Judge E. Gorlia's second journey in the Belgian Congo from February 1915 to March 1917.
In eastern Kasai, much of the population was dislocated and disorganized as a result of the Arab incursions and the subsequent campaigns against them. At a very early date, an uprooted class, no doubt including many Baluba but also many others, took refuge around the European posts. Visiting Lusambo, Kasai, in 1908, Hilton-Simpson, a member of the Torday expedition, reported an "enormous" African population. A number of separate ethnic villages were grouped around the post; however," in addition to these, there is a very large mixed population of natives belonging to no particular village, who are generally termed Baluba by the white men of the Kasai, but who in reality belong to that tribe no more than to any other." These included the former Arab slaves, the uprooted, the outcasts, many of whom had no idea from what village they came.
Markets are held at regular intervals, sometimes every fourth day. Natives come to the market from near and far, often travelling through the night. The market lasts a day and, only the refuse is left to mark the scene.
Title source: Archives staff; title not provided by photographer.
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