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Catalog Data

Artist:
Charles Loring Elliott, 12 Oct 1812 - 25 Aug 1868  Search this
Sitter:
Cyrus Hall McCormick, 15 Feb 1809 - 13 May 1884  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 51.4 x 41.3 x 3.8cm (20 1/4 x 16 1/4 x 1 1/2")
Frame: 59.7 x 49.5 x 6.7cm (23 1/2 x 19 1/2 x 2 5/8")
Type:
Painting
Date:
mid 19th Century
Exhibition Label:
Territorial expansion generated a spirit of technological adventure and a search for new methods to handle the unique conditions of American life. Cyrus McCormick, a farmer in Virginia's Shenandoah Valley, succeeded where his father had failed by constructing the first practical reaping machine. This reaper was a first step in the mechanization of American agriculture, allowing the efficient cultivation of large tracts of farmland by small numbers of farmers. This industrialization of the land allowed the United States to boost agricultural production to unprecedented levels and to feed growing cities and industrial towns.
McCormick's design was pirated by competitors, but he overcame his rivals by founding his own factory outside Chicago in 1847. There, he contributed to the pace of industrial growth by using standardized parts and assembly-line production-methods that had been pioneered by Samuel Colt and others.
Provenance:
(Miss Eunice Chambers, Hartsville, South Carolina), 1965. R. Philip Hanes, Jr., Winston-Salem, North Carolina; acquired through exchange by Howard Hack, San Francisco; acquired 1975 by NPG through funding by Chauncey and Marion Deering McCormick Foundation, Chicago.
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Male  Search this
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer  Search this
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Historical Society\President  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Chauncey and Marion Deering McCormick Foundation and Mrs. Gilbert Harrison
Object number:
NPG.75.2
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
American Origins
On View:
NPG, East Gallery 120
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.75.2