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Catalog Data

Artist:
L. Schamer, active c. 1870  Search this
Lithographer:
Louis Prang Lithography Company, active 1856 - 1899  Search this
Sitter:
Lucretia Coffin Mott, 3 Jan 1793 - 11 Nov 1880  Search this
Sara Jane Clarke Lippincott, 23 Sep 1823 - 20 Apr 1904  Search this
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, 12 Nov 1815 - 26 Oct 1902  Search this
Anna Elizabeth Dickinson, 28 Oct 1842 - 22 Oct 1932  Search this
Susan Brownell Anthony, 15 Feb 1820 - 13 Mar 1906  Search this
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore, 19 Dec 1820 - 23 May 1905  Search this
Lydia Maria Francis Child, 11 Feb 1802 - 20 Oct 1880  Search this
Medium:
Lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 41 × 32 cm (16 1/8 × 12 5/8")
Sheet: 60.5 × 50.8 cm (23 13/16 × 20")
Type:
Print
Date:
1870
Exhibition Label:
Representative Women
Between 1860 and 1880, it became common for American reformers to gather on stages—then called lyceums—to promote abolition, temperance, education reform, and women’s rights. Lyceum associations allowed suffragists to speak. In their lectures, suffragists addressed men and women of diverse backgrounds—across state, racial, and economic divides—and reached wider audiences than through women’s organizations alone.
Representative Women is a combinative portrait that brings together seven women who were active on the lecture circuit. The visual power of the image stems from its ability to reveal both the cohesiveness of the movement and the strong individual personalities within it. Clockwise from the top are portraits of Lucretia Coffin Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Mary Livermore, Lydia Maria Francis Child, Susan B. Anthony, and Sara Jane Lippincott, who surround the central figure of Anna Elizabeth Dickinson. At the time, Dickinson was more popular than Mark Twain and held the distinction of being the highest paid woman on the lecture circuit.
Entre 1860 y 1880 era común que los reformistas estadounidenses se reunieran en espacios que llamaban liceos para promover la abolición, la templanza, la reforma educativa y los derechos de la mujer. Las asociaciones de los liceos permitían hablar a las sufragistas. En estas conferencias podían
dirigirse a hombres y mujeres de diversos trasfondos geográficos, raciales y económicos, logrando alcanzar públicos más amplios que mediante las organizaciones femeninas.
Representative Women es un retrato combinado de siete mujeres que estuvieron activas en el circuito de conferencias. El poder visual de la imagen se debe a que revela tanto la cohesión del movimiento como la individualidad de las fuertes personalidades que lo componían. En dirección del reloj, desde arriba, vemos a Lucretia Coffin Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Mary Livermore, Lydia Maria Francis Child, Susan B. Anthony y Sara Jane Lippincott, quienes rodean a la figura central de Anna Elizabeth Dickinson. Para esa época, Dickinson era más popular que Mark Twain y ostentaba la distinción de ser la mujer mejor pagada del circuito de conferencias.
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Brooch  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Veil  Search this
Anna Elizabeth Dickinson: Female  Search this
Anna Elizabeth Dickinson: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist  Search this
Anna Elizabeth Dickinson: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Anna Elizabeth Dickinson: Education\Orator  Search this
Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Female  Search this
Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Literature\Writer\Magazine article  Search this
Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist  Search this
Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Suffragist  Search this
Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Temperance  Search this
Susan Brownell Anthony: Female  Search this
Susan Brownell Anthony: Literature\Writer  Search this
Susan Brownell Anthony: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Susan Brownell Anthony: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Susan Brownell Anthony: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Suffragist  Search this
Susan Brownell Anthony: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Temperance  Search this
Susan Brownell Anthony: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Feminist  Search this
Sara Jane Clarke Lippincott: Female  Search this
Sara Jane Clarke Lippincott: Literature\Writer  Search this
Sara Jane Clarke Lippincott: Communications\Journalist  Search this
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore: Female  Search this
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Social Reformer  Search this
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore: Literature\Writer\Magazine article  Search this
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Suffragist  Search this
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Temperance  Search this
Lydia Maria Francis Child: Female  Search this
Lydia Maria Francis Child: Communications\Publisher\Magazine  Search this
Lydia Maria Francis Child: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Lydia Maria Francis Child: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Lydia Maria Francis Child: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist  Search this
Lucretia Coffin Mott: Female  Search this
Lucretia Coffin Mott: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Lucretia Coffin Mott: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Social Reformer  Search this
Lucretia Coffin Mott: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Lucretia Coffin Mott: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist  Search this
Lucretia Coffin Mott: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Suffragist  Search this
Lucretia Coffin Mott: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Feminist  Search this
Lucretia Coffin Mott: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Minister  Search this
Lucretia Coffin Mott: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Women's rights advocate  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.77.196
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.77.196