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George Tooker papers, circa 1851-2010

Creator:
Tooker, George  Search this
Subject:
Lynes, George Platt  Search this
Laning, Edward  Search this
Ginzburg, Ralph  Search this
Isaacson, Robert  Search this
French, Margaret  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Wescott, Glenway  Search this
Gonzalez, Xavier  Search this
Wheeler, Monroe  Search this
Kirstein, Lincoln Edward  Search this
Kirstein, Fidelma  Search this
French, Jared  Search this
Bishop, Isabel  Search this
Dix, Otto  Search this
Cadmus, Paul  Search this
Bachinski, Walter  Search this
Christopher, William R. (William Rodolphus)  Search this
Stamos, Theodoros  Search this
Perlin, Bernard  Search this
Topic:
Drawings  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9251
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211446
AAA_collcode_tookgeor
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211446
Additional Online Media:

An Art Program

Creator:
Nordness, Lee, 1922-1995  Search this
Subject:
S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
1968 February 13
Topic:
Art patrons  Search this
Corporations  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)206
See more items in:
Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_206
Additional Online Media:

Lee Nordness floorplan sketch for Wendell Castle

Creator:
Nordness, Lee, 1922-1995  Search this
Castle, Wendell, 1932-  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
1966 Nov. 4
Topic:
Furniture design  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)12747
See more items in:
Wendell Castle papers, 1965-1975
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_12747
Additional Online Media:

Lee Nordness, New York, N.Y. letter to Wendell Castle, Rochester, N.Y

Creator:
Nordness, Lee, 1922-1995  Search this
Castle, Wendell, 1932-  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1966 Nov. 4
Topic:
Dealers  Search this
Furniture  Search this
Furniture designers  Search this
Interior design  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)207
See more items in:
Wendell Castle papers, 1965-1975
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_207

Wendell Castle, Rochester, N.Y letter to Lee Nordness, New York, N.Y.

Creator:
Castle, Wendell, 1932-  Search this
Nordness, Lee, 1922-1995  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1966
Topic:
Furniture  Search this
Furniture design  Search this
Furniture designers  Search this
Interior design  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)208
See more items in:
Wendell Castle papers, 1965-1975
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_208

George Tooker papers

Creator:
Tooker, George, 1920-2011  Search this
Names:
Bachinski, Walter  Search this
Bishop, Isabel, 1902-1988  Search this
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Christopher, William R, 1924-1973  Search this
Dix, Otto, 1891-1969  Search this
French, Jared, 1905-1988  Search this
French, Margaret  Search this
Ginzburg, Ralph  Search this
Gonzalez, Xavier, 1898-1993  Search this
Isaacson, Robert  Search this
Kirstein, Fidelma  Search this
Kirstein, Lincoln, 1907-  Search this
Laning, Edward, 1906-  Search this
Lynes, George Platt, 1907-1955  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Perlin, Bernard, 1918-  Search this
Peterson, Joan, 1933-  Search this
Stamos, Theodoros, 1922-1997  Search this
Wescott, Glenway, 1901-  Search this
Wheeler, Monroe, 1899-  Search this
Extent:
4.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Date:
circa 1851-2010
Summary:
The papers of painter George Tooker measure 4.7 linear feet and date from circa 1851 to 2010. The papers document Tooker's personal and professional life through biographical material, correspondence, project files, gallery files, exhibition files, printed material, artwork and one sketchbook, and numerous photographs, including some taken by noted photographer George Platt Lynes.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter George Tooker measure 4.7 linear feet and date from circa 1851 to 2010. The papers document Tooker's personal and professional life through biographical material, correspondence, project files, gallery files, exhibition files, printed material, artwork and one sketchbook, and numerous photographs, including some taken by noted photographer George Platt Lynes.

Biographical material consists of membership and travel documents, writings on and by Tooker on his circle, an address book, resume, and papers regarding Tooker's education. Also included are biographical material related to Tooker's partner William Christopher who passed in 1973. A 1978 interview with Vermont Public radio on two sound reels is also featured.

Correspondence is with friends, colleagues, and organizations. Correspondents include Isabel Bishop, Paul Cadmus, Walter Bachinski, William Christopher, Otto Dix, Jared and Margaret French, Ralph Ginzburg, Xavier Gonzalez, Robert Isaacson, Edward Laning, Lincoln Kirstein, Lee Nordness, Bernard Perlin, Joan Peterson, Theodore Stamos, Bridget Tichenor, and others. Also included are family correspondence and correspondence regarding the Estate of William Christopher.

Project files document Tooker's commissions including the set and costume design for Gian-Carlo Menotti's opera The Saint of Bleecker Street and Tooker's participation in the selection of candidates for the Vestris Prize for Choreography. Files contain correspondence, business documents, printed ephemera, sketches, photographs, three volumes of vocal scores, and textile samples.

Gallery records include business correspondence and consignments with various key galleries in Tooker's career spanning the 1960s to the end of his career including D.C. Moore Gallery, Marisa Del Re Gallery, and Durlacher Bros..

Exhibition records include documents regarding the organization of several select exhibitions in Tooker's career incuding an early retrospective at the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco (1974) and a later traveling retrospective from 2008-2009.

Printed material consists of invitations, press releases, news clippings and exhibition catalogs documenting the careers of both George Tooker and William Christopher.

Artwork includes one sketchbook, loose drawings, and sketches from Tooker's studies at the Art Students' League in the mid 1940s, in addition to an early ex-libris print created by Tooker in his youth. Also included is a sketchbook by William Christopher.

Photographic materials depict Tooker's family life as well as his early artistic collaborations depicted in a number of black and white photographs taken by George Platt Lynes and PaJaMa in the mid to late 1940s. A majority of the photographs depict artists and friends, among them: George Tooker and his companion William Christopher, Paul Cadmus, Jared and Margaret French, Lincoln and Fidelma Kirstein, Glenway Wescott, Monroe Wheeler, and Bridget Tichenor. Other photographs are of Tooker building his home, gardening, and working in his studio in Hartland, Vermont. Also included are installation views from the exhibition Painting in the United States (1949) at the Carnegie Institute in Pennsylvania. There are also a fair amount of photographs, transparencies, slides and negatives documenting artwork from both the studios of George Tooker and his late partner William Christopher.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 6 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1920-2005 (0.7 linear feet; Boxes 1, 5)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1932-2010 (1.2 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, Oversize 7)

Series 3: Project Files, circa 1935-1968 (0.3 linear feet; Boxes 2-3, 6)

Series 4: Gallery Records, circa 1960-2009 (0.3 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 5: Exhibition Files, circa 1967-2009 (0.3 linear feet; Boxes 1, 3)

Series 6: Printed Material, circa 1851-2010 (0.5 linear feet; Boxes 3, 5)

Series 7: Artwork and Sketchbook, circa 1932-2009 (0.4 linear feet; Boxes 3, 5)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1900-2010 (0.5 linear feet; Boxes 4-5)
Biographical / Historical:
George Tooker (1920-2011) was a painter based in Hartland, Vermont and New York, New York. Tooker was born in Brooklyn, New York on August 5, 1920 to George Clair Tooker and Angela Montejo Roura. He graduated from preparatory school at Phillips Academy, Andover in 1938 and received a Bachelor of Arts in English from Harvard University in 1942. Tooker studied drawing and painting under Reginald Marsh, Kenneth Hayes Miller, and Harry Sternberg at the Art Students' League from circa 1944 to 1945.

Tooker became acquainted with American painter Paul Cadmus while studying at the Art Students' League. Cadmus introduced Tooker to a circle of artists and writers living and working in New York and Europe in the mid to late 1940s that included George Platt Lynes, Jared and Margaret French, Monroe Wheeler, Glenway Westcott, and Lincoln and Fidelma Kirstein. He lived and worked with his partner and fellow artist William Christopher in New York City and later Hartland, VT.

In 1953, Tooker was commissioned by writer and philanthropist Lincoln Kirstein to design the sets and costumes for The Saint of Bleecker Street, an opera by Gian-Carlo Menotti. In 1966, the Wasemquia Charitable Trust sponsored the Vestris Prize for Choreography in cooperation with the Boston Ballet Company and Tooker was invited by trustee Henry H. Crapo to participate on the Committee of Judges for the Vestris Prize. In 1968, NASA commissioned Tooker to produce drawings and one painting documenting the development of spacecraft at the Goddard Space Flight Center located in Greenbelt, Maryland.

Tooker's paintings are found in numerous art museums and galleries including the Whitney Museum of Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Museum of Modern Art, DC Moore Gallery, Robert Isaacson Gallery, and the Venice Biennale. In 1968, Tooker's paintings were featured in the art magazine, Avant-Garde.
Related Materials:
Available in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with George Tooker conducted in 1966 by Grace G. Alexander for radio station WNYC, New York City.

Materials related to the George Tooker papers can be found the William Christopher papers at the Archives of American Art.
Provenance:
George Tooker donated his papers to the Archives of American Art in 1973. A subsequent addition was donated in 2018 by Aaron Watkins, the executor to George Tooker's estate.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The George Tooker papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Painters -- Vermont  Search this
Printmakers -- Vermont  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Citation:
George Tooker papers, circa 1851-2010. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.tookgeor
See more items in:
George Tooker papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-tookgeor

Ruth Gikow papers, 1933-1982

Creator:
Gikow, Ruth Levine, 1915-1982  Search this
Subject:
Levine, Jack  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob  Search this
Hopper, Jo N. (Josephine Nivison),  Search this
Drewes, Werner  Search this
Fortess, Karl E. (Karl Eugene)  Search this
Gross, Chaim  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Topic:
Jewish artists  Search this
Serigraphers  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Social realism  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Painters  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Illustrators  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Muralists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7065
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209198
AAA_collcode_gikoruth
Theme:
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209198

Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984

Creator:
Nordness, Lee, 1922-1995  Search this
Subject:
Crawford, Ralston  Search this
Aronson, David  Search this
Gikow, Ruth Levine  Search this
Prestopino, Gregorio  Search this
D'Arista, Robert  Search this
Hebald, Milton  Search this
Williams, Hiram  Search this
Lebrun, Rico  Search this
Meigs, Walter  Search this
Levi, Julian E. (Julian Edwin)  Search this
Kearns, James  Search this
Zerbe, Karl  Search this
Gibran, Kahlil  Search this
Blaustein, Al H.  Search this
Grippe, Peter J.  Search this
Kachadoorian, Zubel John  Search this
Guglielmi, Louis  Search this
Forms and Objects (Firm)  Search this
Little Studio  Search this
Talent Discovery Company  Search this
Nordness Gallery  Search this
Lee Nordness Galleries  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Museum  Search this
Johnson Wax  Search this
American Art Expositions (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Metromedia, Inc  Search this
Topic:
Art dealers  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7232
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209372
AAA_collcode_nordlee
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209372
Additional Online Media:

Mitchell Siporin papers, 1913-1990

Creator:
Siporin, Mitchell, 1910-1976  Search this
Subject:
Millman, Edward  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor  Search this
Cheney, Sheldon  Search this
Cahill, Holger  Search this
Rowan, Edward Beatty  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
Topic:
War in art  Search this
Video recordings  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Motion pictures (visual works)  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Documentary photography  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9408
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211606
AAA_collcode_sipomitc
Theme:
Diaries
Lives of American Artists
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211606

Terrain Gallery records, circa 1950s-2005, bulk 1955-1985

Creator:
Terrain Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Stamos, Theodoros  Search this
Longo, Vincent  Search this
Abeles, Sigmund  Search this
Bourdon, David  Search this
Campbell, Lawrence  Search this
Bragar, Philip F.  Search this
Rush, Andrew  Search this
Ashton, Dore  Search this
Siegel, Eli  Search this
Koppelman, Dorothy  Search this
Koppelman, Chaim  Search this
Jacobs, Harold  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Milton, Peter Winslow  Search this
HeBss, Thomas B.  Search this
Leiber, Gerson August  Search this
Kramer, Hilton  Search this
Wilson, Carrie  Search this
Ward, Lynd Kendall  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Topic:
Scrapbooks  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
Art  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Aesthetic Realism  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13588
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)268633
AAA_collcode_terrgall
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_268633
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Val Laigo, 1989 July 12

Interviewee:
Laigo, Val M., 1930-1992  Search this
Interviewer:
Lau, Alan Chong  Search this
Subject:
Katayama, Mits  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente  Search this
Horiuchi, Paul  Search this
Jones, Quincy  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Washington, James W. (James Winston)  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Voorhees, Clark G. (Clark Greenwood)  Search this
Okada, Frank S. (Frank Sumio)  Search this
Dusanne, Zoe  Search this
Ritchie, Bill  Search this
Chong, Fay  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Tamayo, Rufino  Search this
Callahan, Kenneth L.  Search this
Bennett, Doug  Search this
Picasso, Pablo  Search this
University of Washington  Search this
Seattle University  Search this
Charles and Emma Frye Art Museum  Search this
Foster/White Gallery  Search this
Mexico City College  Search this
Topic:
Sound recordings  Search this
Computer art  Search this
Painters  Search this
Muralists  Search this
Asian American artists  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12747
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)224926
AAA_collcode_laigo89
Theme:
Asian American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_224926

Oral history interview with John Marshall, 2001 April 5

Interviewee:
Marshall, John, 1936-  Search this
Interviewer:
Herman, Lloyd E., 1936-  Search this
Subject:
Penington, Ruth E. (Ruth Esther)  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Clague, John  Search this
Scott, Michael  Search this
Solberg, Ramona L.  Search this
Griffin, Gary  Search this
Takaezu, Toshiko  Search this
Bacorn, Don  Search this
Lutz, Winifred Ann  Search this
Hauberg, Anne Gould  Search this
Smith, Paul J.  Search this
Lannan, J. Patrick  Search this
Bates, Kenneth F. (Kenneth Francis)  Search this
Metcalf, Bruce  Search this
Miller, John Paul  Search this
Miller, Fred  Search this
DuSell, Lee  Search this
Cleveland Institute of Art  Search this
Society of North American Goldsmiths  Search this
Carnegie Institute of Technology  Search this
Syracuse University  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Grove City College  Search this
Carnegie Museum of Art  Search this
Topic:
Metal-workers  Search this
Jewelers  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Religious articles  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13311
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)226985
AAA_collcode_marsha01
Theme:
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_226985
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Merry Renk, 2001 January 18-19

Interviewee:
Renk, Merry, 1921-2012  Search this
Interviewer:
Fisch, Arline M., 1931-  Search this
Subject:
Bates, Kenneth F. (Kenneth Francis)  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Hall, Doris  Search this
Tawney, Lenore  Search this
Curtis, Earle  Search this
Brynner, Irena F.  Search this
Asawa, Ruth  Search this
Cunningham, Imogen  Search this
Tajiri, Shinkichi  Search this
Godfrey, Mary Jo Slick  Search this
Guermonprez, Trude  Search this
Oliver, Olive  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
De Patta, Margaret  Search this
Brancusi, Constantin  Search this
750 Studio  Search this
American Craft Council  Search this
Institute of Design (Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Metal Arts Guild  Search this
Mobilia Gallery  Search this
School of Industrial Design (Trenton, N.J.)  Search this
University of California, BerkeleyDept. of Art  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Enamelers  Search this
Jewelry making  Search this
Jewelers  Search this
Enamel and enameling  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11961
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)227005
AAA_collcode_renk01
Theme:
Craft
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_227005
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Walter Nottingham, 2002 July 14-18

Interviewee:
Nottingham, Walter, 1930-2012  Search this
Interviewer:
Owen, Carol, 1936-  Search this
Subject:
Knodel, Gerhardt  Search this
Kaufman, Glen  Search this
Crane, Jim  Search this
Moran, Lois  Search this
Drutt, Helen Williams  Search this
Merritt, Francis Sumner  Search this
Penning, Pauline  Search this
Larsen, Jack Lenor  Search this
Ross, Shelley  Search this
Strengell, Marianne  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Rossbach, Ed  Search this
Miller, Don  Search this
Nottingham, Karron  Search this
Constantine, Mildred  Search this
Johnson, Meda  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Catholic Church  Search this
United States  Search this
St. Cloud State University  Search this
University of Wisconsin--River Falls  Search this
Topic:
Decorative arts  Search this
Weavers  Search this
Art  Search this
Self-taught artists  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Weaving  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Crocheting  Search this
Fiber artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12090
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)238990
AAA_collcode_nottin02
Theme:
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_238990
Additional Online Media:

Lee Nordness business records and papers

Creator:
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Names:
American Art Expositions (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Museum.  Search this
Forms and Objects (Firm)  Search this
Johnson Wax  Search this
Lee Nordness Galleries  Search this
Little Studio  Search this
Metromedia, Inc  Search this
Nordness Gallery  Search this
Talent Discovery Company  Search this
Aronson, David, 1923-  Search this
Blaustein, Al H., 1924-2004  Search this
Collie, Alberto  Search this
Crawford, Ralston, 1906-1978  Search this
D'Arista, Robert, 1929-  Search this
Gibran, Kahlil, 1922-  Search this
Gikow, Ruth, 1915-1982  Search this
Grippe, Peter, 1912-  Search this
Guglielmi, Louis, 1906-1956  Search this
Hebald, Milton  Search this
Kachadoorian, Zubel, 1924-  Search this
Kearns, James  Search this
Lebrun, Rico, 1900-1964  Search this
Levi, Julian E. (Julian Edwin), 1900-1982  Search this
Meigs, Walter, 1918-1988  Search this
Prestopino, Gregorio  Search this
Williams, Hiram  Search this
Zerbe, Karl, 1903-1972  Search this
Extent:
117.5 Linear feet (Boxes 1-121)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Date:
circa 1931-1992
bulk 1954-1984
Summary:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers measure 117.5 linear feet and date from circa 1931 to 1992 with the bulk of materials dating from 1954 to 1984. The records document seven New York City art-related companies with which Nordness was involved: Talent Discovery Company, The Little Studio, Ltd., American Art Expositions, Inc., Nordness Gallery, Inc., Lee Nordness Galleries Art Advisory Section, Inc., Lee Nordness Galleries Exhibition Section, Inc., and Forms & Objects, Inc. Records include correspondence, artist's files, business and legal records, inventories, financial and sales records, printed materials, scrapbooks, and photographic materials. Also found is a small group of personal papers.
Scope and Contents:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers measure 117.5 linear feet and date from circa 1931 to 1992 with the bulk of materials dating from 1954 to 1984. The records document seven New York City art-related companies with which Nordness was involved: Talent Discovery Company, The Little Studio, Ltd., American Art Expositions, Inc., Nordness Gallery, Inc., Lee Nordness Galleries Art Advisory Section, Inc., Lee Nordness Galleries Exhibition Section, Inc., and Forms & Objects, Inc. Records include correspondence, artist's files, business and legal records, inventories, financial and sales records, printed materials, scrapbooks, and photographic materials. Also found is a small group of personal papers.

More than half of the collection documents Lee Nordness' primary businesses, Nordness Gallery, Inc. and Lee Nordness Galleries Art Advisory Section, Inc. Business correspondence, artist's files, extensive project files, business and legal records, financial and sales records, inventories, printed materials, scrapbooks, and photographic materials reveal Nordness' role as an art dealer of contemporary American artwork and art consultant to companies and organizations. The records document his ability to adapt to changing external markets as well as his own interests, from dealing primarily in paintings and sculpture to promoting American fine crafts. Artists from Nordness' permanent roster are represented, including David Aronson, Al Blaustein, Alberto Collie, Ralston Crawford, Robert D'Arista, Kahlil Gibran, Ruth Gikow, Peter Grippe, Louis Guglielmi, Milton Hebald, Zubel Kachadoorian, James Kearns, Rico Lebrun, Julian Levi, Walter Meigs, Gregorio Prestopino, Hiram Williams, and Karl Zerbe. Companies and organizations represented include S.C. Johnson & Son, Co., Metromedia, and Cooper-Hewitt, National Museum of Design. Because materials from Nordness Gallery, Inc. and Art Advisory Section were often interfiled and related, the records were not separated into different series.

The records of Lee Nordness Galleries Exhibition Section, Inc. document the exhibition and sale of artwork through correspondence, artist's files, business records, financial and sales records, and scrapbooks for artists and exhibition seasons. Forms & Objects, Inc. contains correspondence, lecture notes, public relations files, business records, financial and sales records, scrapbooks and photographic materials related to American fine crafts.

The organization and press surrounding the monumental exhibitions Art:USA:58 and Art:USA:59 are illustrated in the correspondence, banking records, founding documents, newspaper clippings, paid bill receipts, and sales invoices of the American Art Expositions, Inc. records. Photographs of the Art:USA:59 artists taken by Fred Darrah are also found here.

The bulk of the records of The Little Studio, Inc. are financial records and sales invoices. Lee Nordness' involvement in the gallery is also documented through correspondence and business records. The records of Talent Discovery Company are primarily financial, including banking records, receipts, and tax records. Also found are shipping records, correspondence, and inventory cards.

There are few personal papers of Lee Nordness, the bulk of which are related to his involvement with his tenant cooperative. Also found is scattered correspondence, a scrapbook, and travel documents.

Records for the various companies were co-mingled upon accession. AAA has attempted to place papers in Nordness' original order based on discussions with Nordness and evidence from the records. However, researchers should note there is significant interfiling of the companies' records throughout the collection, especially scrapbooks and photographs. Researchers are strongly encouraged to use dates and keywords to help discover related materials throughout all series.

Abbreviations were often written by the gallery in the upper left-hand corner of a document to indicate to which company the record should be filed. Abbreviations used include: Nordness Gallery, "NG" or "LN"; Art Advisory Section, "AA" or "LN"; Exhibition Section, "ES" or "E/S"; Forms & Objects, "F/O"; American Art Expositions, "AAE"; The Little Studio, "TLS"; and, Talent Discovery Company, "TDC."
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series:

Series 1: Nordness Gallery, Inc. and Lee Nordness Galleries Art Advisory Section, Inc., circa 1938-1992, bulk 1958-1982 (67.8 linear feet; Boxes 1-67, 117-119)

Series 2: Lee Nordness Galleries Exhibition Section, Inc., 1938-1985 (25.5 linear feet; Boxes 68-93, 120, FC 122)

Series 3: Forms & Objects, Inc., circa 1931, circa 1959-1984 (13.5 linear feet; Boxes 93-106, 120)

Series 4: American Art Expositions, Inc., 1955-1968 (1.4 linear feet; Boxes 106-107)

Series 5: The Little Studio, Inc., 1947-1969 (7.7 linear feet; Boxes 108-115, 121)

Series 6: Talent Discovery Company, 1953-1957 (0.9 linear feet; Boxes 115-116, 121)

Series 7: Personal Papers of Lee Nordness, 1948-1976 (0.7 linear feet; Box 116)
Biographical / Historical:
New York City gallerist and entrepreneur Lee Nordness (1922-1995) was born in Olympia, Washington. He studied art in college and received a bachelor's degree from Uppsala University in Sweden. From 1954-1956, Nordness ran a small gallery, Talent Discovery Company, out of his apartment in New York City. Around 1955, Nordness became the director of The Little Studio, Ltd., a gallery started by Richard Kollmer in 1952 to showcase moderately priced artwork by young artists. Nordness took over the business in 1957; it closed in April 1963.

In 1958, Nordness incorporated American Art Expositions, Inc. to organize Art:USA:58, a large exposition of contemporary American art held at Madison Square Garden. The following year Art:USA:59 was held at the New York Coliseum.

Lee Nordness opened his own gallery, Nordness Gallery, Inc., in December 1957 on Madison Avenue. The gallery promoted a roster of contemporary painters and sculptors, including David Aronson, Al Blaustein, Alberto Collie, Ralston Crawford, Robert D'Arista, Kahlil Gibran, Ruth Gikow, Peter Grippe, Milton Hebald, Zubel Kachadoorian, James Kearns, Julian Levi, Walter Meigs, Gregorio Prestopino, Hiram Williams, Karl Zerbe, and the estates of Louis Guglielmi and Rico Lebrun. In 1966, Lee Nordness reorganized his businesses. He closed Nordness Gallery and opened Lee Nordness Art Advisory Section, an art consulting service to corporations, collectors, museums, and individuals, and Lee Nordness Galleries Exhibition Sections, Inc. to handle exhibitions and the sale of paintings and sculptures.

Lee Nordness had an interest in American crafts and, beginning in 1968, he added a permanent roster of American craftmakers to exhibit alongside paintings and sculpture. He opened Forms & Objects, Inc. to handle the exhibition and sales of fine crafts such as ceramics, fiber, glass, metal and wood. With a need for additional exhibition space, the gallery moved a few blocks off Madison Avenue to 236-238 East 75th Street.

Nordness traveled the globe to assemble prominent collections for clients, such as Art:USA, a collection of contemporary works by 102 American artists for S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Art:USA traveled throughout the United States and Europe in the mid-late 1960s before being donated to the National Collection of Fine Arts (Smithsonian Institution). In the late 1960s, he assembled a collection of 300 American craft objects for S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. called Objects:USA, which toured throughout the United States and Europe. This collection was disassembled in the late 1970s, many of the works donated to the Museum of Arts and Design, formerly the Museum of Contemporary Craft.

Nordness closed his New York galleries in the mid-1980s. Soon after, he moved to Belfair, Washington and opened Lee Nordness Galleries, Inc. in 1986. He passed away in 1995 in Washington.
Separated Materials:
Three microfilm reels of material were loaned to the Archives of American Art by Lee Nordness in 1959 regarding American Art Exposition, Inc.'s Art:USA 58 and Art:USA:59. Microfilm includes correspondence, catalogs, visitor lists, press releases, lists of artwork, financial records, and advertising materials and is available on reels NAU1, NAU2 and NAU3.

Later, in 1964 and 1969, Lee Nordness loaned original materials for microfilming compiled by Nordness Gallery about the careers of Gregorio Prestopino, Julian E. Levi, and Lee Gatch, including correspondence, exhibition materials, biographical information, clippings, and photographs. Loaned material is available on reels N69-21 and D169. Original materials were returned to Nordness, but some may have been included in later donations and those originals have been integrated with the other donated records.

The contents of microfilm reels are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in several increments by Lee Nordness in 1976, 1986 and as a bequest in 1996. Original materials were also lent by Nordness in 1964 and 1969 for microfilming, some of which may have been included in subsequent donations.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Citation:
Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.nordlee
See more items in:
Lee Nordness business records and papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-nordlee
Additional Online Media:

Fabert, Jacques

Collection Creator:
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Container:
Box 74, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1966-1967
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Lee Nordness business records and papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nordlee-ref1945

Nordness Gallery, Inc. and Lee Nordness Galleries Art Advisory Section, Inc.

Collection Creator:
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Extent:
67.9 Linear feet (Boxes 1-67, 117-119, FC 122)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1938-1992
bulk 1958-1982
Scope and Contents:
The records of Nordness Gallery, Inc. and Lee Nordness Galleries Art Advisory Services, Inc. document the exhibitions and sales of artwork of the galleries' artists, and the development and organization of various projects with corporations and museums through correspondence, artist's files, project files, business and legal records, financial and sales records, inventories, printed materials, scrapbooks, and photographic materials.

Because materials from Nordness Gallery and Art Advisory Section were frequently interfiled, the records are found together in one series. In addition, "Nordness Gallery" was occasionally used on letterhead and legal documents after it had closed. Researchers should use dates and context as necessary to discover related materials.
Arrangement:
This series is arranged as 10 subseries:

1.1: Correspondence, 1950-1992

1.2: Artist's Files, circa 1938-1985, bulk 1968-1982

1.3: Project Files, 1952-1990

1.4: Business Records, 1955-1986

1.5: Legal Records, 1950s-1979

1.6: Financial and Sales Records, 1954-1992

1.7: Inventory Records, circa 1958-1980

1.8: Printed Materials, 1960-1980s

1.9: Scrapbooks, circa 1940s-1980s

1.10: Photographic Materials, circa 1940-1980s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.nordlee, Series 1
See more items in:
Lee Nordness business records and papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nordlee-ref1

Metromedia (Mr. X) Art Collection

Collection Creator:
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1960s-1975
Scope and Contents:
Found are materials documenting the development of the Metromedia (Mr. X) art collection. Nearly half of the materials are artist's files containing biographies, correspondence, and scattered clippings, exhibition materials, inventory records, and photographic materials. Many artists files are empty, but have notations about paintings written on the original folders. Also found is a scrapbook with photographs of artwork and publicity clippings; inventory cards; travel files, and an artwork inventory ledger. Many of the same artists are also found in subseries 1.2.
Arrangement:
Folders are arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.nordlee, Subseries 1.3.6
See more items in:
Lee Nordness business records and papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nordlee-ref1037

Fabert, Jacques

Collection Creator:
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Container:
Box 33, Folder 20
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1966-1967
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Lee Nordness business records and papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nordlee-ref1110

Artists

Collection Creator:
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Container:
Box 33
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Lee Nordness business records and papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Lee Nordness business records and papers, circa 1931-1992, bulk 1954-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Lee Nordness business records and papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nordlee-ref1245

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