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Letters from Frederic Edwin Church

Collection Creator:
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Extent:
(5 folders)
Container:
Box 1 (hol), Folder 1-5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1866-1899
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Martin Johnson Heade papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Martin Johnson Heade papers, 1853-1904. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Martin Johnson Heade papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-headmart-ref13
Additional Online Media:

Letters from others

Collection Creator:
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Container:
Box 1 (hol), Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1900, 1904
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Martin Johnson Heade papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Martin Johnson Heade papers, 1853-1904. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Martin Johnson Heade papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-headmart-ref14

Note to Sarita Brady

Collection Creator:
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Container:
Box 1 (hol), Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Martin Johnson Heade papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Martin Johnson Heade papers, 1853-1904. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Martin Johnson Heade papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-headmart-ref15

Annotated Sketchbook

Collection Creator:
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Container:
Box 1 (hol), Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1853-1877
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Martin Johnson Heade papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Martin Johnson Heade papers, 1853-1904. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Martin Johnson Heade papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-headmart-ref16

Notebook on Hummingbirds

Collection Creator:
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Container:
Box 1 (hol), Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1881
circa 1864
Scope and Contents:
This notebook contains a draft introduction to "Gems of Brazil" which would have been written circa 1864, following a trip to Brazil. Heade left Brazil for London in early 1864, where he tried to publish his book, but abandoned the idea and left England in 1865. Entries later in the notebook, including references to "game monopolies" and painting sales, seem related to events in 1881.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Martin Johnson Heade papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Martin Johnson Heade papers, 1853-1904. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Martin Johnson Heade papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-headmart-ref17

Deeds

Collection Creator:
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Container:
Box 1 (hol), Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1853-1855, 1876
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Martin Johnson Heade papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Martin Johnson Heade papers, 1853-1904. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Martin Johnson Heade papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-headmart-ref18

Exhibition Catalog, "The Exhibition of the Royal Academy of Arts"

Collection Creator:
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Container:
Box 1 (hol), Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1865
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Martin Johnson Heade papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Martin Johnson Heade papers, 1853-1904. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Martin Johnson Heade papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-headmart-ref19

Frederic Edwin Church letter to Martin Johnson Heade

Creator:
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1870 Oct. 24
Topic:
Art market  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15143
See more items in:
Martin Johnson Heade papers, 1853-1904
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15143
Additional Online Media:

Frederic Edwin Church letter to Martin Johnson Heade

Creator:
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Subject:
Church, Frederic Edwin  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1881 December 22
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15144
See more items in:
Martin Johnson Heade papers, 1853-1904
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15144
Additional Online Media:

Frederic Edwin Church letter to Martin Johnson Heade

Creator:
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1874 Nov. 25
Topic:
Illustrated letters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15145
See more items in:
Martin Johnson Heade papers, 1853-1904
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15145
Additional Online Media:

Frederic Edwin Church to Martin Johnson Heade.

Creator:
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1870 Mar. 7
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)3211
See more items in:
Martin Johnson Heade papers, 1853-1904
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_3211
Additional Online Media:

Frederic Edwin Church, New York, N.Y. letter to Martin Johnson Heade

Creator:
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Place:
Colombia
Date:
1870 Mar. 7
Topic:
Travel  Search this
Vacations  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)399
See more items in:
Martin Johnson Heade papers, 1853-1904
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_399
Additional Online Media:

Notebook on Hummingbirds

Creator:
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
circa 1864, circa 1881
Topic:
Animals  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)422
See more items in:
Martin Johnson Heade papers, 1853-1904
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_422

Martin Johnson Heade to Frederic Edwin Church

Creator:
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1868 Apr. 27
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5265
See more items in:
Martin Johnson Heade letter to Frederic Edwin Church, 1868
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5265
Additional Online Media:

Frederic Edwin Church to Martin Johnson Heade

Creator:
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1871 Mar. 1
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)6060
See more items in:
Martin Johnson Heade papers, 1853-1904
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_6060

Victor D. Spark papers, circa 1830-1983, bulk 1930-1970

Creator:
Spark, Victor D. (Victor David), 1898-1991  Search this
Subject:
Moran, Thomas  Search this
Engelhard, Charles W.  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt  Search this
Medina, Leon  Search this
Hardy, Charlotte  Search this
Clonney, James Goodwyn  Search this
Sully, Thomas  Search this
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil  Search this
Berliner, Jacob  Search this
Copley, John Singleton  Search this
Shinn, Everett  Search this
Lehman, Robert  Search this
Grigaut, Hubert L.  Search this
Hardy, Jeremiah Pearson  Search this
Frankenstein, Alfred Victor  Search this
Heade, Martin Johnson  Search this
Moran, Ruth B.  Search this
San Diego Arts Society  Search this
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Art appraisers  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7451
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209609
AAA_collcode_sparvict
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209609
Additional Online Media:

Martin Johnson Heade papers, 1853-1904

Creator:
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Subject:
Church, Frederic Edwin  Search this
Topic:
Sketchbooks  Search this
Painters  Search this
Hummingbirds  Search this
Painting  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7699
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209863
AAA_collcode_headmart
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209863
Additional Online Media:

Martin Johnson Heade papers

Creator:
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Names:
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Sketchbooks
Date:
1853-1904
Summary:
The scattered papers of painter Martin Johnson Heade measure 0.4 linear feet and date from 1853 to 1904. The bulk of the collection consists of letters from his friend and fellow artist, Frederic Edwin Church between 1866-1899. Within the papers is an annotated sketchbook, circa 1853-1877, and a detailed handwritten notebook about hummingbirds dating from circa 1864 and circa 1881. Also found are a few letters and notes from others, deeds, and an 1865 exhibition catalog.
Scope and Content Note:
The scattered papers of painter Martin Johnson Heade measure 0.4 linear feet and date from 1853 to 1904. the bulk of the collection consists of letters from his friend and fellow artist, Frederic Edwin Church between 1866-1899. Within the papers is an annotated sketchbook, circa 1853-1877, and a detailed handwritten notebook about hummingbirds dating from circa 1864 and circa 1881. Also found are a few letters and notes from others, deeds, and an 1865 exhibition catalog.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection, items are arranged by type of material into folders. Within each folder, items are arranged chronologically.
Biographical Note:
Martin Johnson Heade was born in Lumberville, Pennsylvania, in 1819. He studied art under painter Edward Hicks, and began his career as a portrait painter. After traveling abroad and living in Rome for two years, he made his artistic debut in 1841 at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. Heade began exhibiting regularly in 1848, after another trip to Europe, and became an itinerant artist until he settled in New York in 1859. In the early 1860s he turned to painting landscapes and seascapes, in which he could explore spatial structure and the effects of light. During this period he became friends with fellow landscape painter, Frederic Edwin Church, one of his few friends in the art world, and with whom he exchanged letters for over thirty years. Besides landscapes, Heade painted many still-lifes of flowers. After trips to South and Central America in 1863-1864, 1866, and 1870, he began painting hummingbirds and orchids in tropical settings. Heade was never fully accepted by the New York art establishment and for a period of time resumed his itinerant lifestyle. In 1883 he settled in Saint Augustine, Florida and married. He also found a patron, Henry Morrison Flagler, to commission his work, and continued to paint still-lifes, swamp scenes, and hummingbirds, until his death in 1904.
Related Material:
Related material found in the Archives includes a Martin Johnson Heade letter to Frederic Edwin Church, 1868, and the microfilm of a loan of Martin Johnson Heade papers housed at the Bucks County Historical Society containing biographical material about Heade, available on reel 4408. Originals are located at Bucks County Historical Society.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 1955 by Robert McIntyre, art historian and director of the Macbeth Gallery.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Martin Johnson Heade papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painters -- Florida  Search this
Hummingbirds  Search this
Painting -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Martin Johnson Heade papers, 1853-1904. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.headmart
See more items in:
Martin Johnson Heade papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-headmart
Additional Online Media:

Victor D. Spark papers

Creator:
Spark, Victor D. (Victor David), 1898-1991  Search this
Names:
San Diego Arts Society  Search this
Berliner, Jacob, 1849-1918  Search this
Clonney, James Goodwyn, 1812-1867  Search this
Copley, John Singleton, 1738-1815  Search this
Engelhard, Charles W., Jr., 1917-1971  Search this
Frankenstein, Alfred V. (Alfred Victor), 1906-1981  Search this
Grigaut, Hubert L.  Search this
Hardy, Charlotte  Search this
Hardy, Jeremiah Pearson, 1800-1889  Search this
Heade, Martin Johnson, 1819-1904  Search this
Lehman, Robert, 1892-1969  Search this
Medina, Leon  Search this
Moran, Ruth B.  Search this
Moran, Thomas, 1837-1926  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil, 1858-1924  Search this
Shinn, Everett, 1876-1953  Search this
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872  Search this
Extent:
22.2 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
circa 1830-1983
bulk 1930-1970
Summary:
The Victor D. Spark papers measure 22.2 linear feet and date from circa 1830 to 1983, with the bulk of the material from 1930 to 1970. The papers document Spark's career as a New York City art dealer and appraiser who was most active from World War II through the 1970s, focusing on Old Masters paintings and 19th and early 20th century American art. Found within the papers are biographical materials, artist files, client files, financial records, legal records, printed material, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The Victor D. Spark papers measure 22.2 linear feet and date from circa 1830 to 1983, with the bulk of the material from 1930 to 1970. The papers document Spark's career as a New York City art dealer and appraiser who was most active during World War II up through the 1970s with a focus on Old Masters paintings as well as 19th and early 20th century American art. Found within the papers are biographical materials, artist files, client files, financial records, legal records, printed material, and photographs.

Biographical materials contain greeting cards and post cards, annotated appointment calendars, miscellaneous notes and lists, and an apartment lease.

Artists' files include photographs of artwork, artist biographies, printed materials, and some correspondence with and about the artist. Many of the photographs are annotated. Files are found for Old Masters and American artists, including James G. Clonney, Jon Singleton Copley, Jeremiah P. Hardy, Martin Johnson Heade, Rembrandt Peale, Maurice Prendergast, Everett Shinn, Thomas Sully, and many others. There is also a letter written in 1924 by Ruth Moran along with a photograph of a painting by the artist Thomas Moran, signed by him on the verso.

Extensive client files include notes, correspondence, bills, receipts, and clippings regarding sales and appraisals. Spark's clients included museums, collectors, art dealers, most of which are represented in the files. Notable clients and colleagues include Jacob S. Berliner, Charles W. Engelhard, Alfred V. Frankenstein, Hubert L. Grigaut, Charlotte W. Hardy, Robert Lehman, and Leon Medina. There are also files for many universities, businesses, museums, and galleries.

Financial records comprise the largest series in the collection and include ledgers, stock books, consignment records, scattered banking records, bills, tax documents, auction price lists, check stubs, and cancelled checks.

A small amount of legal records document two legal cases: Rauch v. IRS and Kaufman v. Phoenix (Travelers) Insurance Company for which Spark provided testimony.

Printed materials include clippings, exhibition and auction catalogs, newsletters, bulletins, a membership roster for the San Diego Arts Society, and several 19th century printed items.

Two black and white photographs are of a steam locomotive and an unidentified portraitist in his studio.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 7 series.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1906, 1948-1981 (1.7 linear feet; Box 1-2)

Series 2: Artist Files, 1905-1983 (4 linear feet; Box 2-6, 22)

Series 3: Client Files, 1904, 1927-1981 (7.1 linear feet; Box 6-13)

Series 4: Financial Records, 1930-1981 (8.7 linear feet; Box 13-20, 22-29)

Series 5: Legal Records, 1970-1972 (0.2 linear feet; Box 20)

Series 6: Printed Materials, circa 1830-1872, 1948-1982 (0.2 linear feet; Box 20-22)

Series 7: Photographs, circa 1898-circa 1940 (0.1 linear feet; Box 21)
Biographical / Historical:
Victor D. Spark (1898-1991) was a prominent New York City appraiser and art dealer who specialized in Old Masters paintings as well as 19th and early 20th century art.

Spark was born in Brooklyn, N.Y., in 1898. When he was two years old, the Spark family moved to Harlem. His father worked in the hotel business and owned hotels in Brooklyn, Manhattan, and Europe. Spark briefly attended the City College of New York before transferring to New York University, where he studied for half a year, then enlisted in the Marines Corps during World War I and served overseas for 2 years. After his discharge, Spark returned to NYU where he majored in French, an interest he acquired during his military service. After graduation, Spark married Nina and went to Europe to help his father manage a summer hotel. There, he became interested in art.

Spark returned to the U.S., continuing to work for his father until 1929. Spark was involved with decorating and furnishing the hotels and often purchased antiques, artwork, and furniture, furthering his arts interests and knowledge. He began working in a gallery, acquiring works of art and dividing the sales profits with the gallery owners. Spark had no formal art education and his taste and eye for art was gained primarily through his travels in Europe. He also had a good business sense about what might sell for profit in the U.S.

Spark made frequent art buying trips across the United States to cities such as Boston and Philadelphia and returned to New York with paintings that he sold. Spark never owned a gallery, but he occasionally held exhibits, such as one titled "101 American Painters," inside the apartment. Although Spark specialized in 19th to early 20th century American art, he also sold European art work acquired during trips to Europe following World War II.

Spark continued his work selling paintings to museums, collectors, and other art dealers, until the 1970s. He was most active from the 1930s through World War II. As a prominent dealer for over four decades, Spark came to know many luminaries of the New York art scene, such as art dealer and gallery owner Edith Halpert. Spark died in 1991.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds an oral history interview of Victor D. Spark conducted August 5, 1975 by Paul Cummings.

The National Gallery of Art maintains 12,000 photographs and negatives of artwork in their Victor D. Spark photograph collection.
Provenance:
The Victor D. Spark papers were acquired between 1954 and 1996. The first accession of 19th century printed materials and a letter by Ruth Moran was donated by Spark in 1954. The bulk of the collection was purchased jointly by the Archives of American Art and the National Gallery of Art at auction in July 1987. Subsequently, photographs of works of art documenting the collections of the National Gallery of Art were separated and retained by the National Gallery of Art. The papers remained at the Archives of American Art; three letters were later transferred to the Archives from the National Gallery of Art in 1996.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Victor D. Spark papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Art appraisers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Art, Modern -- 19th century -- United States  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Victor D. Spark papers, circa 1830-1983, bulk 1930-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.sparvict
See more items in:
Victor D. Spark papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sparvict
Additional Online Media:

Oliver Hazard Perry

Artist:
Martin Johnson Heade, 1819 - 1904  Search this
Copy after:
John Wesley Jarvis, 1780 - 14 Jan 1840  Search this
Sitter:
Oliver Hazard Perry, 20 Apr 1785 - 23 Aug 1819  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Sight: 81.9 x 64.1 x 5.1cm (32 1/4 x 25 1/4 x 2")
Frame: 109.2 x 91.4 x 10.8cm (43 x 36 x 4 1/4")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1855
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Epaulet  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Stock  Search this
Oliver Hazard Perry: Male  Search this
Oliver Hazard Perry: Military\Navy\Officer\War of 1812  Search this
Oliver Hazard Perry: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: James DeWolf Perry
Object number:
L/NPG.69.18
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Exhibition:
American Origins
On View:
NPG, East Gallery 142
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_L_NPG.69.18

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