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Catalog Data

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Phillis Wheatley, c. 1753 - 5 Dec 1784  Search this
Medium:
Engraving on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 12.8 x 10.1 cm (5 1/16 x 4")
Sheet: 17.6 x 12.8 cm (6 15/16 x 5 1/16")
Book (open to 90%): 18.4 × 19.7 cm (7 1/4 × 7 3/4")
Type:
Book
Date:
1773
Exhibition Label:
Born The Gambia, Africa
Phillis Wheatley was the first African American to publish a book and the first American woman to earn a living from her writing, no small feat considering that she came to the colonies as a slave. Although most slaves had no opportunity for an education, within two years of Wheatley's purchase in 1761, she had learned to read and begun to write poetry. Her book Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral (1773), published in London, drew the praise of Washington, Franklin, and Voltaire and helped Wheatley gain her freedom. The frontispiece engraving emphasized Wheatley’s demure appearance and creative intelligence.
Topic:
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat\Cap  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table\Writing table  Search this
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Writing implement\Pen\Quill  Search this
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Inkstand  Search this
Print  Search this
Printed Material\Papers\Letter  Search this
Illustration  Search this
Phillis Wheatley: Female  Search this
Phillis Wheatley: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Phillis Wheatley: Society and Social Change\Enslaved person  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.77.2
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4acefa7a6-6abc-4571-9304-39deb9738e64
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.77.2