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Catalog Data

Artist:
Cephas Thompson, 1 Jul 1775 - 6 Nov 1856  Search this
Sitter:
John Marshall, 24 Sep 1755 - 6 Jul 1835  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 61.3 x 52.4cm (24 1/8 x 20 5/8")
Frame: 73.5 x 64.6 x 6.4cm (28 15/16 x 25 7/16 x 2 1/2")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1809-1810
Exhibition Label:
Born Prince William (now Fauquier) County, Virginia
John Marshall, the fourth chief justice of the United States, established the concept of judicial review—in which the Supreme Court could pronounce a law of Congress as unconstitutional—and strengthened the idea of an independent federal judiciary. In cases brought to the Court between 1810 and 1824—years in which the Marshall Court enjoyed great stability and harmony—Marshall used the Court’s judicial review to nullify state laws violating constitutional restraints of state power. The effect of Marshall’s long tenure as chief justice (1801–35) was to strengthen the Court, the Constitution, and the federal government. The Court became a preeminent interpreter of the Constitution, and the federal government’s enumerated powers were given a broad interpretation, and made superior to those of the states.
Cephas Thompson painted a portrait of Marshall from life in Richmond, as well as six replicas for admirers, two years after Marshall presided at the trial of Aaron Burr for treason.
Provenance:
O.P. and M. J. Van Sweringen, Daisy Hill Farm, Hunting Valley, Ohio; sold by (Parke-Bernet Galleries) at the Sweringen residence, 27 October 1938, lot 824; Thomas Jones, Cleveland, Ohio; his son Brooks Jones; Mrs. Brooks Jones; (Corcoran Fine Arts, Cleveland); purchased 2010 NPG
Topic:
John Marshall: Male  Search this
John Marshall: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Marshall: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
John Marshall: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice\Chief Justice of US  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2010.48
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
American Origins
On View:
NPG, East Gallery 136
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2010.48