Judge E. Gorlia's third journey in the Belgian Congo from December 1917 to April 1920.
In eastern Kasai, much of the population was dislocated and disorganized as a result of the Arab incursions and the subsequent campaigns against them. At a very early date, an uprooted class, no doubt including many Baluba but also many others, took refuge around the European posts. Visiting Lusambo, Kasai, in 1908, Hilton-Simpson, a member of the Torday expedition, reported an "enormous" African population. A number of separate ethnic villages were grouped around the post; however," in addition to these, there is a very large mixed population of natives belonging to no particular village, who are generally termed Baluba by the white men of the Kasai, but who in reality belong to that tribe no more than to any other." These included the former Arab slaves, the uprooted, the outcasts, many of whom had no idea from what village they came.
Title source: Archives staff; title not provided by photographer.
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