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Catalog Data

Attribution:
Samuel Montague Fassett, 1825 - 2 Aug 1910  Search this
Sitter:
Henry Laurens Dawes, 30 Oct 1816 - 5 Feb 1903  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 24 x 19.6cm (9 7/16 x 7 11/16")
Mat: 55.9 x 40.6cm (22 x 16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1876
Exhibition Label:
In 1887, when Henry L. Dawes introduced and secured passage of the General Allotment Act (also known as the Dawes Act), the Massachusetts senator believed that he had taken an important step in helping Native Americans toward a better future. Aimed at promoting their assimilation into American society, the bill dissolved the legal standing of tribal nations and divided communally held lands into individual holdings. Dawes had been raised in a farming family and, as chairman of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, he believed that Native Americans would be more secure as property-owning farmers. Ultimately, the General Allotment Act proved an extraordinary failure. Not only did it disregard the great heterogeneity of tribal communities, but it also resulted in the permanent loss of millions of acres of traditional Native lands. The bill was ultimately overturned in 1934 with the passage of the Indian Reorganization Act.
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Monocle  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Bowtie  Search this
Henry Laurens Dawes: Male  Search this
Henry Laurens Dawes: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Henry Laurens Dawes: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
Henry Laurens Dawes: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
Henry Laurens Dawes: Politics and Government\State Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
Henry Laurens Dawes: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Henry Laurens Dawes: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts  Search this
Henry Laurens Dawes: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.77.173
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.77.173