files document Tooker's commissions including the set and costume design for Gian-Carlo Menotti's opera The Saint of Bleecker Street and Tooker's participation in the selection of candidates for the Vestris Prize for Choreography. Files contain correspondence, business documents, printed ephemera, sketches, photographs, three volumes of vocal scores, and textile samples.

Printed material consists of a book entitled Conversations with Artists by Selden Rodman that includes a transcript of a conversation with Tooker, two scrapbooks containing news clippings and annotations about Tooker's artwork and exhibitions, press releases, and miscellaneous invitations and announcements.

Artwork includes one sketchbook, loose drawings, and sketches from Tooker's studies at the Art Students' League in the mid 1940s.

Photographs primarily consist of black and white photographs taken by George Platt Lynes and PaJaMa in the mid to late 1940s. A majority of the photographs depict artists and friends, among them: George Tooker and his companion William Christopher, Paul Cadmus, Jared and Margaret French, Lincoln and Fidelma Kirstein, Glenway Wescott, Monroe Wheeler, and Bridget Tichenor. Other photographs are of Tooker building his home, gardening, and working in his studio in Hartland, Vermont. Also included are installation views from the exhibition Painting in the United States (1949) at the Carnegie Institute in Pennsylvania.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 6 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1932-1968 (Box 1; 5 Folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1932-1973 (Box 1; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 3: Project Files, 1939-1968 (Boxes 1, 3; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Material, circa 1945-1968 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Artwork and Sketchbook, circa 1943-1945 (Boxes 1, 3; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1930-1970 (Boxes 1-3; 0.2 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
George Tooker (1920-2011) was a painter based in Hartland, Vermont and New York, New York. Tooker was born in Brooklyn, New York on August 5, 1920 to George Clair Tooker and Angela Montejo Roura. He graduated from preparatory school at Phillips Academy, Andover in 1938 and received a Bachelor of Arts in English from Harvard University in 1942. Tooker studied drawing and painting under Reginald Marsh, Kenneth Hayes Miller, and Harry Sternberg at the Art Students' League from circa 1944 to 1945.

Tooker became acquainted with American painter Paul Cadmus while studying at the Art Students' League. Cadmus introduced Tooker to a circle of artists and writers living and working in New York and Europe in the mid to late 1940s that included George Platt Lynes, Jared and Margaret French, Monroe Wheeler, Glenway Westcott, and Lincoln and Fidelma Kirstein.

In 1953, Tooker was commissioned by writer and philanthropist Lincoln Kirstein to design the sets and costumes for The Saint of Bleecker Street, an opera by Gian-Carlo Menotti. In 1966, the Wasemquia Charitable Trust sponsored the Vestris Prize for Choreography in cooperation with the Boston Ballet Company and Tooker was invited by trustee Henry H. Crapo to participate on the Committee of Judges for the Vestris Prize. In 1968, NASA commissioned Tooker to produce drawings and one painting documenting the development of spacecraft at the Goddard Space Flight Center located in Greenbelt, Maryland.

Tooker's paintings are found in numerous art museums and galleries including the Whitney Museum of Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Museum of Modern Art, DC Moore Gallery, Robert Isaacson Gallery, and the Venice Biennale. In 1968, Tooker's paintings were featured in the art magazine, Avant-Garde.
Related Materials:
Available in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with George Tooker conducted in 1966 by Grace G. Alexander for radio station WNYC, New York City.
Provenance:
George Tooker donated his papers to the Archives of American Art in 1973.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The George Tooker papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Painters -- Vermont  Search this
Printmakers -- Vermont  Search this
Topic:
Set Designers  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Costume designers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcripts
Sketches
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Citation:
George Tooker papers, circa 1930-1973. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.tookgeor
See more items in:
George Tooker papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-tookgeor

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